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List of Formula One seasons

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

The car Giuseppe Farina (left) used to claim the first World Drivers' Championship in 1950 and the vehicle Lewis Hamilton (right) drove to win the 2020 title.

A total of 71 World Championship seasons of Formula One (F1) have been run.[1] F1 is the highest form of open wheeled auto racing series regulated by the Fédération Internationale de l'Automobile (FIA), motorsport's world governing body.[2] The "formula" in the name alludes to a series of rules established by the FIA to which all participants and vehicles are required to conform.[2][3] The F1 World Championship season consists of a series of races, known as Grands Prix, held usually on purpose-built circuits, and in a few cases on closed city streets;[4] the most prestigious of the street circuits is the Monaco Grand Prix.[5] As of 2021, the sporting regulations established by the FIA's Statutes state that the minimum number of events needed to form a F1 season is 8.[6][7] The season can be declared a World Championship if F1 visits at least 3 continents in that season according to the International Sporting Code.[8] The World Championship rule can be declared invalid if the FIA grants F1 an waiver for its "long‐established use of the word 'World'."[8] Each season throughout F1 history has been made up of between 7 and 21 Grands Prix,[a][10] and the regulations are regularly amended to enable an increase of the maximum number of permitted races each year.[2][11]

The World Drivers' Championship is awarded to the most successful F1 driver over the course of the season, as determined by a points system based on Grand Prix results,[12] and has been awarded since the first F1 season in 1950.[13] The championship is the successor of the pre-war AIACR European Championship held between 1931 and 1939.[14] The World Constructors' Championship is awarded to the most successful Formula One constructor over the course of the season, as determined by a points system based on Grand Prix results.[12] The Constructors' Championship was first awarded as the International Cup for F1 Manufacturers in 1958, and its current name was adopted in 1981.[15][16] Different combinations of chassis and engine makes are considered to be different constructors for the purposes of the Championship. Constructors' Championship points are calculated by adding points scored in each race by any driver for that constructor.[12] Up until 1979, most seasons saw only the highest-scoring driver in each race for each constructor contributing points towards the Championship.[17] On only 10 occasions has the World Constructors' Champion team not contained the World Drivers' Champion for that season.[1][18]

As of the 2021 Turkish Grand Prix, a total of 1,051 Formula One World Championship races have been held in 32 different countries.[b][10][20] Over 71 seasons, there have been 33 participants from 14 different nationalities who have won the World Drivers' Championship, with Lewis Hamilton and Michael Schumacher tied for the record for the highest number of titles won with seven. Over 63 seasons, 15 teams representing 5 individual nations that have claimed the World Constructors' Championship, with Ferrari winning more titles than any other squad with 16. Seasons which were run to F1 rules prior to the inaugural World Championship season in 1950 and those that were part of each of the British Formula One Championship and the South African Formula One Championship are not included in this list.[1][18]

