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Lincoln Trail Homestead State Memorial

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Lincoln Trail Homestead State Park and Memorial
Map of the U.S. state of Illinois showing the location of Lincoln Trail Homestead State Park and Memorial
LocationMacon County, Illinois, USA
Nearest cityHarristown, Illinois
Coordinates39°48′10″N 89°06′03″W / 39.80278°N 89.10083°W / 39.80278; -89.10083
Area162 acres (66 ha)
Established1938
Governing bodyIllinois Department of Natural Resources

The Lincoln Trail Homestead State Park and Memorial is a 162-acre (66 ha) state park[1] located on the Sangamon River in Macon County near Harristown, Illinois, United States.

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Transcription

HE CAME UP HERE TO PRINCETON, ILLINOIS, TO BE A MINISTER AT THE HAMSHIRE COLONY PRINCETON, ILLINOIS, TO BE A MINISTER AT THE HAMSHIRE COLONY CON GRE GATION AL CHURCH. MINISTER AT THE HAMSHIRE COLONY CON GRE GATION AL CHURCH. HE BOARDED WITH THE BUTLER CON GRE GATION AL CHURCH. HE BOARDED WITH THE BUTLER DENTON FAMILY. HE BOARDED WITH THE BUTLER DENTON FAMILY. >> THE YEAR WAS 1838 WHEN OWEN DENTON FAMILY. >> THE YEAR WAS 1838 WHEN OWEN ARRIVED. >> THE YEAR WAS 1838 WHEN OWEN ARRIVED. SLAVERY WAS YET TO BE A POPULIST ARRIVED. SLAVERY WAS YET TO BE A POPULIST ISSUE AND THE REPUBLICAN PARTY SLAVERY WAS YET TO BE A POPULIST ISSUE AND THE REPUBLICAN PARTY WAS YEARS AWAY FROM BEING ISSUE AND THE REPUBLICAN PARTY WAS YEARS AWAY FROM BEING FORMED. WAS YEARS AWAY FROM BEING FORMED. IN PRINCETON, HE QUICKLY GAINED FORMED. IN PRINCETON, HE QUICKLY GAINED REPUTATION WITH CONTROVERSY ANTI IN PRINCETON, HE QUICKLY GAINED REPUTATION WITH CONTROVERSY ANTI SLAVERY AND PUBLIC ACTIONS. REPUTATION WITH CONTROVERSY ANTI SLAVERY AND PUBLIC ACTIONS. >>VERY, VERY STRONG, AND VERY SLAVERY AND PUBLIC ACTIONS. >>VERY, VERY STRONG, AND VERY OPINIONED IN THE ANTI SLAVERY >>VERY, VERY STRONG, AND VERY OPINIONED IN THE ANTI SLAVERY MOVEMENT. OPINIONED IN THE ANTI SLAVERY MOVEMENT. THERE WERE TWO SLAVES FOUND HERE MOVEMENT. THERE WERE TWO SLAVES FOUND HERE IN 1843, AGNES AND NANCY. THERE WERE TWO SLAVES FOUND HERE IN 1843, AGNES AND NANCY. HE WAS ARRESTED FOR HARBORING A IN 1843, AGNES AND NANCY. HE WAS ARRESTED FOR HARBORING A SLAVE. HE WAS ARRESTED FOR HARBORING A SLAVE. AGNES, AND NANCY, WERE TAKEN UP SLAVE. AGNES, AND NANCY, WERE TAKEN UP TO THE BUREAU COUNTY JAIL. AGNES, AND NANCY, WERE TAKEN UP TO THE BUREAU COUNTY JAIL. HE HAD TO HIRE A LAWYER FROM TO THE BUREAU COUNTY JAIL. HE HAD TO HIRE A LAWYER FROM CHICAGO BECAUSE THEY HAD A TRIAL HE HAD TO HIRE A LAWYER FROM CHICAGO BECAUSE THEY HAD A TRIAL IN OCTOBER OF 1843. CHICAGO BECAUSE THEY HAD A TRIAL IN OCTOBER OF 1843. HE WAS AQUITTED ANT