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Christopher Wolcott

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Christopher Wolcott
Christopher Wolcott.png
6th Ohio Attorney General
In office
Appointed bySalmon P. Chase
Preceded byFrancis D. Kimball
Succeeded byJames Murray
United States Assistant Secretary of War
In office
Preceded byJohn Tucker
Succeeded byCharles Anderson Dana
Personal details
Born(1820-12-17)December 17, 1820
Wolcott, Connecticut
DiedApril 4, 1863(1863-04-04) (aged 42)
Akron, Ohio
Political partyRepublican
Spouse(s)Pamphila Stanton
Childrentwo sons

Christopher Parsons Wolcott was a Republican politician from the state of Ohio. He was Ohio Attorney General 1856–1860 and United States Assistant Secretary of War from 1862 to 1863.


Wolcott was born December 17, 1820, in Wolcott, Connecticut. In 1833 he was moved to Steubenville, Ohio, and attended public schools. He attended Washington College in Pennsylvania, where he graduated in 1840.[1] He read law with Tappan & Stanton in Steubenville,[2] and was admitted to the bar and began practice in Ravenna, Ohio. In Ravenna he partnered with Lucius V. Bierce.[2] In 1846 he moved to Akron, Ohio. In Akron he partnered with William Otis, until Otis removed to Cleveland. He then partnered with William H. Upson, which lasted the rest of his life.[2] In 1856, Governor Salmon P. Chase appointed him Ohio Attorney General to replace the deceased Francis D. Kimball.[3] He was elected to a two-year term later in 1856,[4] and another in 1858.[5]

His cases as attorney general included the Breslin Treasury defalcation and the Wellington Rescue, where his arguments before the United States Supreme Court were widely celebrated.[3]

Ohio Governor William Dennison named Wolcott to replace the deceased John C. Wright at the Peace Conference of 1861.[6]

In May, 1862, Secretary of War, fellow Steubenville native and Wolcott's brother in law,[7] Edwin M. Stanton asked him to be First Assistant Secretary during the American Civil War.[8]

I know I ought not to ask it of you, and fear the work will kill you, but I do not know where to look for aid, and if I do not have it now, I must give up myself.

— Edwin Stanton, 1862[2]

Stanton was prophetic, as under the strain of the job, Wolcott's health gave out, leading to his resignation February, 1863. He returned to Akron. After two months of suffering, he died there April 4, 1863.[2]


  1. ^ Eaton & Woods, p. 324.
  2. ^ a b c d e Lane, p. 553.
  3. ^ a b Smith, p. 67.
  4. ^ Smith, p. 65.
  5. ^ Smith, p. 84.
  6. ^ Parsons, p. 11.
  7. ^ Neff, p. 172.
  8. ^ Poore, p. 232.


  • Smith, Joseph P, ed. (1898). History of the Republican Party in Ohio. I. Chicago: the Lewis Publishing Company.
  • Neff, William B, ed. (1921). Bench and Bar of Northern Ohio History and Biography. Cleveland: The Historical Publishing Company. p. 172.
  • Poore, Benjamin Perley (1878). The political register and congressional directory: a statistical record of the Federal Officials...1776-1878. Boston: Houghton, Osgood and Company. p. 232.
  • Parsons, Richard C. (November 1885 – April 1886). Williams, William W (ed.). "Franklin T. Backus". Magazine of Western History. Vol. 3. Cleveland. pp. 8–15.
  • Lane, Samuel A. (1892). Fifty years and over of Akron and Summit County. Akron: Beacon Job Department. p. 553.
  • Eaton, Samuel John Mills; Woods, Henry (1902). "Wolcott, Christopher Parsons". Biographical and Historical Catalogue of Washington and Jefferson College. Philadelphia: G.H. Buchanan and Company. p. 324. OCLC 2379959. Retrieved 2010-04-04.
This page was last edited on 26 October 2020, at 02:12
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