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List of countries by total wealth

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Countries by total wealth (trillions USD), 2021
Countries by total wealth (trillions USD), 2021

National net wealth, also known as national net worth, is the total sum of the value of a country's assets minus its liabilities. It refers to the total value of net wealth possessed by the residents of a state at a set point in time.[1] This figure is an important indicator of a nation's ability to take on debt and sustain spending and is influenced not only by real estate prices, equity market prices, exchange rates, liabilities and incidence in a country of the population, but also by human resources, natural resources and capital and technological advancements, which may create new assets or render others worthless in the future. The most significant component by far among most developed nations is commonly reported as household net wealth or worth, and reflects infrastructure investment. National wealth can fluctuate, as evidenced in the United States after the Great Recession and subsequent economic recovery. During periods when equity markets experience strong growth, the relative national and per capita wealth of the countries where people are more exposed on those markets, such as the United States and United Kingdom, tend to rise. On the other hand, when equity markets are depressed, the relative wealth of the countries where people invest more in real estate and bonds, such as France and Italy, tend to rise instead.

Total wealth by selected regions and countries

Regions of the world by share of total world's wealth, 2020

  Northern America (32.6%)
  Europe (24.7%)
  Asia-Pacific (18%)
  China (17.9%)
  India (3.1%)
  Latin America (2.6%)
  Africa (1.2%)
List by Credit Suisse (2021)[2]
Country (or region) Total wealth
(USD bn)
Share
 World 418,342 100.0%
 Northern America 136,316 32.6%
 Europe 103,213 24.7%
 Asia-Pacific 75,227 18.0%
 China 74,884 17.9%
 India 12,833 3.1%
 Latin America 10,872 2.6%
 Africa 4,946 1.2%

Total wealth by country

Top 10 Countries by Total Wealth, 2021

  United States (30.2%)
  China (17.9%)
  Japan (6.4%)
  Germany (4.4%)
  France (3.7%)
  United Kingdom (3.7%)
  India (3.1%)
  Italy (2.9%)
  Canada (2.4%)
  Australia (2.2%)
  Rest (23.4%)

* indicates "Wealth in COUNTRY or TERRITORY" or "Economy of COUNTRY or TERRITORY" links.

