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List of countries by GDP (nominal) per capita

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Countries or territories by 2019 GDP (nominal) per capita[note 1]    .mw-parser-output .legend{page-break-inside:avoid;break-inside:avoid-column}.mw-parser-output .legend-color{display:inline-block;min-width:1.25em;height:1.25em;line-height:1.25;margin:1px 0;text-align:center;border:1px solid black;background-color:transparent;color:black}.mw-parser-output .legend-text{}  >$60,000   $50,000 - $60,000   $40,000 - $50,000   $30,000 - $40,000     $20,000 - $30,000   $10,000 - $20,000   $5,000 - $10,000   $2,500 - $5,000     $1,000 - $2,500   $500 - $1,000   <$500   No Data
Countries or territories by 2019 GDP (nominal) per capita[note 1]
  >$60,000
  $50,000 - $60,000
  $40,000 - $50,000
  $30,000 - $40,000
  $20,000 - $30,000
  $10,000 - $20,000
  $5,000 - $10,000
  $2,500 - $5,000
  $1,000 - $2,500
  $500 - $1,000
  <$500
  No Data

The figures presented here do not take into account differences in the cost of living in different countries, and the results vary greatly from one year to another based on fluctuations in the exchange rates of the country's currency. Such fluctuations change a country's ranking from one year to the next, even though they often make little or no difference to the standard of living of its population.

Therefore, these figures should be used with caution. GDP per capita is often considered an indicator of a country's standard of living;[1][2] however, this is problematic because GDP per capita is not a measure of personal income.

Comparisons of national income are also frequently made on the basis of purchasing power parity (PPP), to adjust for differences in the cost of living in different countries. (See List of countries by GDP (PPP) per capita.) PPP largely removes the exchange rate problem but not others; it does not reflect the value of economic output in international trade, and it also requires more estimation than GDP per capita. On the whole, PPP per capita figures are more narrowly spread than nominal GDP per capita figures.

Non-sovereign entities (the world, continents, and some dependent territories) and states with limited international recognition (such as Kosovo, Palestine and Taiwan) are included in the list in cases in which they appear in the sources. These economies are not ranked in the charts here, but are listed in sequence by GDP for comparison. In addition, non-sovereign entities are marked in italics.

Note that several leading GDP-per-capita (nominal) jurisdictions may be considered tax havens, and their GDP data subject to material distortion by the tax planning activities.

All data are in current United States dollars. Historical data can be found here.

