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List of countries by GDP (nominal) per capita

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Countries by 2018 GDP (nominal) per capita[note 1]      >$60,000   $50,000 - $60,000   $40,000 - $50,000   $30,000 - $40,000     $20,000 - $30,000   $10,000 - $20,000   $5,000 - $10,000   $2,500 - $5,000     $1,000 - $2,500   <$1,000
Countries by 2018 GDP (nominal) per capita[note 1]
  >$60,000
  $50,000 - $60,000
  $40,000 - $50,000
  $30,000 - $40,000
  $20,000 - $30,000
  $10,000 - $20,000
  $5,000 - $10,000
  $2,500 - $5,000
  $1,000 - $2,500
  <$1,000

This page lists the countries of the world sorted by their gross domestic product per capita at nominal values. This is the value of all final goods and services produced within a nation in a given year, converted at market exchange rates to current U.S. dollars, divided by the average population for the same year.

The figures presented here do not take into account differences in the cost of living in different countries, and the results vary greatly from one year to another based on fluctuations in the exchange rates of the country's currency. Such fluctuations change a country's ranking from one year to the next, even though they often make little or no difference to the standard of living of its population.

Therefore, these figures should be used with caution. GDP per capita is often considered an indicator of a country's standard of living;[1][2] although this is problematic because GDP per capita is not a measure of personal income.

Comparisons of national income are also frequently made on the basis of purchasing power parity (PPP), to adjust for differences in the cost of living in different countries. (See List of countries by GDP (PPP) per capita.) PPP largely removes the exchange rate problem but not others; it does not reflect the value of economic output in international trade, and it also requires more estimation than GDP per capita. On the whole, PPP per capita figures are more narrowly spread than nominal GDP per capita figures.

Non-sovereign entities (the world, continents, and some dependent territories) and states with limited international recognition (such as Kosovo, Palestine and Taiwan) are included in the list in cases in which they appear in the sources. These economies are not ranked in the charts here, but are listed in sequence by GDP for comparison. In addition, non-sovereign entities are marked in italics.

Note that the Irish GDP data below is subject to material distortion by the tax planning activities of foreign multinationals in Ireland. 2015 Irish GDP is over 150% of 2015 Irish GNI. To address this, in 2017 the Central Bank of Ireland created "modified GNI" (or GNI*) as a more appropriate statistic, and the OECD and IMF have adopted it for Ireland. 2015 Irish GDP is 143% of 2015 Irish GNI*.

All data are in current United States dollars. Historical data can be found here.