List by Credit Suisse (2021)[3]
Country (or area) Subregion Region Total wealth
(USD bn)
% of world Wealth-to-GDP ratio[4] (2017–19)
 World 418,342 100% N/A
 Northern America Americas 136,316 33% N/A
 United States * Northern America Americas 126,340 30% 4.945
 Europe Europe 103,213 25% N/A
 Asia-Pacific Asia 75,277 18% N/A
 China * Eastern Asia Asia 74,884 18% 4.470
 Japan * Eastern Asia Asia 26,931 6.4% 4.918
 Germany * Western Europe Europe 18,274 4.4% 3.797
 United Kingdom * Northern Europe Europe 15,284 3.7% 5.069
 France * Western Europe Europe 14,958 3.6% 5.070
 India * Southern Asia Asia 12,833 3.1% 4.392
 Italy * Southern Europe Europe 11,901 2.8% 5.669
 Latin America Americas 10,872 2.6% N/A
 Canada * Northern America Americas 9,948 2.4% 4.937
 Australia * Australia, New Zealand Oceania 9,268 2.2% 5.157
 South Korea * Eastern Asia Asia 8,981 2.1% N/A
 Spain * Southern Europe Europe 8,585 2.1% 5.577
 Netherlands * Western Europe Europe 5,076 1.2% 4.100
 Africa Africa 4,946 1.2% N/A
 Taiwan * Eastern Asia Asia 4,690 1.1% N/A
 Switzerland * Western Europe Europe 4,689 1.1% 5.514
 Mexico * Central America Americas 3,634 0.87% 2.129
 Indonesia * South-eastern Asia Asia 3,199 0.76% 1.629
 Hong Kong * Eastern Asia Asia 3,167 0.76% 8.384
 Belgium * Western Europe Europe 3,159 0.76% 4.116
 Russia * Eastern Europe Europe 3,038 0.73% 1.795
 Brazil * South America Americas 2,801 0.67% 1.921
 Sweden * Northern Europe Europe 2,620 0.63% 3.860
 Austria * Western Europe Europe 2,111 0.50% 4.381
 Poland * Eastern Europe Europe 2,046 0.49% 2.972
 Denmark * Northern Europe Europe 1,714 0.41% 3.630
 Saudi Arabia * Western Asia Asia 1,662 0.40% 1.962
 Singapore * South-eastern Asia Asia 1,627 0.39% 3.712
 Turkey * Western Asia Asia 1,587 0.38% 1.780
 Thailand * South-eastern Asia Asia 1,367 0.33% 2.134
 Iran * Southern Asia Asia 1,290 0.31% 1.707
 Israel * Western Asia Asia 1,284 0.31% 2.739
 New Zealand * Australia, New Zealand Oceania 1,253 0.30% 5.181
 Portugal * Southern Europe Europe 1,189 0.28% 4.598
 Egypt * Northern Africa Africa 1,159 0.28% 2.963
 Norway * Northern Europe Europe 1,154 0.28% 2.717
 Philippines * South-eastern Asia Asia 1,024 0.24% 2.028
 Vietnam * South-eastern Asia Asia 965 0.23% 3.043
 Ireland * Northern Europe Europe 963 0.23% 2.447
 United Arab Emirates * Western Asia Asia 930 0.22% 2.189
 Greece * Southern Europe Europe 885 0.21% 4.131
 Bangladesh * Southern Asia Asia 831 0.20% 2.304
 Chile * South America Americas 764 0.18% 2.688
 South Africa * Southern Africa Africa 763 0.18% 2.191
 Romania * Eastern Europe Europe 761 0.18% 2.671
 Finland * Northern Europe Europe 733 0.18% 2.952
 Czech Republic * Eastern Europe Europe 666 0.16% 2.194
 Malaysia * South-eastern Asia Asia 654 0.16% 1.870
 Pakistan * Southern Asia Asia 649 0.16% 1.671
 Nigeria * Western Africa Africa 619 0.15% 0.989
 Colombia * South America Americas 603 0.14% 1.737
 Ukraine * Eastern Europe Europe 454 0.11% 2.003
 Hungary * Eastern Europe Europe 417 0.100% 2.117
