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London Borough of Lambeth

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Lambeth
Coat of arms of Lambeth

Coat of arms
Official logo of Lambeth

Council logo
Lambeth shown within Greater London
Lambeth shown within Greater London
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Constituent countryEngland
RegionLondon
Ceremonial countyGreater London
Created1 April 1965
Admin HQBrixton Hill, Lambeth Town Hall
Government
 • TypeLondon borough council
 • BodyLambeth London Borough Council
 • LeadershipLeader & Cabinet (Labour)
 • MayorChristopher Wellbelove (Labour)
 • London AssemblyFlorence Eshalomi (Labour) AM for Lambeth and Southwark
 • MPsKate Hoey (Labour)
Helen Hayes (Labour)
Chuka Umunna (Liberal Democrat)
 • EU ParliamentLondon
Area
 • Total10.36 sq mi (26.82 km2)
Area rank304th (of 317)
Population
 (mid-2017 est.)
 • Total324,000
 • Rank30th (of 317)
 • Density31,000/sq mi (12,000/km2)
 • Ethnicity[1]
39% White British
2.5% White Irish
0.1% White Gypsy or Irish Traveller
15.5% Other White
2.7% White & Black Caribbean
1.4% White & Black African
1.2% White & Asian
2.3% Other Mixed
1.6% Indian
1% Pakistani
0.7% Bangladeshi
1.5% Chinese
2% Other Asian
11.6% Black African
9.5% Black Caribbean
4.8% Other Black
0.6% Arab
1.9% Other
Time zoneUTC (GMT)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+1 (BST)
Postcodes
Area code(s)020
ONS code00AY
GSS codeE09000022
PoliceMetropolitan Police
Websitehttp://www.lambeth.gov.uk/

Lambeth (/ˈlæmbəθ/ (About this soundlisten))[2] is a London borough in south London, England, which forms part of Inner London. Its name was recorded in 1062 as Lambehitha ("landing place for lambs") and in 1255 as Lambeth. The geographical centre of London is at Frazier Street near Lambeth North tube station,[3] though nearby Charing Cross on the other side of the Thames in the City of Westminster is traditionally considered the centre of London.[4]

YouTube Encyclopedic

  • 1/4
    Views:
    5 953
    4 360
    12 619
    7 281
  • ✪ London Video Tour: Lambeth
  • ✪ A Taste of Kennington - Lambeth, South London (in 4K)
  • ✪ Lambeth - "No Colour Bar" Dance (1955)
  • ✪ 1970's Brixton | South London | Lambeth | 1970's

Transcription

I'm David Hill with New York Habitat. Welcome to our video tour of Lambeth located on the south bank of the river Thames just opposite Westminster. Lambeth is centrally located on the south side of the river opposite numerous famous landmarks in Westminster and with a wealth of culture all its own. Three miles wide and seven miles long, Lambeth is a culturally diverse borough. We are going to show you the northern and more touristic area running from Waterloo Bridge in the north down to Vauxhall Bridge and including half of Clapham Common. Waterloo Station is arguably London's busiest travel terminal. There are over 90 million passengers travelling through Waterloo overground and underground system each year. The present building was inaugurated in 1922 but there has been a railway station on this location since 1848. With three London underground lines running through here, the City of London is yours to discover. The South Bank Centre is Europe's largest centre for the Arts covering 21 acres including the Royal Festival Hall, The Queen Elizabeth Hall, and the Heywood Gallery. Attracting more than 3 million visitors per year The South Bank Centre hosts around 1000 performances annually. The Royal Festival Hall is perhaps the best know part of the South Bank. With 2500 seats and with prices starting as low as £9 this is an opportunity not to be missed. If you are looking for something for the family then why not check out the London Aquarium. With a fantastic variety of marine life from penguins to seahorses, turtles to sharks, this is a fun day for everyone. Check out nyhabitat.com for our range of apartments in the Lambeth area. From serviced apartments to self-catered private homes you are sure to find what you are looking for. One of the most recent but prominent landmarks is the giant London Eye situated on the banks of the river Thames. Walk on to one of the 32 passenger capsules for a 30 minute ride offering some fantastic and breathtaking views. Ticket prices start at £20 each and there are a range of options available including the romantic Champagne Experience. Just to the south of the London Eye along the river is Lambeth Palace. This palace has been the official London residence of the Archbishop of Canterbury since the 13th century and is opposite the Palace of Westminster. Parts of the original gardens were given to the public and are known as the Archbishop's Park. Further south and on the border of the borough of Wandsworth is Clapham Common. This area covers 220 acres and is a wonderful place for Londoners to relax. You'll find ponds, a skate park, sports facilities and children's play areas. Well, we've come to the end of our video tour of Lambeth. From the banks of the river Thames down to Clapham Common. If we have missed anything be sure and share it with us in the comment section below. And if you're coming to London, be sure to visit our website at nyhabitat.com and book a vacation rental or furnished apartment with New York Habitat. You'll find furnished apartments all over London. I'm David Hill with New York Habitat and we hope to see you soon strolling the streets of London!

