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Mișcarea Politică Unirea

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Union Political Movement
Mișcarea Politică Unirea
AbbreviationMPU
Founded15 January 2020
HeadquartersChișinău
IdeologyConservative liberalism
Moldovan–Romanian unionism[1]
Atlanticism[1]
Pro-Europeanism[1]
Anti-Russian sentiment[1]
Political positionRight-wing[2]
Colours  Blue
SloganUnirea pentru toți!
([the] Union for everyone!)[2]
Parliament
0 / 101
District Presidents
0 / 32

Mișcarea Politică Unirea (meaning "Union Political Movement"; MPU) is a right-wing political party of the Republic of Moldova. It was founded on 15 January 2020, after the initiative of five parties to join forces to fight for the unification of Romania and Moldova. The party participated in the 2020 Moldovan presidential election with its candidate, Dorin Chirtoacă, finishing last after receiving 1.2% of the votes.

History

Dorin Chirtoacă, the candidate of Mișcarea Politică Unirea for the 2020 Moldovan presidential election
Dorin Chirtoacă, the candidate of Mișcarea Politică Unirea for the 2020 Moldovan presidential election

On 15 January 2020, Mișcarea Politică Unirea (MPU) was established by five political parties: the Liberal Party (PL), the National Liberal Party (PNL), the Romanian Popular Party (PPR), the Democracy at Home Party (PPDA) and the Save Bessarabia Union (USB). The agreement by which its creation was agreed was signed by the leaders of the five parties in front of the Bust of Mihai Eminescu in the Alley of Classics in Chișinău, the Moldovan capital.[3] This was done in celebration of the 170th anniversary of the birth of the famous Romanian poet Mihai Eminescu. The parties pledged to participate jointly in the upcoming legislative, local and presidential elections in Moldova.[4]

Vasile Costiuc, the president of the PPDA, said that this was the first step towards "the constitution of a large movement, with national support"[3] and that its aim was "to stop the expansionism of the Russian Empire".[4] For his part, Dorin Chirtoacă, head of the PL, said that this was the movement that had been awaited for 30 years and expressed his desire to see Moldova within the European Union, NATO and as part of a Greater Romania. PPR leader Tatiana Potâng mentioned that this movement was a response "to the demands of society that the syndicalist [unionist] forces unite"[3] and that they chose 15 January for Eminescu to "not only to be our witness, but also to mark the supreme instance of this act".[4] Valeriu Munteanu, the captain of the USB, said that "the only chance for a better life for the citizens is to repair a serious historical error by reuniting Bessarabia with Romania", which as he said, was something "complicated but inevitable".[3] Finally, Ion Calmac, president of the PNL, said that "we urge other political forces to make mature decisions and to join our movement".[4]

On 23 May, the MPU demanded the resignation of the Prime Minister Ion Chicu and the removal of his Romanian citizenship.[5] This was due to a Facebook fight between Chicu and the Romanian MEP Siegfried Mureșan in which he called Romania as "the most corrupt country in Europe".[5][6][7] Other Moldovan political figures also voiced opposition to Chicu's comments,[5] and he eventually apologized.[8]

On 3 June, the MPU proposed the National Unity Party (PUN), one of the few other openly unionist parties of Moldova, to join the movement and propose a single candidate for the 2020 Moldovan presidential election.[9] In reply to this, the PUN stated that the proposal would be analyzed and considered and a "reasoned response" would be given when considered appropriate.[10] However, Octavian Țîcu, president of the PUN, later said that he would not dialogue with the MPU to realize the proposal.[11]

On 29 June, the MPU officially adopted a resolution by which Chirtoacă was designed as the party's candidate for the 2020 presidential elections. Other Moldovan unionist parties were encouraged again to join the movement.[12][13] A month later, on 29 August, it was announced that the MPU had submitted the necessary documents to the Central Election Commission of Moldova (CEC) to be registered and be able to run in the elections.[14] On 5 October, the CEC declared that it had registered both the MPU and the PUN to participate in the presidential elections, setting the number of candidates to eight in total (Chirtoacă for the MPU and Țîcu for the PUN).[15][16][17]

