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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Casco, Maine
Casco village from the air with Pleasant Lake in the background
Casco village from the air with Pleasant Lake in the background
Location in Cumberland County and the state of Maine.
Location in Cumberland County and the state of Maine.
Coordinates: 44°00′24″N 70°31′22″W / 44.00667°N 70.52278°W / 44.00667; -70.52278 (North Casco)
CountryUnited States United States
StateMaine Maine
CountyCumberland
Incorporated1841
VillagesCasco
Cook Mills
Crescent Lake
Pike Corner
South Casco
Area
 • Total38.01 sq mi (98.45 km2)
 • Land31.24 sq mi (80.91 km2)
 • Water6.77 sq mi (17.53 km2)
Elevation
545 ft (166 m)
Population
 (2020)
 • Total3,646
 • Density117/sq mi (45.1/km2)
Time zoneUTC−5 (Eastern (EST))
 • Summer (DST)UTC−4 (EDT)
ZIP Code
04015
Area code207
FIPS code23-11125
GNIS feature ID0582395
Websitewww.cascomaine.org

Casco is a town in Cumberland County, Maine, United States. Casco is included in the Lewiston-Auburn, Maine metropolitan New England city and town area. The population was 3,646 at the 2020 census.[2] Casco includes the villages of Casco, South Casco and Cook Mills. The town borders the east shore of Sebago Lake, and is home to part of Sebago Lake State Park. Casco is part of the PortlandSouth PortlandBiddeford, Maine metropolitan statistical area. Casco is just under 30 miles (48 km) from downtown Portland.

Casco is the home of "Casco Days", an annual community fair which takes place in Casco Days Park, always on the last Saturday in July.[3]

History

On January 30, 1767, Raymondtown Plantation was granted by the Massachusetts General Court to Capt. William Raymond of Beverly, Massachusetts, and his company of soldiers for their service with Sir William Phipps in the 1690 Battle of Quebec. It replaced a 1735 grant called Beverly-Canada (now Weare, New Hampshire) which was ruled invalid in 1741 because of a prior claim by the heirs of John Mason. In 1803, Raymondtown Plantation was incorporated as Raymond. The town of Naples was created with land taken in 1838, the same year the western half of Raymond petitioned the legislature to be set off as a township because of its geographical separation behind Rattlesnake Mountain. The petition failed, but three years later another was accepted. On March 18, 1841, Casco was incorporated as a town.[4]

Historical population
CensusPop.Note
18501,046
18601,1166.7%
1870998−10.6%
1880908−9.0%
1890844−7.0%
1900783−7.2%
1910688−12.1%
1920685−0.4%
19307134.1%
194089024.8%
1950881−1.0%
19609477.5%
19701,25632.6%
19802,24378.6%
19903,01834.6%
20003,46914.9%
20103,7427.9%
20203,646−2.6%
U.S. Decennial Census[5]

Farmers found the surface of the town uneven, its hard and rocky soil "tolerably productive." Outlets of ponds, however, provided Casco with good sites for water powered mills. The town had four sawmills, four gristmills, a shook mill, a barrel stave mill, four shingle factories, a carriage factory and a tannery. In 1832, the Cumberland and Oxford Canal made Sebago Lake a direct trade route to Portland. Steamboat travel commenced on the waterways in the 1840s, carrying tourists and freight.[6] In 1938, Sebago Lake State Park was established, one of the state's five original state parks.[7]

Geography

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 38.01 square miles (98.45 km2), of which 31.24 square miles (80.91 km2) is land and 6.77 square miles (17.53 km2) is water.[1] Casco is drained by the Crooked River and Songo River.

The town is crossed by U.S. Route 302 and state routes 11, 85 and 121. It is bordered by the town of Raymond to the southeast, Naples and Otisfield to the northwest, and Poland to the northeast. The village of Casco, a census-designated place, is located along Route 121 near the northern corner of town. South Casco is located along US 302 between Sebago Lake and Thomas Pond in the southeast corner of the town, and Cook Mills is located along Route 11 near the western border of the town.

Demographics

Steamer Longfellow on the Songo River in 1912

2010 census

As of the census[8] of 2010, there were 3,742 people, 1,554 households, and 1,041 families living in the town. The population density was 119.8 inhabitants per square mile (46.3/km2). There were 2,944 housing units at an average density of 94.2 per square mile (36.4/km2). The racial makeup of the town was 97.0% White, 0.7% African American, 0.3% Native American, 0.3% Asian, 0.2% from other races, and 1.5% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.2% of the population.

There were 1,554 households, of which 29.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 51.4% were married couples living together, 10.6% had a female householder with no husband present, 5.0% had a male householder with no wife present, and 33.0% were non-families. 25.0% of all households were made up of individuals, and 11.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.41 and the average family size was 2.82.

The median age in the town was 42.6 years. 21.5% of residents were under the age of 18; 6.3% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 25.9% were from 25 to 44; 31.8% were from 45 to 64; and 14.7% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the town was 49.4% male and 50.6% female.

2000 census

As of the census[9] of 2000, there were 3,469 people, 1,327 households, and 958 families living in the town. The population density was 110.9 inhabitants per square mile (42.8/km2). There were 1,958 housing units at an average density of 62.6 per square mile (24.2/km2). The racial makeup of the town was 97.95% White, 0.29% African American, 0.37% Native American, 0.52% Asian, 0.12% from other races, and 0.75% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.52% of the population.

There were 1,327 households, out of which 34.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 58.3% were married couples living together, 10.4% had a female householder with no husband present, and 27.8% were non-families. 20.4% of all households were made up of individuals, and 6.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.58 and the average family size was 2.96.

Sebago Lake c. 1915

In the town, the population was spread out, with 25.2% under the age of 18, 6.5% from 18 to 24, 32.1% from 25 to 44, 24.7% from 45 to 64, and 11.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females, there were 97.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 94.3 males.

The median income for a household in the town was $41,629, and the median income for a family was $49,500. Males had a median income of $31,679 versus $25,306 for females. The per capita income for the town was $19,306. About 5.3% of families and 8.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 8.5% of those under age 18 and 9.8% of those age 65 or over.

Transportation

Casco is home to several important roads, both locally and nationally.

Sites of interest

  • Raymond-Casco Historical Society, Museum at Watkins Farm on Route 302 in Casco
  • Nathaniel Hawthorne's boyhood home in Raymond
  • Sebago Lake State Park
  • Netop Summer Camp
  • Seeds of Peace international camp
  • Camp Laurel South, the most expensive four-week summer camp in the United States[10]
  • Camp Cedar
  • Point Sebago Resort

Notable people

References

  1. ^ a b "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved December 16, 2012.
  2. ^ "Census - Geography Profile: Casco town, Cumberland County, Maine". Retrieved January 15, 2022.
  3. ^ "Casco Days". Casco Days.
  4. ^ Coolidge, Austin J.; John B. Mansfield (1859). A History and Description of New England. Boston, Massachusetts: A.J. Coolidge. p. 87. coolidge mansfield history description new england 1859.
  5. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
  6. ^ "George J. Varney, "History of Raymond, Maine" (1886)". Archived from the original on July 13, 2014. Retrieved April 7, 2008.
  7. ^ "History of Raymond".
  8. ^ "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved December 16, 2012.
  9. ^ "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 31, 2008.
  10. ^ Moyer, Liz. "America's Priciest Summer Camps". Forbes.

External links

This page was last edited on 26 June 2024, at 12:45
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