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2021 Formula One World Championship

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

2021 FIA Formula One
World Championship
Previous: 2020 Next: 2022
Support series:
Formula 2 Championship
FIA Formula 3 Championship
Porsche Supercup
W Series
Lewis Hamilton is the defending Formula One champion and the current Drivers' Championship leader.
Lewis Hamilton is the defending Formula One champion and the current Drivers' Championship leader.

The 2021 FIA Formula One World Championship is a motor racing championship for Formula One cars which is the 72nd running of the Formula One World Championship.[a] It is recognised by the Fédération Internationale de l'Automobile (FIA), the governing body of international motorsport, as the highest class of competition for open-wheel racing cars. The championship is being contested over twenty-two Grands Prix, which will be held around the world. Drivers and teams are scheduled to compete for the titles of World Drivers' Champion and World Constructors' Champion respectively.

Lewis Hamilton and Mercedes are the defending World Drivers' and World Constructors' champions respectively, having won the titles in 2020.[1][2]

Entries

The following constructors and drivers are currently under contract to compete in the 2021 World Championship. All teams are competing with tyres supplied by Pirelli.[3] Each team is required to enter at least two drivers, one for each of the two mandatory cars.[4][5]

Teams and drivers that compete in the 2021 World Championship
Entrant Constructor[6] Chassis Power unit Race drivers
No. Driver name Rounds
Switzerland Alfa Romeo Racing Orlen Alfa Romeo Racing-Ferrari C41[7] Ferrari 065/6[8] 7
88
99
Finland Kimi Räikkönen[b]
Poland Robert Kubica
Italy Antonio Giovinazzi
1–13, 15
13–14
1–15
Italy Scuderia AlphaTauri Honda AlphaTauri-Honda AT02[9] Honda RA621H[10] 10
22
France Pierre Gasly
Japan Yuki Tsunoda
1–15
1–15
France Alpine F1 Team[11] Alpine-Renault A521[12] Renault E-Tech 20B[13] 14
31
Spain Fernando Alonso
France Esteban Ocon
1–15
1–15
United Kingdom Aston Martin Cognizant F1 Team[14] Aston Martin-Mercedes AMR21[15] Mercedes-AMG F1 M12[16] 5
18
Germany Sebastian Vettel
Canada Lance Stroll
1–15
1–15
Italy Scuderia Ferrari Mission Winnow[c] Ferrari SF21[18] Ferrari 065/6[19] 16
55
Monaco Charles Leclerc
Spain Carlos Sainz Jr.
1–15
1–15
United States Uralkali Haas F1 Team[20] Haas-Ferrari VF-21[21] Ferrari 065/6[22] 9
47
Russian Automobile Federation Nikita Mazepin[d]
Germany Mick Schumacher
1–15
1–15
United Kingdom McLaren F1 Team McLaren-Mercedes MCL35M[24] Mercedes-AMG F1 M12[25] 3
4
Australia Daniel Ricciardo
United Kingdom Lando Norris
1–15
1–15
Germany Mercedes-AMG Petronas F1 Team Mercedes F1 W12[26] Mercedes-AMG F1 M12[27] 44
77
United Kingdom Lewis Hamilton
Finland Valtteri Bottas
1–15
1–15
Austria Red Bull Racing Honda Red Bull Racing-Honda RB16B[28] Honda RA621H[29] 11
33
Mexico Sergio Pérez
Netherlands Max Verstappen
1–15
1–15
United Kingdom Williams Racing Williams-Mercedes FW43B[30] Mercedes-AMG F1 M12[31] 6
63
Canada Nicholas Latifi
United Kingdom George Russell
1–15
1–15
Sources:[17][32]

Free practice drivers

Across the season, four drivers drove as a test or third driver in free practice sessions. Callum Ilott and Robert Kubica drove for Alfa Romeo Racing at two and three Grands Prix respectively, while Roy Nissany drove for Williams at three Grands Prix.[17] Guanyu Zhou drove for Alpine at the Austrian Grand Prix.[17]

Team changes

McLaren announced that they would change from using Renault power units to ones built by Mercedes, resuming the McLaren-Mercedes partnership that ran between 1995 and 2014.[33] Racing Point became known as Aston Martin. The name change was brought about by the team's part owner Lawrence Stroll investing in the Aston Martin marque.[34] Renault became known as Alpine, taking on the name of Renault's sportscar brand.[11]

Driver changes

Mick Schumacher made his Formula One debut with Haas.
Mick Schumacher made his Formula One debut with Haas.

Four-time World Drivers' Champion Sebastian Vettel left Ferrari at the end of the 2020 Championship after racing with the team for six seasons.[35] Vettel's seat was taken by Carlos Sainz Jr., who had left McLaren.[36] Daniel Ricciardo moved from Renault to McLaren, where he replaced Sainz.[37] Ricciardo was replaced by double World Champion Fernando Alonso, who drove in Alpine's first season, having last raced in 2018 for McLaren.[38]

Vettel moved to Aston Martin, where he replaced Sergio Pérez.[39][40] Pérez, who had previously signed a contract to drive for Aston Martin's predecessor, Racing Point, until 2022,[41] moved to Red Bull Racing where he replaced Alex Albon. Albon is Red Bull Racing's reserve and test driver for the 2021 season.[42] Pérez became the first driver since Mark Webber in 2007 to join the team without being previously a Red Bull Junior Team member.[43]

Romain Grosjean and Kevin Magnussen, who had raced for Haas since 2016 and 2017 respectively, left the team at the end of 2020.[44] 2020 Formula 2 Champion Mick Schumacher, the son of seven-time World Champion Michael Schumacher, took one of the seats at the team[45] while the other was filled by Nikita Mazepin, who finished fifth in the Formula 2 Championship.[46][47]