On 7 October, Chirtoacă presented the party's official slogan, Unirea pentru toți! ("[the] Union for everyone!"). Four other secondary slogans were also featured: Cu România în Europa ("With Romania in Europe"), Unirea și punctum ("Union and period"), În Europa prin Unire ("In Europe through the Union") and Europa până la capăt ("Europe to the end").[2]

During the presidential elections, Chirtoacă only received 16,145 votes (1.2% of the total), finishing last of the eight candidates and receiving fewer votes than the signatures he had submitted for participation.[18]

On 30 April 2021, the PPDA left the MPU, with Costiuc declaring that he considered the trajectories and objectives of the PPDA and the MPU were not the same.[19]

See also

References

  1. ^ a b c d Vițu, Valeria (16 January 2020). "Chișinău: Cinci partide au creat Mișcarea Politică Unirea. "Vom candida la alegeri pe o listă comună"". RFI România (in Romanian).
  2. ^ a b c "(VIDEO) "Unirea pentru toți". Candidatul UNIREA, Dorin Chirtoacă, și-a prezentat sloganele și mesajul de campanie". Cotidianul.md (in Romanian). 7 October 2020.
  3. ^ a b c d Mihailova, Iulia (15 January 2020). "S-a constituit mișcarea politică Unirea". Radio Europa Liberă Moldova (in Romanian).
  4. ^ a b c d "Cinci partide unioniste au constituit mișcarea politică "Unirea"". Agora (in Romanian). 15 January 2020.
  5. ^ a b c "Mișcarea Politică UNIREA cere demisia premierului Ion Chicu și totodată, renunțarea la cetățenia română". Cuvântul (in Romanian). 23 May 2020.
  6. ^ Necșuțu, Mădălin (25 May 2020). "Moldova PM sparks feud with Romania over corruption claim". Balkan Insight.
  7. ^ "Tensiuni diplomatice între România și Republica Moldova. Reacția președintelui Igor Dodon". Digi24 (in Romanian). 23 May 2020.
  8. ^ "Premierul moldovean Ion Chicu dă înapoi după întâlnirea cu ambasadorul român". Radio Europa Liberă România (in Romanian). 25 May 2020.
  9. ^ "Mișcarea Politică UNIREA cheamă PUN să facă front comun pentru prezidențiale și să propună un singur candidat". Agora (in Romanian). 3 June 2020.
  10. ^ "Declarația Partidului Unității Naționale privind propunerea Mișcării Politice Unirea" (in Romanian). National Unity Party. 3 June 2020.
  11. ^ Marchitan, Ana (10 July 2020). "Octavian Țîcu, de neclintit cu privire la un acord cu Mișcarea Politică Unirea". InfoPrut (in Romanian).
  12. ^ Frunză, Alina (29 June 2020). "DOC/ Mișcarea Politică UNIREA și-a desemnat candidatul pentru alegerile prezidențiale din toamnă". Ziarul de Gardă (in Romanian).
  13. ^ "Mișcarea Politică UNIREA își prezintă candidatul pentru alegerile prezidențiale". IPN (in Romanian). 30 June 2020.
  14. ^ Untila, Stela (29 August 2020). "Mișcarea Politică UNIREA a depus actele la CEC pentru înregistrarea blocului electoral". NewsMaker (in Romanian).
  15. ^ Barbăroșie, Liliana (5 October 2020). "Octavian Țîcu și Dorin Chirtoacă au fost înscriși oficial în cursa electorală". Radio Europa Liberă Moldova (in Romanian).
  16. ^ "Dorin Chirtoacă și Octavian Țîcu, înregistrați în cursa electorală pentru prezidențiale". Unimedia (in Romanian). 5 October 2020.
  17. ^ Botnarenco, Iurii (5 October 2020). "Octavian Țîcu şi Dorin Chirtoacă, înregistrați în cursa prezidențială". Adevărul Moldova (in Romanian).
  18. ^ "Cine este candidatul la Președinție care a acumulat mai puține voturi decât semnăturile depuse la CEC pentru a fi înscris în cursă". Unimedia (in Romanian). 2 November 2020.
  19. ^ "Mișcarea politică "Unirea" s-a dezunit în direct la TV". Deschide.MD (in Romanian). 30 April 2021.

External links

This page was last edited on 11 July 2021, at 11:43
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