List of per capita nominal GDP for countries and dependencies

International Monetary Fund (2019 estimates)[3] World Bank (2019)[4] United Nations (2017)[5]
Rank Country/Territory US$
1  Luxembourg 113,196
2   Switzerland 83,716
 Macau 81,151
3  Norway 77,975
4  Ireland 77,771
5  Qatar 69,687
6  Iceland 67,037
7  United States 65,111
8  Singapore 63,987
9  Denmark 59,795
10  Australia 53,825
11  Netherlands 52,367
12  Sweden 51,241
13  Austria 50,022
 Hong Kong 49,334
14  Finland 48,868
15  San Marino 47,279
16  Germany 46,563
17  Canada 46,212
18  Belgium 45,175
19  Israel 42,823
20  France 41,760
21  United Kingdom 41,030
22  Japan 40,846
23  New Zealand 40,634
24  United Arab Emirates 37,749
25  Bahamas, The 33,261
26  Italy 32,946
 Puerto Rico 31,538
27  Korea, South 31,430
28  Malta 30,650
29  Spain 29,961
30  Kuwait 29,266
31  Brunei 27,871
32  Cyprus 27,719
33  Slovenia 26,170
 Aruba 25,976
34  Bahrain 25,273
 Taiwan 24,827
35  Estonia 23,523
36  Czech Republic 23,213
37  Portugal 23,030
38  Saudi Arabia 22,865
39  Greece 19,974
40  Slovakia 19,547
41  Lithuania 19,266
42  Saint Kitts and Nevis 18,245
43  Latvia 18,171
44  Antigua and Barbuda 18,109
45  Barbados 18,069
46  Oman 17,791
47  Hungary 17,463
48  Seychelles 17,052
49  Uruguay 17,029
50  Palau 16,736
51  Trinidad and Tobago 16,365
52  Panama 16,245
53  Chile 15,399
54  Maldives 15,562
55  Croatia 14,949
56  Poland 14,901
57  Romania 12,482
58  Costa Rica 12,014
59  Grenada 11,381
60  Mauritius 11,360
World 11,355
61  Russia 11,162
62  Malaysia 11,136
63  Saint Lucia 11,075
64  Mexico 10,118
65  China 10,098
66  Argentina 9,887
67  Lebanon 9,654
68  Bulgaria 9,518
 Kurdistan 9,501
69  Kazakhstan 9,139
70  Turkey 8,957
71  Equatorial Guinea 8,927
72  Brazil 8,796
73  Montenegro 8,703
74  Dominican Republic 8,629
75  Dominica 8,380
76  Nauru 8,270
77  Gabon 8,112
78  Botswana 7,859
79  Turkmenistan 7,816
80  Thailand 7,791
81  Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 7,750
82  Serbia 7,397
83  Peru 7,046
84  Belarus 6,603
85  Colombia 6,508
86  Fiji 6,379
87  Suriname 6,310
88  Ecuador 6,249
89  South Africa 6,100
90  North Macedonia 6,096
91  Namibia 5,842
92  Bosnia and Herzegovina 5,741
93  Iraq 5,738
94  Paraguay 5,692
95  Iran 5,506
96  Jamaica 5,460
97  Albania 5,372
98  Guyana 5,252
99  Libya 5,019
100  Belize 4,925
101  Tonga 4,862
102  Azerbaijan 4,689
103  Guatemala 4,616
104  Armenia 4,527
105  Samoa 4,500
 Kosovo 4,442
106  Jordan 4,386
107  Georgia 4,289
108  Eswatini 4,176
109  Indonesia 4,163
110  Mongolia 4,132
111  El Salvador 4,008
112  Algeria 3,980
113  Sri Lanka 3,946
114  Marshall Islands 3,924
115  Tuvalu 3,834
116  Micronesia, Federated States of 3,717
117  Bolivia 3,670
118  Cape Verde 3,598
119  Ukraine 3,592
120  Bhutan 3,423
121  Morocco 3,345
122  Moldova 3,300
123  Philippines 3,294
124  Tunisia 3,287
125  Vanuatu 3,260
126  Egypt 3,046
127  Angola 3,037
128  Djibouti 2,936
129  Papua New Guinea 2,742
130  Vietnam 2,740
131  Laos 2,670
132  Honduras 2,548
133  Venezuela 2,547
134  Congo, Republic of the 2,534
135  East Timor 2,262
136  Solomon Islands 2,246
137  Ghana 2,223
138  Nigeria 2,222
139  India 2,171
140  Kenya 1,997
141  São Tomé and Príncipe 1,933
142  Nicaragua 1,919
143  Bangladesh 1,905
144  Uzbekistan 1,831
145  Côte d'Ivoire 1,691
146  Cambodia 1,620
147  Kiribati 1,574
148  Cameroon 1,514
149  Senegal 1,427
150  Mauritania 1,392
151  Pakistan 1,388
152  Comoros 1,349
153  Lesotho 1,338
154  Zambia 1,307
155  Kyrgyzstan 1,292
156  Myanmar 1,244
157  Benin 1,216
158  Tanzania 1,104
159    Nepal 1,047
160  Guinea 981
161  Ethiopia 953
162  Yemen 943
163  Mali 924
164  Tajikistan 877
165  Chad 861
166  Zimbabwe 859
167  Rwanda 824
168  Guinea-Bissau 786
169  Haiti 784
170  Uganda 770
171  Gambia, The 755
172  Burkina Faso 717
173  Sudan 714
174  Liberia 703
175  Togo 671
176  Sierra Leone 546
177  Afghanistan 513
178  Congo, Democratic Republic of the 500
179  Mozambique 484
180  Madagascar 463
181  Central African Republic 447
182  Niger 405
183  Malawi 370
184  Eritrea 342
185  Burundi 309
186  South Sudan 275
Rank Country/Territory US$
1  Monaco (2018) 185,741
2  Liechtenstein (2017) 173,356
3  Luxembourg 114,705
 Macau 84,096
