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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Ford Fiesta
2017 Ford Fiesta Zetec Turbo 1.0 Front.jpg
Overview
ManufacturerFord
Production1976–present
Body and chassis
ClassSupermini (B)
Body style3- or 5-door hatchback
4-door sedan/saloon (selected countries)
3-door van (Europe only)
LayoutFront-engine, front-wheel drive

The Ford Fiesta is a supermini marketed by Ford since 1976 over seven generations. Over the years, the Fiesta has mainly been developed and manufactured by Ford's Europe operations, and has been positioned below the Escort (later the Focus).

In 2008, the sixth generation Fiesta (Mark VI) was introduced worldwide, making it the first Fiesta model to be sold in the United States since the Fiesta Mark I was discontinued at the end of 1980.

Ford has sold over 16 million Fiestas since 1976,[1][2][3] making it one of the best selling Ford marques behind the Escort and the F-Series. It has been manufactured in the United Kingdom, Germany, Spain, Australia, Brazil, Argentina, Venezuela, Mexico, Taiwan, China, India, Thailand, and South Africa.

Development

The Fiesta was originally designed by the project “Bobcat” team headed by Trevor Erskine (not to be confused with the subsequent badge engineered Mercury variant of the Ford Pinto) and approved for development by Henry Ford II in September 1972, just after the launch of two comparable cars – the Fiat 127 and Renault 5. More than a decade earlier, Ford had decided against producing a new small car to rival BMC's Mini as the production cost was deemed too high, but the 1973 oil crisis saw a rise in the already growing demand for smaller cars.

The Fiesta was an all new car in the supermini segment, and was the smallest car yet made by Ford. Development targets indicated a production cost US$100 less than the current Escort. The car was to have a wheelbase longer than that of the Fiat 127, but with overall length shorter than that of Ford's Escort. The final proposal was developed by Tom Tjaarda at Ghia, overseen by Ford of Europe's then chief stylist Uwe Bahnsen. The project was approved for production in late 1973, with Ford's engineering centres in Cologne and Dunton (Essex) collaborating.

Ford estimated that 500,000 Fiestas a year would be produced, and built an all-new factory near Valencia, Spain; a trans-axle factory near Bordeaux, France; factory extensions for the assembly plants in Dagenham, UK. Final assembly also took place in Valencia.[4]

After years of speculation by the motoring press about Ford's new car, it was subject to a succession of carefully crafted press leaks from the end of 1975. A Fiesta was on display at the Le Mans 24 Hour Race in June 1976, and the car went on sale in France and Germany in September 1976; to the frustration of UK dealerships, right hand drive versions only began to appear in January 1977. Its initial competitors in Europe, apart from the Fiat 127 and Renault 5, included the Volkswagen Polo and Vauxhall Chevette. Chrysler UK were also about to launch the Sunbeam by this stage, and British Leyland was working on a new supermini which was launched as the Austin Metro in 1980.[5]

The name Fiesta (meaning "party" in Spanish) belonged to General Motors, used as a trim level on Oldsmobile station wagons, when the car was designed and was freely given for Ford to use on their new B-class car. Ford's marketing team had preferred the name "Bravo", but Henry Ford II vetoed it in favour of the Fiesta name.[6]

First generation (1976)

First generation
Ford Fiesta MK1 front 20071023.jpg
Overview
Production1976–1983
Body and chassis
Body style3-door hatchback
3-door panel van
PlatformFord B platform
MK1 rear
MK1 rear