Seasons

List of Formula One World Championship seasons[1][10][18]
Season Races Countries First Last Drivers' Champion (team) Constructors' Champion
1950 7 7 1950 British Grand Prix 1950 Italian Grand Prix  Giuseppe Farina (ITA) (Alfa Romeo) Not awarded
1951 8 8 1951 Swiss Grand Prix 1951 Spanish Grand Prix  Juan Manuel Fangio (ARG) (Alfa Romeo)
1952 8 8 1952 Swiss Grand Prix 1952 Italian Grand Prix  Alberto Ascari (ITA) (Ferrari)
1953 9 9 1953 Argentine Grand Prix 1953 Italian Grand Prix  Alberto Ascari (ITA) (Ferrari)
1954 9 9 1954 Argentine Grand Prix 1954 Spanish Grand Prix  Juan Manuel Fangio (ARG) (Maserati/Mercedes)
1955 7 7 1955 Argentine Grand Prix 1955 Italian Grand Prix  Juan Manuel Fangio (ARG) (Mercedes)
1956 8 8 1956 Argentine Grand Prix 1956 Italian Grand Prix  Juan Manuel Fangio (ARG) (Ferrari)
1957 8 7 1957 Argentine Grand Prix 1957 Italian Grand Prix  Juan Manuel Fangio (ARG) (Maserati)
1958 11 11 1958 Argentine Grand Prix 1958 Moroccan Grand Prix  Mike Hawthorn (GBR) (Ferrari)  Vanwall (GBR)
1959 9 8 1959 Monaco Grand Prix 1959 United States Grand Prix  Jack Brabham (AUS) (Cooper)  Cooper-Climax (GBR)
1960 10 9 1960 Argentine Grand Prix 1960 United States Grand Prix  Jack Brabham (AUS) (Cooper)  Cooper-Climax (GBR)
1961 8 8 1961 Monaco Grand Prix 1961 United States Grand Prix  Phil Hill (USA) (Ferrari)  Ferrari (ITA)
1962 9 9 1962 Dutch Grand Prix 1962 South African Grand Prix  Graham Hill (GBR) (BRM)  BRM (GBR)
1963 10 10 1963 Monaco Grand Prix 1963 South African Grand Prix  Jim Clark (GBR) (Lotus)  Lotus-Climax (GBR)
1964 10 10 1964 Monaco Grand Prix 1964 Mexican Grand Prix  John Surtees (GBR) (Ferrari)  Ferrari (ITA)
1965 10 10 1965 South African Grand Prix 1965 Mexican Grand Prix  Jim Clark (GBR) (Lotus)  Lotus-Climax (GBR)
1966 9 9 1966 Monaco Grand Prix 1966 Mexican Grand Prix  Jack Brabham (AUS) (Brabham)  Brabham-Repco (GBR)
1967 11 11 1967 South African Grand Prix 1967 Mexican Grand Prix  Denny Hulme (NZL) (Brabham)  Brabham-Repco (GBR)
1968 12 12 1968 South African Grand Prix 1968 Mexican Grand Prix  Graham Hill (GBR) (Lotus)  Lotus-Ford (GBR)
1969 11 11 1969 South African Grand Prix 1969 Mexican Grand Prix  Jackie Stewart (GBR) (Matra)  Matra-Ford (FRA)
1970 13 13 1970 South African Grand Prix 1970 Mexican Grand Prix  Jochen Rindt (AUT) (Lotus)  Lotus-Ford (GBR)
1971 11 11 1971 South African Grand Prix 1971 United States Grand Prix  Jackie Stewart (GBR) (Tyrrell)  Tyrrell-Ford (GBR)
1972 12 12 1972 Argentine Grand Prix 1972 United States Grand Prix  Emerson Fittipaldi (BRA) (Lotus)  Lotus-Ford (GBR)
1973 15 15 1973 Argentine Grand Prix 1973 United States Grand Prix  Jackie Stewart (GBR) (Tyrrell)  Lotus-Ford (GBR)