List of per capita nominal GDP for countries and dependencies

International Monetary Fund (2021 estimates)[3] World Bank (2019)[4] United Nations (2019)[5]
Country/Territory US$
 Luxembourg 131,782
 Switzerland 94,696
 Ireland 94,556
 Norway 81,995
 United States 68,309
 Denmark 67,218
 Iceland 65,273
 Singapore 64,103
 Australia 62,723
 Qatar 59,143
 Sweden 58,977
 Macau 58,004
 Netherlands 58,003
 Finland 54,330
 Austria 53,859
 Germany 51,860
 Belgium 50,103
 San Marino 49,765
 Canada 49,222
 Hong Kong 49,036
 Israel 47,602
 New Zealand 47,499
 United Kingdom 46,344
 France 44,995
 Japan 42,928
 United Arab Emirates 35,171
 Italy 34,997
 South Korea 34,866
 Brunei 33,097
 Puerto Rico 32,233
 Taiwan 32,123
 Malta 31,576
 Spain 30,996
 Bahamas 30,070
 Cyprus 29,551
 Slovenia 28,104
 Estonia 26,470
 Czech Republic 25,732
 Kuwait 25,290
 Portugal 25,065
 Bahrain 24,294
 Aruba 22,852
 Saudi Arabia 22,700
 Lithuania 22,245
 Slovakia 21,529
 Latvia 19,824
 Greece 19,673
 Hungary 18,075
 Poland 16,930
 Croatia 16,247
 Oman 16,212
 Barbados 16,036
 Trinidad and Tobago 15,752
 Uruguay 15,653
 Chile 15,617
 Romania 14,968
 Saint Kitts and Nevis 14,402
 Antigua and Barbuda 13,824
 Panama 13,690
 Palau 12,850
 China 11,819
 Costa Rica 11,806
 Maldives 11,801
 Russia 11,654
 Malaysia 11,604
 Bulgaria 11,321
 Nauru 10,125
 Kazakhstan 9,828
 Saint Lucia 9,816
 Seychelles 9,666
 Mauritius 9,639
 Turkey 9,327
 Mexico 9,246
 Guyana 9,192
 Grenada 9,171
 Argentina 9,122
 Montenegro 9,064
 Turkmenistan 9,032
 Serbia 8,807
 Gabon 8,601
 Equatorial Guinea 8,074
 Iran 8,034
 Dominican Republic 7,951
 Botswana 7,817
 Thailand 7,702
 Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 7,212
 Brazil 7,011
 Dominica 6,989
 Bosnia and Herzegovina 6,728
 Peru 6,678
 North Macedonia 6,657
 Belarus 6,487
 Albania 5,991
 Colombia 5,753
 Ecuador 5,665
 South Africa 5,444
 Jamaica 5,328
 Paraguay 5,146
 Tuvalu 5,116
 Tonga 5,081
 Fiji 5,069
 Azerbaijan 4,883
 Kosovo 4,856
 Moldova 4,638
 Iraq 4,632
 Guatemala 4,439
 Namibia 4,371
 Georgia 4,361
 Jordan 4,358
 Indonesia 4,256
 Marshall Islands 4,206
 Mongolia 4,172
 Armenia 4,125
 El Salvador 4,031
 Suriname 4,030
 Ukraine 3,984
 Belize 3,970
 Egypt 3,832
 Sri Lanka 3,830
 Micronesia 3,821
 Eswatini 3,710
 Tunisia 3,683
 Western Samoa 3,672
 Philippines 3,646
 Bolivia 3,624
 Libya 3,617
 Vietnam 3,609
 Cape Verde 3,555
 Morocco 3,415
 Algeria 3,364
 Bhutan 3,296
 Djibouti 3,214
 Palestine 3,156
 Vanuatu 2,957
 Syria (2010) 2,807
 Lebanon (2020) 2,802
 Laos 2,773
 Papua New Guinea 2,737
 Honduras 2,586
 Ivory Coast 2,567
 Congo 2,505
 Solomon Islands 2,455
 Nigeria 2,432
 Ghana 2,374
 India 2,191
 Mauritania 2,179
 São Tomé and Príncipe 2,174
 Kenya 2,129
 Bangladesh 2,122
 Angola 2,080
 Haiti 1,943
 Kiribati 1,917
 Nicaragua 1,877
 Uzbekistan 1,775
 Cambodia 1,720
 Zimbabwe 1,684
 Cameroon 1,649
 Senegal 1,622
 Venezuela 1,542
 Myanmar 1,423
 Comoros 1,420
 Benin 1,388
 East Timor 1,285
 Pakistan (2020) 1,260
 Nepal 1,236
 Lesotho 1,178
 Guinea 1,141
 Kyrgyzstan 1,123
 Tanzania 1,104
 Togo 1,016
 Mali 983
 Zambia 974
 Uganda 972
 Ethiopia 952
 Guinea-Bissau 888
 Burkina Faso 876
 Gambia 834
 Rwanda 821
 Tajikistan 810
 Sudan 787
 Yemen 754
 Chad 741
 Liberia 700
 Niger 633
 Eritrea 625
 Afghanistan 592
 DR Congo 588
 Central African Republic 552
 Sierra Leone 542
 Madagascar 521
 Malawi 432
 Mozambique 425
 Somalia 347
 South Sudan 315
 Burundi 265
Country/Territory US$
 Monaco (2018) 185,741
