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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Ferrari 456
Paris - Bonhams 2014 - Ferrari 456GT modoficata coupé - 2003 - 001.jpg
Ferrari 456M GT
Overview
ManufacturerFerrari
Production1992–1997 (456)
1998–2003 (456M)
3,289 produced[1][better source needed]
DesignerPietro Camardella[2] under Lorenzo Ramaciotti at Pininfarina[3]
Body and chassis
ClassGrand tourer (S)
Body style2-door 2+2 coupé
LayoutFront-engine, rear-wheel-drive
RelatedFerrari 550
Powertrain
Engine5.5 L Tipo F116B/C V12 (456)
5.5 L Tipo F116C V12 (456M)
Power output442 PS (325 kW; 436 hp)
Transmission6-speed manual
4-speed automatic
Dimensions
Wheelbase2,600 mm (102.4 in)
Length4,730 mm (186.2 in)
4,763 mm (187.5 in) (456M)
Width1,920 mm (75.6 in)
Height1,300 mm (51.2 in)
Kerb weight1,690–1,770 kg (3,726–3,902 lb) (dry)[4]
Chronology
PredecessorFerrari 412
SuccessorFerrari 612 Scaglietti

The Ferrari 456 and 456M (Type F116) are front-engine grand tourers which were produced by Ferrari from 1992 to 2003. The 456 was a replacement for the front-engine 412 as the company's V12-powered four seater. The updated 456M, which was the last Ferrari model to use pop-up headlamps, was replaced in 2004 by the 612 Scaglietti.

456

Pietro Camardella designed the original 456 grand tourer at Pininfarina. It was available in GT and (from 1996) GTA models. The former has a six-speed manual, and the latter has a four-speed automatic developed in partnership with FF Developments, in Livonia, MI (which was later purchased by Ricardo Engineering in the UK.) The automatic transmission was the second and last hydraulic automatic transmission offered by Ferrari. (The transmission found its latest use in the 400/412 series.) The 5.5 L (5,473.91 cc)[4] 65° V12 engine was derived from the Dino V6 rather than the more conventional 60° V12s used in the 412 and Daytona. It is rated at 442 PS (325 kW; 436 hp), with 4 valves per cylinder and Bosch Motronic M2.7 engine management. Ferrari claims it could push the 1,690 kg (3,726 lb) car to a top speed of 309 km/h (192 mph), making it the world's second fastest production four-seater automobile behind the Porsche 959.[5] Acceleration from 0-97 km/h (60 mph) takes 4.8 seconds, with a 13.3 second quarter-mile time.[6] At the time of its development, it was the most powerful regular production road car ever developed by Ferrari. In 1996, the engine management system changed to Motronic M5.2 management and the engine with the updated system given the F116C code.

The name 456 is derived from the fact that each cylinder displaces 456 cubic centimeters. This was the last Ferrari to use this naming convention until the 488 GTB. Despite its exceptional performance, the 456 has a relatively unstressed engine, which has proven to be a very reliable unit. A further developed version of this engine was used in the front engined 550 Maranello grand tourer that was introduced in 1996 and which became the most powerful naturally aspirated Ferrari road car aside the 456.

The chassis is a tubular steel space-frame construction with a one-piece composite bonnet and body panels of aluminium. The body panels are welded to the chassis by using a special "sandwich filler" called feran that, when laid between, allows steel and aluminium to be welded. Pininfarina was responsible for the bodywork of the 456 until 1996 when production was moved to Ferrari. Total number of bodies made by Pininfarina amounts up to 1,435.[7] All early cars have Pininfarina script and badge, whilst all Modificatas only have the disegno Pininfarina scripts.[citation needed]

Ferrari 456
Engine

456M

Ferrari 456M GTA
Ferrari 456M GTA

The 456M (M standing for Modificata) was unveiled in 1998, starting with chassis number 109589. Many changes were made to improve aerodynamics and cooling and the interior – still featuring Connolly Leather – was refreshed with new seats and other conveniences (fewer gauges on dash, and a new Becker stereo fitted in front of the shifter rather than behind as in the very shallow and special Sony head unit in the 456 GT). The 456 had a smaller grille with fog lights outside the grille. The undercarriage spoiler on the 456M is fixed, where the older 456 had a motorised spoiler that began its deployment above 105 km/h (65 mph). The hood was the first commercial application of carbon fibre, the previous being made of a composite material. Power output remained unchanged on the Modificata using Bosch Motronic M5.2 engine management at 442 PS (325 kW; 436 hp); the cylinder firing order was changed for smoother running and the torque remained the same for later versions of the 456 GT.

456 Bicolore Scaglietti

In the final year of production 2002/3, customers could specify their vehicle using the Carrozzeria Scaglietti Program. Launched at the 2002 Geneva Motor Show using Michael Schumacher's own 456M GT as an example, customers could work with Ferrari personnel to create a highly individual car. Schumacher's car had a two colour paint scheme, custom leather interior, re-worked instruments, an uprated handling pack and cross-drilled Brembo brakes. Such cars would be thus designated as a Tipo 456M GT(A) Scaglietti. The car is also calls the 456M GT "Schumacher Edition" as Schumacher was the first to commission the car. A total of 30 cars were produced, with only 10 being made with the 6-speed manual transmission.

