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Administrative divisions of Moldova

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

According to the Moldovan law on territorial administrative organisation, Moldova is divided administratively into the following administrative territorial units: districts (Romanian: raioane; see also raions), cities/towns (Romanian: orașe) and villages (Romanian: sate).[1] The administrative territorial organization of Moldova is made on 2 levels:[2][3]

  1. villages (communes), sectors and cities/towns (municipii) constitute the first level,

along with Chișinău municipality, Bălți municipality and Tighina municipality.

Two or more villages can form together a commune (Romanian: comună).[4]

Currently, Moldova is divided into the following first-tier units,[5] which include 32 districts and 3 municipalities, grouped into three regions:

two autonomous territorial units:

  1. Gagauzia (officially the Autonomous Territorial Unit of Gagauzia, it lies in the Southern Region of Moldova)
  2. Left Bank of the Dniester (officially the Administrative-Territorial Units of the Left Bank of the Dniester)

The final status of the latter has not been settled yet, as the region, such as defined administratively, in fact is not under the control of Moldovan authorities. The cities of Comrat and Tiraspol also have municipality status, but are not among first-tier units of Moldova; they are the seats of Gagauzia and Transnistria, respectively.[citation needed] Besides Chișinău, Bălți, Tighina, Comrat, and Tiraspol, on 13 April 2017 eight more became municipalities: Cahul, Ceadîr-Lunga, Edineț, Hîncești, Orhei, Soroca, Strășeni, and Ungheni.[7]

Current administrative divisions of Moldova
Current administrative divisions of Moldova

Localities

Moldova has a total of 1,682 localities; from these 982 are incorporated (de jure with 982 mayors and 982 local councils), including 53 cities/towns, other 13 cities with municipality status (see municipiu), and 916 rural localities.[8] They cover the entire area of the country. A number of villages are self-governed, while others 700 villages are too small to have a separate administration, and are part of either cities/towns/municipalities (41 of them) or communes (659). Few localities are inhabited.

Current divisions

In the administrative-territorial structure of Moldova are 898 first level administrative territorial units (cities/towns, sectors and villages (communes)).[9]

The status of Chișinău, Bălți, and Tighina as municipalities and first-level territorial units of the country allows their suburb villages to have, when large enough, their own mayor and local council. By contrast, the villages that are administratively part of (some of) the other cities do not retain self-rule.

