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Richard Stockton (senator)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Richard Stockton
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from New Jersey's 2nd district
In office
March 4, 1813 – March 3, 1815
Serving with James Schureman
Preceded byAdam Boyd
Lewis Condict
Jacob Hufty
George C. Maxwell
James Morgan
Thomas Newbold
Succeeded byBenjamin Bennet
Henry Southard
United States Senator
from New Jersey
In office
November 12, 1796 – March 3, 1799
Preceded byFrederick Frelinghuysen
Succeeded byJonathan Dayton
United States Attorney for the District of New Jersey
In office
PresidentGeorge Washington
Preceded byOffice established
Succeeded byAbraham Ogden
Personal details
Born(1764-04-17)April 17, 1764
Princeton, New Jersey, U.S.
DiedMarch 7, 1828(1828-03-07) (aged 63)
Princeton, New Jersey, U.S.
Political partyFederalist
EducationPrinceton University (BA)

Richard Stockton (April 17, 1764 – March 7, 1828) was a lawyer who represented New Jersey in the United States Senate and later served in the United States House of Representatives. He was the first U.S. Attorney for the District of New Jersey, holding that office from 1789 to 1791, and ran unsuccessfully for vice president in the 1820 election as a member of the Federalist Party, which did not nominate a candidate for president.


Stockton was born in Princeton, New Jersey, the son of Richard Stockton, a signer of the Declaration of Independence.[1] He was tutored privately, and graduated from the College of New Jersey (now Princeton University) in 1779. He studied law, was admitted to the bar in 1784 and commenced practice in Princeton.

Stockton was a presidential elector in the 1792 and 1800 presidential elections.[2] He was elected as a Federalist to the United States Senate to fill the vacancy caused by the resignation of Frederick Frelinghuysen and served from November 12, 1796, to March 4, 1799, but declined to be a candidate for reelection. He was an unsuccessful candidate for Governor of New Jersey in 1801, 1803, and 1804. He was elected as a Federalist to the Thirteenth Congress, serving from March 4, 1813, to March 3, 1815, and declined to be a candidate for renomination to the Fourteenth Congress.

Stockton was elected a member of the American Antiquarian Society in 1815.[3]

After leaving Congress, he resumed the practice of his profession. He died at Morven, near Princeton, and was interred in Princeton Cemetery in Princeton.


In 1788, Stockton married Mary Field (1766–1837).[4] They were the parents of nine children, including Mary Field, Richard, Julia, Robert Field, Horatio, Caroline, Samuel Witham, William Bradford, and Annis.[4]

His brother Lucius Horatio Stockton served as U.S. Attorney for the District of New Jersey.

His son Commodore Robert F. Stockton was the Military Governor of California who defeated the Mexican army in 1846. He later became a senator from New Jersey like his father before him.

His daughter Annie Stockton was the first wife of U.S. Senator John Renshaw Thomson.


  1. ^ "Office History". United States Department of Justice. 18 March 2015. Retrieved May 28, 2021.
  2. ^ The National Cyclopaedia of American Biography. Vol. II. New York, N.Y.: James T. White & Co. 1892. p. 7 – via Google Books.
  3. ^ American Antiquarian Society Members Directory
  4. ^ a b Bill, Alfred Hoyt (1954). A House Called Morven: Its Role in American History, 1701-1954. Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press. p. 70. ISBN 9781400874682.

External links

Legal offices
Preceded by
Office established
United States Attorney for the District of New Jersey
Succeeded by
U.S. Senate
Preceded by U.S. Senator (Class 2) from New Jersey
Served alongside: John Rutherfurd, Franklin Davenport
Succeeded by
U.S. House of Representatives
Preceded byas Representatives at-large Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from New Jersey's 2nd congressional district

Succeeded byas Representatives at-large
Party political offices
Preceded by Federalist nominee for Vice President of the United States
Party dissolved
This page was last edited on 13 February 2024, at 19:30
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