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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Martha Keys
Martha Keys.jpg
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Kansas's 2nd district
In office
January 3, 1975 – January 3, 1979
Preceded byWilliam R. Roy
Succeeded byJames E. Jeffries
Personal details
Martha Elizabeth Ludwig

(1930-08-10) August 10, 1930 (age 91)
Hutchinson, Kansas, U.S.
Political partyDemocratic
Sam Keys
(m. 1949; div. 1975)

(m. 1976; separated 1981)
RelativesGary Hart (brother-in-law)
EducationUniversity of Missouri–Kansas City (BA)

Martha Elizabeth Keys (née Ludwig; born August 10, 1930) is an American retired politician who served in the U.S. House of Representatives from Kansas from 1975 to 1979.

Early life and education

Born in Hutchinson, Kansas, Keys graduated from Paseo High School in Kansas City, Missouri in 1945. She attended Olivet College from 1946 to 1947 and earned a Bachelor of Arts degree at the University of Missouri–Kansas City in 1951.


Keys was a Democratic campaigner in 1964 and 1968. She ran the McGovern presidential campaign in Kansas in 1972. When Bill Roy retired from the U.S. Congress she was persuaded to run for the seat by her brother-in-law, Senator Gary Hart, a Colorado Democrat.

She was elected a Democrat to the United States House of Representatives from Manhattan, Kansas in 1974 and served two terms before being defeated for reelection in 1978. While serving in the House of Representatives, Keys and her husband divorced, and she was remarried to fellow Congressman Andrew Jacobs, Jr. They separated in 1981 and eventually divorced.[1]

She then served as a special adviser to the Secretary of Health, Education, and Welfare from February 1979 to May 1980 and as an assistant secretary of education from June 1980 to January 1981. In 1982, Keys was elected to the Common Cause National Governing Board. Afterwards, she worked as a consultant and as director of the Center for a New Democracy from 1985 to 1986.

Personal life

She married Sam Keys, a university professor and, later, dean of the College of Education at Kansas State University. Keys's sister, Lee, was married to former U.S. Senator and presidential candidate Gary Hart until her death in 2021.[2]

See also


  1. ^ "Mary Bono and Connie Mack divorce: 'Life really changed' after election losses". Washington Post. May 29, 2013. Retrieved 2014-01-03.
  2. ^ "Lee Hart, Wife of Ex-Senator Gary Hart, Dies at 85". The New York Times. The Associated Press. 11 April 2021. Retrieved 11 April 2021.

External links

U.S. House of Representatives
Preceded by
William R. Roy
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Kansas's 2nd congressional district

Succeeded by
James E. Jeffries
This page was last edited on 11 April 2021, at 21:49
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