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List of national symbols of the United Kingdom, the Channel Islands and the Isle of Man

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Symbols of the United Kingdom, the Channel Islands and the Isle of Man is a list of the national symbols of the United Kingdom, its constituent countries (England, Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland), and the British Crown dependencies (the Channel Islands and the Isle of Man). Each separate entry has its own set of unique symbols.

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Welcome to the United Kingdom (and a whole lot more) explained by me, C. G. P. Grey The United Kingdom, England, Great Britain? Are these three the same place? Are they different places? Do British people secretly laugh those who use the terms wrongly? Who knows the answers to these questions? I do and I'm going to tell you right now. For the lost: this is the world, this is the European continent and this is the place we have to untangle. The area shown in purple is the United Kingdom. Part of the confusion is that the United Kingdom is not a single country but is instead a country of countries. It contains inside of it four co-equal and sovereign nations The first of these is England — shown here in red. England is often confused with the United Kingdom as a whole because it's the largest and most populous of the nations and contains the de facto capital city, London. To the north is Scotland, shown in blue and to the west is wales, shown in white. And, often forgotten even by those who live in the United Kingdom, is Northern Ireland shown in orange. Each country has a local term for the population. While you can call them all 'British' it's not recommended as the four countries generally don't like each other. The Northern Irish, Scottish and Welsh regard the English as slave-driving colonial masters — no matter that all three have their own devolved Parliaments and are allowed to vote on English laws despite the reverse not being true — and the English generally regard the rest as rural yokels who spend too much time with their sheep. However, as the four constituent countries don't have their own passports, they are all British Citizens, like it or not.They are British Citizens of the United Kingdom — whose full name by the way is the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. So where's Great Britain hiding? Right here: the area covered in black is Great Britain. Unlike England, Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland, Great Britain is a geographical rather than a political term. Great Britain is the largest island among the British Isles. Within the United Kingdom, the term 'Great Britain' is often used to refer to England, Scotland and Wales alone with the intentional exclusion of Northern Ireland. This is mostly, but not completely true, as all three constituent countries have islands that are not part of Great Britain such as The Isle of Wight, part of England, the Welsh Isle of Anglesey and the Scottish Hebrides, The Shetland Islands, Orkney Islands, Islands of the Clyde. The second biggest island in the British Isles is Ireland. It is worth noting that Ireland is not a country. Like Great Britain, it is a geographical, not political, term. The Island of Ireland contain on it two countries, Northern Ireland — which we have already discussed — and the Republic of Ireland. When people say they are 'Irish' they are referring to the Republic of Ireland which is a separate country from the United Kingdom. However, both the Republic of Ireland and the United Kingdom are members of the European Union even though England often likes to pretend that it's an Island in the mid-atlantic rather than 50km off the cost of France. But that's a story for another time. To review: The two largest islands in the British Isles are Ireland and Great Britain. Ireland has on it two countries — the republic of ireland and northern ireland, while Great Britain (mostly) contains three: England, Scotland and Wales. These last three, when combined with northern Ireland form the United Kingdom. There are still many unanswered questions. Such as, why, when you travel to Canada is there British Royalty on the money? To answer this, we need to talk about Empire. You can't have gone to school in the English-speaking world without having learned that the British Empire once spanned a 1/4th the worlds land and governed nearly a 1/4th its people. While it is easy to remember the part of the empire that broke away violently... We often forget how many nations gained independence through diplomacy, not bloodshed. These want-to-be nations struck a deal with the empire where they continued to recognize the monarchy as the head of state in exchange for a local, autonomous parliament. To understand how they are connected, we need to talk about the crown. Not the physical crown that sits behind glass in the tower of London and earns millions of tourist pounds for the UK but the crown as a complicated legal entity best thought of a a one-man corporation. Who created this corporation? God Did. According to British Tradition all power is vested in God and the monarch is crowned in a Christian ceremony. God however — not wanted to be bothered with micromanagement — conveniently delegates his power to an entity called the crown. While this used to be the physical crown in the tower of london — it evolved over time into a legal corporation sole able to be controlled only by the ruling monarch. It's a useful reminder that the United Kingdom is still technically a theocracy with the reigning monarch acting as both the head of state and the supreme governor of the official state religion: Anglicanism. Such are the oddities that arise when dealing with a 1,000 year-old Monarchy. Back to Canada and the rest. The former colonies that gained their independence through diplomacy and continue to recognize that authority of the crown are known as the Commonwealth Realm. They are, in decreasing order of population: Canada, Australia, Papua New Guinea, New Zealand, Jamaica, The Solomon Islands, Belize, The Bahamas, Barbados, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Grenada, Antigua and Barbuda, Saint Kitts and Nevis, and Tuvalu. All are independent nations but still recognize the monarchy as the head of state even though it has little real power within their borders. There are three further entities that belong to the crown and these are the Crown Dependencies: he Isle of Man, Jersey, Guernsey. Unlike the Commonwealth Realm, they are not considered independent nations, but are granted local autonomy by the crown and British Citizenship by the United Kingdom — though the UK does reserve the right to over-rule the laws of there local assemblies. Are we all done "now"? Almost, but not quite. There are still a couple of loose threads, such as this place: The tiny city of Gibraltar on the Southern Cost of Spain famous for its rock, its monkeys and for causing diplomatic tension between the United Kingdom and Spain. Or what about the Falkland Islands? Which caused so much tension between the United Kingdom and Argentina that they went to war over them. These places belong in the last group of crown properties know as: British Overseas Territories. But their former name — crown colonies — gives away their origins. They are the last vestiges of the British Empire. Unlike the Commonwealth Realm, they have not become independent nations and continue to rely on the United Kingdom for military and (sometimes) economic assistance. Like the Crown Dependencies, everyone born in their borders is a British Citizen. The Crown colonies are, in decreasing order of population: Bermuda, Cayman Islands,Turks and Caicos Islands, Gibraltar, The British Virgin Islands, Akrotiri and Dhekelia, Anguilla, Saint Helena, Ascension Islands, Tristan da Cunha, Montserrat, British Indian Ocean Territory, South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands, Falkland Islands, British Antarctic Territory, Pitcairn Islands. For our final Venn diagram, the United Kingdom is a country situated on the British Isles and is part of The Crown which is controlled by the monarchy. Also part of the crown and the British Isles are the crown dependencies. The independent nations of the former empire that still recognize the crown are the Commonwealth Realm and the non-independent remnants of the former empire are the British Overseas Territories. Thank you very much for watching.


