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Point Arguello

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Point Arguello
Point Arguello

Point Arguello is a headland on the Pacific coast, in Santa Barbara County, California near the city of Lompoc.[1] The area was first used by the United States Navy in 1959 for the launch of military and sounding rockets. It was transferred to the United States Air Force in 1964,[2] at which time it became part of Vandenberg Air Force Base.[3]

History

In 1769, the Spanish Portola expedition became the first Europeans to explore this area by land. Soldiers of the expedition named a nearby point Los Pedernales or Punta Pedernales, because they found flints there.[4] The entire point was given that name on some early maps but, in 1792, British naval explorer George Vancouver dubbed it Point Arguello, for José Darío Argüello, a Spanish frontier soldier who was Commandant of the Presidio of Santa Barbara and acting governor of Alta California.[5]

A High-frequency direction finding (HFDF) was established here by the Navy during World War II. These radio intercept sites along the coast could track Japanese warships and merchant marine vessels as far away as the Western Pacific. The other stations in California were at Farallon Islands, Point Saint George, and San Diego. Bainbridge Island, Washington also hosted a station.[6]

Launch pads

Rockets listed in italics were launched from the complex after its transfer to Vandenberg AFB in 1964.

Original Designation Later Designation
(VAFB, from 1966)
Rockets Remarks
LC-1-1 SLC-3W Atlas-Agena
Thor-Agena
Thorad-Agena
Atlas E/F
LC-1-2 SLC-3E Atlas-Agena
Atlas E/F
Atlas H
Atlas IIAS
Atlas V
LC-2-3 SLC-4W Atlas-Agena
Titan IIIB
Titan 23G
LC-2-4 SLC-4E Atlas-Agena
Titan IIID
Titan 34D
Titan IV
Falcon 9
LC-A N/A Sounding rockets
LC-B N/A Sounding rockets
LC-C PLC-C Sounding rockets
LC-D SLC-5 Scout

See also

References

  1. ^ "Point Arguello". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey.
  2. ^ Wade, Mark. "Point Arguello". Encyclopedia Astronautica. Archived from the original on 2009-03-27. Retrieved 2009-05-19.
  3. ^ Day, Dwayne. "Vandenberg Air Force Base". Spaceflight. US Centennial of Flight Commission. Archived from the original on 2009-05-11. Retrieved 2009-05-19.
  4. ^ Bolton, Herbert E. (1927). Fray Juan Crespi: Missionary Explorer on the Pacific Coast, 1769-1774. HathiTrust Digital Library. pp. 176–177. Retrieved April 2014. Check date values in: |accessdate= (help)
  5. ^ Gudde, Erwin; William Bright (2004). California Place Names (Fourth ed.). University of California Press. p. 17. ISBN 0-520-24217-3.
  6. ^ Menzel, Sewall (2020). The Pearl Harbor Secret: Why Roosevelt Undermined the U.S. Navy. ABC-CLIO. p. 41. ISBN 9781440875861.

External links


This page was last edited on 23 August 2020, at 23:12
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