 Liechtenstein (2017) 173,356
 Luxembourg 114,705
 Macau 84,096
 Switzerland 81,994
 Ireland 78,661
 Norway 75,420
 Iceland 66,945
 United States 65,281
 Singapore 65,233
 Qatar 64,782
 Denmark 59,822
 Australia 54,907
 Netherlands 52,448
 Sweden 51,610
 Austria 50,277
 Hong Kong 48,756
 Finland 48,686
 San Marino (2018) 48,481
 Germany 46,259
 Canada 46,195
 Belgium 46,117
 Israel 43,641
 United Arab Emirates 43,103
 United Kingdom 42,300
 New Zealand 42,084
 Andorra 40,886
 France 40,494
 Japan 40,247
 European Union 34,843
 Italy 33,190
 Bahamas 32,934
 Puerto Rico 32,874
 Kuwait 32,032
 South Korea 31,762
 Brunei 31,087
 Spain 29,614
 Malta 29,416
 Cyprus 27,858
 Slovenia 25,739
 Estonia 23,660
 Bahrain 23,504
 Czech Republic 23,495
 Portugal 23,145
 Saudi Arabia 23,140
 Saint Kitts and Nevis 19,897
 Greece 19,583
 Lithuania 19,456
 Slovakia 19,329
 Barbados 18,148
 Latvia 17,836
 Antigua and Barbuda 17,790
 Seychelles 17,402
 Trinidad and Tobago 17,277
 Hungary 16,476
 Uruguay 16,190
 Palau 15,859
 Panama 15,731
 Poland 15,595
 Oman 15,474
 Chile 14,897
 Croatia 14,853
 Romania 12,920
 Costa Rica 12,238
 Saint Lucia 11,611
 Russia 11,585
World 11,429
 Malaysia 11,415
 Mauritius 11,204
 Grenada 10,966
 Maldives 10,791
 China 10,262
 Argentina 10,006
 Mexico 9,863
 Bulgaria 9,738
 Kazakhstan 9,731
 Nauru 9,397
 Turkey 9,043
 Montenegro 8,832
 Cuba (2018) 8,822
 Brazil 8,717
 Dominica 8,300
 Dominican Republic 8,282
 Equatorial Guinea 8,132
 Botswana 7,961
 Thailand 7,808
 Lebanon 7,784
 Libya 7,684
 Gabon 7,667
 Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 7,464
 Serbia 7,402
 Peru 6,978
 Turkmenistan 6,967
 Suriname 6,855
 Belarus 6,663
 Colombia 6,432
 Fiji 6,220
 Ecuador 6,184
 North Macedonia 6,093
 Bosnia and Herzegovina 6,073
 Iraq 5,855
 Iran 5,701
 Jamaica 5,582
 South Africa 5,520
 Guyana 5,468
 Paraguay 5,415
 Albania 5,353
 Namibia 4,958
 Belize 4,815
 Azerbaijan 4,794
 Georgia 4,769
 Armenia 4,623
 Guatemala 4,620
 Moldova 4,499
 Kosovo 4,418
 Tonga (2018) 4,364
 Jordan 4,330
 Samoa 4,316
 Mongolia 4,295
 El Salvador 4,187
 Indonesia 4,136
 Tuvalu 4,059
 Algeria 3,948
 Sri Lanka 3,853
 Eswatini 3,837
 Marshall Islands (2008) 3,788
 Ukraine 3,659
 Cape Verde 3,604
 Micronesia (2018) 3,568
 Bolivia 3,552
 Philippines 3,485
 Djibouti 3,409
 Tunisia 3,318
 Bhutan (2008) 3,243
 Morocco 3,204
 Palestine (2008) 3,199
 Vanuatu 3,058
 Egypt 3,020
 Angola 2,974
 Papua New Guinea 2,845
 Vietnam 2,715
 Honduras 2,575
 Laos 2,535
 Ivory Coast 2,286
 Nigeria 2,230
 Ghana 2,202
 Solomon Islands 2,128
 India 2,104
 Syria (2007) 2,033
 Congo 2,011
 São Tomé and Príncipe 1,995
 Nicaragua 1,913
 Bangladesh 1,909
 Kenya 1,817
 Uzbekistan 1,725
 Mauritania 1,678
 Kiribati 1,655
 Cambodia 1,643
 Cameroon 1,498
 Zimbabwe 1,464
 Senegal 1,447
 Myanmar 1,408
 Comoros 1,394
 Kyrgyzstan 1,309
 East Timor 1,294
 Zambia 1,291
 Pakistan 1,284
 Benin 1,219
 Lesotho 1,158
 Tanzania 1,122
 Nepal 1,071
 Guinea 1,064
 Yemen 968
 Mali 891
 Tajikistan 871
 Ethiopia 858
 Rwanda 802
 Uganda 777
 Burkina Faso 775
 Haiti 755
 Gambia 751
 Chad 710
 Guinea-Bissau 698
 Togo 676
 Liberia 622
 Niger 555
 DR Congo 545
 Madagascar 522
 Sierra Leone 505
 Afghanistan 502
 Mozambique 492
 Central African Republic 468
 Sudan 442
 Malawi 412
 Burundi 261
Country/Territory US$
 Monaco 190,532
 Liechtenstein 179,258
 Luxembourg 115,481
 Bermuda 117,768
 Cayman Islands 92,692
 Switzerland 85,135
 Macau 84,097
 Ireland 81,637
 Norway 74,986
 Iceland 71,345
