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Outline of the United Kingdom

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

The location of the United Kingdom
The location of the United Kingdom

The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland; a sovereign state in Europe, commonly known as the United Kingdom (UK), or Britain.[1][2][3] Lying off the north-western coast of the European mainland, it includes the island of Great Britain—a term also applied loosely to refer to the whole country—the north-eastern part of the island of Ireland and many smaller islands

YouTube Encyclopedic

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  • ✪ The Difference between the United Kingdom, Great Britain and England Explained
  • ✪ History of Britain in 20 Minutes
  • ✪ HISTORY OF GREAT BRITAIN | The animated British History in a Nutshell
  • ✪ UK Education System Explained in 5 min
  • ✪ UK Visit Visa: An Outline | UKVI || UKBA || UK IMMIGRATION | 2018 HD

Transcription

Welcome to the United Kingdom (and a whole lot more) explained by me, C. G. P. Grey The United Kingdom, England, Great Britain? Are these three the same place? Are they different places? Do British people secretly laugh those who use the terms wrongly? Who knows the answers to these questions? I do and I'm going to tell you right now. For the lost: this is the world, this is the European continent and this is the place we have to untangle. The area shown in purple is the United Kingdom. Part of the confusion is that the United Kingdom is not a single country but is instead a country of countries. It contains inside of it four co-equal and sovereign nations The first of these is England — shown here in red. England is often confused with the United Kingdom as a whole because it's the largest and most populous of the nations and contains the de facto capital city, London. To the north is Scotland, shown in blue and to the west is wales, shown in white. And, often forgotten even by those who live in the United Kingdom, is Northern Ireland shown in orange. Each country has a local term for the population. While you can call them all 'British' it's not recommended as the four countries generally don't like each other. The Northern Irish, Scottish and Welsh regard the English as slave-driving colonial masters — no matter that all three have their own devolved Parliaments and are allowed to vote on English laws despite the reverse not being true — and the English generally regard the rest as rural yokels who spend too much time with their sheep. However, as the four constituent countries don't have their own passports, they are all British Citizens, like it or not.They are British Citizens of the United Kingdom — whose full name by the way is the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. So where's Great Britain hiding? Right here: the area covered in black is Great Britain. Unlike England, Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland, Great Britain is a geographical rather than a political term. Great Britain is the largest island among the British Isles. Within the United Kingdom, the term 'Great Britain' is often used to refer to England, Scotland and Wales alone with the intentional exclusion of Northern Ireland. This is mostly, but not completely true, as all three constituent countries have islands that are not part of Great Britain such as The Isle of Wight, part of England, the Welsh Isle of Anglesey and the Scottish Hebrides, The Shetland Islands, Orkney Islands, Islands of the Clyde. The second biggest island in the British Isles is Ireland. It is worth noting that Ireland is not a country. Like Great Britain, it is a geographical, not political, term. The Island of Ireland contain on it two countries, Northern Ireland — which we have already discussed — and the Republic of Ireland. When people say they are 'Irish' they are referring to the Republic of Ireland which is a separate country from the United Kingdom. However, both the Republic of Ireland and the United Kingdom are members of the European Union even though England often likes to pretend that it's an Island in the mid-atlantic rather than 50km off the cost of France. But that's a story for another time. To review: The two largest islands in the British Isles are Ireland and Great Britain. Ireland has on it two countries — the republic of ireland and northern ireland, while Great Britain (mostly) contains three: England, Scotland and Wales. These last three, when combined with northern Ireland form the United Kingdom. There are still many unanswered questions. Such as, why, when you travel to Canada is there British Royalty on the money? To answer this, we need to talk about Empire. You can't have gone to school in the English-speaking world without having learned that the British Empire once spanned a 1/4th the worlds land and governed nearly a 1/4th its people. While it is easy to remember the part of the empire that broke away violently... We often forget how many nations gained independence through diplomacy, not bloodshed. These want-to-be nations struck a deal with the empire where they continued to recognize the monarchy as the head of state in exchange for a local, autonomous parliament. To understand how they are connected, we need to talk about the crown. Not the physical crown that sits behind glass in the tower of London and earns millions of tourist pounds for the UK but the crown as a complicated legal entity best thought of a a one-man corporation. Who created this corporation? God Did. According to British Tradition all power is vested in God and the monarch is crowned in a Christian ceremony. God however — not wanted to be bothered with micromanagement — conveniently delegates his power to an entity called the crown. While this used to be the physical crown in the tower of london — it evolved over time into a legal corporation sole able to be controlled only by the ruling monarch. It's a useful reminder that the United Kingdom is still technically a theocracy with the reigning monarch acting as both the head of state and the supreme governor of the official state religion: Anglicanism. Such are the oddities that arise when dealing with a 1,000 year-old Monarchy. Back to Canada and the rest. The former colonies that gained their independence through diplomacy and continue to recognize that authority of the crown are known as the Commonwealth Realm. They are, in decreasing order of population: Canada, Australia, Papua New Guinea, New Zealand, Jamaica, The Solomon Islands, Belize, The Bahamas, Barbados, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Grenada, Antigua and Barbuda, Saint Kitts and Nevis, and Tuvalu. All are independent nations but still recognize the monarchy as the head of state even though it has little real power within their borders. There are three further entities that belong to the crown and these are the Crown Dependencies: he Isle of Man, Jersey, Guernsey. Unlike the Commonwealth Realm, they are not considered independent nations, but are granted local autonomy by the crown and British Citizenship by the United Kingdom — though the UK does reserve the right to over-rule the laws of there local assemblies. Are we all done "now"? Almost, but not quite. There are still a couple of loose threads, such as this place: The tiny city of Gibraltar on the Southern Cost of Spain famous for its rock, its monkeys and for causing diplomatic tension between the United Kingdom and Spain. Or what about the Falkland Islands? Which caused so much tension between the United Kingdom and Argentina that they went to war over them. These places belong in the last group of crown properties know as: British Overseas Territories. But their former name — crown colonies — gives away their origins. They are the last vestiges of the British Empire. Unlike the Commonwealth Realm, they have not become independent nations and continue to rely on the United Kingdom for military and (sometimes) economic assistance. Like the Crown Dependencies, everyone born in their borders is a British Citizen. The Crown colonies are, in decreasing order of population: Bermuda, Cayman Islands,Turks and Caicos Islands, Gibraltar, The British Virgin Islands, Akrotiri and Dhekelia, Anguilla, Saint Helena, Ascension Islands, Tristan da Cunha, Montserrat, British Indian Ocean Territory, South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands, Falkland Islands, British Antarctic Territory, Pitcairn Islands. For our final Venn diagram, the United Kingdom is a country situated on the British Isles and is part of The Crown which is controlled by the monarchy. Also part of the crown and the British Isles are the crown dependencies. The independent nations of the former empire that still recognize the crown are the Commonwealth Realm and the non-independent remnants of the former empire are the British Overseas Territories. Thank you very much for watching.