 Kuwait * Western Asia Asia 409 0.098% 3.008
 Kazakhstan * Central Asia Asia 409 0.098% 1.761
 Venezuela * South America Americas 386 0.092% 0.000
 Peru * South America Americas 383 0.092% 1.662
 Qatar * Western Asia Asia 352 0.084% 1.865
 Sri Lanka * Southern Asia Asia 351 0.084% 3.535
 Kenya * Eastern Africa Africa 338 0.081% 2.607
 Morocco * Northern Africa Africa 332 0.079% 2.548
 Iraq * Western Asia Asia 308 0.074% 1.397
 Slovakia * Eastern Europe Europe 296 0.071% 2.731
 Lebanon * Western Asia Asia 250 0.060% N/A
 Algeria * Northern Africa Africa 245 0.059% 1.473
 Luxembourg * Western Europe Europe 238 0.057% 2.321
 Croatia * Southern Europe Europe 228 0.055% 3.440
 Argentina * South America Americas 222 0.053% 0.698
 Bulgaria * Eastern Europe Europe 204 0.049% 2.086
 Ethiopia * Eastern Africa Africa 202 0.048% 1.699
 Slovenia * Southern Europe Europe 201 0.048% 3.784
 Ecuador * South America Americas 195 0.047% 1.908
 Myanmar * South-eastern Asia Asia 180 0.043% 1.525
 Serbia * Southern Europe Europe 174 0.042% 3.303
 Belarus * Eastern Europe Europe 171 0.041% 1.950
 Jordan * Western Asia Asia 166 0.040% 3.281
 Costa Rica * Central America Americas 164 0.039% 1.926
 Uruguay * South America Americas 154 0.037% 1.356
 Oman * Western Asia Asia 148 0.035% 2.044
 Tunisia * Northern Africa Africa 144 0.034% 2.887
 Lithuania * Northern Europe Europe 138 0.033% 2.105
 Panama * Central America Americas 125 0.030% 1.617
 Bahrain * Western Asia Asia 115 0.027% 2.748
 Latvia * Northern Europe Europe 104 0.025% 2.727
 Ghana * Western Africa Africa 102 0.024% 0.985
 Tanzania * Eastern Africa Africa 101 0.024% 1.298
 Cyprus * Western Asia Asia 97 0.023% 4.289
 Bolivia * South America Americas 87 0.021% 1.907
 Iceland * Northern Europe Europe 86 0.021% 3.928
 Azerbaijan * Western Asia Asia 85 0.020% 1.727
 Estonia * Northern Europe Europe 81 0.019% 1.555
 Bosnia and Herzegovina * Southern Europe Europe 81 0.019% 3.868
 Libya * Northern Africa Africa 76 0.018% 2.574
 Turkmenistan * Central Asia Asia 76 0.018% 1.398
 Nepal * Southern Asia Asia 73 0.017% 2.219
 Albania * Southern Europe Europe 67 0.016% 4.581
 Mauritius * Eastern Africa Africa 61 0.015% 3.417
 Cambodia * South-eastern Asia Asia 60 0.014% 1.956
 Paraguay * South America Americas 53 0.013% 1.337
 Malta * Southern Europe Europe 53 0.013% 3.336
 Angola * Middle Africa Africa 51 0.012% 0.552
 Zimbabwe * Eastern Africa Africa 51 0.012% 1.819
 Nicaragua * Central America Americas 50 0.012% 2.955
 Armenia * Western Asia Asia 49 0.012% 3.072
 Moldova * Eastern Europe Europe 49 0.012% 3.426
 DR Congo * Middle Africa Africa 49 0.012% N/A
 Trinidad and Tobago * Caribbean Americas 46 0.011% 1.689
 Jamaica * Caribbean Americas 42 0.010% 2.552
 Georgia * Western Asia Asia 42 0.010% 2.117
 Uganda * Eastern Africa Africa 40 0.0096% 0.853
 Cameroon * Middle Africa Africa 39 0.0093% 0.846
 Senegal * Western Africa Africa 38 0.0091% 1.400
 Papua New Guinea * Melanesia Oceania 33 0.0079% 1.208
 Laos * South-eastern Asia Asia 32 0.0076% 1.486