4   Switzerland 81,994
5  Ireland 78,661
6  Norway 75,420
7  Iceland 66,945
8  United States 65,281
9  Singapore 65,233
10  Qatar 64,782
11  Denmark 59,822
12  Australia 54,907
13  Netherlands 52,448
14  Sweden 51,610
15  Austria 50,277
 Hong Kong 48,756
16  Finland 48,686
17  San Marino (2018) 48,481
18  Germany 46,259
19  Canada 46,195
20  Belgium 46,117
21  Israel 43,641
22  United Arab Emirates 43,103
23  United Kingdom 42,300
24  New Zealand 42,084
25  Andorra 40,886
26  France 40,494
27  Japan 40,247
 European Union 34,843
28  Italy 33,190
29  Bahamas, The 32,934
 Puerto Rico 32,874
30  Kuwait 32,032
31  Korea, South 31,762
32  Brunei 31,087
33  Spain 29,614
34  Malta 29,416
35  Cyprus 27,858
36  Slovenia 25,739
37  Estonia 23,660
38  Bahrain 23,504
39  Portugal 23,145
40  Saudi Arabia 23,140
41  Czech Republic 23,102
42  Saint Kitts and Nevis 19,897
43  Greece 19,583
44  Lithuania 19,456
45  Slovakia 19,329
46  Barbados 18,148
47  Latvia 17,836
48  Antigua and Barbuda 17,790
49  Seychelles 17,402
50  Trinidad and Tobago 17,277
51  Hungary 16,476
52  Uruguay 16,190
53  Venezuela (2014) 16,055
54  Palau 15,859
55  Panama 15,731
56  Poland 15,595
57  Oman 15,474
58  Chile 14,897
59  Croatia 14,853
60  Romania 12,920
61  Costa Rica 12,238
62  Saint Lucia 11,611
63  Russia 11,585
World 11,436
64  Malaysia 11,415
65  Mauritius 11,204
66  Grenada 10,966
67  Maldives 10,791
68  China 10,262
69  Argentina 10,006
70  Mexico 9,863
71  Bulgaria 9,738
72  Kazakhstan 9,731
73  Nauru 9,397
74  Turkey 9,043
75  Montenegro 8,832
76  Cuba (2018) 8,822
77  Brazil 8,717
78  Dominica 8,300
79  Dominican Republic 8,282
80  Equatorial Guinea 8,132
81  Botswana 7,961
82  Thailand 7,808
83  Lebanon 7,784
84  Libya 7,684
85  Gabon 7,667
86  Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 7,464
87  Serbia 7,402
88  Peru 6,978
89  Turkmenistan 6,967
90  Suriname 6,855
91  Belarus 6,663
92  Colombia 6,432
93  Fiji 6,220
94  Ecuador 6,184
95  North Macedonia 6,093
96  Bosnia and Herzegovina 6,073
97  South Africa 6,001
98  Iraq 5,955
99  Jamaica 5,582
100  Iran (2017) 5,520
101  Guyana 5,468
102  Paraguay 5,415
103  Albania 5,353
104  Namibia 4,958
105  Belize 4,815
106  Azerbaijan 4,794
107  Georgia 4,769
108  Armenia 4,623
109  Guatemala 4,620
110  Moldova 4,499
 Kosovo 4,418
111  Tonga (2018) 4,364
112  Jordan 4,330
113  Samoa 4,316
114  Mongolia 4,295
115  El Salvador 4,187
116  Indonesia 4,136
117  Tuvalu 4,059
118  Algeria 3,948
119  Sri Lanka 3,853
120  Eswatini 3,837
121  Marshall Islands (2008) 3,788
122  Ukraine 3,659
123  Cape Verde 3,604
124  Micronesia, Federated States of (2018) 3,568
125  Bolivia 3,552
126  Philippines 3,485
127  Djibouti 3,409
128  Tunisia 3,318
129  Bhutan (2008) 3,243
130  Morocco 3,204
 West Bank and Gaza (2008) 3,199
131  Vanuatu 3,058
132  Egypt 3,020
133  Angola 2,974
134  Papua New Guinea 2,845
135  Vietnam 2,715
136  Honduras 2,575
137  Laos 2,535
138  Côte d'Ivoire 2,286
139  Nigeria 2,230
140  Ghana 2,202
141  Solomon Islands 2,128
142  India 2,104
143  Syrian Arab Republic (2007) 2,033
144  Congo, Republic of the 2,011
145  São Tomé and Príncipe 1,995
146  Nicaragua 1,913
147  Bangladesh 1,856
148  Kenya 1,817
149  Uzbekistan 1,725
150  Mauritania 1,678
151  Kiribati 1,655
152  Cambodia 1,643
153  Cameroon 1,498
154  Zimbabwe 1,464
155  Senegal 1,447
156  Myanmar 1,408
157  Comoros 1,394
158  Kyrgyzstan 1,309
159  East Timor 1,294
160  Zambia 1,291
161  Pakistan 1,285
162  Benin 1,219
163  Lesotho 1,158
164  Tanzania 1,122
165    Nepal 1,071
166  Guinea 1,064
167  Yemen 968
168  Mali 891
169  Tajikistan 871
170  Ethiopia 858
171  Rwanda 802
172  Uganda 777
173  Burkina Faso 775
174  Haiti 755
175  Gambia, The 751
176  Chad 710
177  Guinea-Bissau 698
178  Togo 676
179  Liberia 622
180  Niger 555
181  Congo, Democratic Republic of the 545
182  Madagascar 522
183  Sierra Leone 505
184  Afghanistan 502
185  Mozambique 492
186  Central African Republic 468
187  Sudan 442
188  Malawi 412
189  Burundi 261
Rank Country/Territory US$
1  Liechtenstein 166,022
2  Monaco 165,421
3  Luxembourg 106,806
 Bermuda 102,192
 Macau 80,893
4   Switzerland 80,101
5  Norway 75,295
6  Iceland 73,060
7  Ireland 69,604
 Cayman Islands 65,472
