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Archibald S. Alexander

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Archibald S. Alexander
Treasurer of New Jersey
In office
January 1954 – May 1957
Preceded byAaron Neeld
Succeeded byWalter Margetts
United States Under Secretary of the Army
In office
1950–1952
PresidentHarry S. Truman
Preceded byTracy Voorhees
Succeeded byKarl R. Bendetsen
Personal details
Born
Archibald Stevens Alexander

(1906-10-28)October 28, 1906
New York City, New York
DiedSeptember 4, 1979(1979-09-04) (aged 72)
Bernardsville, New Jersey
Political partyDemocratic
Spouse(s)
  • Susan Dimock Tilton
    (m. 1929; died 1935)
  • Jean Struthers Sears
    (m. 1937)
RelationsCharles T. Barney (grandfather)
Children1
ParentsArchibald Stevens Alexander (father)
Alma mater
Military service
Branch/service United States Army
Years of service1942–1945
Rank
US-O5 insignia.svg
Lieutenant Colonel

Archibald Stevens Alexander (October 28, 1906 – September 4, 1979) was an American lawyer, civil servant, and Democratic politician. He served as Under Secretary of the United States Army in the Truman Administration and as New Jersey State Treasurer.

Early life

Alexander was born in New York City on October 28, 1906. He was the son of Archibald Stevens Alexander (1880–1912) and Helen Tracy (née Barney) Alexander (1882–1922).[1] From his mother's second marriage to Frederic Newell Watriss, he had a younger half-brother, James Barney Watriss, a horse breeder and aviator.[2]

Through his father, he was a great-grandson of John Stevens, who developed early versions of a screw-propelled steamboat and steam locomotive, and a great-grandson of John Stevens, a delegate in 1784 to the Continental Congress.[3] Through his mother, he was a grandson of Lily (née Whitney) Barney (sister of William Collins Whitney) and Charles T. Barney, the former president of the Knickerbocker Trust Company,[4] and great-grandson of Ashbel H. Barney, president of Wells Fargo & Company and Brig.-Gen. James Scollay Whitney, president of the Metropolitan Steamship Company.

Alexander received a B.A. degree from Princeton University (1928) and an LL.B. from Harvard Law School (1931).

Career

Archibald S. Alexander Library, Rutgers University, New Brunswick, New Jersey
Archibald S. Alexander Library, Rutgers University, New Brunswick, New Jersey

After completing law school Alexander joined the New York firm of Carter, Ledyard & Milburn, where he was a partner from 1940 to 1949.[5] During World War II Alexander served in the United States Army. He was commissioned as first lieutenant in 1942 and served in the European and Mediterranean Theatres. He was discharged from the Army in 1945, having risen to the rank of lieutenant colonel.[6]

Political and civic career

In 1947 Alexander was appointed to the State Department's Foreign Service Selection Board and served as a consultant to the Atomic Energy Commission on security and personnel matters. He was Assistant Secretary of the Army from 1949 to 1950 and Under Secretary from 1950 to 1952.[6]

Alexander was active in Democratic politics in New Jersey. In 1948 he was the Democratic candidate for United States Senate but lost to Robert C. Hendrickson. He was again the Democratic nominee in 1952, losing to Howard Alexander Smith. From 1954 to 1957 he served as Treasurer of the State of New Jersey. In 1956 he was Director of Volunteers for the presidential campaign of Adlai Stevenson.

Alexander was President of the Free Europe Committee from 1959 to 1963. In 1963 he was appointed Assistant Director of the Arms Control and Disarmament Agency, remaining in this position until 1969. From 1971 until his death he was president of the Arms Control Association.[5]

Alexander had a long involvement with Rutgers University. As state treasurer, he was a public member of the university's Board of Trustees. In 1956 he was appointed to the newly created Board of Governors for Rutgers and also rejoined the Board of Trustees, serving on both until 1973. Alexander chaired the Board of Governors from 1959 to 1963 and again from 1971 to 1973. The central university library is named in his honor.[5]

Personal life

He married Susan Dimock Tilton (1907–1935) in New York City on June 24, 1929.[7] She was a daughter of Benjamin Trowbridge Tilton and Anna Billings (née Griggs) Tilton and her elder sister, Harty Griggs Tilton, was the wife of James Jeremiah Wadsworth, the 4th United States Ambassador to the United Nations. Together, Susan and Archibald were the parents of:

  • Archibald Stevens Alexander (1933–2016), a lawyer who taught at Rutgers Law School, where he created a seminar on providing civil legal services to state prison inmates.[8]

After her death in 1935, he married Jean Struthers Sears (1907–1983) at Beverly, Massachusetts, on August 4, 1937; her sister was Emily Sears, who married Henry Cabot Lodge, Jr.[9]

Alexander died on September 4, 1979 at his home in Bernardsville, New Jersey after a short illness.[10]

Notes

  1. ^ Biographical information for Archibald S. Alexander from The Political Graveyard, accessed 3 July 2008
  2. ^ "James Barney Watriss, 76, horse breeder, aviator". The Baltimore Sun. June 6, 1998. Retrieved 28 July 2020.
  3. ^ Mark M. Boatner III, Encyclopedia of the American Revolution, p. 271. New York: David McKay Company, Inc., 1966
  4. ^ Robert F. Bruner and Sean D. Carr, The Panic of 1907. Lessons Learned from the Market's Perfect Storm, passim. Hoboken, New Jersey: John Wiley & Sons, 2007. ISBN 978-0-470-15263-8
  5. ^ a b c Biographical sketch, Manuscript Collection 1190, Special Collections and University Archives, Rutgers University Libraries, accessed 8 June 2008
  6. ^ a b Official bio, Former Under Secretaries, US Army, accessed 8 June 2008
  7. ^ "Susan Tilton Weds A.S. Alexander; Members of Many Old New York Families at Wedding in St. Bartholomew's Chapel", The New York Times, 25 June 1929
  8. ^ "Archibald Alexander Jr. '55". paw.princeton.edu. Princeton Alumni Weekly. 16 February 2017. Retrieved 28 July 2020.
  9. ^ "Miss Jean Sears Married at Home", The New York Times, 4 August 1937.
  10. ^ "Archibald Alexander, 72; Lawyer Served as Army Under Secretary", The New York Times, 6 September 1979.

External links

Government offices
Preceded by
Tracy Voorhees
United States Under Secretary of the Army
1950-1952
Succeeded by
Karl R. Bendetsen
Party political offices
Preceded by
William H. Smathers
Democratic Nominee for the U.S. Senate (Class 2) from New Jersey
1948
Succeeded by
Charles R. Howell
Preceded by
George E. Brunner
Democratic Nominee for the U.S. Senate (Class 1) from New Jersey
1952
Succeeded by
Harrison A. Williams
This page was last edited on 18 October 2020, at 22:18
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