Yuki Tsunoda, who finished third in 2020 Formula 2 Championship, graduated to Formula One with Scuderia AlphaTauri, replacing Daniil Kvyat, who moved to Alpine as their reserve driver.[48] Tsunoda became the first Japanese Formula One driver since Kamui Kobayashi in 2014.[49]

Mid-season changes

During the Dutch Grand Prix weekend, Kimi Räikkönen tested positive for coronavirus.[50] He was replaced at Alfa Romeo Racing by reserve driver Robert Kubica, who last raced at the 2019 Abu Dhabi Grand Prix, driving for Williams.[51] Räikkönen was also replaced by Kubica at the subsequent Italian Grand Prix.[52]

Calendar

The 2021 calendar consists of twenty-two events, subject to the reinstatement of the suspended São Paulo Grand Prix contract,[53] the replacement of the cancelled Australian Grand Prix, and permissive COVID-19 regulations set by local governments and the Formula One Group.[54]

Round Grand Prix Circuit Race date
1 Bahrain Grand Prix Bahrain Bahrain International Circuit, Sakhir 28 March
2 Emilia Romagna Grand Prix Italy Imola Circuit, Imola 18 April
3 Portuguese Grand Prix Portugal Algarve International Circuit, Portimão 2 May
4 Spanish Grand Prix Spain Circuit de Barcelona-Catalunya, Montmeló 9 May
5 Monaco Grand Prix Monaco Circuit de Monaco, Monte Carlo 23 May
6 Azerbaijan Grand Prix Azerbaijan Baku City Circuit, Baku 6 June
7 French Grand Prix France Circuit Paul Ricard, Le Castellet 20 June[e]
8 Styrian Grand Prix Austria Red Bull Ring, Spielberg 27 June
9 Austrian Grand Prix 4 July
10 British Grand Prix United Kingdom Silverstone Circuit, Silverstone 18 July
11 Hungarian Grand Prix Hungary Hungaroring, Mogyoród 1 August
12 Belgian Grand Prix Belgium Circuit de Spa-Francorchamps, Stavelot 29 August
13 Dutch Grand Prix Netherlands Circuit Zandvoort, Zandvoort 5 September
14 Italian Grand Prix Italy Monza Circuit, Monza 12 September
15 Russian Grand Prix Russia Sochi Autodrom, Sochi 26 September
16 Turkish Grand Prix Turkey Istanbul Park, Tuzla 10 October[f]
17 United States Grand Prix United States Circuit of the Americas, Austin, Texas 24 October
18 Mexico City Grand Prix Mexico Autódromo Hermanos Rodríguez, Mexico City 7 November[g]
19 São Paulo Grand Prix[h] Brazil Interlagos Circuit, São Paulo 14 November[i]
20 TBA TBA 21 November
21 Saudi Arabian Grand Prix Saudi Arabia Jeddah Street Circuit, Jeddah 5 December[j]
22 Abu Dhabi Grand Prix United Arab Emirates Yas Marina Circuit, Abu Dhabi 12 December[k]
Sources:[55][56][57][58][59][60][61][62][63]

The following rounds were planned, but were cancelled in response to the COVID-19 pandemic:

Grand Prix Circuit Original date
Chinese Grand Prix China Shanghai International Circuit, Shanghai 11 April
Canadian Grand Prix Canada Circuit Gilles Villeneuve, Montréal 13 June
Singapore Grand Prix Singapore Marina Bay Street Circuit, Singapore 3 October
Japanese Grand Prix Japan Suzuka International Racing Course, Suzuka 10 October
Australian Grand Prix Australia Albert Park Circuit, Melbourne 21 November[l]
Sources:[57][61][64][65][66]

Calendar expansion and changes from 2020 to 2021

Liberty Media, the sport's commercial rights holders, announced that there would be scope for the 2021 calendar to expand beyond the planned twenty-two races of the 2020 calendar.[67] The sporting regulations were amended to allow for a maximum of twenty-five Grands Prix per year.[68]

Further changes to the calendar are planned following the disruption to the 2020 championship brought about by the COVID-19 pandemic:

Liberty Media was also reported to have come to an agreement in principle with race organisers to host a second race in the United States. Plans to hold the race at a circuit in Miami Gardens were unveiled.[88][89] A second proposal to move the Brazilian Grand Prix from São Paulo to a new circuit in Rio de Janeiro was also suspended.[90]

Calendar changes due to the COVID-19 pandemic

The original calendar that was approved by the FIA World Motor Sport Council included the Chinese Grand Prix, which was due to take place on 11 April. However, the event was postponed due to travel restrictions related to the COVID-19 pandemic. The Emilia Romagna Grand Prix at the Autodromo Enzo e Dino Ferrari in Imola, which was originally intended to be a one-off Grand Prix in 2020, was retained in its place. Additionally, the Australian Grand Prix, which had been due to take place on 21 March as the inaugural Grand Prix of the championship, was postponed to 21 November because of the pandemic. The dates for the São Paulo, Saudi Arabian and Abu Dhabi Grands Prix were changed to accommodate this.[57] On 28 April 2021, the Canadian Grand Prix was cancelled for a second consecutive year because of the COVID-19 pandemic and was replaced by the Turkish Grand Prix, which was originally intended to make a one-off return in 2020.[91] On 14 May 2021, the Turkish Grand Prix was postponed due to travel restrictions from Turkey imposed by the British government. As a result, the French Grand Prix was moved forward a week and the Styrian Grand Prix, which was originally intended to be a one-off race in 2020, was added to the calendar in its place.[61] On 4 June 2021, the Singapore Grand Prix, which was originally due to take place on 3 October, was cancelled due to ongoing safety and logistic concerns brought about by the COVID-19 pandemic,[64] and was replaced by the Turkish Grand Prix.[92] On 6 July 2021, the Australian Grand Prix was cancelled for a second consecutive year due to low vaccination rates and travel restrictions in place in Victoria.[93][94] On 18 August 2021, the Japanese Grand Prix was cancelled for a second consecutive year due to the COVID-19 pandemic.[66] The race calendar was revised again on 28 August, consisting of twenty-two Grands Prix, with the Turkish, Mexico City and São Paulo Grands Prix moved a week later, the round in which the cancelled Australian Grand Prix was due to take place left empty in order to replace it, and the confirmation that the Japanese Grand Prix would not be replaced.[63]