  • Districts (32):
Name of district District seat President Area
(km²)
Population
(2011)
Population
(2014
Census)[10]
Population
density
(2014)
Towns/
villages
Anenii Noi Anenii Noi Vladimir Vâzdoagă 892 83,100 78,996 88.6 45
Basarabeasca Basarabeasca Ilie Cernăuțan 295 29,200 23,012 78.0 10
Briceni Briceni Efimia Bendulac 814 75,300 70,029 86.0 39
Cahul Cahul Avram Micinschi 1,546 124,800 105,324 68.1 56
Cantemir Cantemir Ion Balan 870 62,800 52,115 59.9 51
Călărași Călărași Ilie Rău 753 78,800 64,401 85.5 54
Căușeni Căușeni Ilie Gluh 1,163 92,300 81,185 69.8 48
Cimișlia Cimișlia Ion Veveriță 923 61,700 49,299 53.4 39
Criuleni Criuleni Vitalie Rotaru 688 73,100 70,648 102.7 43
Dondușeni Dondușeni Anastasie Pavlov 645 45,100 37,856 58.7 30
Drochia Drochia Andrei Marian 1,000 90,100 74,443 74.4 40
Dubăsari Dubăsari Grigore Policinschi 309 35,200 29,271 94.7 15
Edineț Edineț Oleg Scutaru 933 82,900 71,849 77.0 49
Fălești Fălești Valeriu Muduc 1,073 92,600 78,258 86.3 76
Florești Florești Ștefan Paniș 1,108 90,000 76,457 69.0 74
Glodeni Glodeni Valeriu Țarigradschi 754 61,900 51,306 68.0 35
Hîncești Hîncești Grigore Cobzac 1,484 122,000 103,784 69.9 63
Ialoveni Ialoveni Nicolae Andronache 783 99,100 93,154 119.0 34
Leova Leova Efrosinia Grețu 775 53,800 44,702 57.7 39
Nisporeni Nisporeni Vasile Bîtcă 630 66,800 53,154 84.4 39
Ocnița Ocnița Ion Tomai 597 56,100 47,425 79.4 33
Orhei Orhei Ion Ștefârță 1,228 125,900 101,502 82.7 75
Rezina Rezina Eleonora Graur 621 52,600 42,486 68.4 41
Rîșcani Rîșcani Ion Parea 936 70,000 59,226 63.3 55
Sîngerei Sîngerei Gheorghe Meaun 1,033 93,400 79,814 77.3 70
Soroca Soroca Mircea Martîniuc 1,043 100,400 77,656 74.5 68
Strășeni Strășeni Petru Voloșciuc 730 91,300 82,675 113.3 39
Șoldănești Șoldănești Alexandru Relițchi 598 43,300 36,743 61.4 33
Ștefan Vodă Ștefan Vodă Vasile Buzu 998 71,900 62,072 62.2 26
Taraclia Taraclia Vasile Plagov 674 44,200 37,357 55.4 26
Telenești Telenești Boris Burcă 849 74,200 61,144 72.0 54
Ungheni Ungheni Iurie Toma 1,083 117,400 101,064 93.3 74
  • Municipalities of first-tier (3):
Municipality Mayor Area
(km²)
Population
(2011)
Population
(2014
Census)[11]
Population
density
(2014)
Towns/
villages
Chișinău Dorin Chirtoacă 563 789,500 662,836 1,177.3 35
Bălți Renato Usatîi 78 148,900 102,457 1,313.6 3
Tighina none¹ 97 101,000 2
Name of autonomy Autonomy Seat Leader Area
(km²)
Population
(2011)
Population
(2014
Census)[12]
Population
density
(2014)
Towns/
villages
Găgăuzia Comrat Irina Vlah 1,832 160,700 134,535 73.4 35
Left Bank of the Dniester Tiraspol none¹ 4,163 518,700 147

¹ Tighina and the Administrative-Territorial Units of the Left Bank of the Dniester are under the control of the unrecognized separatist Pridnestrovian Moldavian Republic (PMR, also known as Transnistria). There, Tighina is known as Bender.

Notes

Areas not under central government control include:

  • Transnistria, which with the exception of six communes (comprising a total of ten localities) corresponds to the geographic part of Moldova situated to the east of the Dniestr (Romanian: Nistru) river, is de jure a part of Moldova, but in fact is governed by breakaway authorities (see also: War of Transnistria). The city of Dubăsari (geographically and administratively in Transnistria, and not in the Dubăsari District), and six communes (administratively in the Dubăsari District of Moldova, and not in the administrative definition of Transnistria), all controlled by the central authorities (except the village of Roghi in commune Molovata Nouă, which is controlled by Tiraspol), form the northern part of the security zone set at the end of the war.
  • Tighina municipality (the city itself, plus the commune Proteagailovca), and three communes (five localities) of Căușeni District (Gîsca, Chițcani, and Cremenciug) are de facto controlled by the breakaway regime of Transnistria. Together with the commune Varnița of Anenii Noi District and the commune Copanca of Căușeni District under Moldovan control, these localities form the southern part of the security zone set at the end of the war. The city of Tighina has both a Moldovan police force (mostly symbolic) and a Transnistrian militsiya force (practically in charge in most instances). In Transnistria, Tighina is known as Bender.

Population

On the opposite end, 42 of the 66 cities, and about half the communes of Moldova have local administration providing services for a single locality.
The village of Schinoasa was outlined within commune Țibirica, Călărași District in 2007, and information is not available yet whether it has any population.
  • Village (hamlet) Ivanovca, commune Natalievca, Fălești District, population 19, inhabited by 14 Russians and 5 Ukrainians, is the only inhabited locality in Moldova without any ethnic Moldovans. On the opposite end, one commune, Cigîrleni, Ialoveni District, population 2,411, and 42 villages of sub-commune level (population varying from 1 to 673), have a 100% Moldovan population.

