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Lucius Horatio Stockton

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Lucius Stockton
United States Attorney for the District of New Jersey
In office
PresidentJohn Adams
Preceded byAbraham Ogden
Succeeded byFrederick Frelinghuysen
Personal details
Princeton, New Jersey, U.S.
DiedMay 26, 1835 (aged 66–67)
Trenton, New Jersey, U.S.
Political partyFederalist
EducationPrinceton University (BA)

Lucius Horatio Stockton (1765 – May 26, 1835) was an American lawyer who served as U.S. Attorney for the District of New Jersey from 1798 to 1801. His rise to this position was relatively swift: he was admitted to the New Jersey bar in 1791; he became counsellor in 1794; and in April 1797, he was appointed sergeant-at-law.[1]


Stockton was the son of Annis Boudinot Stockton and Richard Stockton, one of the signers of the Declaration of Independence. He was born at Morven, the family's estate in Princeton, New Jersey. His brother, also named Richard Stockton, would go on to be the first U.S. Attorney for the District of New Jersey and to represent the state in the U.S. Senate. In later life, he was often referred to as Horace.

Stockton graduated from the College of New Jersey (now Princeton University) in 1787. He studied law and settled in Trenton, where he established a large practice. He was appointed U.S. Attorney for the District of New Jersey in 1798, serving until 1801.[2]

On January 13, 1801, President John Adams nominated Stockton to be Secretary of War, weeks before the end of his administration, in a move that incensed President-Elect Thomas Jefferson. On January 20, 1801, Richard Stockton, a congressman and the brother of Lucius wrote a letter to the Honorable Johnathan Dayton (a signer of the Constitution) asking Dayton to inform Adams that Lucius would not accept the nomination, and a letter to President Adams was enclosed. Stockton was known as a strongly partisan supporter of the Federalist Party.[3] Secretary of the Treasury Oliver Wolcott, Jr. at the time called him "a crazy, fanatical young man."[4] The nomination was later withdrawn by Adams.[5]

In 1803, Stockton wrote a series of articles in the Trenton Federalist defending himself and his late uncle Samuel W. Stockton from attacks by the True American, a Democratic-Republican organ.[3] On July 4, 1814, Stockton delivered the main address at the New Jersey Friends of Peace Convention, organized by Federalists opposed to U.S. involvement in the War of 1812. He was also the organizer of the Washington Benevolent Society of Trenton.[6]

He died on May 26, 1835 and was buried in Trenton.[3]

See also


  1. ^ James McLachlan, Richard A. Harrison, Ruth L. Woodward, Wesley Frank Craven, and J. Jefferson Looney, Princetonians: A Biographical Dictionary, Princeton, N.J., 1976–1991; 5 vols., vol. 4:238. Stockton's full entry runs from 4:237–244
  2. ^ Hageman, John Frelinghuysen (1879). History of Princeton and its institutions. J.B. Lippincott & Company. p. 88.
  3. ^ a b c Hall, John (1859). History of the Presbyterian Church in Trenton, N. J. Anson D. F. Randolph. pp. 398–9.
  4. ^ Gibbs, George (1846). Memoirs of the administrations of Washington and John Adams: edited from the papers of Oliver Wolcott, Secretary of the Treasury. 2. p. 468.
  5. ^ "Nominations". United States Senate Historical Office. Retrieved 2009-11-20.
  6. ^ Pasler, Margaret C. (1975). The New Jersey Federalists. Fairleigh Dickinson University Press. p. 213. ISBN 0-8386-1525-2.
Legal offices
Preceded by
Abraham Ogden
United States Attorney for the District of New Jersey
Succeeded by
Frederick Frelinghuysen
This page was last edited on 3 November 2020, at 11:22
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