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List of military equipment of Islamic State

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

This is a list of some of the military equipment used by the Islamic State (IS).[1][2]

Small arms

Assault and battle rifles

Name Type Quantity Origin Photo Notes
MAS-36[3] Bolt-action rifle ?  France
MAS Modèle 36.jpg
Seen service by IS insurgents in Syria, 2019.
SKS Semi automatic rifle

 Soviet Union

Simonow SKS 45 noBG.jpg
Captured from Syrian Army.[4]
AK-47 Assault rifle Unknown[5][unreliable source?]  Soviet Union
АК-47.jpg
Captured from Syrian Army.
AKM Assault rifle Unknown[5][unreliable source?]  Soviet Union
AKM automatkarbin - 7,62x39mm.jpg
Captured from Syrian Army.
AK-74/AK-74M
AKS-74U
Assault rifle  Soviet Union
Ak74 m.jpeg
Limited used.
AK-103 Assault rifle  Russia
AK-103.JPG
Captured from Libyan Army.
AK-63 Assault rifle Unknown[5][unreliable source?]  Hungary Captured from Syrian Army.
AMD-65 Assault rifle Unknown[5][unreliable source?]  Hungary
Right side of AMD-65.jpg
Captured from Syrian Army.
Zastava M70 Assault rifle Unknown[5][unreliable source?]  Yugoslavia
Zastava M70AB2 Hunter la5.JPG
Captured from Syrian Army. Iraqi Tabuk variant is also seen in parades.
Type 56 assault rifle Assault rifle Unknown[5][unreliable source?]  China
Norinco type 56 noBG.png
Captured from Syrian Army.
MPi-KM Assault rifle Unknown[5][unreliable source?]  East Germany
MPi-Km 72.jpg
Captured from Syrian Army.
Pistol Mitralieră model 1963/1965 Assault rifle Unknown[5][unreliable source?]  Socialist Republic of Romania
PMmd.1963.jpg
Captured from Syrian Army.
vz. 58[6] Assault rifle Small quantities  Czechoslovakia
Sa 58-JH02.jpg
Likely captured from Iraqi stockpile.
FB Tantal[citation needed]
FB Beryl[citation needed]
Assault rifle  Poland
Tantal REMOV.jpg
Bushmaster XM-15[citation needed] Semi automatic rifle  United States
M4gery.jpg
M16 rifle

(Very Limited)

Assault rifle Unknown[5][unreliable source?]  United States
The M16A4 Series 5.56mm Rifle.jpg
Captured from Iraqi Army and police.[7] M16A2 variant. Popular within IS.
StG 44[8]
(Very Limited)
Assault rifle  Nazi Germany
Sturmgewehr44 noBG.jpg
Around 5,000 captured by rebel forces, in common use until mid 2017 as ammunition reserves depleted.
Norinco CQ[9] Assault rifle  China
NORINCO Type CQ 5'56x45mm assault rifle.jpg
Daewoo K2C[10] Assault rifle  South Korea
Daewoo K2C.jpg
Most likely seized during delivery to the Iraqi Army, or captured from Iraqi troops.
FN FAL[9] Battle rifle  Belgium
FN-FAL belgian.jpeg
used in Libya
Heckler and Koch G3[9] Battle rifle  West Germany
DCB Shooting G3 pictures.jpg
used in Yemen

Sniper rifles and anti-material rifles

Name Type Quantity Origin Photo Notes
Mosin–Nagant Sniper rifle  Russian Empire
Mosin pu hungarian M52.jpg
Is rarely seen compared to the Dragunov sniper rifle. Equipped with PU, PE, and modified PSO-1 scopes.[11][12] Was also seen in an execution video.
Dragunov SVD Designated marksman rifle 3000+[5][unreliable source?]  Soviet Union
SVD Dragunov.jpg
PSL/FPK[13] Designated marksman rifle  Socialist Republic of Romania
Psl sniper rifle.jpeg
M40A3[citation needed] Sniper rifle  United States
M-40A3.jpg
M14 EBR (Limited) Designated marksman rifle  United States
PEO M14 EBR.jpg
Captured from Iraqi Army.