 Afghanistan * Southern Asia Asia 32 0.0076% N/A
 Montenegro * Southern Europe Europe 29 0.0069% 4.691
 Rwanda * Eastern Africa Africa 28 0.0067% 1.620
 Madagascar * Eastern Africa Africa 27 0.0065% 1.488
 Zambia * Eastern Africa Africa 26 0.0062% 0.858
 Syria * Western Asia Asia 24 0.0057% N/A
 Kyrgyzstan * Central Asia Asia 23 0.0055% 2.484
 Tajikistan * Central Asia Asia 23 0.0055% 2.218
 Sudan * Northern Africa Africa 22 0.0053% 0.360
 Namibia * Southern Africa Africa 21 0.0050% 1.941
 Botswana * Southern Africa Africa 21 0.0050% 1.145
 Mali * Western Africa Africa 21 0.0050% 0.926
 Guinea * Western Africa Africa 18 0.0043% 1.139
 Malawi * Eastern Africa Africa 18 0.0043% 1.565
 Gabon * Middle Africa Africa 17 0.0041% 1.007
 Bahamas * Caribbean Americas 16 0.0038% 2.125
 Burkina Faso * Western Africa Africa 16 0.0038% 0.813
 Benin * Western Africa Africa 15 0.0036% 0.834
 Barbados * Caribbean Americas 14 0.0033% 2.688
 Equatorial Guinea * Middle Africa Africa 14 0.0033% 1.179
 Mozambique * Eastern Africa Africa 14 0.0033% 0.785
 Mongolia * Eastern Asia Asia 13 0.0031% 0.857
 Niger * Western Africa Africa 13 0.0031% 1.637
 Brunei * South-eastern Asia Asia 12 0.0029% 2.537
 Liberia * Western Africa Africa 11 0.0026% 1.628
 Maldives * Southern Asia Asia 10 0.0024% N/A
 Fiji * Melanesia Oceania 9 0.0022% 0.707
 Chad * Middle Africa Africa 8 0.0019% 1.241
 Congo * Middle Africa Africa 6 0.0014% N/A
 Mauritania * Western Africa Africa 6 0.0014% 0.789
 Guyana * South America Americas 6 0.0014% 0.966
 Togo * Western Africa Africa 6 0.0014% 0.911
 Eritrea * Eastern Africa Africa 5 0.0012% 0.774
 Haiti * Caribbean Americas 5 0.0012% 0.349
 Seychelles * Eastern Africa Africa 4 0.00096% 2.348
 Burundi * Eastern Africa Africa 4 0.00096% 0.996
 Sierra Leone * Western Africa Africa 4 0.00096% 0.728
 East Timor * South-eastern Asia Asia 4 0.00096% 1.487
 Belize * Central America Americas 3 0.00072% 1.064
 Gambia * Western Africa Africa 3 0.00072% 1.095
 Central African Republic * Middle Africa Africa 2 0.00048% 0.901
 Comoros * Eastern Africa Africa 2 0.00048% 1.716
 Djibouti * Eastern Africa Africa 2 0.00048% 0.602
 Guinea-Bissau * Western Africa Africa 2 0.00048% 1.493
 Lesotho * Southern Africa Africa 2 0.00048% 0.842
 Suriname * South America Americas 2 0.00048% 0.541
 São Tomé and Príncipe * Middle Africa Africa 0 0% N/A
 Saint Vincent and the Grenadines * Caribbean Americas N/A N/A N/A
 Vanuatu * Melanesia Oceania N/A N/A N/A
 North Korea * Eastern Asia Asia N/A N/A N/A
 Cayman Islands * Caribbean Americas N/A N/A N/A
 Aruba * Caribbean Americas N/A N/A N/A
 Cuba * Caribbean Americas N/A N/A N/A
 Dominica * Caribbean Americas N/A N/A N/A
 Antigua and Barbuda * Caribbean Americas N/A N/A N/A
 Tonga * Polynesia Oceania N/A N/A N/A
 Saint Lucia * Caribbean Americas N/A N/A N/A
 Grenada * Caribbean Americas N/A N/A N/A
 Samoa * Polynesia Oceania N/A N/A N/A
 Solomon Islands * Melanesia Oceania N/A N/A N/A
 Somalia * Eastern Africa Africa N/A N/A N/A

