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United States Under Secretary of the Army

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Under Secretary of the Army
Seal of the US Department of the Army.svg
Flag of Assistant Secretary of War.svg
Flag of the Under Secretary
Christopher Lowman

since January 20, 2021
United States Department of the Army
StyleMr. Under Secretary
Reports toSecretary of the Army
AppointerThe President
with Senate advice and consent
Term lengthNo fixed term
FormationSeptember 18, 1947
First holderWilliam Henry Draper Jr.
Succession18th in SecDef succession
SalaryExecutive Schedule, level III

The United States Under Secretary of the Army is the second-highest ranking civilian official of the United States Department of the Army, serving directly under the United States Secretary of the Army. The Secretary and Under Secretary, together with two military officers, the Chief of Staff of the United States Army and the Vice Chief of Staff of the United States Army, constitute the senior leaders of the United States Army.

The following officials report to the Under Secretary of the Army: the Assistant Secretary of the Army (Manpower and Reserve Affairs), the Assistant Secretary of the Army (Installations, Energy and Environment), the Assistant Secretary of the Army (Civil Works), the Assistant Secretary of the Army (Acquisition, Logistics and Technology), the Assistant Secretary of the Army (Financial Management and Comptroller), and the General Counsel of the Army. There are also two Deputy Under Secretaries of the Army who assist the Under Secretary in his tasks.

The position of Under Secretary of the Army has been vacant since January 20, 2021. Christopher Lowman is the senior official performing the duties of Under Secretary, pending either the appointment of an Acting Under Secretary or the confirmation of an Under Secretary.[1][2] The previous Under Secretary, James E. McPherson, had started in an acting position on July 23, 2019 and was sworn into the position full-time on March 25, 2020 following confirmation by the Senate.[3] On July 13, 2021, President Joe Biden announced he would nominate former Assistant Secretary of the Air Force for Manpower and Reserve Affairs Gabriel Camarillo to the post of Undersecretary of the Army.[4]


The office was created in 1947 as part of the general reorganization of the United States Armed Forces occasioned by the National Security Act of 1947. The office was initially styled "Under Secretary of War" and was created by Department of War General Order 67, dated July 25, 1947.[5] Three weeks later, on August 16, 1947, Department of War Circular 225 redesignated the position as "Under Secretary of the Army".[5]

List of Under Secretaries of the Army

The following men have held the post:[6]

No. Name Tenure start Tenure end
1 William Henry Draper, Jr. September 18, 1947 February 1949
2 Gordon Gray May 1949 June 1949
3 Tracy Voorhees August 1949 April 1950
4 Archibald S. Alexander May 1950 April 1952
5 Karl R. Bendesten May 1952 October 1952
6 Earl D. Johnson October 1952 January 1954
7 John Slezak February 1954 January 1955
8 Charles C. Finucane February 1955 April 1958
9 Hugh M. Milton II August 1958 January 1961
10 Stephen Ailes February 1961 January 1964
11 Paul Robert Ignatius February 1964 December 1964
12 Stanley Rogers Resor April 1965 July 1965
13 David E. McGiffert November 1965 February 1969
14 Thaddeus Beal March 1969 September 1971
15 Kenneth E. BeLieu September 1971 June 1973
16 Herman R. Staudt October 1973 May 1975
17 Norman Ralph Augustine May 1975 July 1977
18 Walter B. LaBerge July 1977 February 1980
19 Robert Harry Spiro, Jr.[7] 1980 1981
20 James R. Ambrose October 1981 February 1988
21 Michael P. W. Stone May 1988 August 14, 1989
22 John W. Shannon August 14, 1989 November 23, 1993
23 Joe R. Reeder November 24, 1993 November 12, 1997
24 Robert M. Walker November 1997 October 1998
25 Bernard D. Rostker November 1998 May 23, 2000
26 Gregory R. Dahlberg May 23, 2000 March 4, 2001
27 Les Brownlee November 10, 2001 December 16, 2004
28 Raymond F. DuBois February 2005 February 2006
28 Pete Geren February 2006 July 2007
29 Nelson M. Ford[8] July 2007 January 2009
30 Joseph W. Westphal[9] September 21, 2009 March 28, 2014
31 Brad Carson March 28, 2014 June 30, 2015
Eric Fanning (acting) June 30, 2015 November 3, 2015
Thomas E. Hawley (acting)[10] November 3, 2015 December 2015
32 Patrick Murphy[11] January 4, 2016 January 20, 2017
Karl F. Schneider (acting) January 20, 2017 August 1, 2017
33 Ryan McCarthy[12] August 1, 2017 September 30, 2019
34 James E. McPherson July 23, 2019 (acting) March 25, 2020 (acting)
March 25, 2020 January 20, 2021
Christopher Lowman (acting) January 20, 2021 Incumbent


  1. ^ "Christopher Lowman - Senior Official Performing the Duties of the Under Secretary of the United States Army" (PDF). United States Army. Retrieved January 22, 2021.
  2. ^ "Under Secretary of the Army - The United States Army". United States Army. Retrieved January 22, 2021.
  3. ^ Kimmons, Sean (April 1, 2020). "McPherson officially sworn in as undersecretary of the Army". Army News Service. Retrieved April 7, 2020.
  4. ^ "President Biden Announces 11 Key Nominations". The White House. July 13, 2021. Retrieved July 13, 2021.
  5. ^ a b "Records of the office of the Secretary of the Army". August 15, 2016. Retrieved April 6, 2018.
  6. ^ "Former Under Secretaries". United States Army. Archived from the original on January 9, 2008. Retrieved February 28, 2010.
  7. ^ "Jimmy Carter: NOMINATIONS SUBMITTED TO THE SENATE Week Ending". Retrieved April 6, 2018.
  8. ^ "Nelson Ford becomes 29th Under Secretary of the Army". Retrieved July 26, 2021.
  9. ^ "Honorable Dr. Joseph W. Westphal, Under Secretary of the Army" (PDF). Retrieved July 26, 2021.
  10. ^ "Thomas E. Hawley, a Senior Official, is performing the duties of the Under Secretary of the Army" (PDF). Retrieved April 6, 2018.
  11. ^ "Patrick J. Murphy, Former Under Secretary of the Army". Retrieved July 26, 2021.
  12. ^ "Ryan D. McCarthy, Former Secretary of the Army". Retrieved July 26, 2021.

External links

This page was last edited on 13 August 2021, at 20:38
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