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Bridgton, Maine

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Bridgton, Maine
Bird's eye view of 1888 Bridgton
Bird's eye view of 1888 Bridgton
Location in Cumberland County and the state of Maine.
Location in Cumberland County and the state of Maine.
Coordinates: 44°3′13″N 70°42′6″W / 44.05361°N 70.70167°W / 44.05361; -70.70167
CountryUnited States
North Bridgton
South Bridgton
West Bridgton
Sandy Creek
 • Total64.24 sq mi (166.38 km2)
 • Land56.79 sq mi (147.09 km2)
 • Water7.45 sq mi (19.30 km2)
400 ft (100 m)
 • Total5,418
 • Density95/sq mi (36.8/km2)
Time zoneUTC-5 (Eastern (EST))
 • Summer (DST)UTC-4 (EDT)
ZIP code
Area code207

Bridgton is a town in Cumberland County, Maine, United States. The population was 5,418 at the 2020 census.[2] A resort area in Maine's Lakes Region, Bridgton is home to Bridgton Academy, a private preparatory school, and the Four on the Fourth Road Race.

Bridgton is part of the PortlandSouth PortlandBiddeford, Maine metropolitan statistical area.

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  • Bridgton 4 on the Fourth Bridgton Maine 4th of July
  • Bridgton Four on the 4th, Bridgton, ME, 7/4/2022
  • 39th Annual Bridgton 4 on the 4th start
  • Bridgton 4 on the 4th



The undeveloped land was first called Pondicherry. It was granted in 1768 by the Massachusetts General Court to Moody Bridges and a group of proprietors. Settlement began in 1770 at what is now North Bridgton, where a tavern was built. The community was organized in 1779 as Bridgetown Plantation, named after Moody Bridges, and then incorporated on February 7, 1794, as Bridgton.[3]

Stevens Brook is only a mile and a half long, but it provided water power for 12 mill sites. It developed as an industrial center, with sawmills, gristmills, woolen textile mills, a tannery, shoe factory and brick manufacturer. Later, a corn and vegetable packing plant was built, in addition to a foundry, machine shop, shovel handle factory, sash and blind factory, and a coffin shop. Population increased when goods manufactured by water power could be transported to outside markets on the Cumberland and Oxford Canal, which opened to Portland in 1832.[4] By the mid-19th century, the town contained about 3,000 inhabitants. When the Portland and Ogdensburg Railway bypassed Bridgton, the town built the 2-foot-gauge (610 mm) Bridgton and Saco River Railroad link to the national rail network in 1883.[5] Summer vacationers arrived by rail and steamboat until automobile tourists began arriving after designation of the Theodore Roosevelt International Highway in 1919 (identified as U.S. Route 302 since 1935).[6] The convenience of highway travel caused abandonment of the canal steamboats in 1932 and the narrow-gauge railroad in 1941. Bridgton remains a popular resort area, with many children's summer camps located along the shores of the beautiful lakes and Pleasant Mountain Ski Area (formerly Shawnee Peak), a ski resort, located in the western part of town.

Villages and neighborhoods

Bridgton has several villages and areas that can be classified as neighborhoods. They are:

  • Bridgton is the main, central area of town. It begins on Route 302, near Meadow Road, and continues up towards Main Street, passing Highland Lake and the Civil War monument at the top of Main Hill. This is the central, downtown of Bridgton, featuring shops, offices and a movie theater. Also located in this area is Stevens Brook Elementary School, Bridgton Memorial School, the Bridgton Community Center, and Pondicherry Park. It is bordered to the west by South High Street.Pondicherry Park is a 62+acre tract of land that includes forest, wetlands pastures and brooks. Hiking trails throughout allow visitors to step from downtown Bridgton into quiet woodlands in an instant. Dogs are not allowed in the entire park, but a Dog Trail is opening in summer 2012.
  • North Bridgton is located just south of the towns of Waterford and Harrison. The main focal point here is Bridgton Academy. It has a separate post office and ZIP code (04057) from the rest of Bridgton, although this ZIP code serves only mail delivered to post office boxes in the North Bridgton Post Office; street delivery in North Bridgton carries the Bridgton address and ZIP code (04009). The area has magnificent views of Long Lake.
  • South Bridgton is, as the name describes, to the south of Bridgton. It is located mainly off Route 107, near Sebago. The most central portion of the area is near Adams Pond and features the South Bridgton Congregational Church.
  • Sandy Creek is a sub-area of South Bridgton. It is based around Denmark Road, near Woods Pond Beach. There are multiple summer camps in this area, and it is primarily residential.
  • West Bridgton is bordered to the south by Denmark and to the west by Fryeburg. The main area of development here is on Route 302, from the West Bridgton Fire Station near Cedar Drive, across the Moose Pond causeway to Shawnee Peak. In addition, West Bridgton is home to Camp Winona, which has been in operation for a century.


According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 64.24 square miles (166.38 km2), of which 56.79 square miles (147.09 km2) is land and 7.45 square miles (19.30 km2) is water.[1] To the east of Bridgton is Long Lake, which eventually flows into Sebago Lake and the Atlantic Ocean. Long Lake is partly fed by Stevens Brook. The source of Stevens Brook is Highland Lake, which is located just west of the downtown.

In West Bridgton, a portion of Pleasant Mountain, including the Shawnee Peak Ski Area, rises. At the base of Pleasant Mountain is Moose Pond, a man-made lake which makes up portions of Bridgton, Denmark, and Sweden. Moose Pond eventually drains into the Saco River.

