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List of United States federal prisons

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

The seal of the Federal Bureau of Prisons, the agency that manages U.S. federal prisons
The seal of the Federal Bureau of Prisons, the agency that manages U.S. federal prisons

The Federal Bureau of Prisons classifies prisons into several categories:

  • United States Penitentiaries
  • Federal correctional institutions
  • Private correctional institutions
  • Federal prison camps
  • Administrative facilities
  • Federal correctional complexes[1]
  • Former Federal facilities

This list does not include military prisons, state prisons, jails, or prisons operated under contract with local governments. It also does not include detention centers and facilities and processing centers run by Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE).[2]

United States Penitentiaries

Most United States Penitentiaries (USPs) are high-security facilities, which have highly secured perimeters with walls or reinforced fences, multiple and single-occupant cell housing, the highest staff-to-inmate ratio, and close control of inmate movement. The most restrictive facility in the federal prison system is ADX Florence, the federal supermax prison in Florence, Colorado, which holds inmates who are considered the most dangerous and in need of the tightest controls. USP Atlanta, USP Leavenworth, USP Lompoc, and USP Marion are medium-security facilities. USP Marion contains a highly restrictive Communication Management Unit, which holds inmates under stricter controls. Many USPs include minimum-security satellite camps on the same property and under the same administration as the higher-security unit(s).

† Includes female inmates

Name Location Opened
United States Penitentiary, Allenwood Pennsylvania 1993
United States Penitentiary, Atlanta Georgia 1902
United States Penitentiary, Atwater California 2001
United States Penitentiary, Big Sandy Kentucky 2006
United States Penitentiary, Beaumont Texas 1998
United States Penitentiary, Canaan Pennsylvania 2005
United States Penitentiary, Coleman I & II Florida 2001
United States Penitentiary, Florence ADMAX Colorado 1994
United States Penitentiary, Florence High Colorado 1993
United States Penitentiary, Hazelton West Virginia 2004
United States Penitentiary, Lee Virginia 2002
United States Penitentiary, Leavenworth Kansas 1903
United States Penitentiary, Lewisburg Pennsylvania 1932
United States Penitentiary, Lompoc California 1946
United States Penitentiary, Marion Illinois 1963
United States Penitentiary, McCreary Kentucky 1988
United States Penitentiary, Pollock Louisiana 1997
United States Penitentiary, Terre Haute Indiana 1940
United States Penitentiary, Thomson Illinois 2019
United States Penitentiary, Tucson Arizona 2007
United States Penitentiary, Victorville California 2004
United States Penitentiary, Yazoo City Mississippi 2005

Federal correctional institutions

Federal correctional institutions (FCIs) are medium- and low-security facilities, which have strengthened perimeters (often double fences with electronic detection systems), mostly cell-type housing, a wide variety of work and treatment programs, and a higher staff-to-inmate ratio and greater internal controls than low-security FCIs. FCI Terre Haute contains a more restrictive section designated as a Communication Management Unit for inmates considered high-security risks.[1]

† Includes female inmates
†† Female-only facility

Name Location
Federal Correctional Institution, Aliceville†† Alabama
Federal Correctional Institution, Allenwood Low Pennsylvania
Federal Correctional Institution, Allenwood Medium Pennsylvania
Federal Correctional Institution, Ashland Kentucky
Federal Correctional Institution, Bastrop Texas
Federal Correctional Institution, Beckley West Virginia
Federal Correctional Institution, Beaumont  Texas
Federal Correctional Institution, Bennettsville South Carolina
Federal Correctional Institution, Berlin New Hampshire
Federal Correctional Institution, Big Spring Texas
Federal Correctional Complex, Butner North Carolina
Federal Correctional Institution, Coleman Florida
Federal Correctional Institution, Cumberland Maryland
Federal Correctional Institution, Danbury Connecticut
Federal Correctional Institution, Dublin†† California
Federal Correctional Institution, Edgefield South Carolina
Federal Correctional Institution, Elkton Ohio
Federal Correctional Institution, El Reno Oklahoma
Federal Correctional Institution, Englewood Colorado
Federal Correctional Institution, Estill South Carolina
Federal Correctional Institution, Fairton New Jersey
Federal Correctional Institution, Florence Colorado
Federal Correctional Institution, Forrest City Arkansas
Federal Correctional Institution, Fort Dix New Jersey
Federal Correctional Institution, Gilmer West Virginia
Federal Correctional Institution, Greenville Illinois
Federal Correctional Institution, Hazelton West Virginia
Federal Correctional Institution, Herlong California
Federal Correctional Institution, Jesup Georgia
Federal Correctional Institution, La Tuna Texas
Federal Correctional Institution, Lompoc California
Federal Correctional Institution, Loretto Pennsylvania
Federal Correctional Institution, Manchester Kentucky
Federal Correctional Institution, Marianna Florida
Federal Correctional Institution, McDowell West Virginia
Federal Correctional Institution, McKean Pennsylvania
Federal Correctional Institution, Memphis Tennessee
Federal Correctional Institution, Mendota California
Federal Correctional Institution, Miami Florida
Federal Correctional Institution, Milan Michigan
Federal Correctional Institution, Morgantown West Virginia
Federal Correctional Institution, Oakdale Louisiana
Federal Correctional Institution, Otisville New York
Federal Correctional Institution, Oxford Wisconsin
Federal Correctional Institution, Pekin Illinois
Federal Correctional Institution, Petersburg Virginia
Federal Correctional Institution, Phoenix Arizona
Federal Correctional Institution, Pollock Louisiana
Federal Correctional Institution, Ray Brook New York
Federal Correctional Institution, Safford Arizona
Federal Correctional Institution, Sandstone Minnesota
Federal Correctional Institution, Schuylkill Pennsylvania
Federal Correctional Institution, Seagoville Texas
Federal Correctional Institution, Sheridan Oregon
Federal Correctional Institution, Talladega Alabama
Federal Correctional Institution, Tallahassee†† Florida
Federal Correctional Institution, Terminal Island California
Federal Correctional Institution, Terre Haute Indiana
Federal Correctional Institution, Texarkana Texas
Federal Correctional Institution, Three Rivers Texas
Federal Correctional Institution, Tucson Arizona
Federal Correctional Institution, Victorville California
Federal Correctional Institution, Waseca†† Minnesota
Federal Correctional Institution, Williamsburg South Carolina
Federal Correctional Institution, Yazoo City Mississippi

