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London Borough of Ealing

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

London Borough of Ealing
London borough
Coat of arms of London Borough of Ealing

Coat of arms
Official logo of London Borough of Ealing

Council logo
Motto(s): Progress with Unity
Ealing shown within Greater London

Ealing shown within Greater London
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Constituent country England
Region London
Ceremonial county Greater London
Created 1 April 1965
Admin HQ Ealing Town Hall, Uxbridge Road, Ealing
Government
 • Type London borough council
 • Body Ealing London Borough Council
 • Leadership

Leader & Cabinet - Cllr Julian Bell
Chief Executive -

Paul Najsarek (Labour)
 • Mayor Cllr Patricia Walker
 • London Assembly Onkar Sahota AM for Ealing and Hillingdon
 • MPs Stephen Pound
Rupa Huq
Virendra Sharma
 • EU Parliament London
Area
 • Total 55.53 km2 (21.44 sq mi)
Area rank 265th (of 326)
Population (mid-2017 est.)
 • Total 342,700
 • Rank 18th (of 326)
 • Density 6,200/km2 (16,000/sq mi)
 • Ethnicity[1]

30.4% White British
3.1% White Irish
0.1% White Gypsy or Irish Traveller
15.4% Other White
1.2% White & Black Caribbean
0.6% White & Black African
1.4% White & Asian
1.3% Other Mixed
14.3% Indian
4.3% Pakistani
0.5% Bangladeshi
1.2% Chinese
9.3% Other Asian
5.1% Black African
3.9% Black Caribbean
1.9% Other Black
2.9% Arab

3.1% Other
Time zone UTC (GMT)
 • Summer (DST) UTC+1 (BST)
Postcodes HA, NW, UB, W, TW
Area code(s) 020
ONS code 00AJ
GSS code E09000009
Police Metropolitan Police
Website https://www.ealing.gov.uk

The London Borough of Ealing /ˈlɪŋ/ (About this sound listen) is a London Borough in west London, England, and forms part of Outer London. It is the 3rd largest London Borough in population, and 11th largest in area, covering part of west London and a small part of north west London. Its administrative centre is Ealing Broadway. Other major centres include Acton, Greenford and Southall. The local authority is Ealing London Borough Council. Ealing is the only London Borough to have adopted a flag.

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Transcription

Contents

Location

The London Borough of Ealing borders the London Borough of Hillingdon to the west, the London Borough of Harrow and the London Borough of Brent to the north, the London Borough of Hammersmith and Fulham to the east and the London Borough of Hounslow to the south.

The London borough was formed in 1965 by the merging the area of the Municipal Borough of Ealing, the Municipal Borough of Southall and the Municipal Borough of Acton.

Along with Brentford, the London Borough of Ealing is the setting for much of the action in Robert Rankin's series of comedic novels, The Brentford Trilogy, which currently consists of six volumes.[citation needed] Ealing is also the primary setting for The Sarah Jane Adventures, being the location of Sarah Jane Smith's home.

Within the borough are two garden suburbs, Brentham Garden Suburb and Bedford Park.

330 hectares within the borough are designated as part of the Metropolitan Green Belt.

Districts

A map showing the wards of Ealing since 2002
A map showing the wards of Ealing since 2002

Parliamentary constituencies in Ealing

London Fire Brigade

There are four fire stations within the London Borough of Ealing. Southall and Northolt have similar-sized station grounds and both house two pumping appliances. Southall attended[clarification needed] some 700 incidents more than their Northolt counterparts in 2006/07. Ealing, with two pumping appliances, and Acton, one pump and two fire investigation units, are the other two appliances in the area. The ward of Northfield had over forty malicious calls made from it, more than twice as any other ward within Ealing.[2]

Education

Ealing has a total of 91 state-run schools and nurseries. There are 13 high schools under the domain of the local education authority, 12 of which are either comprehensive, foundation or voluntary-aided, and one city academy.

A number of successful independent schools, including Avenue House School (co-ed, ages 3–11), St Benedict's School (co-ed), the Barbara Speake Stage School (co-ed, ages 4–16), St Augustine's Priory (girls) and Notting Hill & Ealing High School (girls), are also located within the borough. The King Fahad Academy is an independent Saudi funded school within the borough.

The Japanese School in London is a Japanese international school in Acton.[3]

Demographics

The borough of Ealing is ethnically diverse. In 2011, 49% gave their ethnicity as white, 30% as Asian, 15% as Black and 4.5% as of mixed or multiple ethnicity, the remaining identifying as Arab or other ethnicity.[1] The main religions of the borough's population in 2011 were Christianity (44%), Islam (16%) and Sikhism (8%); 15% stated they had no religion and a further 7% did not state any religion.[4]

Population census
YearPop.±%
1801 4,033—    
1811 4,578+13.5%
1821 5,455+19.2%
1831 6,510+19.3%
1841 10,919+67.7%
1851 11,434+4.7%
1861 24,489+114.2%
1871 37,544+53.3%
1881 50,599+34.8%
1891 67,976+34.3%
1901 105,463+55.1%
1911 163,628+55.2%
1921 190,486+16.4%
1931 221,801+16.4%
1941 259,250+16.9%
1951 303,029+16.9%
1961 301,757−0.4%
1971 300,577−0.4%
1981 278,671−7.3%
1991 281,743+1.1%
2001 300,947+6.8%
2011 338,449+12.5%
Note:[5]