(8:40 mins)[14]

M99 Anti-material rifle [5][unreliable source?]  China

Machine guns

Name Type Quantity Origin Photo Notes
PKM General-purpose machine gun [5][unreliable source?]  Soviet Union
7,62 KK PKM Helsinki 2012.JPG
Most common belt-fed machine gun used.
Type 80 General-purpose machine gun  China
VOA Arrott - A View of Syria, Under Government Crackdown 08.jpg
Captured from Syrian Army.
Rheinmetall MG3 General-purpose machine gun [15]  West Germany
BundeswehrMG3.jpg
Possibly captured from the FSA
FN Minimi Light machine gun  Belgium
FN MINIMI Standard Right.jpg
RPD Light machine gun [5][unreliable source?]  Soviet Union
LMG-RPD-44.jpg
Mostly seen in parades, unknown number.
RPK Light machine gun [5][unreliable source?]  Soviet Union
RPK Machine Gun 7.62 x 39.jpg
NSV machine gun Heavy machine gun [5][unreliable source?]  Soviet Union
12,7 NSV Turku 3.JPG
DShK Heavy machine gun [5][unreliable source?]  Soviet Union
W85 Heavy machine gun  People's Republic of China
TankBiathlon2016Final-11 (cropped).jpg
Used very commonly.

Shotguns

Name Type Quantity Origin Photo Notes
Benelli M3[citation needed] Combat shotgun  Italy
Benelli M3 Super 90.jpg
Seen on a beheading video.
Franchi SPAS-12[citation needed] Combat shotgun  Italy
SPAS 12 Fixed Stock and Folding Stock.JPG

Pistols

Name Type Quantity Origin Photo Notes
Glock 17[16] Semi-automatic pistol  Austria
ARMS & Hunting 2012 exhibition (474-23).jpg
Glock 19 Semi-automatic pistol (some converted to full-auto)[17]  Austria
GLOCK 19.JPG
Browning Hi-Power[7] Semi-automatic pistol  Belgium
Browning High-Power 9mm IMG 1526.jpg
Beretta M92[18] Semi-automatic pistol  Italy
M9 Left.jpg
Walther P99[19] Semi-automatic pistol  Germany
Walther P99 9x19mm.png
Makarov pistol Semi-automatic pistol  Soviet Union
Пистолет Макарова.png
TT-33 Semi-automatic pistol  Soviet Union
TT-33 2.JPG
CZ 75 Semi-automatic pistol  Czechoslovakia
Cz75.jpg