Private correctional institutions

In August 2016, Justice Department officials announced that the FBOP would be phasing out its use of contracted facilities, on the grounds that private prisons provide less safe and less effective services with no substantial cost savings.[3] However, under the Trump administration in 2017, the Justice Department rescinded this phaseout, stating that it would re-implement its usage of private correctional facilities.[4] Those facilities are:

Name Location Operator
Adams County Correctional Center Natchez, Mississippi CoreCivic
Big Spring Correctional Center Big Spring, Texas GEO Group
D. Ray James Correctional Institution Folkston, Georgia GEO Group
Eden Detention Center Eden, Texas CoreCivic
Giles W. Dalby Correctional Institution Post, Texas Management and Training Corporation
Great Plains Correctional Institution Hinton, Oklahoma GEO Group
McRae Correctional Institution McRae-Helena, Georgia CoreCivic
Moshannon Valley Correctional Center Philipsburg, Centre County, Pennsylvania GEO Group
Otero County Prison Facility Chaparral, New Mexico Management and Training Corporation
Reeves I & II Correctional Institution Pecos, Texas GEO Group
Reeves III Correctional Institution Pecos, Texas GEO Group
Rivers Correctional Institution Winton, North Carolina GEO Group
Taft Correctional Institution Taft, California Management and Training Corporation

Federal prison camps

Federal prison camps (FPCs) are minimum-security facilities, which have dormitory housing, a relatively low staff-to-inmate ratio, and limited or no perimeter fencing. These institutions are work- and program-oriented. Many are located adjacent to larger institutions or on military bases, where inmates help serve the labor needs of the larger institution or base.[1]

†† Female-only facility

Name Location
Federal Prison Camp, Alderson†† West Virginia
Federal Prison Camp, Bryan†† Texas
Federal Prison Camp, Duluth Minnesota
Federal Prison Camp, Florence Colorado
Federal Prison Camp, Montgomery Alabama
Federal Prison Camp, Pensacola Florida
Federal Prison Camp, Yankton South Dakota

Administrative facilities

Administrative facilities are institutions with special missions, such as the detention of pretrial offenders; the treatment of inmates with serious or chronic medical problems; or the containment of extremely dangerous, violent, or escape-prone inmates. Administrative facilities include Metropolitan Correctional Centers (MCCs), Metropolitan Detention Centers (MDCs), Federal Detention Centers (FDCs), and Federal Medical Centers (FMCs), as well as the Federal Transfer Center (FTC), the Medical Center for Federal Prisoners (MCFP), and the Administrative-Maximum (ADX) U.S. Penitentiary. Administrative facilities, except the ADX, are capable of holding inmates in all security categories.[1]

† Includes female inmates
†† Female-only facility

Name Location
Federal Detention Center, Honolulu Hawaii
Federal Detention Center, Houston Texas
Federal Detention Center, Miami Florida
Federal Detention Center, Oakdale Louisiana
Federal Detention Center, Philadelphia Pennsylvania
Federal Detention Center, SeaTac Washington
Federal Medical Center, Butner North Carolina
Federal Medical Center, Carswell†† Texas
Federal Medical Center, Devens Massachusetts
Federal Medical Center, Fort Worth Texas
Federal Medical Center, Lexington Kentucky
Federal Medical Center, Rochester Minnesota
US Medical Center for Federal Prisoners, Springfield Missouri
Federal Transfer Center, Oklahoma City Oklahoma
Metropolitan Correctional Center, Chicago Illinois
Metropolitan Correctional Center, New York New York
Metropolitan Correctional Center, San Diego California
Metropolitan Detention Center, Brooklyn New York
Metropolitan Detention Center, Guaynabo Puerto Rico
Metropolitan Detention Center, Los Angeles California

Former federal facilities

This list enumerates facilities that were formerly owned by the Federal Bureau of Prisons.

Name Location Closed
Alcatraz Federal Penitentiary California 1963
Federal Prison Camp, Eglin Florida 2006
Federal Prison Camp, Nellis Nevada 2005
Federal Prison Camp, Boron California 2000
Federal Prison Camp, Seymour Johnson North Carolina 2005
USP McNeil Island Washington 1982 (federally) 2011 (state)
Chillicothe Federal Reformatory Ohio c. 1950s

See also


  1. ^ a b c d "Prison Types & General Information". Federal Bureau of Prisons. Archived from the original on September 15, 2012.
  2. ^ "Immigration Detention Facilities". Immigration and Customs Enforcement. April 13, 2010.
  3. ^ Zapotosky, Matt; Chico Harlan (18 August 2016). "Justice Department Says It Will End Use of Private Prisons". The Washington Post. Retrieved 6 February 2020.
  4. ^ Zapotosky, Matt (23 February 2017). "Justice Department Will Again Use Private Prisons". The Washington Post. Retrieved 6 February 2020.
This page was last edited on 10 September 2020, at 03:12
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