8  Qatar 63,506
9  United States 60,055
10  Australia 57,613
11  Denmark 57,533
12  Singapore 56,737
13  Sweden 54,043
14  San Marino 50,588
 Greenland 49,398
15  Netherlands 48,754
16  Austria 47,718
 Hong Kong 46,390
17  Finland 45,670
18  Germany 44,976
19  Canada 44,974
20  Belgium 43,289
21  New Zealand 42,936
22  Israel 42,452
23  United Arab Emirates 40,699
24  United Kingdom 39,758
25  Andorra 39,153
26  France 38,415
27  Japan 38,220
 New Caledonia 35,815
28  Italy 32,747
 Virgin Islands, British 31,917
29  Korea, South 30,025
30  Bahamas, The 29,825
31  Malta 29,137
32  Kuwait 28,897
 Turks and Caicos Islands 28,689
 Puerto Rico 28,451
33  Spain 28,354
34  Brunei 28,291
 Europe 27,222
Americas 26,748
35  Cyprus 25,790
 Aruba 25,655
36  Bahrain 23,688
37  Slovenia 23,296
38  Saudi Arabia 20,761
39  Czech Republic 20,326
 French Polynesia 19,807
40  Estonia 19,793
 Curaçao 19,586
41  Portugal 18,882
 Anguilla 18,861
42  Greece 18,198
 Cook Islands 17,798
43  Slovakia 17,552
44  Uruguay 17,120
45  Saint Kitts and Nevis 16,818
46  Barbados 16,494
47  Lithuania 16,450
48  Trinidad and Tobago 16,145
49  Seychelles 15,693
50  Latvia 15,625
51  Chile 15,347
52  Oman 15,267
53  Panama 15,088
54  Antigua and Barbuda 14,803
55  Argentina 14,400
56  Hungary 14,376
57  Poland 13,786
58  Palau 13,417
59  Croatia 13,177
60  Costa Rica 11,734
 Montserrat 11,582
61  Maldives 11,151
62  Russia 10,956
63  Romania 10,763
World 10,665
64  Mauritius 10,565
65  Turkey 10,546
66  Grenada 10,451
67  Nauru 10,045
68  Malaysia 9,951
69  Equatorial Guinea 9,850
70  Brazil 9,821
71  Saint Lucia 9,607
 South America 9,393
72  Mexico 8,967
73  Lebanon 8,778
74  Kazakhstan 8,756
75  China 8,682
76  Cuba 8,433
77  Bulgaria 8,218
Central America 7,990
78  Venezuela 7,977
79  Botswana 7,596
80  Gabon 7,221
81  Dominican Republic 7,052
82  Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 6,980
83  Montenegro 6,958
84  Suriname 6,757
85  Dominica 6,719
86  Thailand 6,595
87  Turkmenistan 6,585
88  Peru 6,572
89  Colombia 6,302
90  Ecuador 6,273
91  South Africa 6,151
92  Serbia 5,912
93  Belarus 5,750
94  Iran 5,680
95  North Macedonia 5,415
96  Fiji 5,382
97  Namibia 5,227
98  Bosnia and Herzegovina 5,181
99  Jamaica 5,130
100  Belize 5,077
101  Iraq 4,756
102  Guyana 4,555
103  Guatemala 4,471
104  Albania 4,450
105  Samoa 4,356
106  Paraguay 4,322
Association of Southeast Asian Nations Southeast Asia 4,266
107  Angola 4,247
108  Jordan 4,196
109  Sri Lanka 4,184
110  Azerbaijan 4,146
 Kosovo 4,116
111  Algeria 4,055
112  Tonga 3,950
113  Libya 3,942
114  Armenia 3,937
115  Tuvalu 3,924
116  El Salvador 3,889
117  Georgia 3,875
118  Indonesia 3,847
119  Marshall Islands 3,753
120  Mongolia 3,620
121  Tunisia 3,475
122  Bolivia 3,394
123  Cape Verde 3,245
124  Eswatini 3,224
125  Micronesia, Federated States of 3,188
126  Bhutan 3,173
127  Vanuatu 3,128
128  Morocco 3,070
129  Philippines 2,989
130  Sudan 2,967
 Palestine 2,946
131  Papua New Guinea 2,667
132  Ukraine 2,536
133  Honduras 2,480
134  Laos 2,457
135  Vietnam 2,342
136  East Timor 2,279
137  Nicaragua 2,222
138  Congo, Republic of the 2,147
139  Ghana 2,046
140  Moldova 2,006
141  Egypt 2,000
142  Solomon Islands 1,982
143  Nigeria 1,969
144  Djibouti 1,928
145  India 1,923
146  São Tomé and Príncipe 1,921
Africa 1,766
147  Kiribati 1,694
148  Côte d'Ivoire 1,566
149  Uzbekistan 1,557
150  Pakistan 1,534
151  Zambia 1,513
152  Kenya 1,508
153  Bangladesh 1,492
154  Cameroon 1,452
155  Cambodia 1,382
156  Senegal 1,333
157  Comoros 1,330
158  Myanmar 1,257
159  Kyrgyzstan 1,251
160  Lesotho 1,178
161  Eritrea 1,147
162  Mauritania 1,129
163  Zimbabwe 1,091
164  Yemen 990
165  Tanzania 934
166    Nepal 849
167  Syria 831
168  Benin 826
169  Mali 822
170  Guinea 803
171  Tajikistan 801
172  Haiti 776
173  Rwanda 748
174  Guinea-Bissau 724
175  Ethiopia 720
176  Chad 719
177  Gambia, The 709
178  Korea, North 685
179  Uganda 646
180  Burkina Faso 642
181  Afghanistan 619
182  Togo 614
183  Liberia 584
184  Madagascar 517
185  Sierra Leone 495
186  Congo, Democratic Republic of the 463
187  South Sudan 453
188  Central African Republic 428
189  Mozambique 426
190  Niger 378
191  Malawi 340
192  Burundi 290