Contents

History

Origins

Lambeth was part of the large, ancient parish of Lambeth St Mary, the site of the archepiscopal Lambeth Palace, in the hundred of Brixton in the county of Surrey.[5] It was an elongated north-south parish with 2 miles (3.2 km) of River Thames frontage opposite the cities of London and Westminster. Lambeth became part of the Metropolitan Police District in 1829. It remained a parish for Poor Law purposes after the Poor Law Amendment Act 1834, and was governed by a vestry after the introduction of the Metropolitan Board of Works in 1855.[5]

Borough origins

Until 1889, Surrey included the present-day London borough of Lambeth. When it drew the boundaries for the London boroughs, the government initially suggested that the Metropolitan Borough of Lambeth and the Metropolitan Borough of Southwark be merged into a new borough; the southern and eastern sections of the Metropolitan Borough of Wandsworth (including Clapham, Streatham and Tooting) would form another. South Shields town clerk R.S. Young was commissioned to make final recommendations to the government on the shape of the future London boroughs, and he noted that the Wandsworth council opposed the partition of their borough. However, Wandsworth's suggestion to merge Lambeth with the Metropolitan Borough of Battersea was rejected by both councils involved. Young believed that residents of Clapham and Streatham would be more familiar with Brixton than with Wandsworth, and recommended a new borough formed from the Metropolitan Borough of Lambeth and six wards and portions of two others from the Metropolitan Borough of Wandsworth.[6]

Political events

In 1979, the administration of Edward ("Red Ted") Knight organised the borough's first public demonstration against the Thatcher government.[7][8] In 1985 Knight's Labour administration was subjected to rate-capping, with its budget restricted by the government. Knight and most of the Labour councillors protested by refusing to propose budgets. As a result of the protest, 32 councillors were ordered to repay interest lost by the council due to budgeting delays and were disqualified from office.

In 1991, Joan Twelves' administration failed to collect the poll tax and opposed the war in the Persian Gulf.[7][8] The following year, Twelves and 12 other councillors were suspended from the local Labour Party by regional officials for advocating non-payment of the poll tax and other radical ideas.[7][9] Twelves' equally-militant deputy leader at this time was John Harrison.[10]

From 1978 to 2002 the council comprised 64 members, elected from 20 three-member and two two-member wards. Before this, the council had 60 members elected from 20 three-member wards. Just before the 2010 election, its political balance was 37 Labour members, 18 Liberal Democrats, seven Conservatives and one Green, giving Labour an eleven-member majority. In the 2010 Lambeth Council election, Labour gained seats and the Liberal Democrats, Conservatives and Greens lost seats. In 2014 the Liberal Democrats lost their seats, Conservatives were reduced to three and the Greens to one. Labour, gaining seats from the Conservatives and Liberal Democrats, had 59 seats.

In the 2016 European Union referendum, Lambeth at 78.62% had the highest share of Remain votes in the United Kingdom, second to overseas territory Gibraltar's 95.9%.[11]

Geography

Lambeth is a long, thin borough, about 3 miles (4.8 km) wide and 7 miles (11 km) long. Brixton is its civic centre, and there are other town centres. The largest shopping areas are (in order of size) Streatham, Brixton, Vauxhall, Clapham and West Norwood.

In the northern part of the borough are the central London districts of the South Bank, Vauxhall and Lambeth; in the south are the suburbs of Gipsy Hill, Streatham, West Dulwich and West Norwood. In between are the developed and inner-city districts of Brixton, Brixton Hill, Streatham Hill, Clapham, Clapham Park, Herne Hill, Stockwell, Tulse Hill and Kennington, which are each at different stages of gentrification and have suburban and urban elements. Vauxhall and South Lambeth are central districts in the process of redevelopment with high-density business and residential property. Streatham is between suburban London and inner-city Brixton, with the suburban and developed areas of Streatham, Streatham Hill and Streatham Vale.

Parks and green space

Despite the borough's population density, Lambeth has open spaces. They include Brockwell Park and Lido, Streatham Common, half of Clapham Common, West Norwood Cemetery, Archbishop's Park, Norbury Park, Vauxhall Pleasure Gardens and Ruskin and Larkhall Park and Kennington Parks.