Coincidal names

There are 147 settlement names shared by multiple localities in Moldova. Most notable cases includes these:

Previous divisions

Counties (1998-2003)

Former counties of Moldova.
Former counties of Moldova.

Between 1998 and February 2003, Moldova was divided into 12 territorial units, including 1 municipality, 1 autonomous territorial unit, 1 territorial unit, and 9 counties (Romanian: județe; seats in brackets):

  1. Chișinău municipality, surrounded by Chișinău county, but different from it
  2. Bălți County (Bălți)
  3. Cahul County (Cahul)
  4. Chișinău County (Chișinău)
  5. Edineț County (Edineț)
  6. Lăpușna County (Hîncești)
  7. Orhei County (Orhei)
  8. Soroca County (Soroca)
  9. Tighina County (Moldova) (Căușeni)
  10. Ungheni County (Ungheni)
  11. Găgăuzia, autonomous territorial unit (Comrat)
  12. Left Bank of the Dniester, territorial unit (Tiraspol)

In October 1999, Taraclia County was split out from the Cahul County; it coincides with the current Taraclia District.

Cities and districts (1991-1998)

Between 1991-1998, Moldova was divided into 10 cities and 40 districts:[13]

Cities
Districts
  • Anenii Noi
  • Basarabeasca
  • Brinceni
  • Cahul
  • Camenca
  • Cantemir
  • Căinari
  • Călărași
  • Căușeni
  • Ceadîr-Lunga
  • Cimișlia
  • Comrat
  • Criuleni
  • Dondușeni
  • Drochia
  • Dubăsari
  • Edineț
  • Fălești
  • Florești
  • Glodeni
  • Grigoriopol
  • Hîncești
  • Ialoveni
  • Leova
  • Nisporeni
  • Ocnița
  • Orhei
  • Rezina
  • Rîbnița
  • Rîșcani
  • Sîngerei
  • Slobozia
  • Soroca
  • Strășeni
  • Șoldănești
  • Ștefan Vodă
  • Taraclia
  • Telenești
  • Ungheni
  • Vulcănești

See also

References

  1. ^ Law no. 764-XV from 27.12.2001 on territorial administrative organisation of the Republic of Moldova, article 4 para. 1 (in Romanian)
  2. ^ Law no. 764-XV from 27.12.2001 on territorial administrative organisation of the Republic of Moldova, article 4 para. 4 (in Romanian) [public domain]
  3. ^ Administrative-territorial organization of Moldova
  4. ^ Law no. 764-XV from 27.12.2001 on territorial administrative organisation of the Republic of Moldova, article 5 para. 2
  5. ^ Administrative-territorial units of Moldova[dead link]
  6. ^ Tighina is under the control of the unrecognized separatist Pridnestrovian Moldavian Republic (PMR, also known as Transnistria). There, Tighina is known as Bender.
  7. ^ LEGE Nr. 248 din 03.11.2016 pentru modificarea și completarea Legii nr. 764-XV din 27 decembrie 2001 privind organizarea administrativ-teritorială a Republicii Moldova (in Romanian)
  8. ^ Clasificatorul unităţilor administrativ-teritoriale (CUATM) (in Romanian)
  9. ^ Report on the Territorial Administrative Structure Options for the Republic of Moldova. March 2015
  10. ^ Departamentul Statistica si Sociologie al Republicii Moldova (web). The 2014 figures are officially adjusted for underenumeration, and include 209,030 persons absent from Moldova for more than 12 months.
  11. ^ Departamentul Statistica si Sociologie al Republicii Moldova (web). The 2014 figures are officially adjusted for underenumeration, and include 209,030 persons absent from Moldova for more than 12 months.
  12. ^ Departamentul Statistica si Sociologie al Republicii Moldova (web). The 2014 figures are officially adjusted for underenumeration, and include 209,030 persons absent from Moldova for more than 12 months.
  13. ^ www.statoids.com

External links

This page was last edited on 27 November 2021, at 19:15
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