The Fiesta was initially available in Europe with the Valencia 957 cc (58.4 cu in) I4 (high compression and low compression options), and 1,117 cc (68.2 cu in) engines and in Base, Popular, Popular Plus, L, GL (1978 onward), Ghia and S trim, as well as a van. The US Mark I Fiesta was built in Cologne, West Germany, but to slightly different specifications; US models were Base, Decor, Sport, and Ghia, the Ghia having the highest level of trim.[7] These trim levels changed very little in the Fiesta's three-year run in the US, from 1978 to 1980. All US models featured the more powerful 1,596 cc (97.4 cu in) engine, (which was the older "Crossflow" version of the Kent, rather than the Valencia) fitted with a catalytic converter and air pump to satisfy strict Californian emission regulations), energy-absorbing bumpers, side-marker lamps, round sealed-beam headlamps, improved crash dynamics and fuel system integrity as well as optional air conditioning (a/c was not available in Europe). In the US market, the Ford Escort replaced both the Fiesta and the compact Pinto in 1981, competing with the Chevrolet Chevette and Chevrolet Cavalier.

A sporting derivative (1.3 L Supersport) was offered in Europe for the 1980 model year, using the 1.3 L (79 cu in) Kent Crossflow engine, effectively to test the market for the similar XR2 introduced a year later, which featured a 1.6-litre version of the same engine. Black plastic trim was added to the exterior and interior. The small square headlights were replaced with larger circular ones, with the front indicators being moved into the bumper to accommodate the change.

For the 1979 auto show season, Ford in conjunction with its Ghia Operations in Turin, Italy, produced the Ford Fiesta Tuareg off-road car. It was touted in press materials as "a concept vehicle designed and equipped for practical, off-road recreational use."[8]

Minor revisions appeared across the range in late 1981, with larger bumpers to meet crash worthiness regulations and other small improvements in a bid to maintain showroom appeal ahead of the forthcoming second generation.

Second generation (1983)

Second generation
Ford Fiesta front 20070920.jpg
Overview
Production1983–1989
Body and chassis
Body style
PlatformFord B platform
Ford Fiesta Mk2 rear
Ford Fiesta Mk2 rear

The Fiesta Mark II appeared in August 1983 with a revised front end and interior, and a bootlid mirroring the swage lines from the sides of the car. The 1.3 L OHV engine was dropped, being replaced in 1984 by a CVH powerplant of similar capacity, itself superseded by the lean burn 1.4 L two years later. The 957 and 1,117 cc Kent/Valencia engines continued with only slight alterations and for the first time a Fiesta diesel was produced with a 1,600 cc engine adapted from the Escort.

The new CTX continuously variable transmission, also fitted in the Fiat Uno, eventually appeared early in 1987 on 1.1 L models only.

The Mk2 Fiesta core range (excluding special editions) was made up of the following model variants; Popular, Popular Plus, L, Ghia, 1.4S (1986 onwards) and, finally, the XR2.[9]

Ford Fiesta XR2

The second generation Fiesta featured a different dashboard on the lower-series trim levels compared to the more expensive variants. The XR2 model was thoroughly updated with a larger bodykit. It also featured a 96 bhp (72 kW) 1.6 L CVH engine as previously seen in the Ford Escort XR3, and five-speed gearbox (also standard on the 1.3 L CVH models), rather than the four-speed gearbox which had been used on the previous XR2 and on the rest of the Fiesta range. The engine was replaced by a lean-burn variant in 1986 which featured a revised cylinder head and carburettor; it was significantly cleaner from an environmental viewpoint but was slightly less powerful as a result (.008 bhp (0.0060 kW)).

A truly "hot" Fiesta was never produced by the factory to avoid impacting on sales of performance Ford Escort variants but many aftermarket conversions were available, the best-known being that by the English firm Turbo Technics boosting power to a well documented 125 bhp (93 kW), which easily outclassed its "standard" rivals. Ford appreciated the high quality of this conversion and was keen to look after its customers: the installation was undertaken by approved fitting centres and all the warranties remained valid after.

The facelifted Fiesta, facing competition from the Austin Metro, Fiat Uno, Nissan Micra, Peugeot 205, Toyota Starlet, Vauxhall Nova and the Volkswagen Polo was one of the UK's top superminis. In its best-ever year, 1987, over 150,000 Fiesta models were sold in the UK,[10] though it finished second in the sales charts to the Ford Escort. It was available in Japan, sold at Ford/Mazda dealerships called Autorama; it complied with Japanese government dimension regulations and the engine displacement was in the more favourable Japanese road tax bracket which helped sales.