Regulation changes

The 2021 championship was due to introduce significant changes to the regulations, including the sport's governance, car designs and the sporting rules but these were delayed in March 2020 in response to the disruption caused by the COVID-19 pandemic.[95] These rule changes will instead be introduced in 2022.[96]

Financial regulation

The championship introduced a budget cap, with teams limited to spending a maximum of $145 million per year.[97][98][n] Teams were required to use more commercially available materials and to submit their annual expenditure.[99] Some teams argued to further reduce the budget cap to $100 million, citing concerns that the long-term financial impact of the COVID-19 pandemic threatens the future of as many as four teams.[100][101] Formula One managing director Ross Brawn stated that the sport's intention is to reduce the budget cap further in the coming years.[98]

The value of the budget cap is set for twenty-one races; each additional race increases the budget cap by $1 million, and vice versa: each race removed from the scheduled twenty-one race calendar deducts the budget cap by $1 million.[102] However, the budget cap does not include marketing budget, drivers' salaries and the salaries of the team's top three executives. In addition, under a later agreement among the teams regarding the introduction of sprint qualifying races, each team will receive an additional $500,000 for the three sprint qualifying races on top of the current budget cap, and further flexibility on budget cap in case the cars got damaged during the sprint qualifying races.[103] There are also additional restrictions dictating how prize money can be spent.[104] The cap only applies to expenditure related to car performance, which will remain in place until 2026.[102] In the event that a team breaks the financial regulations, the team can be penalised. It was originally planned a range of punishments for exceeding their annual budget which include being deducted championship points, having reduced testing time, a race ban, or—for the most severe cases—disqualification from the championship.[102] However, Toto Wolff later revealed that the intended sporting penalties such as points deductions and reduced testing for budget cap breaches will not be handed out having been voted down by three teams including Red Bull and Ferrari.[105]

Technical regulations

Teams are limited in what components can be modified for the 2021 season, with this requirement introduced to ease financial pressures on teams brought about by the COVID-19 pandemic.[106][107] The teams were allowed to apply for special dispensation to make changes, most notably in the case of McLaren, who were given permission to modify their car to accommodate the switch from Renault to Mercedes engines.[108] This prompted the FIA to introduce a token system whereby teams were given a series of tokens which could be exchanged for the introduction of specific component upgrades.[109][110]

Some aerodynamic rule changes were enacted by the FIA.[111] The floor of the cars were 'clipped' in order to reduce downforce for 2021. In 2020 the floor was permitted to run in a straight line from an area adjacent to the cockpit back to a point ahead of the rear tyre. However, from 2021 that point ahead of the tyre was moved 100 millimetres (3.9 in) inboard, making the floor edge a diagonal line when viewed from above. This change is expected to reduce downforce levels by 5%.[112][111] Further, some slots on the edge of the floor were removed, brake duct winglets were narrowed by 40 millimetres (1.6 in) and diffuser fences were narrowed by 50 millimetres (2.0 in). These three changes have reduced downforce levels by a further 5%, meaning the 2021 regulations have seen a total 10% reduction in downforce. However, the teams increased downforce by 4–5% over the winter, so the overall downforce reduction was approximately 5%.[113]

The "dual-axis steering" (DAS) system developed by Mercedes in 2020 was banned, starting from 2021.[114] The DAS system allowed the driver to adjust the toe of the front wheels to optimise mechanical grip by pulling or pushing on the steering wheel.[115]

The FIA introduced newly revised wing load tests mid-season at the French Grand Prix to clamp down on potentially excessively flexing rear wings. This comes after Lewis Hamilton and his Mercedes team had claimed, at the Spanish Grand Prix, that the rear wing of the Red Bull RB16B flexed significantly at high speed and load, allowing greater top speeds. Under Formula One regulations wings must be immobile and rigidly attached to the bodywork.[116]

From the Belgian Grand Prix onwards a new technical directive was enforced surrounding pit stop equipment after concerns teams were flouting the article 12.8.4 of Formula One technical regulations that state that pit equipment may only be filled with compressed air or nitrogen and that sensors on this equipment must 'act passively' to achieve quicker pit stop times and potentially meaning cars could be released in an unsafe condition. To help enforce this new tolerance parameters will be introduced of 0.15 seconds from when the tyres have been fitted and tightened to the dropping of the jack and 0.2 seconds from the dropping of the jack to a car being released by the pit crew.[117] The change was originally supposed to come in for the Hungarian Grand Prix, but was postponed.[118] In a further clarification the FIA will have the means of ensuring the new tolerance limits are adhered to by using an intelligent wheel gun.[119]

Sporting regulations

Teams are required to allow a driver who has competed in fewer than two Grands Prix to replace one of their race drivers in a Friday practice session over the course of the season. Whilst these rules are intended to give a chance to more non-Formula One drivers to test a Formula One car, the wording of this rule means that teams satisfy the requirement if one of their regular drivers is in their rookie season.[120][121]

Following the Mercedes tyre error during the 2020 Sakhir Grand Prix, where George Russell was given front tyres allocated to Valtteri Bottas during a pit stop, the FIA has adjusted the rules on tyre usage; drivers using mixed compound sets or using sets allocated to another driver on their cars will be permitted to complete two laps before the driver must pit to correct the error before facing a penalty. Under the previous rules, drivers could be disqualified as soon as such error had occurred.[122]

The race time limit for red-flagged races will also be reduced from four hours to three hours.[123]