Explosives, anti-tank weapons, grenade launchers, and anti-aircraft launchers

Name Type Quantity Origin Photo Notes
IED Improvised explosive device Large quantities  Islamic State
IED Baghdad from munitions.jpg
Most commonly used.
Some captured from YPG.[citation needed]
M62 grenade Hand grenade  United States
M-67Grenade.jpg
Multiple caches.[20]
RGD-5 Hand grenade  Soviet Union
Rgd 5 hand grenade.jpeg
Captured from Iraqi and Syrian stockpiles.
F1 Hand grenade  Soviet Union
F1 grenade travmatik com 01 by-sa.jpg
Captured from Iraqi and Syrian stockpiles.
RPG-43[citation needed] Anti-tank grenade  Soviet Union
Kim Shin-jo weapons RPG43 (1).JPG
Captured from Syrian army stockpiles.
AGS-17 Automatic grenade launcher  Soviet Union
30-мм автоматический гранатомет АГС-17 Пламя.jpg
[5][unreliable source?]
RPG-7 Rocket propelled grenade launcher Large quantities  Soviet Union
RPG-7V1 grenade launcher - RaceofHeroes-part2-22.jpg
Commonly used.
RPG-22 Rocket propelled grenade launcher  Soviet Union
RPG-22 rocket launcher.jpg
[5][unreliable source?]
RPG-29 Rocket propelled grenade launcher  Soviet Union
RPG-29 USGov.JPG
[5][unreliable source?]
M79 Osa[21][22] Anti-tank rocket launcher  Yugoslavia
M79-OSA.jpg
MILAN[23] Anti-tank missile  France
MILAN P1220770.jpg
BGM-71 TOW[24] Anti-tank missile  United States
2014.08.01. 한미해병대 연합훈련 ROKMC 1st Div, - ROKUS Marine Combined Exercise (14648029309).jpg
Captured from FSA.
9K111 Fagot[citation needed] Anti-tank missile  Soviet Union
POLK 9K111 Fagot.jpg
9K115-2 Metis-M Anti-tank missile  Russia
Antitank missile system Metis-M1.jpg
9M133 Kornet[25] Anti-tank missile  Russia
9M133 Kornet.JPG
HJ-8[26][27] Anti-tank missile  China
BaktarShikan3.JPG
FN-6[28] Man-portable surface-to-air missile 1[29]  China Reportedly used on October 3, 2014 in Baiji to shoot down an Iraqi Mi‑35M helicopter.[28]
9K32 Strela-2[28] Man-portable surface-to-air missile 8[29][30]  Soviet Union
SA-7.jpg
"Limited, aging stock."[30]
9K38 Igla[31] Man-portable surface-to-air missile  Soviet Union
SA-16 launcher and missile.jpg
9K38 Igla-S[31] Man-portable surface-to-air missile  Soviet Union
Igla-Super.jpg
Hwaseong-Chong[29] Man-portable surface-to-air missile 1[29]  North Korea
FIM-92[6] Man-portable surface-to-air missile  United States
1-7 repels enemy assault at Lava Training Area 140203-M-OM885-094.jpg

Towed arms

Towed artillery

Name Type Quantity Origin Photo Notes
ZU-23-2[32] Towed anti-aircraft twin autocannon 83 (2015)[29][30]  Soviet Union
Zu-23-2-belarus.jpg
Usually mounted on technicals.[29]
AZP S-60[31] Anti-aircraft gun 21[29][30]  Soviet Union
S-60.jpg
85 mm divisional gun D-44 Field gun[29] 1[29]  Soviet Union
D-44-beyt-hatotchan-1.jpg
122-mm howitzer D-30[32] Howitzer 2[30]  Soviet Union
Хаубица Д-30 122мм.jpg
122 mm howitzer M1938 (M-30)[29] Howitzer 2[29]  Soviet Union
M30 howitzer nn 1.jpg
203 mm howitzer M1931 (B-4) Howitzer 1+  Soviet Union
Belarus-Minsk-Museum of GPW Exhibition-2.jpg
More than one captured in Dayr Hafir.
D-74 122 mm field gun[29] Field gun 6 (2015)[30]  Soviet Union
M-46[32] Field gun 34[29]  Soviet Union
Iraqi Type 59 130 mm field gun.JPEG
M198 howitzer Towed howitzer Up to 5[33]  United States
U.S. Marines in the Persian Gulf War (1991) 001.jpg
Captured from Iraqi Army.

Vehicles

Logistics and utility vehicles

Name Type Quantity Origin Photo Notes
UAZ-469 Off-road military light utility vehicle 8[29][30]  Soviet Union
Uaz-469-1.jpg
Captured in Iraq.
Ural-4320 6×6 off-road truck 50+[34][35]  Soviet Union
Interpolitex2016part2-14.jpg
Captured from Syrian Army.
HMMWV Light utility vehicle ≈2,300 (2015) [36][37][38][39]  United States
060322-N-5438H-018 U.S. Army soldiers assigned to the Bravo Battery 3rd Battalion 320th Field Artillery Regiment along with Iraq Army soldiers from the 1st Battalion 1st Brigade 4th Division perform a routine patrol.jpg
Many captured from Iraqi Army. Main vehicle used by IS in SVBIED operations.