1974 15 15 1974 Argentine Grand Prix 1974 United States Grand Prix  Emerson Fittipaldi (BRA) (McLaren)  McLaren-Ford (GBR)
1975 14 14 1975 Argentine Grand Prix 1975 United States Grand Prix  Niki Lauda (AUT) (Ferrari)  Ferrari (ITA)
1976 16 15 1976 Brazilian Grand Prix[c] 1976 Japanese Grand Prix  James Hunt (GBR) (McLaren)  Ferrari (ITA)
1977 17 16 1977 Argentine Grand Prix 1977 Japanese Grand Prix  Niki Lauda (AUT) (Ferrari)  Ferrari (ITA)
1978 16 15 1978 Argentine Grand Prix 1978 Canadian Grand Prix  Mario Andretti (USA) (Lotus)  Lotus-Ford (GBR)
1979 15 14 1979 Argentine Grand Prix 1979 United States Grand Prix  Jody Scheckter (RSA) (Ferrari)  Ferrari (ITA)
1980 14 13 1980 Argentine Grand Prix 1980 United States Grand Prix  Alan Jones (AUS) (Williams)  Williams-Ford (GBR)
1981 15 13 1981 United States Grand Prix West 1981 Caesars Palace Grand Prix  Nelson Piquet (BRA) (Brabham)  Williams-Ford (GBR)
1982 16 11 1982 South African Grand Prix 1982 Caesars Palace Grand Prix  Keke Rosberg (FIN) (Williams)  Ferrari (ITA)
1983 15 13 1983 Brazilian Grand Prix 1983 South African Grand Prix  Nelson Piquet (BRA) (Brabham)  Ferrari (ITA)
1984 16 14 1984 Brazilian Grand Prix 1984 Portuguese Grand Prix  Niki Lauda (AUT) (McLaren)  McLaren-TAG (GBR)
1985 16 14 1985 Brazilian Grand Prix 1985 Australian Grand Prix  Alain Prost (FRA) (McLaren)  McLaren-TAG (GBR)
1986 16 15 1986 Brazilian Grand Prix 1986 Australian Grand Prix  Alain Prost (FRA) (McLaren)  Williams-Honda (GBR)
1987 16 15 1987 Brazilian Grand Prix 1987 Australian Grand Prix  Nelson Piquet (BRA) (Williams)  Williams-Honda (GBR)
1988 16 15 1988 Brazilian Grand Prix 1988 Australian Grand Prix  Ayrton Senna (BRA) (McLaren)  McLaren-Honda (GBR)
1989 16 15 1989 Brazilian Grand Prix 1989 Australian Grand Prix  Alain Prost (FRA) (McLaren)  McLaren-Honda (GBR)
1990 16 15 1990 United States Grand Prix 1990 Australian Grand Prix  Ayrton Senna (BRA) (McLaren)  McLaren-Honda (GBR)
1991 16 15 1991 United States Grand Prix 1991 Australian Grand Prix  Ayrton Senna (BRA) (McLaren)  McLaren-Honda (GBR)
1992 16 15 1992 South African Grand Prix 1992 Australian Grand Prix  Nigel Mansell (GBR) (Williams)  Williams-Renault (GBR)
1993 16 14 1993 South African Grand Prix 1993 Australian Grand Prix  Alain Prost (FRA) (Williams)  Williams-Renault (GBR)
1994 16 13 1994 Brazilian Grand Prix 1994 Australian Grand Prix  Michael Schumacher (GER) (Benetton)  Williams-Renault (GBR)
1995 17 14 1995 Brazilian Grand Prix 1995 Australian Grand Prix  Michael Schumacher (GER) (Benetton)  Benetton-Renault (GBR)
1996 16 14 1996 Australian Grand Prix 1996 Japanese Grand Prix  Damon Hill (GBR) (Williams)  Williams-Renault (GBR)