Third generation (BE13; 1989)

Third generation (BE13)
Ford Fiesta MK3 front 20070926.jpg
Overview
Production1989–1997
Body and chassis
Body style3/5-door hatchback
3-door panel van
3-door high cube panel van
PlatformFord B platform
Ford Fiesta MK3 rear
Ford Fiesta MK3 rear

The third generation Fiesta Mark III, codenamed BE-13 was unveiled at the end of 1988 and officially went on sale in February 1989.

The car was based on a new platform ditching the old car's rear beam axle for a semi-independent torsion beam arrangement and looked radically different, addressing the principal weakness of the previous generation – the lack of a 5-door version, something that was by then available in its major rivals such as the Fiat Uno, Peugeot 205 and 106 and Opel Corsa/Vauxhall Nova. The other main change was to the running gear – the improved HCS (High Compression Swirl) version of the Kent/Valencia powerplant. The CVH units from the second generation were carried over largely unmodified. The diesel engine was enlarged to a 1.8L capacity.

The sports-model XR2i was launched in August 1989[10] with an eight-valve CVH (standing for "compound valve-angle hemispherical combustion chamber") engine with 104 PS (76 kW). This was the first Fiesta to have a fuel-injected engine. This was then replaced by a Zetec 16 valve version in 1992, which also saw the RS Turbo being supplanted by the RS1800 as the CVH engine was being phased out. The RS1800 shared its 1.8 litre Zetec fuel-injected engine with the 130 PS (96 kW; 130 bhp) version of the then current Ford Escort XR3i and had a top speed of 125 mph (201 km/h). The XR2i name was also dropped in early 1994, and the insurance-friendly "Si" badge appeared in its place on a slightly less sporty-looking model with either the 1.4 L PTE (a development of the CVH) or the 1.6 L Zetec engine.

With the introduction of the successor Mark IV, the Mark III was built and sold at the same time. To distinguish the car, trim levels were revised, and it was marketed as the "Fiesta Classic".[11] This version continued until production finally ceased in 1997.

Fourth generation (BE91; 1995)

Fourth generation (BE91)
Ford Fiesta MK4 (1995-1999) front.jpg
Overview
ProductionOctober 1995–December 2002 (Europe)
1996–2006 (Brazil)
Body and chassis
Body style3/5-door hatchback
3-door panel van
4-door sedan
3-door high cube panel van (Courier)
2 door coupé utility (Courier)
PlatformFord B platform
Hatchback (pre-facelift)
Sedan

The Fiesta Mark IV (internal code name was BE91)[12] was launched in October 1995[13][10][14] and became Britain's best-selling car from 1996 to 1998, when it was overtaken by the all-new Ford Focus, a replacement for the Ford Escort.

The Mark IV benefited from new interior and exterior styling. It maintained similar dimensions to the Mark III along with the platform and the basic body structure, most noticeably the side door openings. The RS1800 and RS Turbo models were not carried over to the updated Fiesta range.

The model featured a range of new Zetec-SE engines, available in 1.25 L and 1.4 L forms, the 1.8 litre diesel engine was slightly modified for the Mark IV, now marketed as the "Endura DE". Lower specification models remained available with what would be the final edition of the Kent 1.3 L OHV engine, now known as Endura-E.

As an exercise in badge engineering, the Mazda 121 and Ford Fiesta Mark IV shared their design, were built on the same production lines and used almost all the same parts.[15] In the JD Power reliability surveys at the time, the Mazda was reported to be significantly more reliable and attracted higher levels of customer satisfaction, despite it being a slower seller than the Fiesta.