 United States 65,134
 Qatar 64,782
 Singapore 64,103
 Denmark 60,657
 Australia 54,763
 Greenland 53,353
 Netherlands 53,053
 Sweden 52,896
 Austria 49,701
 Hong Kong 49,180
 Finland 48,678
 British Virgin Islands 48,511
 San Marino 47,313
 Canada 46,550
 Israel 46,376
 Germany 46,232
 Belgium 46,198
 New Zealand 43,264
 United Arab Emirates 43,103
 United Kingdom 41,855
 Andorra 40,887
 France 40,319
 Japan 40,063
 Puerto Rico 35,791
 New Caledonia 34,942
 Bahamas 34,864
 Malta 33,752
 Italy 33,090
 South Korea 32,143
 Kuwait 31,999
 Turks and Caicos Islands 31,353
 Brunei 31,086
 Aruba 30,975
 Spain 29,816
 European Union 28,896
 Cyprus 28,285
 Americas 28,239
 Slovenia 26,062
 Anguilla 25,529
 Estonia 23,740
 Bahrain 23,504
 Czech Republic 23,452
 Portugal 23,350
 Saudi Arabia 23,140
 Cook Islands 21,603
 French Polynesia 21,567
 Saint Kitts and Nevis 19,896
 Lithuania 19,795
 Greece 19,604
 Slovakia 19,256
 Curaçao 18,980
 Barbados 18,149
 Latvia 17,885
 Seychelles 17,382
 Antigua and Barbuda 17,113
 Hungary 16,879
 Trinidad and Tobago 16,637
 Uruguay 16,190
 Panama 15,728
 Poland 15,727
 Palau 15,572
 Oman 15,343
 Chile 14,896
 Croatia 14,627
 Montserrat 13,487
 Romania 12,914
 Costa Rica 12,238
 Nauru 12,351
 Saint Lucia 11,611
 Russia 11,606
 Malaysia 11,414
World 11,339
 Mauritius 11,169
 Grenada 10,818
 Maldives 10,626
 Argentina 10,041
 China 10,004
 Mexico 9,849
 Kazakhstan 9,793
 Bulgaria 9,703
 Cuba 9,296
 Turkey 9,127
 Montenegro 8,825
 Brazil 8,755
Central America 8,606
 South America 8,238
 Dominican Republic 8,282
 Equatorial Guinea 8,130
 Turkmenistan 8,124
 Dominica 8,111
 Botswana 7,961
 Thailand 7,785
 Lebanon 7,784
 Gabon 7,773
 Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 7,464
 Serbia 7,359
 Iran 7,282
 Peru 6,978
 Belarus 6,674
 Guyana 6,610
 Colombia 6,432
 Suriname 6,360
 Fiji 6,185
 Ecuador 6,184
 Bosnia and Herzegovina 6,109
 North Macedonia 6,093
 South Africa 6,001
 Iraq 5,730
 Paraguay 5,406
 Jamaica 5,369
 Albania 5,303
 Namibia 4,957
 Belize 4,884
 Tonga 4,865
 Libya 4,810
 Azerbaijan 4,782
 Venezuela 4,733
 Armenia 4,623
 Kosovo 4,473
 Georgia 4,439
 Jordan 4,405
 Guatemala 4,363
 Mongolia 4,295
 Samoa 4,285
 El Salvador 4,187
 Indonesia 4,136
 Marshall Islands 4,038
 Tuvalu 4,036
 Eswatini 4,002
 Algeria 3,976
 Sri Lanka 3,940
 Micronesia 3,640
 Cape Verde 3,604
 Bolivia 3,552
 Ukraine 3,496
 Palestine 3,424
 Bhutan 3,361
 Philippines 3,324
 Tunisia 3,318
 Morocco 3,282
 Djibouti 3,252
 Egypt 3,161
 Vanuatu 3,023
 Moldova 2,957
 Papua New Guinea 2,845
 Vietnam 2,715
 Angola 2,671
 Laos 2,625
 Honduras 2,575
 Nigeria 2,361
 Congo 2,304
 Ivory Coast 2,276
 Southeast Asia 2,187
 Ghana 2,203
 India 2,116
 São Tomé and Príncipe 1,961
 Solomon Islands 1,945
 Nicaragua 1,913
 Africa 1,884
 Bangladesh 1,846
 Kenya 1,817
 Uzbekistan 1,756
 Mauritania 1,678
 Kiribati 1,657
 Cambodia 1,644
 East Timor 1,561
 Cameroon 1,534
 Zimbabwe 1,464
 Senegal 1,452
 Myanmar 1,421
 Comoros 1,370
 Kyrgyzstan 1,318
 Zambia 1,292
 Benin 1,220
 Syria 1,194
 Pakistan 1,187
 Lesotho 1,158
 Tanzania 1,084
 Nepal 1,074
 Guinea 967
 Togo 899
 Tajikistan 894
 Mali 887
 Yemen 855
 Ethiopia 828
 Rwanda 820
 Sudan 815
 Burkina Faso 787
 Gambia 776
 Uganda 737
 Haiti 715
 Chad 707
 Guinea-Bissau 688
 North Korea 640
 Eritrea 567
 Niger 555
 DR Congo 545
 Sierra Leone 528
 Madagascar 523
 Liberia 523
 Mozambique 504
 Afghanistan 470
 Central African Republic 468
 South Sudan 448
 Malawi 435
 Burundi 260
 Somalia 105