Landmarks

Along and around the South Bank, a tourist area has developed around the former Greater London Council headquarters of County Hall and the Southbank Centre and National Theatre. Also on the river is the London Eye and Shell Centre. Nearby is St Thomas' Hospital, Lambeth Palace and the Florence Nightingale Museum.

A landmark in the centre of the borough is the Art Deco Sunlight Laundry on Acre Lane. Nearby is Brixton, home of Lambeth Town Hall and the Brixton Murals.

Large Ferris wheel at twilight
London Eye
Long white building in winter, with trees in front
Sunlight Laundry

Landmark church buildings include:

Red brick church with tall spire
St John the Divine on Vassall Road

The Oval cricket ground in Kennington is the home of Surrey County Cricket.

The Basaveshwara statue at the Albert Embankment erected by the Former Mayor of Lambeth Cllr Dr Neeraj Patil was unveiled by Prime Minister of India on 14 November 2015.

Demography

Population census
YearPop.±%
1801 34,135—    
1811 49,511+45.0%
1821 68,458+38.3%
1831 102,524+49.8%
1841 131,131+27.9%
1851 158,559+20.9%
1861 204,252+28.8%
1871 249,945+22.4%
1881 295,637+18.3%
1891 332,619+12.5%
1901 357,316+7.4%
1911 383,848+7.4%
1921 388,779+1.3%
1931 393,782+1.3%
1941 355,970−9.6%
1951 321,795−9.6%
1961 315,184−2.1%
1971 308,740−2.0%
1981 244,153−20.9%
1991 256,406+5.0%
2001 266,170+3.8%
2011 303,086+13.9%
Note:[12]

Ethnicity

Ethnic Group 2001[13] 2011[14]
Number % Number %
White: British 131,939 49.57% 118,250 39.02%
White: Irish 8,689 3.26% 7,456 2.46%
White: Gypsy or Irish Traveller 195 0.06%
White: Other 25,430 9.55% 47,124 15.55%
White: Total 166,058 62.39% 173,025 57.09%
Asian or Asian British: Indian 5,316 2.00% 4,983 1.64%
Asian or Asian British: Pakistani 2,634 0.99% 3,072 1.01%
Asian or Asian British: Bangladeshi 2,169 0.81% 2,221 0.73%
Asian or Asian British: Chinese 3,362 1.26% 4,573 1.51%
Asian or Asian British: Other Asian 2,045 0.77% 6,089 2.01%
Asian or Asian British: Total 15,526 5.83% 20,938 6.91%
Black or Black British: Caribbean 32,139 12.07% 28,886 9.53%
Black or Black British: African 30,836 11.59% 35,187 11.61%
Black or Black British: Other Black 5,579 2.10% 14,469 4.77%
Black or Black British: Total 68,554 25.76% 78,542 25.91%
Mixed: White and Black Caribbean 5,322 2.00% 8,302 2.74%
Mixed: White and Black African 2,159 0.81% 4,301 1.42%
Mixed: White and Asian 2,100 0.79% 3,574 1.18%
Mixed: Other Mixed 3,273 1.23% 6,983 2.30%
Mixed: Total 12,854 4.83% 23,160 7.64%
Other: Arab 1,728 0.57%
Other: Any other ethnic group 5,693 1.88%
Other: Total 3,177 1.19% 7,421 2.45%
BAME: Total 100,111 37.61% 130,061 42.91%
Total 266,169 100.00% 303,086 84.32%

Religion

Religion 2011[15]
Number %
Christian 160,944 53.10%
Buddhist 2,963 0.98%
Hindu 3,119 1.03%
Jewish 1,134 0.37%
Muslim 21,500 7.09%
Sikh 440 0.14%
Other religion 1,682 0.56%
No religion 84,803 27.98%
Religion not stated 26,501 8.74%
Total 219,396 100.00%

Arts

Civic affairs

Borough Council

A map showing the wards of Lambeth since 2002
A map showing the wards of Lambeth since 2002

Since 2002, Lambeth Borough Council has had 63 members elected in 21 three-member wards by means of a plurality bloc voting system. The wards are Bishop's, Brixton Hill, Clapham Common, Clapham Town, Coldharbour, Ferndale, Gipsy Hill, Herne Hill, Knight's Hill, Larkhall, Oval, Prince's, St Leonard's, Stockwell, Streatham Hill, Streatham South, Streatham Wells, Thornton, Thurlow Park, Tulse Hill and Vassall.