Ethnicity-based communities

The borough has a long-standing Irish community which is particularly visible through the number of established Irish pubs in the borough and the popularity of Gaelic games in the community. Country flags for example can be seen flown on the outside or hung inside of various pubs in the area, especially on St Patrick's Day. St Benedict's School has also had a long term affiliation with the Irish community in Ealing, as it is a Catholic school. Many Irish members of the Ealing borough attend Ealing Abbey which is linked to St Benedict's School. The Irish population is mostly concentrated within Hanwell.[citation needed]

Ealing has a large British-Polish community that owes its origins to the World War II refugees and Polish armed forces finding both cheap accommodation and work in the Acton area, which then had a high proportion of London's light engineering companies involved with government war contracts. This community has grown considerably including more shops with authentic Polish food since Poland joined the EU and its migrant workers have been able to come to the UK freely; in 2011 the borough had the UK's highest proportion of Polish speakers at 6% of the population.[6] This has also led to an increase in Polish social centres in the borough. The population is highly concentrated in Acton, Greenford and Perivale.

Southall in the west of the borough is home to one of the largest South Asian communities in the UK, the majority of whom are Sikhs.[7][8][9][10][11] The community first developed in the 1950s. The Asian population makes up 80% of Southall Broadway ward as of 2011, a contrast compared to the 8% of Southfield ward in the borough's east.

In a speech to mark the 70th anniversary of the Indian Journalists' Association and of Indian independence on 15 August 1947 North Ealing MP Stephen Pound said: "There is North Ealing, South Ealing and Darjeeling" referring to the relatively large Asian population.[12]

There are also churches and centres for London's Hungarian[13] and Assyrian communities in South Ealing.

Other demographics

As of the 2011 census, Hanger Hill had, at 13%, the largest proportion of people aged 65 and over. The lowest were East Acton and Southall Green, at 8% each.[14]

Sport and leisure

Brentford F.C. draw a large amount of local support from the borough, although Griffin Park is situated just outside the borough, in the neighbouring London Borough of Hounslow.

The borough is represented in Rugby Union by Ealing Trailfinders and in Rugby League by the London Broncos.

The borough has four Non-League football clubs Hanwell Town F.C. and Southall F.C. which both play at Reynolds Field in Perivale. the other two clubs are London Tigers F.C., which plays at the Avenue Park Stadium in Greenford and North Greenford United F.C., which plays at Berkeley Fields.

Transport

Rail and London Underground

The numerous National Rail and London Underground stations in the borough are:

Travel to work

In March 2011, the main forms of transport that residents used to travel to work were: driving a car or van, 21.8% of all residents aged 16–74; underground, metro, light rail, tram, 9.2%; bus, minibus or coach, 9.2%; on foot, 4.7%; train, 4.0%; work mainly at or from home, 3.0%; bicycle, 2.0%.[15]

Transport development

In April 2009 the council voted to call on Transport for London to look into the proposal for a North and West London Light Railway.[16]

Town twinning

Ealing is twinned with:

References

  1. ^ a b 2011 Census: Ethnic group, local authorities in England and Wales, Office for National Statistics (2012). See Classification of ethnicity in the United Kingdom for the full descriptions used in the 2011 Census.
  2. ^ London-fire.gov.uk Archived 25 February 2009 at the Wayback Machine.
  3. ^ "Home Archived 2 January 2014 at the Wayback Machine.." Japanese School in London. Retrieved on 1 January 2014. "所在地:87 CREFFIELD ROAD, ACTON, LONDON, W3 9PU, U.K."
  4. ^ 2011 Census: KS209EW Religion, local authorities in England and Wales, Office for National Statistics (2012).
  5. ^ "Ealing: Total Population". A Vision of Britain Through Time. Great Britain Historical GIS Project. Retrieved 6 September 2011.
  6. ^ England's second language is Polish | UK | Express.co.uk - Home of the Daily and Sunday Express
  7. ^ Harcourt, Gordon (4 May 2005). "British Asians' immigration fears". BBC News. Retrieved 2009-03-21.
  8. ^ Philipose, Pamela (13 July 2003). "Voice from Little India". Indian Express. Retrieved 13 December 2009.
  9. ^ Dhaliwal, Nirpal (22 July 2007). "Cameron is given a black eye by the real Southall". The Sunday Times. London. Retrieved 13 December 2009.
  10. ^ Bhamra, Kuljit (6 April 2009). "The (untold) Southall Story". Asians in Media Magazine. Retrieved 13 December 2009.
  11. ^ Rappeport, Alan (29 January 2006). "A Real Taste of South Asia? Take the Tube to Southall". New York Times. Retrieved 13 December 2009.
  12. ^ "We're the beneficiaries of reverse colonialism". Times of India.
  13. ^ "Magyarok Nagyasszonya Főlélkeszség" (in Hungarian). magyarkatolikusok.co.uk. Archived from the original on 28 January 2013. Retrieved 16 April 2013.
  14. ^ [1][permanent dead link]
  15. ^ "2011 Census: QS701EW Method of travel to work, local authorities in England and Wales". Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 23 November 2013. Percentages are of all residents aged 16-74 including those not in employment. Respondents could only pick one mode, specified as the journey’s longest part by distance.
  16. ^ "Notes Of Council Meeting - 21st April 2009". Ealing Council. Archived from the original on 20 December 2014. Retrieved 24 November 2013.
  17. ^ Ealing Council.Twinning. Accessed 2008-09-19

External links

This page was last edited on 2 July 2018, at 11:01
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