Race weekend changes

For the 2021 season, the schedule of a race weekend has been revised. Under the pre-existing regulations a race weekend spanned four days with the Thursday before the race being reserved for media and promotional events and scrutineering; however, under the new regulations all of Thursday's events were moved to the Friday morning, with the times between activities on that day being reduced. Cars are now under parc fermé conditions following the end of free practice three instead of qualifying, further restricting teams and drivers making major changes to setups ahead of the race.[124] The length of the two Friday practice sessions has been cut from 90 minutes (as had been the case since the 2007 season) to 60 minutes.[125][126]

The 2021 W Series for female drivers has been added to the list of support racing series alongside Formula 2, Formula 3 and Porsche Supercup. The 2021 W Series season will start at the Red Bull Ring where it will be a support event for the Styrian Grand Prix in late June.[127] It will end in Mexico City in late October, at the Mexico City Grand Prix.[128] Formula 2 and Formula 3 will support Formula One on alternate weekends, rather than the same ones as a cost saving measure.[129]

There will be a trial of sprint qualifying at the British,[130] Italian[131] and São Paulo Grands Prix.[132] Qualifying for these sprints takes place on Friday afternoon in place of the normal second practice session and the sprints are run over the least number of laps to exceed 100 km (62 mi), approximately one third of a normal race distance. The result of the sprint race determines the starting grid for the main race. Three points are awarded to the winner of the sprint race, two points to the runner-up and one point to the third-placed finisher. If the trial is successful it is proposed that sprint qualifying will be introduced across a wider number of events for the 2022 season.[133] The British Grand Prix timetable for 16–18 July revealed that there would be no running for Formula One cars until 14:30 local time on Friday with the normal Qualifying starting at 18:00. Normally, the second Practice Session would have been at around 14:00, with no running in the evening. A second practice session is due to start at 12:00 on Saturday, before the Sprint Qualifying at 16:30. The main race is due to start at 15:00 on Sunday. At events with Sprint Qualifying the parc ferme will be brought forward to Friday after normal Qualifying which will see drivers only allowed to use the softest avaliable tyre with the usual requirement for the top 10 to start on the tyres they used for their best lap in Q2 removed for events including Sprint Qualifying in their schedule. There is also no requirement to make a pit stop during Sprint Qualifying. All 20 drivers at events where Sprint Qualifying takes place will be given free tyre choice ahead of Sunday's Grand Prix.[134][135] Teams will be given a $500,000 overall grant by the FIA to cover the cost of the scheduled three sprint races.[136]

Season summary

Pre-season

Winter testing switched from the Circuit de Barcelona-Catalunya in Montmeló to the Bahrain International Circuit in Sakhir, with three days of running beginning on 12 March.[137] Formula One declined an offer from Bahrain to provide COVID-19 vaccines for all personnel attending pre-season testing and the season's opening Grand Prix.[138] However, several teams and drivers opted to accept the Bahrain government's offer.[139]

Opening rounds

Max Verstappen took pole position on the opening round in Bahrain.[140] On the formation lap, Sergio Pérez stalled at the last turn and was relegated to start in the pit lane, leaving his 11th place spot vacant.[141] On the first lap, Nikita Mazepin spun at turn 3, crashing into the barrier and calling out the safety car.[142] AlphaTauri’s Pierre Gasly collided with Daniel Ricciardo’s McLaren the lap after the safety car ended,[143] while Mick Schumacher spun off behind the pack.[144] Lewis Hamilton got past Verstappen on lap 40, but on lap 53 Verstappen overtook Hamilton at turn 4, however he was order to give the place back because he exceeded track limits.[145] In the end, Hamilton won from Verstappen, and Valtteri Bottas completed the podium. Lando Norris came fourth and Pérez, after starting from last, recovered to fifth.[146]

At the Emilia Romagna Grand Prix, Hamilton took pole from Pérez and Verstappen.[147] Verstappen went into the lead at turn 1 on lap 1, after it started raining on race day. Mazepin and Nicholas Latifi crashed at the exit of turn 13, bringing out the safety car.[148] Under the safety car, Schumacher lost control of his car and spun into the pit exit, losing his front wing.[149] On lap 31, at turn 7, Hamilton made a mistake, hitting the wall and damaging his front wing. After approximately a minute in the gravel, he rejoined.[150] The moment he did, his teammate Bottas and George Russell had a crash at over 320 km/h (200 mph) on the start-finish straight, bringing out the red flag.[151] After the race restarted, Norris overtook Charles Leclerc for second, but the former was overtaken by Hamilton, resulting in a podium of Verstappen, Hamilton and Norris.[152]

Bottas took pole at the Portuguese Grand Prix.[153] He kept his lead from Hamilton and Verstappen. On lap 2, Kimi Räikkönen made contact with his teammate, Antonio Giovinazzi, and was forced into retirement, while Giovinazzi could continue.[154] Hamilton eventually overtook Bottas and won with Verstappen in second and Bottas in third. Pérez and Norris came fourth and fifth, respectively.[155] Verstappen took the fastest lap on the last lap but was soon deleted, due to track limits, meaning Bottas was given the fastest lap point.[156]

Hamilton took his 100th pole position in Spain.[157] On lap 1, Verstappen overtook him at the first turn. Five laps later, Yuki Tsunoda pulled over at the reprofiled turn 10, marking his first Formula One retirement.[158] Hamilton took the lead after Verstappen pitted on lap 23, but Verstappen took it back on lap 28. However, a slow stop and a decision to stay out until lap 59 let Hamilton into the lead until the checkered flag, Verstappen ended up second with Bottas in third place from Leclerc and Pérez.[159]