1997 17 14 1997 Australian Grand Prix 1997 European Grand Prix  Jacques Villeneuve (CAN) (Williams)  Williams-Renault (GBR)
1998 16 14 1998 Australian Grand Prix 1998 Japanese Grand Prix  Mika Häkkinen (FIN) (McLaren)  McLaren-Mercedes (GBR)
1999 16 14 1999 Australian Grand Prix 1999 Japanese Grand Prix  Mika Häkkinen (FIN) (McLaren)  Ferrari (ITA)
2000 17 15 2000 Australian Grand Prix 2000 Malaysian Grand Prix  Michael Schumacher (GER) (Ferrari)  Ferrari (ITA)
2001 17 15 2001 Australian Grand Prix 2001 Japanese Grand Prix  Michael Schumacher (GER) (Ferrari)  Ferrari (ITA)
2002 17 15 2002 Australian Grand Prix 2002 Japanese Grand Prix  Michael Schumacher (GER) (Ferrari)  Ferrari (ITA)
2003 16 15 2003 Australian Grand Prix 2003 Japanese Grand Prix  Michael Schumacher (GER) (Ferrari)  Ferrari (ITA)
2004 18 16 2004 Australian Grand Prix 2004 Brazilian Grand Prix  Michael Schumacher (GER) (Ferrari)  Ferrari (ITA)
2005 19 17 2005 Australian Grand Prix 2005 Chinese Grand Prix  Fernando Alonso (ESP) (Renault)  Renault (FRA)
2006 18 16 2006 Bahrain Grand Prix 2006 Brazilian Grand Prix  Fernando Alonso (ESP) (Renault)  Renault (FRA)
2007 17 17 2007 Australian Grand Prix 2007 Brazilian Grand Prix  Kimi Räikkönen (FIN) (Ferrari)  Ferrari (ITA)[d]
2008 18 17 2008 Australian Grand Prix 2008 Brazilian Grand Prix  Lewis Hamilton (GBR) (McLaren)  Ferrari (ITA)
2009 17 16 2009 Australian Grand Prix 2009 Abu Dhabi Grand Prix  Jenson Button (GBR) (Brawn)  Brawn-Mercedes (GBR)
2010 19 17 2010 Bahrain Grand Prix 2010 Abu Dhabi Grand Prix  Sebastian Vettel (GER) (Red Bull)  Red Bull-Renault (AUT)
2011 19 18 2011 Australian Grand Prix[e] 2011 Brazilian Grand Prix  Sebastian Vettel (GER) (Red Bull)  Red Bull-Renault (AUT)
2012 20 19 2012 Australian Grand Prix 2012 Brazilian Grand Prix  Sebastian Vettel (GER) (Red Bull)  Red Bull-Renault (AUT)
2013 19 19 2013 Australian Grand Prix 2013 Brazilian Grand Prix  Sebastian Vettel (GER) (Red Bull)  Red Bull-Renault (AUT)
2014 19 19 2014 Australian Grand Prix 2014 Abu Dhabi Grand Prix  Lewis Hamilton (GBR) (Mercedes)  Mercedes (GER)
2015 19 19 2015 Australian Grand Prix 2015 Abu Dhabi Grand Prix  Lewis Hamilton (GBR) (Mercedes)  Mercedes (GER)
2016 21 21 2016 Australian Grand Prix 2016 Abu Dhabi Grand Prix  Nico Rosberg (GER) (Mercedes)  Mercedes (GER)
2017 20 20 2017 Australian Grand Prix 2017 Abu Dhabi Grand Prix  Lewis Hamilton (GBR) (Mercedes)  Mercedes (GER)
2018 21 21 2018 Australian Grand Prix 2018 Abu Dhabi Grand Prix  Lewis Hamilton (GBR) (Mercedes)  Mercedes (GER)
2019 21 21 2019 Australian Grand Prix 2019 Abu Dhabi Grand Prix  Lewis Hamilton (GBR) (Mercedes)  Mercedes (GER)
2020 17[f] 12 2020 Austrian Grand Prix 2020 Abu Dhabi Grand Prix  Lewis Hamilton (GBR) (Mercedes)  Mercedes (GER)

