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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

1251 in various calendars
Gregorian calendar1251
Ab urbe condita2004
Armenian calendar700
Assyrian calendar6001
Balinese saka calendar1172–1173
Bengali calendar658
Berber calendar2201
English Regnal year35 Hen. 3 – 36 Hen. 3
Buddhist calendar1795
Burmese calendar613
Byzantine calendar6759–6760
Chinese calendar庚戌(Metal Dog)
3947 or 3887
    — to —
辛亥年 (Metal Pig)
3948 or 3888
Coptic calendar967–968
Discordian calendar2417
Ethiopian calendar1243–1244
Hebrew calendar5011–5012
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat1307–1308
 - Shaka Samvat1172–1173
 - Kali Yuga4351–4352
Holocene calendar11251
Igbo calendar251–252
Iranian calendar629–630
Islamic calendar648–649
Japanese calendarKenchō 3
Javanese calendar1160–1161
Julian calendar1251
Korean calendar3584
Minguo calendar661 before ROC
Nanakshahi calendar−217
Thai solar calendar1793–1794
Tibetan calendar阳金狗年
(male Iron-Dog)
1377 or 996 or 224
    — to —
(female Iron-Pig)
1378 or 997 or 225

Year 1251 (MCCLI) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.


By place






  1. ^ Dickson, Gary (2015). Murray, Alan V. (ed.). The Crusades to the Holy Land: The Essential Reference Guide: The Essential Reference Guide. Santa Barbara, CA, Denver, CO and Oxford: ABC-CLIO. pp. 217–218. ISBN 9781610697804.
  2. ^ Buc, Philippe (2015). Holy War, Martyrdom, and Terror: Christianity, Violence, and the West. Philadelphia, PA: University of Pennsylvania Press. p. 172. ISBN 9780812290974.
  3. ^ Weiler, Björn K. U. (2006). Henry III of England and the Staufen Empire, 1216-1272. Woodbridge, UK and Rochester, NY: Boydell & Brewer. p. 142. ISBN 9780861932801.
  4. ^ Toplis, William (1814). A Genealogical History of the English Sovereigns, from William I. to George III. inclusive, accompanied with A brief Statement of the principal Events in each Reign; Biographical notices of all the noble families connected with the royal houses; and illustrated by genealogical tables. London: Thomas Underwood. p. 16.
  5. ^ Aigle, Denise (2014). The Mongol Empire between Myth and Reality: Studies in Anthropological History. Leiden, Boston: BRILL. p. 47. ISBN 9789004280649.
  6. ^ Marshall, Robert (1993). Storm from the East: From Ghengis Khan to Khubilai Khan. Berkeley, CA and Los Angeles, CA: University of California Press. pp. 161–162. ISBN 9780520083004.
  7. ^ Janonienė, Rūta; Račiūnaitė, Tojana; Iršėnas, Marius; Butrimas, Adomas (2015). The Lithuanian Millennium: History, Art and Culture. Vilnius, Lithuania: Vilnius Academy of Arts Press. p. 48. ISBN 9786094470974.
  8. ^ Nansen, Fridtjof (2014) [1911]. In Northern Mists: Arctic Exploration in Early Times. Volume 2. Translated by Arthur G. Chater. Cambridge and New York: Cambridge University Press. p. 141. ISBN 9781108071697.
  9. ^ Khodakovsky, Evgeny; Lexau, Siri Skjold (2017). Architectural Conservation and Restoration in Norway and Russia. New York and London: Routledge. ISBN 9781351995658.
  10. ^ Pavloskaya, Anna (2011). CultureShock! Russia: A Survival Guide to Customs and Etiquette. Tarrytown, NY: Marshall Cavendish International Asia. p. 86. ISBN 9789814435574.
  11. ^ Sodders, Daniel R. (2004). Kleinhenz, Christopher (ed.). Medieval Italy: An Encyclopedia. New York and London: Routledge. p. 247. ISBN 9781135948801.
  12. ^ Middleton, John (2015). World Monarchies and Dynasties. New York and London: Routledge. p. 403. ISBN 9781317451587.
  13. ^ Teich, Mikulas (1998). Bohemia in History. Cambridge, New York and Melbourne: Cambridge University Press. p. 51. ISBN 9780521431552.
  14. ^ Mahoney, William (2011). The History of the Czech Republic and Slovakia. Santa Barbara, CA, Denver, CO and Oxford: ABC-CLIO. p. 46. ISBN 9780313363061.
  15. ^ Snodgrass, Mary Ellen (2010). Encyclopedia of the Literature of Empire. Facts on File Library of World Literature. New York: Infobase Publishing. pp. 9–10. ISBN 9781438119069.
  16. ^ De Nicola, Bruno (2016). "The Economic Role of Mongol Women: Continuity and Transformation from Mongolia to Iran". In De Nicola, Bruno; Melville, Charles (eds.). The Mongols' Middle East: Continuity and Transformation in Ilkhanid Iran. Leiden, Boston: BRILL. p. 89. ISBN 9789004314726.