Most of them were taken back by the Iraqi army since IS defeat. Some of them were destroyed while the damaged ones were refurbished and made operational again. (4:15 mins) [40]

Technicals Improvised fighting vehicles Varies from hundreds to thousands.  Islamic State
Ali Hassan al-Jaber Brigade.jpg
Hundreds of variants exist, including SVBIED versions.
RG-31 Nyala[citation needed] Infantry mobility vehicle  South Africa
RG-31.JPG
Seen in Libya.
Safir[citation needed] Off-road military light utility vehicle  Iran
Safir 1.jpg
Captured from Hezbollah.

Tanks and armored fighting vehicles

Name Type Quantity Origin Photo Notes
BMP-1 Armoured personnel carrier 25[29]  Soviet Union
Bmp-1-DMSC9112086 JPG.jpg
Captured from the armies of Iraq, Syria, and other factions such as SDF and FSA. Some converted to SVBIED.
MT-LB[41]
Armoured personnel carrier unknown[30]  Soviet Union
Amna Sur 02.JPG
BPM-97 Armoured personnel carrier 1+[34][35]  Russia
Upgraded KAMAZ-43269 Vistrel 1.jpg
Captured from Syrian Army.
BRDM-2[29] Amphibious armoured personnel carrier 6[29]  Soviet Union
BRDM-2 on a military parade.JPEG
Possibly captured by the Libyan army.
MRAP Armoured personnel carrier 13[32]  United States
Caimanrollover.JPG
Captured from the Iraqi Army and Police.
M113 APC Armoured personnel carrier 52[30]  United States
Allied Spirit I 150126-A-LO967-001.jpg
Captured from the Iraqi[42] and the Egyptian Army. Some converted to SVBIED.
T-55/55MV/AM/AMV Main battle tank At least 82 (2015)[29][30][43]  Soviet Union
T-55 4.jpg
Captured from the Iraqi Army and Libyan militias. Many destroyed or captured. Some converted to SVBIED.
T-62 Obr. 1967/Obr. 1972 Main battle tank 15 (2015)[29]  Soviet Union
T62 side.jpg
Possibly captured from Syrian Army, one destroyed near Kobani, another with reinforced turret knocked out near Ma'adan.
T-72/72M/A/AV /TURMS-T/M1 TURMS-T Main battle tank 22 (2015)[29][30]  Soviet Union
ParkPatriot2015part2-28.jpg
Possibly captured from the Syrian Army.

Self-propelled artillery

Name Type Quantity Origin Photo Notes
2S1 Gvozdika Self-propelled artillery 3-4[29][32]  Soviet Union
M1974-sp-howitzer-19910304.jpg
Captured from Syrian army.
ZSU-23-4 Shilka[31] Self-propelled anti-aircraft gun 3[29]  Soviet Union
ZSU-23-4-Camp-Pendleton.jpg
Captured from Syrian army.
BM-21 Grad[32] Multiple rocket launcher 11[29]  Soviet Union
Russian BM-21 Grad in Saint Petersburg.JPG
Captured from Syrian army.