United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland

Name and flag   National Personification   National Animal(s)    Coat of Arms   Motto   Anthem  
United Kingdom
Flag of the United Kingdom
(Union Flag)
Flag of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland
National Personification: Britannia
National Animal: Lion

National Animal: Buldog

Royal coat of arms of the United Kingdom
Coat of Arms: 1st and 4th Quarters: A Red Lion on a Yellow Field, surrounded by a red double royal tressure flory counter-flory device, representing Scotland; 2nd Quarter: 3 Gold Lions on a Red Field, representing England; 3rd Quarter: Gold Harp on a Dark Blue Field, representing Northern Ireland

Coat of Arms (for use in Scotland): 1st and 4th Quarters: 3 Gold Lions on a Red Field, representing England; 2nd Quarter: A Red Lion on a Yellow Field, surrounded by a red double royal tressure flory counter-flory device, representing Scotland; 3rd Quarter: Gold Harp on a Dark Blue Field, representing Northern Ireland
Dieu et mon droit
"God and my right"
(as used in England, Northern Ireland & Wales)

In Defens
"In Defence"
(as used in Scotland)
"God Save the Queen"

Note: "Queen" is replaced with "King" in the lyrics whenever the monarch is male.

England, Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland

Name and flag   Patron Saint   National Flower(s)    National Animal(s)    Coat of Arms   Motto   Anthem  
Saint George's Cross
Flag of England
St. George[1]
Patron Saint: St. George
Tudor Rose[2]
National Flower: Tudor Rose
National Animal: Lion
Royal Arms of England
Coat of Arms: 3 Gold Lions on a Red Field
Dieu et mon droit
"God and my right"
God save the Queen/King
See Proposed national anthems.
Cross of Saint Andrew
Flag of Scotland
St. Andrew[4]
Patron Saint: St. Andrew
National Flower: Thistle
National Animal: Unicorn
Royal Arms of Scotland
Coat of Arms: A Red Lion on a Yellow Field, surrounded by a red double royal tressure flory counter-flory device
In Defens
"In Defence"
Flower of Scotland
(de facto)
See also Proposed national anthems of Scotland.
The Red Dragon
Flag of Wales
St. David[6]
Patron Saint: St. David
National Flower: Leek