Civic council affairs

Since 1994 the mayor of Lambeth has been elected unanimously by their fellow councillors, with each of the three political parties supplying a candidate in rotation. According to the borough's website, this underscores the mayor's apolitical role and enables him or her to represent all the borough's citizens.

The council is run by a leader and cabinet, chaired by council leader Lib Peck. All cabinet members are from the ruling Labour Party. The leader of the opposition is Scott Ainsle (Green), which includes Green Party Co-leader Jonathan Bartley and the leader of the Conservative opposition is Timothy Briggs. The chief executive is Andrew Travers.

Mark Bennett became mayor in March 2013, and died in February 2014.[16] The current mayor is Cllr Christopher Wellbelove [17]

Coat of arms

The borough's coat of arms is that of the former Metropolitan Borough of Lambeth, with two gold stars (mullets) in the second and third quarters of the shield indicating the addition of the districts of Clapham and Streatham. Its motto is "Spectemur agendo" ("Let us be judged according to our conduct").

Westminster Parliament

The borough has three Parliamentary constituencies: Dulwich and West Norwood (shared with Southwark), Streatham and Vauxhall.

Twinning

The former Metropolitan Borough of Lambeth and its successor have been twinned with the Vincennes district of Paris in France since 1955. Lambeth is also twinned with Bluefields, Nicaragua; Brooklyn, New York; Shinjuku, Japan and Spanish Town, Jamaica.

Transport

The borough contains the London Waterloo railway station, the Waterloo tube station network and (until 2007) the London terminus for Eurostar. National Rail service in Lambeth is provided by South Western Railway, Southeastern, Southern, Govia Thameslink Railway and London Overground.

Bridges and tunnels

Modern rail bridge
Hungerford Bridge and the Golden Jubilee Bridges, seen from the north
Aerial view of large railway station
Waterloo Station from the London Eye
Round air-raid shelter, with a colourful mural
Stockwell war memorial and shelter

Railway stations

London Overground stations

Tube stations

Commuting

In March 2011, the primary forms of transport borough residents used to travel to work were the London Underground, metro, light rail or tram (21.4 percent of residents aged 16–74); bus, minibus or coach (10 percent); train (10 percent); automobile (8.6 percent); bicycle (5.7 percent), or walking (5.4 percent). A small percentage (3.2 percent) worked mainly at—or from—home.[18]

See also

References

  1. ^ 2011 Census: Ethnic group, local authorities in England and Wales, Office for National Statistics (2012). See Classification of ethnicity in the United Kingdom for the full descriptions used in the 2011 Census.
  2. ^ "Lambeth". Collins Dictionary.
  3. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 30 May 2016. Retrieved 6 May 2016.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
  4. ^ BBC. "Where Is The Centre Of London?".
  5. ^ a b Youngs, Frederic (1979). Guide to the Local Administrative Units of England. I: Southern England. London: Royal Historical Society. ISBN 0-901050-67-9.
  6. ^ "London Government: The London Boroughs", Ministry of Housing and Local Government, HMSO, 1962. See in particular paragraphs 51–57.
  7. ^ a b c "The rise and fall of Red Ted's loony lefties". 29 July 1995.
  8. ^ a b Kate Hoey MP and Lambeth Labour Party – Brian Deer investigates. Briandeer.com (8 August 1993). Retrieved on 17 July 2013.
  9. ^ Bennett, Will (29 July 1995). "The rise and fall of Red Ted's loony lefties". The Independent.
  10. ^ GLATUC News. Glatuc.org.uk. Retrieved on 17 July 2013.
  11. ^ "EU referendum: full results and analysis". The Guardian. 24 June 2016.
  12. ^ "Lambeth: Total Population". A Vision of Britain Through Time. Great Britain Historical GIS Project. Retrieved 6 September 2011.
  13. ^ "KS006 - Ethnic group". NOMIS. Retrieved 30 January 2016.
  14. ^ "Ethnic Group by measures". NOMIS. Retrieved 2 September 2014.
  15. ^ "2011 census - theme tables". Retrieved 5 September 2014.
  16. ^ De Peyer, Robin. "Tributes flood in for Lambeth Mayor Mark Bennett, who has died suddenly aged 44". London Evening Standard. 5 February 2014. Retrieved 22 April 2014.
  17. ^ "The Mayor, the leader of the Council and Cabinet members – guide". Lambeth Council. 23 May 2018.
  18. ^ "2011 Census: QS701EW Method of travel to work, local authorities in England and Wales". Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 23 November 2013. Percentages are of all residents aged 16–74 including those not in employment. Respondents could only pick one mode, specified as the journey's longest part by distance.

External links

This page was last edited on 13 June 2019, at 22:28
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