Fifth generation (BE256)

Fifth generation (WS)
2005 Ford Fiesta (WP) Ghia 5-door hatchback (2015-07-24) 01.jpg
Overview
Production2002–2008
2002–2010 (Mexico)
2002–2014 (Brazil)
Body and chassis
Body style3/5-door hatchback
4-door saloon (Ikon)
3-door panel van
PlatformFord B3 platform
Rear view
Rear view
Interior
Interior

On April 1, 2002, the Fiesta Mark V was unveiled. Production at Almussafes Plant started on April 29, 2002. Most engines were carried over from the previous Fiesta, but renamed "Duratec", as the "Zetec" name was now solely used for sportier models. The previous push-rod 1.3 L engine was initially available in the UK, but this was quickly replaced with a Rocam 1.3 L, both under the name Duratec 8v.[16]

Trim levels available initially were Finesse, LX, Zetec, and Ghia, with limited edition variants soon following. The fifth-generation was also the first Fiesta to feature the Anti-lock Braking System and passenger airbags as standard. This generation became the best-selling Ford Fiesta generation to date.

Engines available include 1.25 L, 1.3 L, 1.4 L, 1.6 L, 2.0 L petrol, plus 1.4 L 8v and 1.6 L 16v Duratorq TDCi common-rail diesels built in a joint venture with PSA.

This was the first Fiesta to be sold in Asia and Australasia (all 1.6 L LX 3dr/5dr, Zetec 3dr, Ghia 5dr), replacing the Kia-based Festiva. In Brazil and Argentina, a Fiesta saloon version was introduced in late 2004. A similar Fiesta saloon model, with a different front end, was released in India in late 2005. This Fiesta generation was ergonomically and mechanically more advanced than any previous generation. The 2005 facelift came with an improved exterior.

Sixth generation (WT; 2008)

Sixth generation (WT)
2009-2010 Ford Fiesta (WS) Zetec 5-door hatchback 01.jpg
Overview
Production2008–2019
Body and chassis
Body style3/5-door hatchback
4-door saloon
3-door van
PlatformFord global B-car platform
Rear view
Rear view
Interior
Interior

The sixth generation Fiesta, also known as Mark VI or Mark VII in the UK[7] was shown in concept form as the Ford Verve at the Frankfurt Motor Show in September 2007 and marketed in principal European markets,[17] Australia and the United States. Developed under the project code B299 and B409, this model uses the new Ford global B-car platform.

The model was launched under the company’s new "One Ford" strategy, which called for single models to be manufactured and sold globally to achieve efficiency and economies of scale, instead of making regional models.[18] Production started at Ford's Cologne plant in Germany in August 2008. A second plant in Valencia, Spain started production in early 2009. Productions in China, Thailand and Mexico started from late 2008 to 2010.[19][20] In Brazil, the production of the hatchback version started in 2013.[21]

In late September 2012 at the Paris Motor Show,[22] the facelifted Fiesta for the European market went on sale in 2013. It was the first to use Ford's latest corporate front end started which include the new trapezoidal grille, later used on other models including the Focus,[23] Fusion and Mustang.

Seventh generation (2017)

Seventh generation
2017 Ford Fiesta Zetec 1.1 Front.jpg
Overview
Production2017–present
AssemblyGermany: Cologne (CB&A)
DesignerIvan Telesca[citation needed]
Body and chassis
Body style3/5-door hatchback
PlatformFord global B-car platform
RelatedFord Puma (crossover)
Powertrain
Engine
Electric motor11.5 kW (15.4 hp) belt-driven integrated starter/generator (BISG)
Transmission
  • 5-speed IB5 manual
  • 6-speed B6 manual
  • 6-speed automatic
Hybrid drivetrainEcoBoost Hybrid mHEV
Battery48-volt battery pack
Dimensions
Wheelbase2,493 mm (98.1 in)
Length4,040–4,068 mm (159.1–160.2 in)
Width1,734–1,783 mm (68.3–70.2 in)
Height1,483–1,498 mm (58.4–59.0 in)
Curb weight1,113–1,207 kg (2,454–2,661 lb)