Contents

General reference

Countries of the United Kingdom, Dependencies, Territories and Commonwealth

Political map featuring the United Kingdom
Political map featuring the United Kingdom
Map of the British Crown Dependencies
Map of the British Crown Dependencies
British Overseas Territories
British Overseas Territories

Countries of the UK and their subdivisions

Crown dependencies

Crown dependencies

British Overseas Territories

British Overseas Territories

Commonwealth of Nations

The United Kingdom is a member state of the Commonwealth of Nations

Geography, resources and demography

An enlargeable topographic map of the United Kingdom
An enlargeable topographic map of the United Kingdom

Geography of the United Kingdom

Ecoregions

List of ecoregions in the United Kingdom

An enlargeable satellite image of the United Kingdom
An enlargeable satellite image of the United Kingdom

Environment

Geographic features

Regions

Thirteen areas are designated as national parks in England and Wales
Thirteen areas are designated as national parks in England and Wales

Municipalities

Natural Resources

Map of population density in the UK as at the 2011 census.
Map of population density in the UK as at the 2011 census.
NASA VIIRS image highlighting UK population centres
NASA VIIRS image highlighting UK population centres
Population density (people per km2) by country, 2015.
Population density (people per km2) by country, 2015.

Demography

Demography of the United Kingdom

Ethnicity

Ethnic groups in the United Kingdom

Government, monarchy, politics and honours

Queen Elizabeth II is the current UK monarch
Queen Elizabeth II is the current UK monarch
Theresa May is the current UK Prime Minister
Theresa May is the current UK Prime Minister

Monarchy

Branches of the government

Executive branch

Legislative branch

Judicial branch

Courts of the United Kingdom

Foreign relations

Foreign relations of the United Kingdom

International organisation membership

The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland is a member of:[1]

Local government

Politics of England

Politics of England

Politics of Northern Ireland

Politics of Northern Ireland

Politics of Scotland

Politics of Scotland

Politics of Wales

The Senedd in Cardiff

Politics of Wales

Honours


Military and Defence

British troops in Iraq
British troops in Iraq

British Armed Forces

Command

Forces

History

See  § History

Related topics

Law and order

Law of the United Kingdom

Law of England and Wales

Law of Northern Ireland

Northern Ireland law

Law of Scotland

Scots law

Infrastructure

Economy

Economy of the United Kingdom

History

"A new map of Great Britain according to the newest and most exact observations"
"A new map of Great Britain according to the newest and most exact observations"

Historical states of the British Isles

By subject

Culture

Sunday roast consisting of roast beef, roast potatoes, vegetables and Yorkshire pudding
Sunday roast consisting of roast beef, roast potatoes, vegetables and Yorkshire pudding

Culture of the United Kingdom

Architecture

Architecture of the United Kingdom

The arts

Museums

Music

Led Zeppelin performing in 1975
Led Zeppelin performing in 1975
The Proms in 2004
The Proms in 2004

Popular music

Classical music

Folk music

Theatre

Film

Cinema of the United Kingdom

Cultural icons

A cup of tea
A cup of tea
Giant's Causeway stones
Giant's Causeway stones
Edinburgh Castle
Edinburgh Castle

United Kingdom icons

English icons

Northern Irish icons

Scottish icons

Welsh icons

Languages

Languages of the United Kingdom

People

Demography of the United Kingdom

Interest groups and societies

Religion

Religion in the United Kingdom

Sports, games, and pastimes

Sport in the United Kingdom The following are the major sports; local groups may well play many others.

Angling

  • National Federation of Anglers
  • National Federation of Sea Anglers
  • Salmon and Trout Association

Chess

Cricket

The first England team to tour Southern Australia
The first England team to tour Southern Australia
The media centre at Lord's Cricket Ground
The media centre at Lord's Cricket Ground

Hiking

Association football

Polo

Rugby

England playing Wales in the Six Nations
England playing Wales in the Six Nations

Sport rowing

Skiing

Other sports, games, and pastimes

Olympic Stadium in June 2011
Olympic Stadium in June 2011

Education

Education in England

Education in Northern Ireland

Education in Scotland

Education in Wales

See also

References

  1. ^ a b "United Kingdom". The World Factbook. United States Central Intelligence Agency. 2 July 2009. Retrieved 23 July 2009.
  2. ^ "Encyclopædia Britannica". Retrieved 25 September 2007. Island country located off the north-western coast of mainland Europe
  3. ^ "Countries within a country". www.number-10.gov.uk. Retrieved 13 June 2007. Countries within a country

External links

This page was last edited on 22 June 2019, at 18:37
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