Production

The total production of the 456 amounted to 3,289 units. These consisted of the following versions[8]:

456: 1,951

  • 456 GT: 1,548
  • 456 GTA: 403

456M: 1,338

  • 456M GT: 688
  • 456M GTA: 650

Performance

According to manufacturer estimates, the 456 GT can attain a top speed of 309 km/h (192 mph)[5] and can accelerate from. 0-100 km/h (62 mph) in 5.2 seconds.[4] The GTA can attain the same acceleration at 5.5 seconds.[9] The Modificata models had the same performance statistics as their respective predecessors.

Car & Driver magazine test results for 1995 456 GT were:[6]

  • Acceleration (seconds) : 0-97 km/h (60 mph): 4.8
  • Standing quarter mile, sec/mph: 13.3/107
  • Braking 70-0 mph: 170 ft
  • Lateral acceleration: 0.89 g

Road & Track magazine test results for the 1995 456 GT were:[10]

  • Acceleration: 0-97 km/h (60 mph): 5.1 seconds
  • Standing quarter mile: 13.4 seconds at 108.8 mph
  • Braking 60-0 mph: 124 ft

Road & Track magazine test results for the 1997 456 GTA were:[10]

  • Acceleration: 0-97 km/h (60 mph): 5.1 seconds
  • Standing quarter mile: 13.6 seconds 103 mph
  • Braking 60-0 mph: 120 ft
  • Lateral acceleration: 0.93 g

Motor Trend magazine's test results for the 1997 456 GTA were:[11]

  • Acceleration: 0-97 km/h (60 mph): 4.9 seconds
  • Standing quarter mile: 13.3 seconds 105.2 mph
  • Braking 60-0 mph: 114 ft
  • Lateral acceleration: 0.88 g
  • Top Speed, 177 mph

Other body styles

The 456 GT Venice (United Kingdom)
The 456 GT Venice (United Kingdom)
The 456 GT Venice (United Kingdom)
The 456 GT Venice (United Kingdom)

While the 456 2+2 coupé was the only version offered to the general public, four other body styles exist made on special request of specific customers:

  • Ferrari 456 GT Saloon: At least three 4-door sedans (saloons) were built by Pininfarina especially for Nafsas Al Khaddaja of Belgium and the Sultan of Brunei.[8]
  • Ferrari 456 GT Venice: It was a series of seven 5-door wagon (estate) commissioned by Prince Jefri Bolkiah of Brunei. After Pininfarina designed and built them, the prince only purchased six and the remaining car was purchased by a private car collector in the United Kingdom. Each piece is rumoured to have cost the Sultan's brother around US$1.5 million.[12]
  • Ferrari 456 GT Spyder: It is a convertible version of the 456 of which two were built by Pininfarina especially for the Sultan of Brunei.
  • Ferrari 456 GT Cabriolet: There are also three aftermarket conversions made by the R. Straman Company of Costa Mesa, California, one of which was purchased by boxer Mike Tyson.[13]
  • Ferrari 456 Targa: It is an aftermarket conversion done on a 456GTA once belonging to Shaquille O'Neal. Additional work included removal of the rear seats, to facilitate longer seat rails, and a custom sound system.

Awards

The 5.5 L V12 engine used in the 456 won the "over 4 litre" class of the International Engine of the Year award for 2000 and 2001.

References

  1. ^ "Ferrari 456, production stats". Retrieved 2018-01-03.
  2. ^ "Rencontre avec Pietro Camardella & Gino Finizio" (in French). July 2006. Archived from the original on 26 September 2006. Retrieved 5 March 2008.
  3. ^ "Designer". ajovalo.net. Retrieved 2012-02-08.
  4. ^ a b c "Ferrari 456 GT". ferrari.com. Retrieved 10 June 2019.
  5. ^ a b "Ferrari 456 GT" (PDF).
  6. ^ a b "Car & Driver, 456 GT Road Test" (PDF). 1993.
  7. ^ "PRODUZIONE COMPLESSIVA" (PDF). pininfarina.it. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2011-06-05. Retrieved 2007-08-03.
  8. ^ a b "thesupercars.org". thesupercars.org. Retrieved 2012-02-29.
  9. ^ "Ferrari 456 GTA". ferrari.com. Retrieved 10 June 2019.
  10. ^ a b "Motor Trend, 456 GTA Road Test" (PDF). June 1997.
  11. ^ "Motor Trend, 456 GTA Road Test" (PDF). June 1997.
  12. ^ "Ferrari 456 GT Venice Still Perfect London Grocery Getter". Autoweek. 2017-03-17.
  13. ^ "1995 Ferrari 456 GT Cabriolet". ferraris-online. 2019-02-20.

External links


This page was last edited on 15 December 2019, at 17:06
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