On November 29, 2016, the seventh generation Fiesta (Mark VII, or Mark VIII in UK) was announced in Germany, being bigger, roomier, safer, more efficient and more upmarket. The Fiesta range will expanded to include new additions: a crossover-styled variant called the Fiesta Active, and the luxury Fiesta Vignale.[24] The Fiesta has been withdrawn from North America, South America, Australasia, and Asia, according to Ford, due to the popularity of SUVs, and pickup trucks, such as the Ranger and Escape.[25] However, the Ford Fiesta ST will still continue to be sold in Australia due to popularity.[26]

Fiesta ST (2018–present)

Ford Fiesta ST-3 Turbo 3-door
Ford Fiesta ST-2 Turbo 5-door
Ford Fiesta ST-2 Turbo 5-door

On 24 February 2017, the seventh generation derived Fiesta ST was announced. It features an all-new 200 PS three-cylinder 1.5-litre Ecoboost engine with turbocharger and cylinder deactivation technology.[27]

On 12 March 2018, Ford announced that a Quaife Limited-Slip Differential would be offered for the first time on the Fiesta ST as part of an optional "Performance Pack". The pack also includes a "ST" shift change light in the instrument cluster and launch control.[28]

The all-new Fiesta ST also includes three selectable driving modes, a first for the model. These include "Normal", "Sport" and "Race Track". Each mode changes the characteristics of the car including the steering feel, throttle response, deactivating the engine 'start-stop' feature and opening the flap in the exhaust which increases the sound of the car.[29]

The Fiesta ST was released on 7 May 2018.[30] Despite being heavier than the previous ST model, the new ST can go from a standstill to 62 mph (100 km/h) in 6.5 seconds. Power and torque have been increased to 197 bhp (200 PS) and 290 N⋅m (214 lbf⋅ft) respectively, which match the figures of the limited edition Fiesta ST200 of the previous generation. From launch, it is available in either a three-door or five-door body style, and comes standard with a six speed manual gearbox, with no option of an automatic. On 1 April 2019, the Fiesta ST-1 was discontinued, leaving only the ST-2 and ST-3 models.[31]

In April 2019, Ford announced a new limited edition model to the ST range called the "Performance Edition". Although named "Performance", the Fiesta ST does not gain any power upgrades to the standard ST. The car is based on the ST-3 model and comes with multiple options which would normally be a cost option to an ST such as, LED headlights, B&O sound system and Performance Pack. To differentiate the Performance Edition, the car comes with exclusive options, namely standard Deep Orange paint, lowered and adjustable ride height and lighter multi-spoke alloy wheels.[32]

The Ford Fiesta ST won Top Gear's Hot Hatch and Car of the Year for 2018.[33]

Powertrain

Model Years Type Power, torque CO2 (NEDC) CO2 (WLTP)
Petrol engines
1.1 L Ti-VCT 70 PS From 2017 1,117 cc (68.2 cu in) I3 70 PS (51 kW; 69 bhp), 108 N⋅m (80 lb⋅ft) 101 g/km 115 g/km
1.1 L Ti-VCT 85 PS From 2017 1,117 cc (68.2 cu in) I3 85 PS (63 kW; 84 bhp), 108 N⋅m (80 lb⋅ft) 101 g/km 114 g/km
1.0 L EcoBoost 100 PS From 2017 998 cc (60.9 cu in) Turbo I3 100 PS (74 kW; 99 bhp), 170 N⋅m (125 lbf⋅ft) 97 g/km 107 g/km
1.0 L EcoBoost 125 PS From 2017 998 cc (60.9 cu in) Turbo I3 125 PS (92 kW; 123 bhp), 170 N⋅m (125 lbf⋅ft) 98 g/km 107 g/km
1.0 L EcoBoost 140 PS From 2017 998 cc (60.9 cu in) Turbo I3 140 PS (103 kW; 138 bhp), 180 N⋅m (133 lbf⋅ft) 102 g/km 112 g/km
1.5 L EcoBoost 200 PS From 2018 1,497 cc (91.4 cu in) Turbo I3 200 PS (147 kW; 197 bhp), 290 N⋅m (214 lbf⋅ft) ~114 g/km 136 g/km
Diesel engines
1.5 L Duratorq TDCi 85 PS From 2017 1,498 cc (91.4 cu in) I4 85 PS (63 kW; 84 bhp), 215 N⋅m (159 lb⋅ft) 84 g/km 97 g/km
1.5 L Duratorq TDCi 120 PS From 2017 1,498 cc (91.4 cu in) I4 120 PS (88 kW; 118 bhp), 270 N⋅m (199 lbf⋅ft) 89 g/km 107 g/km

