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Hyndburn Brook

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Hyndburn Brook
Hyndburn Brook - geograph.org.uk - 659611.jpg
Hyndburn Brook, from the Mill Lane Bridge. (January 2008)
Location
CountryEngland
Physical characteristics
Source 
 • locationWest of Church, Lancashire.
Mouth 
 • location
River Calder, south of Martholme.
Length4.5 mi (7.3 km)

Hyndburn Brook is a minor river in eastern Lancashire. It is approximately 4.5 miles (7.3 km) long, and has the catchment area (not including the River Hyndburn) of 13.61 square miles (35.243 km2).[a][1][2]

Thought to begin at the confluence of Tinker Brook and White Ash Brook, to the west of Church, the river runs north. It collects the River Hyndburn just before the bridge of the M65 Motorway and Bottom Syke (from Dunkenhalgh) just afterward, meeting Shaw Brook and Spaw Brook to the east of Rishton.

Turning to the northeast, between Great Harwood and the Oakenshaw side of Clayton-le-Moors, it is joined by Norden Brook, and then Harwood Brook. After passing under the A680 Hyndburn Bridge, the brook eventually joins the River Calder, next to the district’s waste water treatment works, at Martholme. Both Tinker and White Ash Brooks drain the north side of Oswaldwistle Moor.[3]

Tinker Brook originates as Jackhouse Brook at the confluence of Cocker Brook and Cocker Lumb, near Jackhouse, the former having passed through the old reservoirs, of Warmwithens and Jackhouse. It becomes Tinker Brook as it enters the south of town of Oswaldtwistle before it collects Whams Brook.

While White Ash Brook begins as Lottice Brook, northeast of Belthorn, and flows in an northerly direction until it turns back east, at the bridge of Haslingden Old Road near the motorway. It becomes White Ash Brook as flows under the Smithes Bridge in Western Oswaldwistle.[3]

The name possibly originates from the Old English words hind (female deer) and burna (stream). Brook (OE broc) is a common name for a stream, which is most often found in Southern and Central England.[4][5]

An ongoing river improvement scheme aimed to allow migrating salmon, trout, and eels access to the River Hyndburn saw the construction of a fish bypass during 2017, at the 4-metre (13 ft 1 in) high nineteenth century Oakenshaw Print Works Weir.[6][7] This was officially opened in October 2017.[8][9] Work started on a similar project in June 2019, this being upstream at the Dunkenhalgh Weir near Rishton.[10]

United Utilities had put the two hundred metre stretch of Hyndburn Brook up for sale in February 2009, and it was being auctioned with no reserve price.[11] Environment Agency officials praised Blythe’s Chemical Works for reducing pollution in the stretch of the brook in January 2000.[12]

Tributaries

  • Harwood Brook
    • Causeway Brook
  • Norden Brook
  • Spaw Brook
  • Shaw Brook
  • Bottom Syke
  • River Hyndburn
  • White Ash Brook
    • Wolfenden Syke
    • Lottice Brook
  • Tinker Brook
    • Whams Brook
    • Jackhouse Brook
      • Cocker Brook
        • White Syke
      • Cocker Lumb

References

Notes

  1. ^ Measured using mapping website.

Citations

  1. ^ "Hyndburn Brook - Lower". Catchment Data Explorer. Environment Agency. Retrieved 3 December 2017.
  2. ^ "Hyndburn Brook - Upper". Catchment Data Explorer. Environment Agency. Retrieved 3 December 2017.
  3. ^ a b "103" (Map). Blackburn & Burnley (C2 ed.). 1:50,000. Landranger. Ordnance Survey. 2006. ISBN 978-0-319-22829-6.
  4. ^ Ekwall, Eilert (1922). The place-names of Lancashire. Manchester University Press. pp. 8, 66. OCLC 82106091.
  5. ^ Cara Giaimo (23 October 2017), "Mapping the U.K.'s Many, Many Names for Streams", atlasobscura.com, retrieved 30 November 2017
  6. ^ Nic Marko (21 February 2018). "New £128k fish bypass opens to bring salmon back to River Hyndburn". Lancashire Telegraph. Retrieved 26 July 2019.
  7. ^ "Brown trout have been tracked since new fish pass was put in place". Natural Course. 22 May 2019. Retrieved 26 July 2019.
  8. ^ "Historic weir bypass opens to help fish reach habitat for first time in over 170 years". theriverstrust.org. 16 October 2017. Retrieved 2 November 2020.
  9. ^ "Scheme hopes to return Salmon to River Hyndburn". Lancashire Telegraph. 7 August 2017. Retrieved 2 November 2020.
  10. ^ RLTWebadmin (20 June 2019). "Work commences on Dunkenhalgh Weir". Ribble Life Together. Retrieved 26 July 2019.
  11. ^ David Watkinson (8 February 2009). "Stretch of Hyndburn Brook in Clayton-le-Moors up for sale". Lancashire Telegraph. Retrieved 2 November 2020.
  12. ^ "Praise as works cleans up its act". Lancashire Telegraph. 27 January 2000. Retrieved 2 November 2020.
Next confluence upstream River Calder Next confluence downstream
Green Brook (South) Hyndburn Brook Sabden Brook (North)

External links


This page was last edited on 15 March 2021, at 12:49
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