Distorted GDP-per-capita for tax havens

Many of leading GDP-per-capita (nominal) jurisdictions are tax havens whose economic data is artificially inflated by tax-driven corporate accounting entries.

A stunning $12 trillion—almost 40 percent of all foreign direct investment positions globally—is completely artificial: it consists of financial investment passing through empty corporate shells with no real activity. These investments in empty corporate shells almost always pass through well-known tax havens. The eight major pass-through economies—the Netherlands, Luxembourg, Hong Kong SAR, the British Virgin Islands, Bermuda, the Cayman Islands, Ireland, and Singapore—host more than 85 percent of the world’s investment in special purpose entities, which are often set up for tax reasons.

— "Piercing the Veil", International Monetary Fund, June 2018[6]

A fuller discussion on this topic is in the List of countries by GDP (PPP) per capita article.

See also

Notes

References

  1. ^ O'Sullivan, Arthur
  2. ^ French President seeks alternatives to GDP, The Guardian 14-09-2009.
    "European Parliament, Policy Department Economic and Scientific Policy: Beyond GDP Study" (PDF). (1.47 MB)
  3. ^ "World Economic Outlook Database, October 2019". World Economic Outlook. International Monetary Fund. October 2019. Retrieved 1 January 2020.
  4. ^ Data refer mostly to the year 2018.[1] Selecting all countries, GDP per capita (current US$), World Bank. Accessed on 1st of July 2020.
  5. ^ National Accounts Main Aggregates Database, 2017, (Select all countries, "GDP, Per Capita GDP - US Dollars", and 2016 to generate table), United Nations Statistics Division. Accessed on 17 Jan 2019.
  6. ^ "Piercing the Veil, FINANCE & DEVELOPMENT, JUNE 2018, VOL. 55, NO. 2". IMF Finance & Development. June 2018.
  1. ^ Based on the IMF data. If no data was available for a country from IMF, data from the World Bank is used

External links

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