TWO SLAVES IN OCTOBER OF 1843. HE WAS AQUITTED ANT TWO SLAVES SET FREE. HE WAS AQUITTED ANT TWO SLAVES SET FREE. ONCE HE WAS AQUITTED, HE SET FREE. ONCE HE WAS AQUITTED, HE CONTINUED HIS BOLD STANCE ONCE HE WAS AQUITTED, HE CONTINUED HIS BOLD STANCE AGAINST SLAVERY, AND MOVED ON TO CONTINUED HIS BOLD STANCE AGAINST SLAVERY, AND MOVED ON TO THE NATIONAL STAGE. AGAINST SLAVERY, AND MOVED ON TO THE NATIONAL STAGE. >>HE PREACH FROM THE PULPIT, AND THE NATIONAL STAGE. >>HE PREACH FROM THE PULPIT, AND DECIDED HE COULD PROBABLY DO >>HE PREACH FROM THE PULPIT, AND DECIDED HE COULD PROBABLY DO MORE GOOD BECOMING A POLITICIAN DECIDED HE COULD PROBABLY DO MORE GOOD BECOMING A POLITICIAN AND WAS BECOMING MORE OF A HOT MORE GOOD BECOMING A POLITICIAN AND WAS BECOMING MORE OF A HOT TOPIC BY THEN. AND WAS BECOMING MORE OF A HOT TOPIC BY THEN. HE WAS A REPRESENTATIVE FROM TOPIC BY THEN. HE WAS A REPRESENTATIVE FROM HERE, SPRINGFIELD, FOR TWO HE WAS A REPRESENTATIVE FROM HERE, SPRINGFIELD, FOR TWO YEARS, AND THEN HE RAN AS A U.S. HERE, SPRINGFIELD, FOR TWO YEARS, AND THEN HE RAN AS A U.S. REPRESENTATIVE FROM HERE, ONE BY YEARS, AND THEN HE RAN AS A U.S. REPRESENTATIVE FROM HERE, ONE BY ONE -- WON BY ONE VOTE, AND REPRESENTATIVE FROM HERE, ONE BY ONE -- WON BY ONE VOTE, AND CONTINUED TO BE U.S. ONE -- WON BY ONE VOTE, AND CONTINUED TO BE U.S. REPRESENTATIVE UNTIL THE TIME OF CONTINUED TO BE U.S. REPRESENTATIVE UNTIL THE TIME OF HIS DEATH. REPRESENTATIVE UNTIL THE TIME OF HIS DEATH. >>DURING HIS CAREER IN HIS DEATH. >>DURING HIS CAREER IN WASHINGTON, HE BECAME ONE OF THE >>DURING HIS CAREER IN WASHINGTON, HE BECAME ONE OF THE ORAL EARLY OUTSPOKEN OPPONENTS WASHINGTON, HE BECAME ONE OF THE ORAL EARLY OUTSPOKEN OPPONENTS OF SLAVERY. ORAL EARLY OUTSPOKEN OPPONENTS OF SLAVERY. IN THE END, LOVEJOY WOULD END OF SLAVERY. IN THE END, LOVEJOY WOULD END LONG ENOUGH TO SEE THE IN THE END, LOVEJOY WOULD END LONG ENOUGH TO SEE THE EMANCIPATION PROCLAMATION ISSUE LONG ENOUGH TO SEE THE EMANCIPATION PROCLAMATION ISSUE BE BUT WOULD PASS FIVE MONTHS EMANCIPATION PROCLAMATION ISSUE BE BUT WOULD PASS FIVE MONTHS BEFORE THE END OF THE CIVIL WAR. BE BUT WOULD PASS FIVE MONTHS BEFORE THE END OF THE CIVIL WAR. UPON RECEIVING THE NEWS, BEFORE THE END OF THE CIVIL WAR. UPON RECEIVING THE NEWS, PRESIDENT LINCOLN SAID LOVEJOY UPON RECEIVING THE NEWS, PRESIDENT LINCOLN SAID LOVEJOY WAS THE BEST FRIEND HE HAD IN PRESIDENT LINCOLN SAID LOVEJOY WAS THE BEST FRIEND HE HAD IN CONGRESS. TODAY THE HOME WHERE HE CAME AS A RENTER AND LATER BECAME THE HUSBAND OF THE WIDOWED OWNER HAS A RENTER AND LATER BECAME THE HUSBAND OF THE WIDOWED OWNER HAS BEEN MAINTAINED AS A MEMORIAL TO HUSBAND OF THE WIDOWED OWNER HAS BEEN MAINTAINED AS A MEMORIAL TO HIM. BEEN MAINTAINED AS A MEMORIAL TO HIM. INSIDE