Highland Lake

Highland Lake
Highland Lake is located in Maine
Highland Lake
Highland Lake
Coordinates44°05′N 70°44′W / 44.083°N 70.733°W / 44.083; -70.733[7]
Primary outflowsStevens Brook
Basin countriesUnited States
Max. length4 mi (6.4 km)[8]
Surface area1,334 acres (540 ha)[9]
Max. depth44 feet (13 m)[10]
Water volume24,904 acre⋅ft (30,719,000 m3)[9]
Surface elevation423 ft (129 m)[7]

Highland Lake extends north from downtown Bridgton to the border with Sweden. The north end of the lake receives drainage from Stearns Pond and Black Pond in eastern Sweden, and from Duck Pond in western Waterford. The south end of the lake overflows into Stevens Brook through downtown Bridgton, and the lake was a water power reservoir for early mills. The shoreline of the lake is heavily developed with residences and seasonal cabins. Trailered boats may be launched and recovered at a town-owned ramp at the southern end of the lake.[8] White perch thrive in the lake despite dissolved oxygen deficiency in deep water below the summer thermocline. Smallmouth bass in the lake are infested with bass tapeworm. Summer water temperatures are unfavorable for native trout, but the lake has been stocked with brown trout.[10]


This climatic region is typified by large seasonal temperature differences, with warm to hot (and often humid) summers and cold (sometimes severely cold) winters. According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Bridgton has a humid continental climate, abbreviated "Dfb" on climate maps.[11] In the town of North Bridgton, Maine's record high temperature was recorded, which was 105 degrees Fahrenheit.


Historical population
U.S. Decennial Census[12]

2010 census

As of the census[13] of 2010, there were 5,210 people, 2,240 households, and 1,431 families living in the town. The population density was 91.7 inhabitants per square mile (35.4/km2). There were 4,051 housing units at an average density of 71.3 per square mile (27.5/km2). The racial makeup of the town was 96.6% White, 0.7% African American, 0.4% Native American, 0.3% Asian, 0.2% from other races, and 1.7% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.2% of the population.

There were 2,240 households, of which 24.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 48.7% were married couples living together, 10.4% had a female householder with no husband present, 4.8% had a male householder with no wife present, and 36.1% were non-families. 28.9% of all households were made up of individuals, and 12.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.24 and the average family size was 2.71.

The median age in the town was 46.8 years. 18.6% of residents were under the age of 18; 8.4% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 20.2% were from 25 to 44; 33% were from 45 to 64; and 19.8% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the town was 49.2% male and 50.8% female.

2000 census

As of the census[14] of 2000, there were 4,883 people, 1,924 households, and 1,296 families living in the town. The population density was 85.2 inhabitants per square mile (32.9/km2). There were 3,063 housing units at an average density of 53.5 per square mile (20.7/km2). The racial makeup of the town was 97.36% White, 0.47% Black or African American, 0.27% Native American, 0.27% Asian, 0.23% from other races, and 1.41% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.82% of the population.

There were 1,924 households, out of which 29.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 51.4% were married couples living together, 11.4% had a female householder with no husband present, and 32.6% were non-families. 25.8% of all households were made up of individuals, and 11.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.50 and the average family size was 2.85.

In the town, the population was spread out, with 22.1% under the age of 18, 10.5% from 18 to 24, 25.9% from 25 to 44, 25.6% from 45 to 64, and 15.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females, there were 100.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 98.2 males.

The median income for a household in the town was $36,722, and the median income for a family was $42,392. Males had a median income of $29,614 versus $21,548 for females. The per capita income for the town was $17,352. About 9.3% of families and 15.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 12.6% of those under age 18 and 4.8% of those age 65 or over.

In popular culture

Bridgton is the setting for The Mist, a novella by Stephen King and was the inspiration for Chester's Mill, the town from King's Under The Dome.

Sites of interest

Notable people


  1. ^ a b "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved December 16, 2012.
  2. ^ "Census - Geography Profile: Bridgton town, Cumberland County, Maine". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 12, 2022.
  3. ^ Coolidge, Austin J.; John B. Mansfield (1859). A History and Description of New England. Boston, Massachusetts: A.J. Coolidge. pp. 64–66. coolidge mansfield history description new england 1859.
  4. ^ Ward, Ernest E. (1967). My First Sixty Years in Harrison, Maine. Denmark, Maine: Cardinal Printing. p. 7. OCLC 430144.
  5. ^ "George J. Varney, "History of Bridgton, Cumberland, Deering & Falmouth, Maine" (1886)". Archived from the original on March 8, 2015. Retrieved October 15, 2007.
  6. ^ Tracy, A.W. (December 1996) [1921]. "Highway Display's America's Glories". Theodore Roosevelt International Highway, Montana (PDF). Montana Department of Transportation. p. 7. Retrieved August 21, 2008.
  7. ^ a b U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Highland Lake
  8. ^ a b The Maine Atlas and Gazetteer (Thirteenth ed.). Freeport, Maine: DeLorme Mapping Company. 1988. pp. 5&10. ISBN 0-89933-035-5.
  9. ^ a b Maine Depts. of Environmental Protection and Inland Fisheries & Wildlife (August 4, 2005). "Maine Lakes: Morphometry and Geographic Information". Senator George J. Mitchell Center for Environmental and Watershed Research, The University of Maine. Archived from the original on September 3, 2006. Retrieved July 31, 2008.
  10. ^ a b "Highland Lake" (PDF). Maine Department of Inland Fisheries and Wildlife. State of Maine. Retrieved May 17, 2016.
  11. ^ Climate Summary for Bridgton, Maine
  12. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Retrieved June 4, 2015.
  13. ^ "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved December 16, 2012.
  14. ^ "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 31, 2008.
  15. ^ "Jim Mains Statistics and History". Retrieved December 6, 2010.

External links

This page was last edited on 24 April 2024, at 00:28
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