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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Ferrari 365
Overview
ManufacturerFerrari
Production1966–1971
Body and chassis
ClassGrand tourer
LayoutFront-engine, rear-wheel-drive
Powertrain
Engine4.4 L (4390.35 cc) Colombo V12
See also Ferrari 365 GT4 2+2 & Ferrari 365 GTC/4 for later 2+2 models, and Ferrari Daytona for the 365 GTB/4 & GTS/4

The Ferrari 365 was Ferrari's large front-engine, rear-wheel-drive 2- and 2+2-seater grand tourer line. Introduced at the 1966 Geneva Motor Show, it replaced the 330 and 500 Superfast.

365 California

Ferrari 365 California
1966 Ferrari 365 California Spyder - brown - fvr.jpg
Overview
Production1966–1967
14 produced
DesignerTom Tjaarda at Pininfarina[1]
Body and chassis
Body styleConvertible
Related500 Superfast
Powertrain
Engine4.4 L Tipo 217B Colombo V12
Dimensions
Wheelbase2,650 mm (104.3 in)
Length4,900 mm (192.9 in)
Width1,780 mm (70.1 in)
Height1,330 mm (52.4 in)
Kerb weight1,320 kg (2,910 lb)

The 365 California replaced the 500 Superfast for 1966. It was the first 365 model, with its 4.4 L (4390 cc/267 in³) V12 based on the 330's 4.0 L Colombo unit but with an 81 mm bore. The 365 California used the same chassis as the 500 Superfast but with an evolutionary cabriolet body by Pininfarina. Debuting at the Geneva Motor Show in 1966, just 14 examples were produced (including 2 in right hand drive) before production ended in 1967. Whilst the prototype was built on a 330 GT 2+2 type 571 chassis, production cars featured type 598 chassis. Chassis' were sent to Pininfarina's Grugliasco plant to be bodied and trimmed which were later returned to Ferrari for fitment of the mechanical components. It was presented at the 1966 Geneva Salon.

On 28 June 2005, a pristine 365 California sold for €736,000 (US$890,000).

365 GT 2+2

Ferrari 365 GT 2+2
1968 Ferrari 365 GT 2+2 fL.jpg
Overview
Production1967–1971
800 produced
DesignerAldo Brovarone at Pininfarina
Body and chassis
Body style2+2 coupé
Powertrain
Engine4.4 L Tipo 245 Colombo V12[2]
Dimensions
Wheelbase2,650 mm (104.3 in)[2]
Length4,974 mm (195.8 in)[2]
Width1,786 mm (70.3 in)[2]
Height1,345 mm (53.0 in)[2]
Kerb weight1,480 kg (3,263 lb) (dry)[2]
Chronology
PredecessorFerrari 330 GT 2+2
SuccessorFerrari 365 GT4 2+2

The most popular 365 model was 1967's 365 GT 2+2, replacing the 330 GT 2+2. Unlike the 330 GT 2+2 car it replaced, which had a live rear axle on leaf springs, the 365 GT 2+2 had independent rear suspension.[2]

The 365 GT 2+2 was a luxurious car with leather seats, power steering and brakes, electric windows, and optional air conditioning. It quickly became the company's top-selling model with about 800 produced in four years, 52 of which were right hand drive. When leaving the factory the 365 GT 2+2 originally fitted Pirelli Cinturato 205VR15 tyres (CN72).

365 GTC and GTS

Ferrari 365 GTC
Ferrari 365 GTS
Ferrari 365 GTC front 20020707.jpg
Overview
Production1968–1970
GTC: 168 produced
GTS: 20 produced
Body and chassis
Body styleGTC: 2-seat coupé
GTS: 2-seat spider
Powertrain
Engine4.4 L Tipo 245C Colombo V12[3]
Transmission5-speed manual all-synchromesh[4]
Dimensions
Wheelbase2,400 mm (94.5 in)[3]
Length4,470 mm (176.0 in)[3]
Width1,670 mm (65.7 in)[3]
Height1,300 mm (51.2 in)[3]
Kerb weight1,350 kg (2,976 lb) (dry)[3]
Chronology
PredecessorGTC: Ferrari 330 GTC
GTS: Ferrari 330 GTS
SuccessorGTC: Ferrari 365 GTC/4
GTS: Ferrari 365 GTS/4

The 330 GTC and GTS were replaced in 1968 by the 365 GTC and GTS. It was essentially a re-engine of the 330 GTC/GTS, with the engine increasing from 4.0 liters and 300 horsepower to 4.4 liters and 320 horsepower.[5] The styling remained almost unchanged: on both body styles differences were limited to vents moved from behind the front wheels to the bonnet.

Like all 365s, the GTC and GTS were powered by a 4,390 cc Colombo V12 engine, specifically its Tipo 245/C variant. Fed by three twin-choke Weber 40 DFI carburettors,[4] it produced 320 PS (235 kW; 316 hp) at 6,600 rpm.[3] Integrating the gearbox with the final drive gave these cars a balanced 50:50 weight distribution. The 365 GTC and GTS retained the independent rear suspension, employing coil springs and wishbones, of its immediate predecessor. Brakes were servo-assisted discs all-round with a split circuit system.[4]

168 examples of the coupé were built (including 22 in right hand drive) between the 1968 and 1970. It was replaced by the Ferrari 365 GTC/4. Just 20 spiders were built before its place was assumed by the 365 GTB/4-based Daytona Spider.

References

  1. ^ "Cars by Tom Tjaarda". tom-tjaarda.net. Retrieved 11 June 2013.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g "Ferrari 365 GT 2+2". ferrari.com. Retrieved 19 July 2019.
  3. ^ a b c d e f g "365 GTC". Ferrari official site - Past models. Ferrari S.p.A. Retrieved 7 February 2016.
  4. ^ a b c "Autotest: Ferrari 365 GTC 4,390 c.c. Classic Italian thorough-bred. Superb V12 engine, electric performance, light brakes, excellent gearbox. Good ride. Handling better on dry roads than wet. Comfortable two seater, but needs better heating and ventilating system. In its class, a worthy machine". Autocar. 130. (nbr. 3824): 10–15. 29 May 1969.
  5. ^ Ahlgrim, Steve (December 2013). "1969 Ferrari 365 GTC". Sports Car Market. 25 (12): 50–51.
This page was last edited on 21 November 2019, at 15:38
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