ROOMS ARE FURNISHED WITH HIM. INSIDE ROOMS ARE FURNISHED WITH PERIOD PIECES ALONG WITH FEW INSIDE ROOMS ARE FURNISHED WITH PERIOD PIECES ALONG WITH FEW ORIGINAL ITEMS. PERIOD PIECES ALONG WITH FEW ORIGINAL ITEMS. >> A MARRIAGE LICENSE SIGNED BY ORIGINAL ITEMS. >> A MARRIAGE LICENSE SIGNED BY OWEN LOVEJOY, AND THE STEN SILL >> A MARRIAGE LICENSE SIGNED BY OWEN LOVEJOY, AND THE STEN SILL THAT IS OUT IN THE KITCHEN IS O OWEN LOVEJOY, AND THE STEN SILL THAT IS OUT IN THE KITCHEN IS O DOT LOVEJOY DOT, AND THAT'S THE THAT IS OUT IN THE KITCHEN IS O DOT LOVEJOY DOT, AND THAT'S THE STEN SILL THEY USED TO MARK DOT LOVEJOY DOT, AND THAT'S THE STEN SILL THEY USED TO MARK THEIR WAGONS WITH. STEN SILL THEY USED TO MARK THEIR WAGONS WITH. WE HAVE A GAME TABLE THAT THEIR WAGONS WITH. WE HAVE A GAME TABLE THAT ANNA SHERTZ THAT WORKED WITH THE WE HAVE A GAME TABLE THAT ANNA SHERTZ THAT WORKED WITH THE LOVEJOY FAMILY. ANNA SHERTZ THAT WORKED WITH THE LOVEJOY FAMILY. SHE GOT MARRIED, AND THE LOVEJOY LOVEJOY FAMILY. SHE GOT MARRIED, AND THE LOVEJOY FAMILY ASKED WHAT SHE WANTED AS SHE GOT MARRIED, AND THE LOVEJOY FAMILY ASKED WHAT SHE WANTED AS A WEDDING GIFT, AND THEY POINTED FAMILY ASKED WHAT SHE WANTED AS A WEDDING GIFT, AND THEY POINTED OUT THIS TABLE. A WEDDING GIFT, AND THEY POINTED OUT THIS TABLE. >>AFTER HER DEATH, THE TABLE WAS OUT THIS TABLE. >>AFTER HER DEATH, THE TABLE WAS RETURNED TO THEIR HOME. >>AFTER HER DEATH, THE TABLE WAS RETURNED TO THEIR HOME. ALSO ON DISPLAY IS THIS PAINTING RETURNED TO THEIR HOME. ALSO ON DISPLAY IS THIS PAINTING OF LOVEJOY. ALSO ON DISPLAY IS THIS PAINTING OF LOVEJOY. IN 1864, OWEN MET AN ARTIST WHO OF LOVEJOY. IN 1864, OWEN MET AN ARTIST WHO WISH TODAY I MORTALIZED THE IN 1864, OWEN MET AN ARTIST WHO WISH TODAY I MORTALIZED THE EMANCIPATION. WISH TODAY I MORTALIZED THE EMANCIPATION. FRANCIS CARTER, AND LOVEJOY EMANCIPATION. FRANCIS CARTER, AND LOVEJOY WROTE A LETTER TO PRESIDENT FRANCIS CARTER, AND LOVEJOY WROTE A LETTER TO PRESIDENT LINCOLN. WROTE A LETTER TO PRESIDENT LINCOLN. FOR SIX MONTHS, CARPENTER LIVED LINCOLN. FOR SIX MONTHS, CARPENTER LIVED IN THE WHITE HOUSE, WHILE HE WAS FOR SIX MONTHS, CARPENTER LIVED IN THE WHITE HOUSE, WHILE HE WAS WORKING ON HIS FAMOUS PAINTING. IN THE WHITE HOUSE, WHILE HE WAS WORKING ON HIS FAMOUS PAINTING. IN THIS GRATITUDE, HE DID THIS WORKING ON HIS FAMOUS PAINTING. IN THIS GRATITUDE, HE DID THIS PORE TRAIT OF LOVEJOY. IN THIS GRATITUDE, HE DID THIS PORE TRAIT OF LOVEJOY. OTHER ITEMS ON DISPLAY INCLUDE PORE TRAIT OF LOVEJOY. OTHER ITEMS ON DISPLAY INCLUDE SILVERWARE FROM HIS TABLE, A OTHER ITEMS ON DISPLAY INCLUDE SILVERWARE FROM HIS TABLE, A BOOK FROM 1837, THAT HE AND HIS SILVERWARE FROM HIS TABLE, A BOOK FROM 1837, THAT HE AND HIS BROTHER JOSEPH WROTE, ABOUT BOOK FROM 