Marketing

On July 20, 2017, Ford UK released an advert of the Fiesta featuring actress Keeley Hawes.[34]

Commercial variants

All seven generations of the Fiesta have been available in sedan delivery/panel van format, although not in all markets. The Mark I, II and III versions feature the standard 3 door bodyshell with the rear side glass replaced by body coloured metal and a flat floorpan instead of the rear seats.

In 1991, a "high-cube" style van based on the Mark III front bodyshell but with longer wheelbase and Renault-derived rear torsion bar suspension was introduced and was named the Ford Courier. The Courier continued in the Mark IV style through until 2002, when it was replaced by the Ford Transit Connect.

For the Mark V, the standard Fiestavan version was based on the 3-door bodyshell rather than the taller 5-door version. The Mark VI Fiesta van was first introduced in the European market in mid-2009, a year after the original launch.

Motorsport

Rallying

Ford Fiesta Group N rally car by M-Sport
Ford Fiesta Group N rally car by M-Sport

Two Ford Fiestas starred in the 1979 Monte Carlo Rally — the British entry driven by Roger Clark and aided by co-driver Jim Porter, and a German entry piloted by Ari Vatanen and co-driven by David Richards.

Both cars were highly modified with special motorsport components throughout and featured pioneering Limited-slip differential (LSD) technology. The cars were powered by competition tuned versions of the 1,600 cc Kent crossflow engine — a later version of which appeared in the Mk 1 Fiesta XR2.

The two rally cars performed well in the arduous ice and snow that year. Roger Clark did not set any records but the German car achieved 9th position overall — a very encouraging result which sparked demand for sportier Fiestas.

Since this there have been sporting and "hot hatch" editions. Versions include Supersport, XR2, S(Sport), XR2i, Si, RS Turbo, RS1800, Zetec S, Zetec RS, and ST. All of these were powered by a range of engines from the Ford Kent engine to the Ford Duratec engine.

The Ford RallyeConcept in 2002 and Fiesta JWRC. Ford RallyeConcept has been realised through an intensely close collaboration between Ford RallyeSport, the motorsport experts behind the Puma Super 1600 and the Focus WRC rally cars, and Ford Design Europe, the creative team responsible for the new three-door Fiesta on which the RallyeConcept is based. Ford RallyeConcept's marriage of the motorsport engineer's objective for performance functionality with the eye for detail of the designer has been so effective that Ford has committed to an engineering development programme to bring a Fiesta-based rally car to reality. Aiming for FIA homologation by mid-2003, Ford RallyeSport is hoping that it will become Ford's next success story in national and international rallying. Fiesta Super 1600 debut Rally Greece 2004.

The "Fiesta Sporting Trophy" is a One Make Championship; beginning its 1st season in March 2006. It combines keen competition with equal performance and leaves the decision about winning or losing to the drivers and co-drivers capabilities. The driver, co-driver and mechanics work as a team to compete against the toughest adversary of all—the clock.

The Fiesta Sporting Trophy will be based around the Fiesta ST Group N car. The car has 165 PS (121 kW; 163 bhp) from the 2 L Duratec ST engine which when combined with the conversion kit from M-Sport, has been designed to provide all of the safety equipment and performance upgrades to enable the car to be competitive and reliable at any event around the world.