Countries ranking through time

In the following table are ranked the 30 countries by the largest national net wealth from 2000 to 2020 according to Credit Suisse S.A. (June 2021).[5]

The 30 largest countries by net national wealth (in billions USD)
Country 2000 Country 2005 Country 2010 Country 2015 Country 2020 Country Peak value Peak year
 World 117,857  World 182,912  World 253,015  World 297,938  World 418,342  World 418,342 2020
 United States 43,439  United States 62,657  United States 64,683  United States 87,987  United States 126,340  United States 126,340 2020
 Japan 19,404  Japan 19,476  Japan 28,640  China 46,535  China 74,884  China 74,884 2020
 United Kingdom 6,595  United Kingdom 11,000  China 25,493  Japan 21,519  Japan 26,931  Japan 29,718 2011
 Germany 6,160  France 9,679  France 13,526  United Kingdom 14,041  Germany 18,274  Germany 18,274 2020
 Italy 5,522  Italy 9,457  Germany 11,934  Germany 12,009  United Kingdom 15,284  United Kingdom 15,284 2020
 France 4,704  Germany 9,073  Italy 11,545  France 11,594  France 14,958  France 14,958 2020
 China 3,704  China 8,522  United Kingdom 11,250  Italy 10,506  India 12,833  India 13,427 2019
 Canada 2,613  Spain 6,905  Spain 8,701  India 8,948  Italy 11,901  Italy 12,820 2007
 Spain 2,497  Canada 4,363  Canada 6,832  Canada 6,930  Canada 9,948  Spain 10,296 2007
 South Korea 1,721  South Korea 3,508  India 6,810  Australia 6,424  Australia 9,268  Canada 9,948 2020
 Netherlands 1,591  Australia 3,480  Australia 6,662  Spain 6,177  South Korea 8,981  Australia 9,268 2020
 India 1,553  India 3,266  South Korea 4,744  South Korea 6,128  Spain 8,585  South Korea 8,981 2020
 Australia 1,500  Netherlands 2,524  Brazil 3,534  Taiwan 3,514  Netherlands 5,076  Netherlands 5,076 2020
 Taiwan 1,437  Taiwan 1,883  Netherlands 3,323   Switzerland 3,428  Taiwan 4,690  Taiwan 4,690 2020
  Switzerland 1,273   Switzerland 1,737   Switzerland 2,892  Netherlands 3,256   Switzerland 4,689   Switzerland 4,689 2020
 Belgium 1,051  Belgium 1,714  Taiwan 2,628  Mexico 2,679  Mexico 3,634  Brazil 3,760 2017
 Mexico 883  Mexico 1,445  Belgium 2,363  Brazil 2,510  Indonesia 3,199  Mexico 3,697 2019
 Hong Kong 855  Brazil 1,134  Russia 2,161  Hong Kong 2,487  Hong Kong 3,167  Russia 3,374 2019
 Austria 695  Austria 1,130  Mexico 2,156  Belgium 2,337  Belgium 3,159  Hong Kong 3,317 2019
 Brazil 622  Greece 1,075  Turkey 1,718  Indonesia 1,969  Russia 3,038  Indonesia 3,199 2020
 Greece 612  Turkey 1,030  Sweden 1,628  Russia 1,793  Brazil 2,801  Belgium 3,159 2020
 Sweden 522  Sweden 966  Hong Kong 1,548  Sweden 1,783  Sweden 2,620  Sweden 2,620 2020
 Turkey 522  Hong Kong 957  Austria 1,542  Turkey 1,777  Austria 2,111  Austria 2,111 2020
 Denmark 454  Poland 897  Indonesia 1,409  Austria 1,495  Poland 2,046  Poland 2,046 2020
 Portugal 418  United Arab Emirates 876  Poland 1,382  Poland 1,384  Denmark 1,714  Turkey 1,970 2013
 Poland 412  Russia 865  Greece 1,241  Saudi Arabia 1,289  Saudi Arabia 1,662  Saudi Arabia 1,808 2019
 Indonesia 368  Denmark 806  Denmark 1,031  Singapore 1,075  Singapore 1,627  Denmark 1,714 2020
 Ireland 333  Portugal 770  United Arab Emirates 998  Denmark 1,063  Turkey 1,587  Singapore 1,627 2020
 Singapore 324  Indonesia 720  Norway 965  Egypt 1,035  Thailand 1,367  Thailand 1,478 2019
 Norway 322  Ireland 696  Portugal 950  Portugal 904  Iran 1,290  Greece 1,472 2007

Shares of global wealth

The following table indicates the share of global wealth of the ten wealthiest countries by net national wealth at given years. The share of global wealth of a country that is 5% or greater at a given year is in bold.