1837, THAT HE AND HIS BROTHER JOSEPH WROTE, ABOUT THEIR MURDERED SIBLING ELIJAH. BROTHER JOSEPH WROTE, ABOUT THEIR MURDERED SIBLING ELIJAH. NOTES FROM SERMON FROM 1847 THEIR MURDERED SIBLING ELIJAH. NOTES FROM SERMON FROM 1847 ACTION NEW YORK TIMES FRONT PAGE NOTES FROM SERMON FROM 1847 ACTION NEW YORK TIMES FRONT PAGE FROM 1864 REPORTING ON PRESIDENT ACTION NEW YORK TIMES FRONT PAGE FROM 1864 REPORTING ON PRESIDENT LINCOLN'S ASSASSINATION. OVER THE YEARS, AS THE FAMILY GREW, SO DID THE HOUSE. THE MOST INTRIGUING SPACE IS ONE GREW, SO DID THE HOUSE. THE MOST INTRIGUING SPACE IS ONE THAT IS HIDDEN AND POSSIBLY THE MOST INTRIGUING SPACE IS ONE THAT IS HIDDEN AND POSSIBLY PLAYED A ROLE IN HIS ARREST. THAT IS HIDDEN AND POSSIBLY PLAYED A ROLE IN HIS ARREST. DOWN THE MAIN HALLWAY AND UP THE PLAYED A ROLE IN HIS ARREST. DOWN THE MAIN HALLWAY AND UP THE STAIRS IS A SMALL BEDROOM WITH A DOWN THE MAIN HALLWAY AND UP THE STAIRS IS A SMALL BEDROOM WITH A BIG SECRET. STAIRS IS A SMALL BEDROOM WITH A BIG SECRET. >> THAT'S WHERE WE BELIEVE THE BIG SECRET. >> THAT'S WHERE WE BELIEVE THE TWO SLAVES WERE FOUND, AGNES AND >> THAT'S WHERE WE BELIEVE THE TWO SLAVES WERE FOUND, AGNES AND NANCY. TWO SLAVES WERE FOUND, AGNES AND NANCY. THE OTHER ROOM, THEY BELIEVE WE NANCY. THE OTHER ROOM, THEY BELIEVE WE TOOK OFF A FEW BOARDS AND COULD THE OTHER ROOM, THEY BELIEVE WE TOOK OFF A FEW BOARDS AND COULD HAVE SLID IN THERE, STAYED IN TOOK OFF A FEW BOARDS AND COULD HAVE SLID IN THERE, STAYED IN THERE AS LONG AS THEY NEEDED TO, HAVE SLID IN THERE, STAYED IN THERE AS LONG AS THEY NEEDED TO, PUT A PIECE OF FURNITURE IN THERE AS LONG AS THEY NEEDED TO, PUT A PIECE OF FURNITURE IN FRONT OF THERE, AND NOBODY WOULD PUT A PIECE OF FURNITURE IN FRONT OF THERE, AND NOBODY WOULD HAVE EVER KNOWN THEY WERE IN FRONT OF THERE, AND NOBODY WOULD HAVE EVER KNOWN THEY WERE IN THERE. HAVE EVER KNOWN THEY WERE IN THERE. >>BECAUSE OF LOVEJOY'S ARREST THERE. >>BECAUSE OF LOVEJOY'S ARREST AND TRIAL, THIS IS ONE OF THE >>BECAUSE OF LOVEJOY'S ARREST AND TRIAL, THIS IS ONE OF THE FEW DOCUMENTED STOPS ALONG THE AND TRIAL, THIS IS ONE OF THE FEW DOCUMENTED STOPS ALONG THE UNDERGROUND RAILROAD. FEW DOCUMENTED STOPS ALONG THE UNDERGROUND RAILROAD. IT IS BELIEVED OTHERS WERE UNDERGROUND RAILROAD. IT IS BELIEVED OTHERS WERE HIDDEN ON THIS PROPERTY OVER THE IT IS BELIEVED OTHERS WERE HIDDEN ON THIS PROPERTY OVER THE YEARS, BUT RECORDS WERE NOT HIDDEN ON THIS PROPERTY OVER THE YEARS, BUT RECORDS WERE NOT KEPT. TODAY THE HOUSE STANDS AS A REMINDER OF AN EARLY VOICE IN THE GROWING ABOLITIONIST REMINDER OF AN EARLY VOICE IN THE GROWING ABOLITIONIST MOVEMENT. FOR TOUR INFORMATION FOR LOVEJOY HOME, GO TO WWW LOVEJOYHOMESTEAD.COM OR CALL HOME, GO TO WWW LOVEJOYHOMESTEAD.COM OR CALL (815)879-9151.