In March 2007, the Pirtek Rally Team introduced the Ford Fiesta Super 2000 rally car, which will compete in the Australian Rally Championship.

On November 18, 2009, Ford with M-Sport unveiled the Ford Fiesta S2000 Mark VI. Although not due for homologation until January 2010 it is set to make its debut as course car on the final round of the IRC series, Rally Scotland. The car had been built to compete mainly in the Super 2000 World Rally Championship. In 2013, M-Sport developed the Ford Fiesta R5, the successor of the Fiesta S2000; this was based on the 1.6 litre Fiesta ST, and was designed for the Group R5 class of rallying.[35] Fiesta R5 got Evo update in early 2016.

Fiesta S2000 during the 2010 Rally Finland
Fiesta S2000 during the 2010 Rally Finland

With new WRC regulations coming in 2011, M-Sport developed the Fiesta RS WRC, based on Fiesta S2000. It won six WRC rounds in 2011 and 2012, driven by Jari-Matti Latvala, Mikko Hirvonen and Mads Ostberg, but since M-Sport lost most of its manufacturer support for the 2013 season the car hasn't been able to win. In 2013, Thierry Neuville was the world championship runner-up, being a M-Sport junior works driver. Fiesta RS WRC has been very popular among private drivers, due to its good driveability, reasonable price and good availability.

The WRC regulations will be altered for 2017 and M-Sport has thus started developing the Mk7 Fiesta World Rally Car.

Fiesta ST Group N specifications

Engine 1,999 cc (122.0 cu in) Duratec engine. Four cylinders in line, DOHC, 16 valves, alloy cylinder head and block.
Electronic multipoint fuel injection.
Power 165 PS (121 kW; 163 bhp) at 5,800 rpm
Torque 202 N⋅m (149 lb⋅ft) at 4,500 rpm
Transmission Five-speed 'dog' engagement gearkit fitted to standard ST road car casing.
Upgraded driveshafts fitted as standard. Plated LSD.
Suspension Upgraded suspension of ST road car includes revised front knuckles and strengthened twist beam rear axle.
Reiger dampers, adjustable for rebound, and revised spring rates. Uprated suspension bushes.
Brakes Standard ST road car front and rear disc brakes.
Wheels Gravel: 15-inch OZ Racing wheels

Asphalt: 17-inch OZ Racing wheels Wheels manufactured in both Super T and Rally Racing style.

Bodyshell Multipoint roll cage designed by M-Sport, complying with FIA regulations.
Includes three X braces in rear and twin tube door bars with no cross-over.
Electronics 'Piggy back' loom supplements standard loom.
Includes electronic circuit breaker and wiring for additional requirements.
Fuel tank Standard 45 L (9.9 imp gal; 12 U.S. gal) tank with Kevlar composite moulded guard.
Dimensions Length: 3,921 mm (154.4 in).
Width: 1,683 mm (66.3 in).
Height: 1,468 mm (57.8 in).
Wheelbase: 2,486 mm (97.9 in).

Rallycross

Ford Fiesta of World RX-specification
Ford Fiesta of World RX-specification

The Fiesta Rallycross Supercars version is a racecar with a 2.0 L Duratec turbocharged four-cylinder engine, running on petrol or E85 (85% ethanol/15% petrol). It produces over 550 bhp (410 kW; 560 PS) and 820 N⋅m (600 lb⋅ft). That propels the 2,600 lb (1,200 kg) rallycross-prepped Fiesta up to sixty in 2.2 seconds. The cars were more powerful (another 200 bhp) than WRC cars.

The Fiesta Mk6 Rallycross cars made their US debuts in the 2009 Pikes Peak International Hill Climb in Colorado. Swedish team Olsbergs MSE announced the cars would later appear in ESPN's X Games 15 on 2009-08-02.[36] The two Olsbergs MSE Fiesta Mk7 Rallycross cars were based on the Fiesta hatchback model road cars, one with 3 doors, the other one a 5-doors version, but with all-wheel drive, powered by 2.0 L Duratec Ford engines capable of more than 800 bhp (600 kW) (for PPIHC only).

