To install click the Add extension button. That's it.

The source code for the WIKI 2 extension is being checked by specialists of the Mozilla Foundation, Google, and Apple. You could also do it yourself at any point in time.

4,5
Kelly Slayton
Congratulations on this excellent venture… what a great idea!
Alexander Grigorievskiy
I use WIKI 2 every day and almost forgot how the original Wikipedia looks like.
Live Statistics
English Articles
Improved in 24 Hours
Added in 24 Hours
Languages
Recent
Show all languages
What we do. Every page goes through several hundred of perfecting techniques; in live mode. Quite the same Wikipedia. Just better.
.
Leo
Newton
Brights
Milds

River Calder, Wyre

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

River Calder
River Calder.jpg
The River Calder, near its source
Physical characteristics
SourceFiendsdale Head
 • locationForest of Bowland, Lancashire
 • coordinates53°55′50.6″N 2°38′14.4″W / 53.930722°N 2.637333°W / 53.930722; -2.637333
 • elevation1,440 feet (440 m)
MouthBarnacre-with-Bonds
 • location
Catterall
 • coordinates
53°52′55.1″N 2°46′28.8″W / 53.881972°N 2.774667°W / 53.881972; -2.774667
 • elevation
43 feet (13 m)
Length13 miles (21 km)
Basin size11 square miles (28 km2)

The River Calder is a 13-mile (21 km) long river that is one of the main tributaries of the River Wyre in Lancashire, England.[1] Like the other rivers in England with the name Calder, its name is thought to derive from a mixture of Old Welsh and Old British words meaning "hard and violent water or stream".[2]

Description

The river rises near Fiendsdale Head in the Forest of Bowland and flows first westwards then southwards through the villages of Oakenclough and Calder Vale[3] before passing under the M6 motorway, West Coast Main Line and under the Calder Aqueduct on Lancaster Canal.[4] It meets the Wyre at Catterall near the town of Garstang, at which point the Calder forms the boundary between the parishes of Catterall and Barnacre-with-Bonds.[5]

The Calder is one of two rivers in Lancashire with the same name; the other River Calder flows from Burnley and into the River Ribble. Just west of the M6 Motorway, a feeder section supplies water via a siphon from the River Calder to the Lancaster canal; this intake has the ability to abstract the entire flow of water from the River Calder causing critical flow conditions further west of this point to its mouth with the River Wyre.[6] Similarly, Barnacre and Grizedale Lea Reservoirs, which built in the 1800s just west of Oakenclough, can take all the flow from the upper reaches of the River Calder with no compensation during periods of low flow.[7]

Settlements

Tributaries

  • Little Calder River
  • Nanny Brook
  • Calder Dyke
  • East Grain
  • North Grain

Gallery

References

  1. ^ "Calder (Wyre)". environment.data.gov.uk. Retrieved 15 September 2017. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  2. ^ Ekwall, Eilert (1960). The concise Oxford dictionary of English place-names (4 ed.). Oxford: Clarendon Press. p. 82. ISBN 0-19-869103-3.
  3. ^ Baines, Thomas (2012). Lancashire and Cheshire : past and present : a comprehensive history of Cheshire, Lancashire, Manchester and Merseyside. [England]: Heritage Publications. p. 90. ISBN 978-1-4710-7838-5.
  4. ^ Fisher, Stuart (2015). "43: Lancaster Canal". The Canal Guide; Britain's 50 Best Canals. London: Bloomsbury. p. 298. ISBN 978-1-4729-1852-9.
  5. ^ "OL41" (Map). Forest of Bowland. 1:25,000. Explorer. Ordnance Survey. 2015. ISBN 9780319242803.
  6. ^ EANW 1997, p. 70.
  7. ^ EANW 1997, p. 76.

Sources

External links


This page was last edited on 14 May 2020, at 03:29
Basis of this page is in Wikipedia. Text is available under the CC BY-SA 3.0 Unported License. Non-text media are available under their specified licenses. Wikipedia® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc. WIKI 2 is an independent company and has no affiliation with Wikimedia Foundation.