Contents

Home of Lincoln family

A marker at the site of Lincoln's first home in Illinois.
A marker at the site of Lincoln's first home in Illinois.

The state memorial is believed to contain the site of the homestead, from March 1830 until March 1831, of pioneer Thomas Lincoln and about 12 members of his extended family, including grown son Abraham Lincoln.[2]

The Lincolns moved to this location, west of Decatur, Illinois, from Indiana in March 1830. Using local logs, they constructed a 18-by-18-foot (5.5 m × 5.5 m) log cabin on the site. It was here that Abraham split rails for his father's 10-acre (4.0 ha) field, and also "hired out" to split rails for neighboring pioneer farmers, inspiring his later political nickname, the Rail Splitter. Split-rail fences were used by pioneer farmers to confine their stock, or to prevent free-range livestock from getting into and damaging a crop field.[3]

The settlement was not successful. The Lincoln family's corn crop produced a disappointing yield, partly because it was planted directly in the sod of the tallgrass prairie, and many of the members of the family then developed severe cases of malaria associated with living in the Illinois wetlands. Following this came the winter of 1830–1831, known to pioneers as the Winter of the Deep Snow. It was a particularly harsh winter for the area, with lengthy periods of sub-zero temperatures and snowfall totalling 6 feet (180 cm). The Lincoln clan faced serious hunger. According to one report, "Abraham rode to nearby homes seeking food for his family."[3]