British company M-Sport also builds Fiesta Rallycross Supercars to Global Rallycross Championship teams Hoonigan Racing Division, Chip Ganassi Racing and Bryan Herta Autosport.

Driving a Fiesta, Tanner Foust won the 2011 and 2012 Global RallyCross Championship and was runner-up in the 2011 and 2012 FIA European Rallycross Championship. Toomas Heikkinen won the Global RallyCross Championship in 2013 and Joni Wiman and 2014. Other notable drivers include Marcus Grönholm, Ken Block and Brian Deegan.

An Olsbergs MSE RX Supercar Lite from FIA Rallycross Lite is also based on Ford FIesta.

Circuit racing

In the UK, the Fiesta is commonly used in club level motorsport series but has its national one-make series called the Ford Fiesta Championship. During its peak in the 1980s and 1990s, it had manufacturer support and it even was a support race to the British Grand Prix and numerous British Touring Car Championship rounds. The series has gone through numerous name changes including Ford Credit Fiesta Championship, Ford Fiesta Zetec Championship and BRSCC Ford Si Challenge and is nowadays run by the BRSCC (British Racing and Sports Car Club) as a club racing championship. The organisation also run the other series that consists of Fiestas.[37]

  • Ford XR Challenge, for XR2 and XR2i models, also consists of the Escort XR models.[37]
  • Ford Saloon Championship, mainly for a wider range of Ford models but Fiestas are mostly seen in classes C and E with a Mk 4 example winning the title outright in 2006 at the hands of Ollie Allen.[37][citation needed]

The car has also been raced in the Touring-Light division of the Russian Touring Car Championship.

Fiesta drivers won the Super 1600 class of the European Touring Car Cup seven times from 2008 to 2016.

Sales and popularity

The Fiesta has been Britain's most popular new car in 1990, 1991, 1996, 1997, 1998, and each year from 2009–2020.[38] By the time of the MK2 Fiesta's demise in early-1989, just under 1,300,000 had been sold in Britain since its launch twelve years earlier.

In June 2014, Ford claimed the largest market share in the UK of 12.87% – and almost half of those registrations belonged to the Fiesta.[39] By July 2014, the Fiesta became the UK's best-selling car of all time, with 4,115,000 sold.[40]

Year Europe (incl. UK)[41] UK US Canada[42] Mexico Thailand
1997 423,936
1998 384,085
1999 306,014
2000 275,333
2001 255,123 98,221[43]
2002 294,326 93,591[44]
2003 310,774 95,887[45]
2004 335,925 89,295[46]
2005 345,124 83,803[47]
2006 353,713
2007 355,776
2008 327,851 13,293[48]
2009 459,006 117,296[49] 5,989
2010 403,631 103,013[citation needed] 23,273[50] 4,423[51] 5,602
2011 349,429 96,112[52] 68,574[50] 13,064 9,936
2012 305,071 109,265[53] 56,775[54] 11,817 12,982
2013 292,715 121,929 71,073[55] 9,851 13,716
2014 308,345 131,254[56] 63,192[57] 9,312 5,595[58]
2015 313,610 133,434[59] 64,458[60] 5,646 16,410[61] 3,100[62]
2016 298,999 48,807 3,093 14,315[63] 409[64]
2017 255,602 46,249[65] 1,838 7,028[66] 203[67]
2018 270,931 51,730[65] 1,323 4,254[68]
2019 228,959 60,148[69] 1,273 1,726[70]
2020 156,067 49,174[38] 3,354[71]

Awards and recognition

The 2011 Fiesta was one of the five finalists for the 2011 Green Car of the Year awarded by the Green Car Journal in November 2010, competing with two plug-in electric vehicles, the Nissan Leaf and the Chevrolet Volt (the winner), and two hybrid electric vehicles.[72]

See also

References

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External links

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