Shares of global wealth (%) of the ten wealthiest countries by net national wealth for 2000–09
Year  Australia  Canada  China  France  Germany  India  Italy  Japan  South Korea  Spain  United Kingdom  United States Aggregate
share of
the top 10
2000 2.2% 3.1% 4.0% 5.2% 4.7% 16.5% 1.5% 2.1% 5.6% 36.9% 81.8%
2001 2.1% 3.6% 4.0% 5.2% 4.6% 14.0% 1.5% 2.3% 5.7% 38.7% 81.7%
2002 2.0% 3.7% 4.6% 5.6% 5.3% 13.8% 1.7% 2.9% 6.2% 35.1% 80.9%
2003 1.9% 2.2% 3.7% 5.2% 5.9% 5.7% 13.0% 3.5% 6.3% 32.9% 80.3%
2004 1.9% 2.2% 3.9% 5.6% 5.7% 5.7% 11.5% 3.9% 6.5% 32.6% 79.5%
2005 2.4% 4.7% 5.3% 5.0% 5.2% 10.7% 1.9% 3.8% 6.0% 34.3% 79.3%
2006 2.0% 2.3% 5.0% 5.8% 5.0% 5.5% 9.5% 4.2% 6.4% 32.2% 77.9%
2007 2.3% 2.6% 6.0% 6.1% 5.3% 5.5% 8.6% 4.4% 6.3% 29.2% 76.3%
2008 2.2% 8.2% 5.9% 5.4% 2.1% 5.5% 11.1% 4.3% 4.4% 27.4% 76.5%
2009 2.4% 2.6% 8.6% 5.7% 5.3% 5.4% 10.2% 4.1% 4.8% 26.2% 75.3%
Shares of global wealth (%) of the ten wealthiest countries by net national wealth for 2010–19
Year  Australia  Canada  China  France  Germany  India  Italy  Japan  South Korea  Spain  United Kingdom  United States Aggregate
share of
the top 10
2010 2.7% 10.1% 5.4% 4.7% 2.7% 4.6% 11.3% 3.4% 4.5% 25.6% 75.0%
2011 2.7% 11.8% 5.1% 4.6% 2.5% 4.3% 11.4% 3.3% 4.5% 25.1% 75.3%
2012 2.8% 12.5% 4.8% 4.6% 2.7% 4.2% 9.8% 2.9% 4.4% 25.6% 74.3%
2013 2.7% 13.8% 4.8% 4.7% 2.6% 4.1% 7.8% 2.7% 4.5% 26.8% 74.5%
2014 2.2% 2.6% 15.0% 4.2% 4.3% 2.8% 3.9% 7.0% 4.7% 28.5% 75.2%
2015 2.2% 2.3% 15.6% 3.9% 4.0% 3.0% 3.5% 7.2% 4.7% 29.5% 75.9%
2016 2.2% 2.5% 16.7% 3.8% 3.9% 3.2% 3.2% 7.2% 4.0% 29.8% 76.5%
2017 2.2% 2.4% 17.5% 3.9% 4.1% 3.3% 3.3% 6.7% 4.1% 28.4% 75.9%
2018 2.2% 18.4% 3.7% 4.1% 3.4% 3.0% 6.7% 2.2% 3.7% 28.4% 75.8%
2019 2.3% 18.1% 3.6% 4.0% 3.5% 2.8% 6.5% 2.1% 3.6% 29.5% 76.0%
Shares of global wealth (%) of the ten wealthiest countries by net national wealth for 2020 onwards
Year  Australia  Canada  China  France  Germany  India  Italy  Japan  South Korea  Spain  United Kingdom  United States Aggregate
share of
the top 10
2020 2.2% 2.4% 17.9% 3.7% 4.4% 3.1% 2.8% 6.4% 3.7% 30.2% 76.7%

See also

References

  1. ^ "National Statistics, Republic of China (Taiwan)". stat.gov.tw. Retrieved 9 August 2016.
  2. ^ Shorrocks, Anthony; Davies, James; Lluberas, Rodrigo (2021). Global wealth databook 2021 (PDF). Credit Suisse Research Institute.
  3. ^ https://www.credit-suisse.com/media/assets/corporate/docs/about-us/research/publications/global-wealth-databook-2021.pdf
  4. ^ "GDP (current US$) | Data". data.worldbank.org. Retrieved 31 May 2021.
  5. ^ "Global wealth report". credit-suisse.com. Credit Suisse. Retrieved 25 October 2019.
This page was last edited on 9 November 2021, at 04:56
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