The hard winter and miserable conditions broke up the Lincoln family. In March 1831, Thomas Lincoln and his wife Sarah Bush Lincoln, Abraham's stepmother, moved southeast to Coles County; they eventually built a new farmstead at what is now the Lincoln Log Cabin State Historic Site near Charleston, Illinois. Young Abraham hired out as a flatboatman, on the Sangamon, locating a new home for himself in New Salem, Illinois. See also: Abraham Lincoln's early life and career.[3]

Afterwards

A tablet marking Lincoln's First Home in Illinois
A tablet marking Lincoln's First Home in Illinois

The abandoned Lincoln cabin remained on the site and was re-used as a school house and a farm building.[4] It was ignored until 1865 when it was dismantled and shipped for public viewing to Chicago; Boston Common; and finally the private museum in New York City operated by showman P.T. Barnum. After that, the cabin was lost to history and its ultimate fate is unknown.[3]

The abandoned Lincoln farmstead was later settled by the Whitley family, who lived at the site for several generations; the Whiteleys built a dam across the Sangamon River to power a small flour mill.[4]

The state memorial, created in 1938 on the Whitley site, now serves as a park and picnic area for the greater Decatur, Illinois metropolitan area. The park contains mature second-growth bottomland timber, including black walnut trees; the Whitleys' pioneer cemetery; and the remains of the flour mill and dam on the Sangamon River. The park was formally dedicated in 1957.[4]

Archeologists have not yet discovered any evidence of the exact location of the Lincoln family's 1830–1831 cabin, and the cabin may have been located within or slightly outside the state memorial boundary.[2]

Lincoln's description

Abraham Lincoln himself described his life at the Lincoln Trail Homestead State Park and Memorial in this 1860 account, which he wrote for John L. Scripps of the Chicago Press and Tribune to be used as a campaign biography:

March 1, 1830, Abraham having just completed his twenty-first year, his father and family, with the families of the two daughters and sons-in-law of his stepmother, left the old homestead in Indiana and came to Illinois. Their mode of conveyance was wagons drawn by ox-teams, and Abraham drove one of the teams. They reached the county of Macon, and stopped there some time within the same month of March. His father and family settled a new place on the north side of the Sangamon River, at the junction of the timberland and prairie, about ten miles (16 km) westerly from Decatur. Here they built a log cabin, into which they removed, and made sufficient of rails to fence ten acres of ground, fenced and broke the ground, and raised a crop of sown corn upon it the same year. These are, or are supposed to be, the rails about which so much is being said just now, though these are far from being the first or only rails ever made by Abraham.[5]

The Sangamon River passing through the park and the remains of the Mill and dam at bottom. Viewed about 200 feet (61 m) south of the monument from the top of the bluff.
The Sangamon River passing through the park and the remains of the Mill and dam at bottom. Viewed about 200 feet (61 m) south of the monument from the top of the bluff.

References

  1. ^ Illinois Department of Natural Resources. Lincoln Trail Homestead State Park and Memorial Archived 2006-05-12 at the Wayback Machine..
  2. ^ a b Mansberger, Floyd (August 2009). "Searching for Thomas Lincoln's Cabin". Outdoor Illinois. pp. 10–13.
  3. ^ a b c d McAndrew, Tara McClellan (2009-02-12). "The Lincolns' first home in Illinois". Illinois Times. Retrieved 2009-02-13.
  4. ^ a b c Illinois Department of Natural Resources. Lincoln Trail Homestead State Memorial brochure. Printed May 1999.
  5. ^ Abraham Lincoln. June 1860 Autobiography.

External links

This page was last edited on 5 September 2018, at 23:26
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