National Flower: Daffodil
Red Dragon[7]
National Animal: Red Dragon
Royal Badge of Wales
Coat of Arms: A Red Dragon on a Green and White Field
Cymru am byth
"Wales forever"
Hen Wlad Fy Nhadau
"Land of my Fathers"
Northern Ireland Crown, and Red Hand of Ulster [Note 1]
The Ulster banner, unofficial flag of Northern Ireland
St. Patrick[2]
Patron Saint: St. Patrick
Flax Flower[10]
National Flower: Flax


National Flower: Shamrock
None None
Former Coat of arms of Northern Ireland:
Coat of Arms: St. George's Cross, with the Imperial Crown on top of the Red Hand of Ulster, in the centre
Quis separabit?
"Who will separate us?"
(de facto)
Londonderry Air
(de facto)
Officially God Save The Queen/King
  1. ^ There has been no official national flag of Northern Ireland[8] since 1973. However, the shown Ulster banner, official flag of the Government of Northern Ireland between 1953–1973, has since been the de facto flag of Northern Ireland, and continued to be used by international sporting organisations.[9] See Northern Ireland flags issue for more information.

British Crown Dependencies

Channel Islands

Bailiwick of Jersey

Name and flag   Patron Saint   Traditional Animal Nickname    Coat of Arms   'Motto Anthem  
Flag of Jersey
Flag of Jersey
St. Helier
Patron Saint: St. Helier
Crapauds / Jersey Cow
Traditional Animal Nickname: Toad/Crapauds
Coat of Arms of Jersey
Coat of Arms: 3 Gold Lions on a Red Field
"Ma Normandie"
My Normandy or "island home" (recent)

Bailiwick of Guernsey

Name and flag   Patron Saint   National Flower   Traditional Animal Nickname    Coat of Arms   Motto   Anthem  
Flag of Guernsey
Flag of Guernsey
St. Sampson[11] Guernsey Lily
Nerine sarniensis (1856).jpg
Les ânes
Traditional Animal Nickname: Donkeys/les ânes
Coat of arms of Guernsey
Coat of Arms: 3 Gold Lions on a Red Field, surmounted by a small branch of leaves
"Sarnia Cherie"
Flag of Sark
Flag of Sark
St. Magloire Corbins
Traditional Animal Nickname: Crows/Corbins
Coat of arms of Sark
Coat of Arms: 2 Gold Lions on a Red Field
"Sarnia Cherie"
Flag of Alderney
Flag of Alderney
St. Anne Lapins
Traditional Animal Nickname: Rabbits/Lapins
Coat of arms of Alderney
"Sarnia Cherie"
Flag of Herm
Flag of Herm
St. Tugual Coat of Arms of Herm
Coat of Arms: A Yellow diagonal Stripe containing 3 Monks, on top of a Blue Field, with 2 Silver Dolphins in the bottom-left and top-right hand corners
"Sarnia Cherie"

Isle of Man

Name and flag   Patron Saint   National Flower(s)    Coat of Arms   Motto   Anthem  
Isle of Man
Flag of the Isle of Man
Flag of the Isle of Man
St. Maughold Cushag (popularly)
Senecio jacobaea 20070603w.jpg

or Fuchsia[12]
Fuchsia magellanica.jpg
Coat of arms of the Isle of Man
Coat of Arms: A Triskelion (3 bent legs) on a Red Field
Quocunque Jeceris Stabit
"Wherever you throw it, it will stand"
"O Land of Our Birth"

See also


  1. ^ "St George: England". 1 March 2005 – via
  2. ^ a b c d e f "National Emblems of Britain".
  3. ^ "The Royal Lion of England".
  4. ^ "St Andrew: Scotland". 1 March 2005 – via
  5. ^ " – Treasures Gallery – Queen's Beasts: Unicorn of Scotland".
  6. ^ "St David: Wales". 1 March 2005 – via
  7. ^ " – Treasures Gallery – Queen's Beasts: Red Dragon of Wales".
  8. ^ "Northern Ireland flag". 28 September 2010 – via
  9. ^ "Member Association - Northern Ireland -".
  10. ^ United Kingdom One Pound Coin Design Archived 30 April 2008 at the Wayback Machine
  11. ^ Marr, James (2001). History of Guernsey: The Bailiwick's Story (Second ed.). St Peter Port, Guernsey: Guernsey Press Ltd. ISBN 0953916618.
  12. ^ Plantlife county flowers results Archived 6 January 2009 at the Wayback Machine

This page was last edited on 14 March 2019, at 16:57
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