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Department of Chemistry, University of Oxford

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Department of Chemistry, University of Oxford
Oxford inorganic chemistry building.jpg
Head of DepartmentMark Brouard
Location,
AffiliationsUniversity of Oxford
Websitechem.ox.ac.uk

The Department of Chemistry is the chemistry department of the University of Oxford, England, which is part of the university's Mathematical, Physical and Life Sciences Division

Overview

The department has several laboratories in the Science Area, Oxford:[1]

Mansfield Road

In Mansfield Road

South Parks Road

In South Parks Road

History

Chemistry has a long history at Oxford. The early pioneer of chemistry Robert Boyle and his assistant Robert Hooke began working in Oxford in the mid-seventeenth century. A chemistry laboratory was built in the basement of the Old Ashmolean Building in 1683, which was used until 1860.[2] Chemical research was also conducted in laboratories set up in individual colleges – Christ Church, Oxford (1767), Magdalen College, Oxford (Daubeny Laboratory, 1848), Balliol College, Oxford (1853, later joined with Trinity College, Oxford to become the Balliol-Trinity Laboratories), Queen's College, Oxford (1900), and Jesus College, Oxford (1907).[3]

Chemistry was first recognized as a separate discipline at Oxford with the building of a laboratory attached to the Oxford University Museum of Natural History, opening in 1860.[4] The laboratory is a small octagonal structure to the right of the museum, built in stone in the Victorian Gothic style. The design was based on the Abbot's Kitchen at Glastonbury and it adopted the same name despite being a laboratory. The building was one of the first ever purpose-built chemical laboratories anywhere and was extended in 1878. The Abbot's Kitchen in Oxford was expanded considerably in 1957 to become the main Inorganic Chemistry Laboratory (ICL).[5] The Dyson Perrins Laboratory opened in 1916 and was the centre of the Department of Organic Chemistry until 2003 when it was replaced by the Chemistry Research Laboratory.[6] The Physical Chemistry Laboratory replaced the Balliol-Trinity Laboratories in 1941, and its east wing completed in 1959. The physical and theoretical chemistry departments merged in 1994 and the Physical and Theoretical Chemistry Laboratory became its base in 1995.[7]

A number of professors and scientists who worked in the department had won the Nobel Prize; they include Frederick Soddy for his work on radioactivity with Ernest Rutherford, Cyril Norman Hinshelwood for his work on chemical kinetics, and Dorothy Hodgkin on crystallography. Among the notable achievements by professors in the department are the development of the Periodic Table by William Odling, work on solid state chemistry by John Stuart Anderson and John B. Goodenough (winner of the 2019 Nobel Prize in Chemistry), and bioinorganic chemistry by Robert Williams.[5]

Notable staff and alumni

Timothy Softley FRS FRSC FInstP served as head of department from 2011 to 2015
Timothy Softley FRS FRSC FInstP served as head of department from 2011 to 2015
Graham Richards CBE FRS FRSC CChem served as head of department from 1997 to 2006
Graham Richards CBE FRS FRSC CChem served as head of department from 1997 to 2006
Margaret Thatcher LG OM DStJ PC FRS HonFRSC studied chemistry in the department from 1943
Margaret Thatcher LG OM DStJ PC FRS HonFRSC studied chemistry in the department from 1943

Heads of department have included:

Other notable staff[11] and alumni[12] include

References

  1. ^ "Chemistry, Dept of". Oxford University Pocket Diary. Oxford University Press. 2014–15. p. 164.
  2. ^ "History of the Ashmolean". Ashmolean Museum.
  3. ^ Robert Joseph Paton Williams; Allan Chapman; John Shipley Rowlinson (6 November 2008). Chemistry at Oxford: A History from 1600 to 2005. Royal Society of Chemistry. p. 275. ISBN 978-0854041398.
  4. ^ a b "History of Chemistry at the University of Oxford". UK: Department of Chemistry, University of Oxford. Retrieved 25 August 2015.
  5. ^ a b "Inorganic Chemistry Laboratory". Department of Chemistry.
  6. ^ John Jones (2008). The Dyson Perrins Laboratory and Oxford Organic Chemistry. ISBN 978-0-9512569-4-7.
  7. ^ "Physical Chemistry Laboratory". Department of Chemistry.
  8. ^ Anon (2019). "Softley, Prof. Timothy Peter". Who's Who. ukwhoswho.com (online Oxford University Press ed.). A & C Black, an imprint of Bloomsbury Publishing plc. (subscription or UK public library membership required) (subscription required)
  9. ^ Anon (2018). "Professor Timothy Softley FRS". London: Royal Society.
  10. ^ Howard, Brian J.; Grant, Guy H. (2009). "(William) Graham Richards". Molecular Physics. 101 (17): 2647–2657. doi:10.1080/00268970310001605741.
  11. ^ "Research Guides - Research Guides". Research.chem.ox.ac.uk. Retrieved 22 February 2019.
  12. ^ "Home - Alumni". Alumni.chem.ox.ac.uk. Retrieved 22 February 2019.

This page was last edited on 28 September 2020, at 09:52
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