Notes

  1. ^ The Indianapolis 500 was not a "Grand Prix" but was included as a round of the World Championship from 1950 to 1960.[9]
  2. ^ The Formula One standard was agreed upon in 1946 with the world championship formalised the following year before the first season in 1950.[19]
  3. ^ The 1976 Argentine Grand Prix was due to begin the 1976 Formula One season but it was cancelled as a result of economical and political unrest in Argentina.[21]
  4. ^ McLaren scored 218 points but were excluded from the championship because of the team's involvement in the 2007 Formula One espionage controversy. Before that, the team did not score 15 points for finishing first and fourth because one of its drivers Fernando Alonso was deemed to have delayed his teammate Lewis Hamilton enough during a pit stop to prevent him from setting a lap time in qualifying for the Hungarian Grand Prix.[22]
  5. ^ The 2011 Bahrain Grand Prix was due to begin the 2011 Formula One World Championship but was postponed and ultimately cancelled by local organisers as a result of the Bahraini uprising of 2011.[23]
  6. ^ The 2020 season was scheduled to feature 22 races before the COVID-19 pandemic forced 13 race cancellations and the addition of new events to the calendar.[24]

References

  1. ^ a b c d "Previous Seasons". ChicaneF1. Archived from the original on 30 September 2020. Retrieved 18 September 2020.
  2. ^ a b c "The FIA FAQ on Formula One World Championship". Atlas F1. Archived from the original on 5 April 2001. Retrieved 28 February 2021.
  3. ^ Williamson, Martin. "A brief history of Formula One". ESPN. Archived from the original on 4 January 2018. Retrieved 4 January 2018.
  4. ^ Hughes & Tremayne 2002, pp. 82–83
  5. ^ Serge, Denis (23 May 2001). "Full speed ahead at Monte Carlo". Financial Times. p. 03. ProQuest 248968297. Retrieved 7 December 2020 – via ProQuest.
  6. ^ Saward, Joe (20 March 2020). "How Coronavirus and Season Uncertainty Forced Formula 1 to Push 2021 Regulations to 2022". Autoweek. Archived from the original on 29 March 2020. Retrieved 10 February 2021.
  7. ^ Richards, Giles (9 April 2020). "F1 aiming to begin behind closed doors in Europe with hope for 19-race season". The Guardian. Archived from the original on 9 April 2020. Retrieved 18 February 2021.
  8. ^ a b Pavey, James (3 April 2020). "World championship without the 'world'? Virus delays force F1 season into uncharted territory". Fox Sports Australia. Archived from the original on 4 April 2020. Retrieved 7 December 2020.
  9. ^ Smith 2019, p. 10, 76
  10. ^ a b c "All-Time Calendar". ChicaneF1. Archived from the original on 17 September 2020. Retrieved 7 December 2020.
  11. ^ Smith, Luke (2 April 2020). "How many races does F1 need to declare a season?". Motorsport.com. Archived from the original on 10 April 2020. Retrieved 16 December 2020.
  12. ^ a b c Budzinski, Oliver; Feddersen, Arne (March 2019). "Measuring Competitive Balance in Formula One Racing" (PDF). Ilmenau Economics Discussion Papers. 25 (121): 5, 7. ISSN 0949-3859. Retrieved 28 February 2021 – via EconStor.
  13. ^ White 2008, p. 12
  14. ^ "Formula One Series Page". Racing-Reference. Retrieved 12 February 2021.
  15. ^ Holding, Joe (6 February 2021). "Most successful F1 teams: Which team has the most constructors' titles?". Autosport. Archived from the original on 6 February 2021. Retrieved 12 February 2021.
  16. ^ Diepraam, Mattijs (3 January 2008). "Poachers turned gamekeepers: how the FOCA became the new FIA: Part 4: 1981 – long live the FIA F1 World Championship". 8W. Forix. Archived from the original on 31 January 2008. Retrieved 12 February 2021.
  17. ^ Hayhoe 1989, p. 8
  18. ^ a b c Diepraam, Mattijs (3 November 2019). "European & World Champions". 8W. Archived from the original on 4 November 2020. Retrieved 18 September 2020.
  19. ^ Williamson, Martin. "A timeline of Formula One". ESPN. Archived from the original on 3 May 2017. Retrieved 11 February 2021.
  20. ^ "Circuits". StatsF1. Archived from the original on 13 February 2021. Retrieved 18 February 2021.
  21. ^ Henry, Alan (March 1976). "The Brazilian Grand Prix; Lauda confirms Ferrari's misery". Motor Sport. LII (3): 248. Retrieved 28 February 2021.
  22. ^ Knutson, Dan (14 December 2007). "It was feast or famine in 2007 F1 season". ESPN. Archived from the original on 20 December 2007. Retrieved 18 November 2020.
  23. ^ "Bahrain F1 Grand Prix cancelled for 2011". Sportsnet. Associated Press. 10 June 2011. Archived from the original on 15 February 2021. Retrieved 12 February 2021.
  24. ^ Attwood, James (26 September 2020). "Greener pastures: how new circuits have saved F1's 2020 season". Autocar. Archived from the original on 20 October 2020. Retrieved 10 February 2021.

Bibliography

External links

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