Leclerc took pole at the Monaco Grand Prix despite crashing in the final minutes.[160] The crash caused a driveshaft failure,[161] meaning he was unable to start the race.[162] Verstappen started at the front and led from Bottas and Carlos Sainz Jr. On lap 30, Bottas was forced into retirement after his front-right tyre would not come off during a routine pitstop. [163] Verstappen took the victory, as well as the championship lead for the first time in his career; Red Bull came away from this race with a one point lead in the constructors' championship. Behind Verstappen, Sainz took his first podium for Ferrari, and Norris took his second podium of the season in third place.[164]

Leclerc took pole again in Azerbaijan, this time he was able to start the race.[165] He led for one lap before Hamilton got past on lap 2 at turn 1. Hamilton was held up in his pitstop to allow Gasly to pass him in the pitlane, handing Verstappen the net race lead. On lap 30, Lance Stroll crashed out due to a tyre failure and brought out the safety car.[166] With Verstappen comfortably leading with six laps to go, he suffered a tyre failure, causing him to crash on the pit straight, bringing out the safety car and then the red flag on lap 46 and 48, respectively.[167] The race was restarted with two laps of racing left. Hamilton went up the inside of Pérez at the restart, but forgot to adjust his brake bias and missed the corner.[168] Pérez won for the second time in his career and took his first win for Red Bull. Sebastian Vettel took Aston Martin’s first podium in Formula One, while Gasly took his third career podium.[169]

Mid-season rounds

In France, Max Verstappen got his second pole of the season,[170] only to go wide at the first turn and lose the lead to Lewis Hamilton in the first lap. After regaining first with an undercut in his first pit stop, Verstappen found himself under heavy pressure from both Mercedes drivers. Verstappen relinquished his lead to pit a second time, one of two drivers to do so, returning to the track 18 seconds behind Hamilton. The speed advantage allowed him to make up the lost time, overtaking Valtteri Bottas on lap 44 and Hamilton on the penultimate lap, for his third win of the year and his thirteenth win overall.[171][172] Hamilton, now 12 points behind in the drivers' championship, did secure second, and with an overtake on lap 49, Sergio Pérez managed to take third place, pushing Bottas to fourth.[173] It was the first race of the season where the race winner also took pole position and the fastest lap, and the first race of the season with no retirements.[174] Red Bull extended their lead over Mercedes in the Constructors' championship to 37 points after the race.[175]

Verstappen took his third season pole at the Styrian Grand Prix, the first of two back-to-back races at the Red Bull Ring.[176] On the first lap, three cars collided at the third turn, forcing Pierre Gasly out of the race.[177] Verstappen won from Hamilton, meaning Verstappen extended his title lead to 18 points. Bottas came third, taking his first podium since Spain.[178]

Verstappen took pole at the Austrian Grand Prix, the last race of the first triple header.[179] On the first lap, Esteban Ocon retired with broken suspension.[180] Lando Norris received a penalty after being judged to have forced Pérez off track.[181] Pérez later received two penalties for doing the same to Charles Leclerc.[182] Verstappen won the race from Bottas and Norris. Hamilton finished fourth,[183] after picking up damage to the underside of his car,[184] meaning that Verstappen was able to extend his championship lead to 32 points.

Hamilton was fastest in qualifying to start in first place for the first ever sprint in the British Grand Prix.[185] In the sprint, Verstappen made a better start than Hamilton and overtook him before the first corner, leading every lap and winning the sprint with Hamilton second and Bottas third, thus Verstappen started on pole for the Grand Prix itself.[186] On lap five of the sprint, Pérez spun, dropping him to the back of the field, and later retiring,[187] forcing him to start from the pits for the race.[188] On the first lap of the Grand Prix, Verstappen and Hamilton collided at approximately 290 kilometres per hour (180 mph) at Copse corner.[189] Hamilton made contact with Verstappen's right rear wheel, causing the tyre to come off and Verstappen travelled into the barrier, causing the race to be stopped temporarily. Hamilton was penalised for the contact with a ten-second penalty, which he served during his pit stop.[190] Leclerc led most of the Grand Prix, but finished second after Hamilton overtook Norris, Bottas, and Leclerc in the late stages to win the race.[191] Hamilton reduced his gap to Verstappen from 33 points to eight points.

Hamilton was again fastest in qualifying to take pole in the Hungarian Grand Prix.[192] Rainy conditions at the start of the race led to Bottas misjudging his braking and sliding into the back of Norris; this escalated into multiple collisions which eventually eliminated five drivers: Bottas, Norris (who only retired on lap 3), Pérez, Lance Stroll and Leclerc.[193] Due to the large amount of debris on the track, the race was red-flagged; at this stage Hamilton led from Ocon and Sebastian Vettel, with championship leader Verstappen, having acquired damage on the opening lap, in 13th. Hamilton was the only driver who did not choose to pit for slick tyres at the end of the formation lap, leaving him the only driver on the grid for the restart;[194] this saw him drop to last when he pitted on the next lap. In the pits, Kimi Räikkönen was released into Nikita Mazepin’s path, putting Mazepin out of the race.[195] The newly promoted Ocon held his lead until the end to take his first Formula 1 victory, finishing ahead of Vettel, and Hamilton, who had battled his way back up the classification, and Carlos Sainz Jr..[196] Vettel was later disqualified for a fuel sample issue, promoting Hamilton to 2nd and Sainz to 3rd.[197] Hamilton's recovery drive saw him retake the championship lead over Verstappen by 8 points, while Mercedes also regained their advantage over Red Bull in the constructors' standings by 12 points. Meanwhile, Nicholas Latifi and George Russell were classified seventh and eighth, taking Williams’ first points since 2019.[198]

Verstappen took pole from Russell and Hamilton in the Belgian Grand Prix in a wet qualifying session.[199] The race was heavily affected by rain, which initially saw the start delayed by 25 minutes. After two formation laps behind the safety car, the race start was suspended and red-flagged due to poor conditions and lack of visibility.[200] A nearly three-hour delay followed, before the race was resumed. After a further three laps, the race was red-flagged again.[201] It was not restarted,[202] becoming the shortest race in Formula 1 history and the sixth to award half-points. Verstappen won by default, while Russell took his first Formula 1 podium.[203] As 75% of the race was not completed, half points were awarded.[204] This meant that Hamilton’s 3rd place meant his lead in the championship was cut to 3 points from Verstappen.