Aircraft

Name Type Quantity Origin Photo Notes
L-39ZA Trainer/Ground-attack aircraft 3 (2 operational, as of 2014)[44]  Czechoslovakia
L-39 (12549639344).jpg
Originally four. Captured by Jaysh al-Islam at the Jirah airfield on 12 February 2013. One was subsequently destroyed during a SAAF bombing.[45] Two were repaired to airworthiness and shown taxiing during a propaganda video released by Jaysh al-Islam.[46] Project abandoned upon the airfield's capture by ISIL.[47]
MiG-21 Ground attack 7 (unknown amount operational, as of 2014)[48]  Soviet Union
C-340 Mikoyan Mig-21 Angolan Air Force (7689981124).jpg
Captured at the Jirah airfield on 30 August 2012. Flown by ex Iraqi pilots and were operated from the Jirah airfield.[49][48]
Commercial civilian drones Unmanned aerial vehicle Many[50][51][52][53][54]  Iran
Soldier with commercial drones.jpg
Some were captured from the Syrian Army and Iran. ISIL demonstrated the use of a reconnaissance drone in "Clanking of the Swords IV" (June 2014) and in October 2014 over Kobanî in the John Cantlie video and the Tabqah Air Base video. The three drones in Syria were shot down over Kobanî by Kurdish forces defending the city,[55][56] and by the Syrian Army over an airbase.[54]
Improvised bombing and surveillance drones (mostly quadcopters)[57] Unmanned aerial vehicle 80+[57]  Islamic State
DJI Phantom 4 in Flight March 2016.jpg
Large numbers of originally civilian drones are used by ISIL, often heavily adapted to be used for bomb attacks, spy missions, propaganda, etc. These drones are mostly controlled by the Al Bara’ bin Malik Brigade, part of the aviation sector of the Islamic State’s Committee for Military Manufacturing and Development.[57]

Watercraft

ISIL has been using a mix of watercraft to transport fighters around the Tigris River and Euphrates River and has been referred to as their unofficial riverine navy.[58] US forces have come across small watercraft that can ply rivers to carry troops, equipment and in some cases act as floating IEDs.[58]

  • Barges for transport.
  • Skiffs.
  • Motorized vessels.

Weapons production

IS has an indigenous weapons industry. Their workshops can produce identical copies of the RPG-7 and SPG-9. In addition, they have developed an indigenous rocket launcher, which comes in four varieties. Two variants fire PG-9 munitions at short and long range. A third fires PG-7V munitions and the fourth fires an unspecified thermobaric munition. They also produce grenades to be fired from the muzzle of an AK pattern rifle or dropped from a drone. They also produce mortar ammunition and rockets.[59]

References

  1. ^ "The Weapons of ISIS in their Last Pocket". www.calibreobscura.com.
  2. ^ "Here are all of ISIS' weapons - Business Insider". Business Insider.
  3. ^ "Covert Operations: The Arms of ISIS Insurgents in Syria (2019)". www.calibreobscura.com. July 12, 2019.
  4. ^ "ISLAMIC STATE WEAPONS" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 3 May 2015. Retrieved 2022-01-03.
  5. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s "The Growing ISIS Arsenal, Pt. 1". therightplanet.com. Archived from the original on 27 October 2014. Retrieved 6 November 2014.
  6. ^ a b "IRIA - ISIS Weapons and Ammunitions". www.ir-ia.com. Retrieved 2017-03-22.
  7. ^ a b "ISLAMIC STATE WEAPONS IN IRAQ AND SYRIA" (PDF). Conflict Armament Research. Archived from the original on 3 May 2015. Retrieved 8 May 2015.
  8. ^ Obscura, Calibre (August 15, 2019). "Newsletter #1: Nazi Assault rifles in Idlib".
  9. ^ a b c "How ISIL seized most of its weapons from Iraq military". Retrieved 11 March 2017.
  10. ^ "Korean K2C in Iraq, on both sides - The Firearm Blog". 30 September 2016. Archived from the original on 18 October 2016. Retrieved 16 October 2016.
  11. ^ "Islamic State kidnaps around 150 Assyrian Christians in Syria". Threat Matrix. Retrieved 8 May 2015.
  12. ^ "Islamic State advances near Kobane". Threat Matrix. Retrieved 8 May 2015.
  13. ^ "The Islamic State's Dragunov sniper rifles, in photos". The Washington Post. Retrieved 8 May 2015.
  14. ^ "Islamic State launched attack near Amiriyat al Fallujah". Threat Matrix. Retrieved 8 May 2015.
  15. ^ "What It's Really Like to Fight for the Islamic State" (in Arabic and English). At 01:55 the soldier in the front of the vehicle is armed with an MG3: VICE NEWS.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: location (link)
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