Distorted GDP-per-capita for tax havens

Many of leading GDP-per-capita (nominal) jurisdictions are tax havens whose economic data is artificially inflated by tax-driven corporate accounting entries.

For instance, the Irish GDP data above is subject to material distortion by the tax planning activities of foreign multinationals in Ireland. To address this, in 2017 the Central Bank of Ireland created "modified GNI" (or GNI*) as a more appropriate statistic, and the OECD and IMF have adopted it for Ireland. 2015 Irish GDP is 143% of 2015 Irish GNI*.

A stunning $12 trillion—almost 40 percent of all foreign direct investment positions globally—is completely artificial: it consists of financial investment passing through empty corporate shells with no real activity. These investments in empty corporate shells almost always pass through well-known tax havens. The eight major pass-through economies—the Netherlands, Luxembourg, Hong Kong SAR, the British Virgin Islands, Bermuda, the Cayman Islands, Ireland, and Singapore—host more than 85 percent of the world’s investment in special purpose entities, which are often set up for tax reasons.

— "Piercing the Veil", International Monetary Fund, June 2018[6]

Further discussion on this topic can be found in the List of countries by GDP (PPP) per capita article.

See also

References

  1. ^ O'Sullivan, Arthur
  2. ^ French President seeks alternatives to GDP, The Guardian 14-09-2009.
    "European Parliament, Policy Department Economic and Scientific Policy: Beyond GDP Study" (PDF). (1.47 MB)
  3. ^ "World Economic Outlook Database, April 2021". World Economic Outlook. International Monetary Fund. April 2021. Retrieved 7 April 2021.
  4. ^ Data refer mostly to the year 2018.[1] Selecting all countries, GDP per capita (current US$), World Bank. Accessed on 1st of July 2020.
  5. ^ [2], (Select all countries, "GDP, Per Capita GDP - US Dollars", and 2019 to generate table), United Nations Statistics Division. Accessed on 1 December 2020.
  6. ^ "Piercing the Veil, FINANCE & DEVELOPMENT, JUNE 2018, VOL. 55, NO. 2". IMF Finance & Development. June 2018.
  1. ^ Based on the IMF data. If no data was available for a country from IMF, data from the World Bank is used

External links

This page was last edited on 11 June 2021, at 11:37
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