Verstappen would again take pole at the first Dutch Grand Prix to take place since 1985 at Zandvoort.[205] He held his lead from Hamilton to take the win at his home race,[206] taking over the lead of the championship by 3 points. Bottas came 3rd, overtaking Norris, who finished 10th,[207] in the standings for 3rd place.

Bottas won sprint qualifying at the Italian Grand Prix, but was forced to start from the back of the grid after exceeding his quota of power units. Verstappen started at the front with the McLarens second and third. Daniel Ricciardo took the lead on lap 1. A slow stop for Verstappen meant that he ended up alongside Hamilton after the latter made his pitstop. Hamilton and Verstappen collided, ending their races prematurely. Ricciardo led to the end to take his first victory since the 2018 Monaco Grand Prix and McLaren's first victory since the 2012 Brazilian Grand Prix. His teammate, Norris, finished behind him to secure the team's first 1–2 finish since the 2010 Canadian Grand Prix and the first 1–2 finish of the season. And Bottas, after a penalty applied to Pérez, came third from the back of the grid.[208] After the race, Verstappen was judged by the stewards to have been predominantly at fault for the collision with Hamilton. As a result, he was given a 3-place grid-penalty for the next race and two penalty points on his super licence.[209]

Verstappen was required to start from the back at the Russian Grand Prix for exceeding his quota of power unit components. Norris took his first career pole position, from Sainz (his best qualifying result), and Russell.[210] Hamilton took the victory, from Verstappen and then Carlos Sainz.

Results and standings

Grands Prix

Round Grand Prix Pole position[o] Fastest lap Winning driver Winning constructor Report
1 Bahrain Bahrain Grand Prix Netherlands Max Verstappen Finland Valtteri Bottas United Kingdom Lewis Hamilton Germany Mercedes Report
2 Italy Emilia Romagna Grand Prix United Kingdom Lewis Hamilton United Kingdom Lewis Hamilton Netherlands Max Verstappen Austria Red Bull Racing-Honda Report
3 Portugal Portuguese Grand Prix FIN Valtteri Bottas Finland Valtteri Bottas United Kingdom Lewis Hamilton Germany Mercedes Report
4 Spain Spanish Grand Prix United Kingdom Lewis Hamilton Netherlands Max Verstappen United Kingdom Lewis Hamilton Germany Mercedes Report
5 Monaco Monaco Grand Prix Monaco Charles Leclerc[p] United Kingdom Lewis Hamilton Netherlands Max Verstappen Austria Red Bull Racing-Honda Report
6 Azerbaijan Azerbaijan Grand Prix Monaco Charles Leclerc Netherlands Max Verstappen Mexico Sergio Pérez Austria Red Bull Racing-Honda Report
7 France French Grand Prix Netherlands Max Verstappen Netherlands Max Verstappen Netherlands Max Verstappen Austria Red Bull Racing-Honda Report
8 Austria Styrian Grand Prix Netherlands Max Verstappen United Kingdom Lewis Hamilton Netherlands Max Verstappen Austria Red Bull Racing-Honda Report
9 Austria Austrian Grand Prix Netherlands Max Verstappen Netherlands Max Verstappen Netherlands Max Verstappen Austria Red Bull Racing-Honda Report
10 United Kingdom British Grand Prix Netherlands Max Verstappen Mexico Sergio Pérez United Kingdom Lewis Hamilton Germany Mercedes Report
11 Hungary Hungarian Grand Prix United Kingdom Lewis Hamilton France Pierre Gasly France Esteban Ocon France Alpine-Renault Report
12 Belgium Belgian Grand Prix Netherlands Max Verstappen None recognised[q] Netherlands Max Verstappen Austria Red Bull Racing-Honda Report
13 Netherlands Dutch Grand Prix Netherlands Max Verstappen United Kingdom Lewis Hamilton Netherlands Max Verstappen Austria Red Bull Racing-Honda Report
14 Italy Italian Grand Prix Netherlands Max Verstappen[r] Australia Daniel Ricciardo Australia Daniel Ricciardo United Kingdom McLaren-Mercedes Report
15 Russia Russian Grand Prix United Kingdom Lando Norris United Kingdom Lando Norris United Kingdom Lewis Hamilton Germany Mercedes Report
16 Turkey Turkish Grand Prix Report
17 United States United States Grand Prix Report
18 Mexico Mexico City Grand Prix Report
19 Brazil São Paulo Grand Prix Report
20 TBA Report
21 Saudi Arabia Saudi Arabian Grand Prix Report
22 United Arab Emirates Abu Dhabi Grand Prix Report

Scoring system

Points are awarded to the top ten classified drivers and the driver who set the fastest lap during the main race, and the top three of the sprint qualifying.[214] The driver with the fastest lap has to be within the top 10 to receive the point. In the case of a tie on points a countback system is used where the driver with the best results is ranked higher, if the best result is identical then the next best result is considered. The points are awarded for every race using the following system:[215]

Position  1st   2nd   3rd   4th   5th   6th   7th   8th   9th   10th   FL 
Grand Prix 25 18 15 12 10 8 6 4 2 1 1
Sprint qualifying[s] 3 2 1