  17. ^ Overy, R. J. (2014). A History of War in 100 Battles. Oxford and New York: Oxford University Press. p. 144. ISBN 9780199390717.
  18. ^ Kang, Chae-ŏn; Kang, Jae-eun (2006). The Land of Scholars: Two Thousand Years of Korean Confucianism. Paramus, NJ: Homa & Sekey Books. p. 139. ISBN 9781931907378.
  19. ^ Jong-myung, Kim (2013). "The Tripitạka Koreana: Its Computerization and Significance for the Cultural Sciences in a Modern Globalized World". In Lewis, James B.; Sesay, Amadu (eds.). Korea and Globalization: Politics, Economics and Culture. New York and London: Routledge. p. 157. ISBN 9781136859786.
  20. ^ Park, Sang-jin (2013) [2007]. "Preface: A Microscopic Look at the Secrets of the Tripitaka Koreana". Under the Microscope: The Secrets of the Tripitaka Koreana Woodblocks. Newcastle upon Tyne, UK: Cambridge Scholars Publishing. pp. xi. ISBN 9781443867320.
  21. ^ Calloway, Donald H. (2016). Champions of the Rosary: The History and Heroes of a Spiritual Weapon. Stockbridge, MA: Marian Press. ISBN 9781596143937.
  22. ^ Perez, Louis G. (2013). Japan at War: An Encyclopedia. Santa Barbara, CA, Denver, CO and Oxford: ABC-CLIO. p. 129. ISBN 9781598847413.
  23. ^ Morrell, Sachiko Kaneko; Morrell, Robert E. (2012). Zen Sanctuary of Purple Robes: Japan's Tokeiji Convent Since 1285. 2006: State University of New York Press. pp. xi. ISBN 9780791481448.CS1 maint: location (link)
  24. ^ Porteous, John (1989). "Crusader Coinage with Greek and Latin Inscriptions". In Setton, Kenneth Meyer; Hazard, Harry W.; Zacour, Norman P. (eds.). A History of the Crusades: The Impact of the Crusades on Europe. Volume VI: The Impact of the Crusades on Europe. Madison, WI: University of Wisconsin Press. p. 404. ISBN 9780299107444.
  25. ^ Wise, Leonard F.; Hansen, Mark Hillary; Egan, E. W. (2005) [1967]. Kings, Rulers, and Statesmen. New York: Sterling Publishing Company, Inc. p. 19. ISBN 9781402725920.
  26. ^ Wispelwey, Berend (2008). Biographical Index of the Middle Ages. Munich, Germany: Walter de Gruyter. p. 762. ISBN 9783110914160.
  27. ^ Pryds, Darleen (2012). "Franciscan Lay Women and the Charism to Preach". In Johnson, Timothy (ed.). Franciscans and Preaching: Every Miracle from the Beginning of the World Came about Through Words. Leiden, Boston: BRILL. pp. 45–46. ISBN 9789004231290.
  28. ^ Vauchez, Andri (2005) [1988]. Sainthood in the Later Middle Ages. Cambridge and New York: Cambridge University Press. p. 376. ISBN 9780521619813.
  29. ^ Fischer, Dr Mary (2013). The Chronicle of Prussia by Nicolaus von Jeroschin: A History of the Teutonic Knights in Prussia, 1190–1331. Crusade Texts in Translation. 20. Surrey, UK and Burlington, VT: Ashgate Publishing, Ltd. p. 91. ISBN 9781409481942.
  30. ^ Brundage, James A. (2016). "Introduction: Henry of Livonia, The Writer and his Chronicle". In Tamm, Marek; Kaljundi, Linda; Jensen, Carsten Selch (eds.). Crusading and Chronicle Writing on the Medieval Baltic Frontier: A Companion to the Chronicle of Henry of Livonia. New York and London: Routledge. p. 7. ISBN 9781317156796.
  31. ^ Nicholas, Karen (1993). "Women as Rulers: countesses Jeanne and Marguerite of Flanders". In Vann, Theresa M. (ed.). Queens, Regents and Potentates. Cambridge and Dallas, TX: Boydell & Brewer. p. 85. ISBN 9780851156491.
  32. ^ Nicholas, David M. (2014). Medieval Flanders. Nee York and London: Routledge. p. 157. ISBN 9781317901556.
  33. ^ Korobeinikov, Dimitri (2014). Byzantium and the Turks in the Thirteenth Century. Oxford and New York: Oxford University Press. p. 183. ISBN 9780191017940.
  34. ^ Baumer, Christoph (2016). The History of Central Asia: The Age of Islam and the Mongols. London and New York: Bloomsbury Publishing. p. 205. ISBN 9781838609405.
  35. ^ Colcock, Charles Jones (1959). Family of Hay. Gretna, LA: Pelican Publishing. p. 186. ISBN 9781455604050.
  36. ^ Hamil, Donna (2016). May, Timothy (ed.). The Mongol Empire: A Historical Encyclopedia. Volume I. Santa Barbara, CA, Denver, CO and Oxford: ABC-CLIO. pp. 169–170. ISBN 9781610693400.
  37. ^ Nicola, Bruno De (2017). Women in Mongol Iran: The Khatuns, 1206-1335. Edinburgh and Stockport: Edinburgh University Press. p. 76. ISBN 9781474415484.
This page was last edited on 2 May 2020, at 20:14
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