To install click the Add extension button. That's it.

The source code for the WIKI 2 extension is being checked by specialists of the Mozilla Foundation, Google, and Apple. You could also do it yourself at any point in time.

Kelly Slayton
Congratulations on this excellent venture… what a great idea!
Alexander Grigorievskiy
I use WIKI 2 every day and almost forgot how the original Wikipedia looks like.
Live Statistics
English Articles
Improved in 24 Hours
Added in 24 Hours
Show all languages
What we do. Every page goes through several hundred of perfecting techniques; in live mode. Quite the same Wikipedia. Just better.

James A. Haley

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

James A. Haley
James A. Haley.jpg
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Florida's 8th district
In office
January 3, 1973 – January 3, 1977
Preceded byBill Young
Succeeded byAndy Ireland
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Florida's 7th district
In office
January 3, 1953 – January 3, 1973
Preceded bydistrict created
Succeeded bySam Gibbons
Personal details
Born(1899-01-04)January 4, 1899
Jacksonville, Alabama, U.S.
DiedAugust 6, 1981(1981-08-06) (aged 82)
Sarasota, Florida, U.S.
Political partyDemocratic
SpouseAubrey Barlow Ringling (née Black)

James Andrew Haley (January 4, 1899 – August 6, 1981) was a U.S. Representative from Florida.

Born in Jacksonville, Alabama, Haley attended the public schools and the University of Alabama. During World War I, Haley enlisted in the United States Army serving with Troop A, Second Cavalry where he saw combat in France, in April 1917 and served overseas. He was an accountant in Sarasota, Florida, from 1920 to 1933. He served as general manager of John Ringling estate 1933–1943.

On December 4, 1942, Haley married Aubrey Ringling (née Aubrey Barlow Black), the widow of Richard T. Ringling who had died in 1931. Richard Ringling was the son of Alf T. Ringling one of the original Ringling brothers.[1]

From 1943 to 1945, he was the first vice president of Ringling Circus and president and director of Ringling Bros. and Barnum & Bailey. In 1944, a fire broke out at a Ringling Circus show in Hartford, Connecticut that killed 169 people. On the day of the fire Haley was the highest ranking executive traveling with the circus.[2] During the subsequent trial, he and five other circus officials pleaded no contest to charges of involuntary manslaughter and were sentenced to prison. He served eight months[3] and in 1945 was returned to Florida, where he received a pardon from Governor Millard F. Caldwell.[4]

Haley worked for Ringling Bros. and Barnum & Bailey from 1946 to 1948. He later engaged in newspaper publishing and later in general printing business. He served as chairman of the Democratic executive committee of Sarasota County 1935–1952. He served as member of the Florida House of Representatives from 1949 to 1952. He was a delegate to the 1952, 1956, and 1960 Democratic National Conventions.

Haley was elected as a Democrat to the Eighty-third and to the eleven succeeding Congresses (January 3, 1953 – January 3, 1977), during which time he was a signatory to the 1956 Southern Manifesto that opposed the desegregation of public schools ordered by the Supreme Court in Brown v. Board of Education.. He served as chairman of the Committee on Interior and Insular Affairs (Ninety-third and Ninety-fourth Congresses).

Haley was not a candidate for reelection to the Ninety-fifth Congress in 1976.

Haley died in Sarasota on August 6, 1981, and was interred in Boca Raton Cemetery in Boca Raton. The United States Department of Veterans Affairs located in Tampa is named James A. Haley VA Medical Center after him.


  1. ^ "Richard T. Ringling (1895-1931) - Find A Grave..."
  2. ^ "Haley volunteer pushing for rename of hospital |". Archived from the original on 2017-10-09.
  3. ^ "Ringling V.P. Released After Serving 8 Mos. of Fire Penalty". Variety. 1945-12-26. p. 39. Retrieved 2017-01-15.
  4. ^ "Congressman James A. Haley - Florida Southern College in Lakeland, FL".

Public Domain This article incorporates public domain material from the Biographical Directory of the United States Congress.

U.S. House of Representatives
Preceded by
District created
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Florida's 7th congressional district

Succeeded by
Preceded by Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Florida's 8th congressional district

Succeeded by
Political offices
Preceded by Chairman of House Interior and Insular Affairs Committee
Succeeded by
Mo Udall
This page was last edited on 18 September 2022, at 22:46
Basis of this page is in Wikipedia. Text is available under the CC BY-SA 3.0 Unported License. Non-text media are available under their specified licenses. Wikipedia® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc. WIKI 2 is an independent company and has no affiliation with Wikimedia Foundation.