World Drivers' Championship standings

Pos. Driver BHR
Bahrain
EMI
Italy
POR
Portugal
ESP
Spain
MON
Monaco
AZE
Azerbaijan
FRA
France
STY
Austria
AUT
Austria
GBR
United Kingdom
HUN
Hungary
BEL
Belgium
NED
Netherlands
ITA
Italy
RUS
Russia
TUR
Turkey
USA
United States
MXC
Mexico
SAP
Brazil
TBA
SAU
Saudi Arabia
ABU
United Arab Emirates
Points
1 United Kingdom Lewis Hamilton 1 2PF 1 1P 7F 15 2 2F 4 12 2P 3 2F Ret 1 246.5
2 Netherlands Max Verstappen 2P 1 2 2F 1 18†F 1PF 1P 1PF Ret1 P 9 1P 1P Ret2 P 2 244.5
3 Finland Valtteri Bottas 3F Ret 3PF 3 Ret 12 4 3 2 33 Ret 12 3 31 5 151
4 United Kingdom Lando Norris 4 3 5 8 3 5 5 5 3 4 Ret 14 10 2 7PF 139
5 Mexico Sergio Pérez 5 11 4 5 4 1 3 4 6 16F Ret 19 8 5 9 120
6 Spain Carlos Sainz Jr. 8 5 11 7 2 8 11 6 5 6 3 10 7 6 3 112.5
7 Monaco Charles Leclerc 6 4 6 4 DNSP 4P 16 7 8 2 Ret 8 5 4 15 104
8 Australia Daniel Ricciardo 7 6 9 6 12 9 6 13 7 5 11 4 11 13 F 4 95
9 France Pierre Gasly 17† 7 10 10 6 3 7 Ret 9 11 5F 6 4 Ret 13 66
10 Spain Fernando Alonso Ret 10 8 17 13 6 8 9 10 7 4 11 6 8 6 58
11 France Esteban Ocon 13 9 7 9 9 Ret 14 14 Ret 9 1 7 9 10 14 45
12 Germany Sebastian Vettel 15 15† 13 13 5 2 9 12 17† Ret DSQ 5 13 12 12 35
13 Canada Lance Stroll 10 8 14 11 8 Ret 10 8 13 8 Ret 20 12 7 11 24
14 Japan Yuki Tsunoda 9 12 15 Ret 16 7 13 10 12 10 6 15 Ret DNS 17 18
15 United Kingdom George Russell 14 Ret 16 14 14 17† 12 Ret 11 12 8 2 17† 9 10 16
16 Canada Nicholas Latifi 18† Ret 18 16 15 16 18 17 16 14 7 9 16 11 19† 7
17 Finland Kimi Räikkönen 11 13 Ret 12 11 10 17 11 15 15 10 18 WD 8 6
18 Italy Antonio Giovinazzi 12 14 12 15 10 11 15 15 14 13 13 13 14 13 16 1
19 Germany Mick Schumacher 16 16 17 18 18 13 19 16 18 18 12 16 18 15 Ret 0
20 Poland Robert Kubica 15 14 0
21 Russian Automobile Federation Nikita Mazepin Ret 17 19 19 17 14 20 18 19 17 Ret 17 Ret Ret 18 0
Pos. Driver BHR
Bahrain
EMI
Italy
POR
Portugal
ESP
Spain
MON
Monaco
AZE
Azerbaijan
FRA
France
STY
Austria
AUT
Austria
GBR
United Kingdom
HUN
Hungary
BEL
Belgium
NED
Netherlands
ITA
Italy
RUS
Russia
TUR
Turkey
USA
United States
MXC
Mexico
SAP
Brazil
TBA
SAU
Saudi Arabia
ABU
United Arab Emirates
Points
Source:
Key
Colour Result
Gold Winner
Silver 2nd place
Bronze 3rd place
Green Other points position
Blue Other classified position
Not classified, finished (NC)
Purple Not classified, retired (Ret)
Red Did not qualify (DNQ)
Did not pre-qualify (DNPQ)
Black Disqualified (DSQ)
White Did not start (DNS)
Race cancelled (C)
Blank Did not practice (DNP)
Excluded (EX)
Did not arrive (DNA)
Withdrawn (WD)
Annotation Meaning
Superscript
number
Points-scoring position
in sprint qualifying
P Pole position
F Fastest lap


Notes:

  • dagger – Driver did not finish the Grand Prix but was classified, as he completed more than 90% of the race distance.
  • double-dagger – Half points were awarded at the Belgian Grand Prix as less than 75% of the scheduled distance was completed. Fastest laps were not recognised in the final classification.

