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Windward Islands

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Windward Islands
English: Windward Islands
French: Îles du Vent
Geography
LocationCaribbean Sea and Atlantic Ocean
Coordinates14°N 61°W / 14°N 61°W / 14; -61
Total islands90+
Major islandsDominica
Martinique
Saint Lucia
Saint Vincent
Grenada
Area3,232.5 km2 (1,248.1 sq mi)
Highest elevation1,447 m (4747 ft)
Highest pointMorne Diablotins, Dominica
Administration
Largest settlementRoseau
Largest settlementCastries
Largest settlementKingstown
Largest settlementSt. George's
Largest settlementFort de France
Demographics
Populationc. 854,000
Pop. density227/km2 (588/sq mi)

The Windward Islands, also known as the Islands of Barlovento, are the southern, generally larger islands of the Lesser Antilles. Part of the West Indies, they lie south of the Leeward Islands, approximately between latitudes 10° and 16° N and longitudes 60° and 62° W.

The name was also used to refer to a British colony in these islands, which existed between 1833 and 1960 and originally consisted of the islands of Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent, the Grenadines, and Grenada, islands which today constitute three sovereign nations.

The island of Dominica, also today a sovereign nation, was traditionally considered a part of the Leeward Islands until 1940, when it was transferred from the British Leeward Islands colony to the British Windward Islands.

Name and geography

The prevailing trade winds in the West Indies blow east to west. The combination of trans-Atlantic currents and winds that provided the fastest route across the ocean brought sailing ships heading to the New World to the rough dividing line between two groups of islands. Those that fell to windward became the Windward Islands, to leeward the Leeward Islands.

Sailing vessels departing from Africa would first encounter the southeasternmost "Windward" islands of the Lesser Antilles in their west-northwesterly heading to final destinations in the Caribbean and North and Central America. The chain of Windward Islands forms a part of the easternmost boundary of the Caribbean Sea.[1][2]

List of the Windward Islands

The Windward Islands are as follows:[1][3][4]

The Windward Islands are on the map's lower right, above and to the right of Venezuela
The Windward Islands are on the map's lower right, above and to the right of Venezuela

See also

References

  1. ^ a b "Windward Islands". Encyclopædia Britannica. [A] line of West Indian islands constituting the southern arc of the Lesser Antilles, at the eastern end of the Caribbean Sea, between latitudes 12° and 16° N and longitudes 60° and 62° W. They include, from north to south, the English-speaking islands of Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent, and Grenada; and, between Saint Vincent and Grenada, the chain of 32 islands known as the Grenadines. Though near the general area, Trinidad and Tobago (at the south end of the group) and Barbados (just east) are usually not considered part of the Windward Islands.
  2. ^ Chapter 4 - The Windward Islands and Barbados - U.S. Library of Congress
  3. ^ "Windward Islands". Footprint Travel Guides. Retrieved 23 March 2013.
  4. ^ "Windward Islands". Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc. Retrieved 7 July 2018.

External links

This page was last edited on 29 August 2021, at 21:09
Basis of this page is in Wikipedia. Text is available under the CC BY-SA 3.0 Unported License. Non-text media are available under their specified licenses. Wikipedia® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc. WIKI 2 is an independent company and has no affiliation with Wikimedia Foundation.