World Constructors' Championship standings

Pos. Constructor BHR
Bahrain
EMI
Italy
POR
Portugal
ESP
Spain
MON
Monaco
AZE
Azerbaijan
FRA
France
STY
Austria
AUT
Austria
GBR
United Kingdom
HUN
Hungary
BEL
Belgium
NED
Netherlands
ITA
Italy
RUS
Russia
TUR
Turkey
USA
United States
MXC
Mexico
SAP
Brazil
TBA
SAU
Saudi Arabia
ABU
United Arab Emirates
Points
1 Germany Mercedes 1 2PF 1 1P 7F 12 2 2F 2 12 2P 3 2F 31 1 397.5
3F Ret 3PF 3 Ret 15 4 3 4 33 Ret 12 3 Ret 5
2 Austria Red Bull Racing-Honda 2P 1 2 2F 1 1 1PF 1P 1PF 16F 9 1P 1P 5 2 364.5
5 11 4 5 4 18†F 3 4 6 Ret1 P Ret 19 8 Ret2 P 9
3 United Kingdom McLaren-Mercedes 4 3 5 6 3 5 5 5 3 4 11 4 10 13 F 4 234
7 6 9 8 12 9 6 13 7 5 Ret 14 11 2 7PF
4 Italy Ferrari 6 4 6 4 2 4P 11 6 5 2 3 8 5 4 3 216.5
8 5 11 7 DNSP 8 16 7 8 6 Ret 10 7 6 15
5 France Alpine-Renault 13 9 7 9 9 6 8 9 10 7 1 7 6 8 6 103
Ret 10 8 17 13 Ret 14 14 Ret 9 4 11 9 10 14
6 Italy AlphaTauri-Honda 9 7 10 10 6 3 7 10 9 10 5F 6 4 Ret 13 84
17† 12 15 Ret 16 7 13 Ret 12 11 6 15 Ret DNS 17
7 United Kingdom Aston Martin-Mercedes 10 8 13 11 5 2 9 8 13 8 Ret 5 12 7 11 59
15 15† 14 13 8 Ret 10 12 17† Ret DSQ 20 13 12 12
8 United Kingdom Williams-Mercedes 14 Ret 16 14 14 16 12 17 11 12 7 2 16 9 10 23
18† Ret 18 16 15 17† 18 Ret 16 14 8 9 17† 11 19†
9 Switzerland Alfa Romeo Racing-Ferrari 11 13 12 12 10 10 15 11 14 13 10 13 14 13 8 7
12 14 Ret 15 11 11 17 15 15 15 13 18 15 14 16
10 United States Haas-Ferrari 16 16 17 18 17 13 19 16 18 17 12 16 18 15 18 0
Ret 17 19 19 18 14 20 18 19 18 Ret 17 Ret Ret Ret
Pos. Constructor BHR
Bahrain
EMI
Italy
POR
Portugal
ESP
Spain
MON
Monaco
AZE
Azerbaijan
FRA
France
STY
Austria
AUT
Austria
GBR
United Kingdom
HUN
Hungary
BEL
Belgium
NED
Netherlands
ITA
Italy
RUS
Russia
TUR
Turkey
USA
United States
MXC
Mexico
SAP
Brazil
TBA
SAU
Saudi Arabia
ABU
United Arab Emirates
Points
Source:[216]
Key
Colour Result
Gold Winner
Silver 2nd place
Bronze 3rd place
Green Other points position
Blue Other classified position
Not classified, finished (NC)
Purple Not classified, retired (Ret)
Red Did not qualify (DNQ)
Did not pre-qualify (DNPQ)
Black Disqualified (DSQ)
White Did not start (DNS)
Race cancelled (C)
Blank Did not practice (DNP)
Excluded (EX)
Did not arrive (DNA)
Withdrawn (WD)
Annotation Meaning
Superscript
number
Points-scoring position
in sprint qualifying
P Pole position
F Fastest lap


Notes:

  • † – Driver did not finish the Grand Prix, but was classified as he completed more than 90% of the race distance.
  • ‡ – Half points were awarded at the Belgian Grand Prix as less than 75% of the scheduled distance was completed. Fastest laps were not recognised in the final classification.
  • Rows are not related to the drivers: within each team, individual Grand Prix standings are sorted purely based on the final classification in the race (not by total points scored in the event, which includes points awarded for fastest lap and sprint qualifying).

Notes

  1. ^ In the history of Formula One, Formula One regulations were first introduced during the 1946 Grand Prix season. These were adopted for every race in 1948, and were formally organised into a championship in 1950.
  2. ^ Kimi Räikkönen was entered into the Dutch Grand Prix, but later withdrew after testing positive for coronavirus.
  3. ^ Ferrari entered round 1 as "Scuderia Mission Winnow Ferrari" and rounds 7–14 as "Scuderia Ferrari".[17]
  4. ^ Nikita Mazepin is Russian, but he competes as a neutral competitor using the designation RAF (Russian Automobile Federation [ru]), as the Court of Arbitration for Sport upheld a ban on Russia competing at World Championships. The ban was implemented by the World Anti-Doping Agency in response to state-sponsored doping program of Russian athletes.[23]
  5. ^ The French Grand Prix was originally due to take place on 27 June, but was rescheduled due to the postponement of the Turkish Grand Prix.
  6. ^ The Turkish Grand Prix was originally due to take place on 13 June in place of the cancelled Canadian Grand Prix. It was first postponed and then re-added to the calendar in place of the cancelled Singapore Grand Prix, before being rescheduled due to the reduction of the number of Grands Prix into the calendar.
  7. ^ The Mexico City Grand Prix was originally due to take place on 31 October, but was rescheduled due to the reduction of the number of Grands Prix into the calendar.
  8. ^ The São Paulo Grand Prix is subject to the reinstatement of the contract between race organisers and the Formula One Group after it was suspended in January.
  9. ^ The São Paulo Grand Prix was originally due to take place on 14 November, but was initially rescheduled to 7 November due to the postponement of the Australian Grand Prix, which was later cancelled. It was later rescheduled due to the reduction of the number of Grands Prix into the calendar.
  10. ^ The Saudi Arabian Grand Prix was originally due to take place on 28 November, but was rescheduled due to the postponement of the Australian Grand Prix, which was later cancelled.
  11. ^ The Abu Dhabi Grand Prix was originally due to take place on 5 December, but was rescheduled due to the postponement of the Australian Grand Prix, which was later cancelled.
  12. ^ The Australian Grand Prix was originally due to take place on 21 March, but was rescheduled due to the COVID-19 pandemic.
  13. ^ The Abu Dhabi Grand Prix is a day-to-night race.
  14. ^ Teams had originally agreed to a budget cap of $175 million per year,[99] but this figure was revised to $145 million in response to the COVID-19 pandemic.[97][98]
  15. ^ Pole position for the British, Italian and São Paulo Grands Prix is determined by the result of sprint qualifying.
  16. ^ Charles Leclerc set the fastest qualifying time, but did not start the race. Pole position was left vacant on the grid. Max Verstappen, in the second slot, was the first driver on the grid. Leclerc is still considered to have held pole position.[211]
  17. ^ No fastest laps were recognised for the Belgian Grand Prix.[212]
  18. ^ Valtteri Bottas finished first in sprint qualifying, but was required to start the race from the back of the grid for exceeding his quota of power unit elements. Max Verstappen was promoted to pole position in his place.[213]
  19. ^ Sprint qualifying took place at the British and Italian Grands Prix, and it is due to take place at the São Paulo Grand Prix.

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External links

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