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Faculty of Law, University of Oxford

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Law Faculty, St Cross Building
Law Faculty, St Cross Building

The University of Oxford Faculty of Law is the law school of the University of Oxford. It has a history of over 800 years in the teaching and learning of law. Oxford's law school is currently ranked first in the world in the 2019 Times Higher Education World University Rankings.[1]

It is unique in its use of personalised tutorials, in which students are taught by faculty fellows in groups of one to three on a weekly basis,[2] as the main form of instruction in its undergraduate and graduate courses. It offers the largest doctoral programme in Law in the English-speaking world.[3] The faculty is part of Oxford's Social Sciences Division.

History

There were faculties of Civil Law and Canon Law in the medieval University. During the Reformation, Henry VIII prohibited the teaching of Canon Law, instead founding the Regius Chair of Civil Law, one of the oldest Professorships at the University of Oxford. From then until the 19th century, the University awarded the Bachelor of Civil Law and the Doctor of Civil Law, through the Faculty of Civil Law.

William Blackstone, a graduate of Pembroke College, Oxford and subsequently a Fellow of All Souls, Oxford, was appointed the inaugural Vinerian Professor of English Law in 1758, and was the first professor at any university to teach the common law. His lectures formed the basis for his Commentaries on the Laws of England, a definitive source of and case for the study of the English common law.[4][5][6]

It was not until the 1870s that Oxford offered a degree in English law, the BA in Jurisprudence. Not long after, Cornelia Sorabji was the first woman to read Law at Oxford in 1889.[7][8] In the late 19th and early 20th centuries, there were prominent professors in Oxford such as Frederick Pollock, William Anson, and Albert Dicey. The emergence of a large community of legal scholars in twenty-five men's colleges can be dated from the 1920s and 1930s, but the development was consolidated in the 1950s and 1960s, when Law Fellowships also became common in the women's colleges.[tone] The Oxford law school flourished through the operation of the resulting internal market, and through the brilliance of particular leading scholars such as H. L. A. Hart, Rupert Cross, Tony Honoré, John Morris, Peter Carter, and others.[9]

In the twentieth century, the BCL became a master's level degree; and, by the 1970s, Oxford developed a large graduate programme in law. It has been claimed that the BCL at Oxford is "the most highly regarded taught masters-level qualification in the common law world".[10] The DPhil in Law, which dates to the 1910s, became popular at that time particularly in international law, comparative law, and philosophy of law; after the 1970s, the areas of research pursued in the doctoral programme broadened to make it a general training ground for legal academics. In 2010 the MSc in Law and Finance (MLF) was introduced and is taught jointly by the Faculty of Law and the Saïd Business School. The MLF programme involves a combination of finance and economic courses combined with BCL law courses.[11] Like the BCL taught at Oxford, entry into the MLF is highly competitive with on average less than fifteen per cent of applicants being accepted.

Programmes offered

Undergraduate programme

The BA in Jurisprudence is Oxford's regular three-year undergraduate law degree, equivalent to what in some universities would be called an LLB. It is also a 'qualifying law degree' for the purpose of practice as a solicitor or barrister in England and Wales. It is 'one of the most highly regarded undergraduate law degrees in the UK, and those who do well in it are in high demand both in the legal professions and in other fields in which professional analytical work is required'.[12]

Graduate programmes: BCL, MJur and MSc Law and Finance

The BCL, MJur, and MSc in Law and Finance are the only graduate law degrees in the world which are taught through tutorials as well as seminars and lectures. Oxford's graduate law students have closer contact with their teachers than on any LLM. Oxford is renowned for the size, strength, and diversity of its community of legal scholars who are drawn from around the world, and students benefit from the opportunities they are given to discuss their work with leading academics in the field. These graduate programmes have an acceptance rate of around 5%.

The Oxford BCL degree has been a pivotal feature of Oxford’s law provision since the sixteenth century. This rich history has helped to maintain its status as the most highly regarded taught masters-level qualification in the common law world. Since 1991, the Magister Juris (MJur) degree has established a similar outstanding reputation for students from non-common law backgrounds. [13]

The Oxford's MSc in Law and Finance (MSc) is delivered jointly by Oxford's Faculty of Law and Saïd Business School. MLF candidates study the law courses alongside BCL students and attend finance courses alongside MSc in Financial Economics students. MLF candidates arrive having graduated at or near the top of their undergraduate class, often combined with several years of professional experience. They leave with graduate level training in finance and economics, along with a sophisticated understanding of the complex transactional and policy issues at the intersection of law and finance. [14]

Research programmes

Oxford has the largest graduate research programme in Law in the English-speaking world, with a community of about 200 research students engaged in master's and doctoral research across a wide range of legal and interdisciplinary specialisms corresponding to the diverse interests of faculty members. Research students play a central role in the intellectual life of the Faculty, collaborating in numerous discussion groups and seminars. Research programs include: the Master of Studies in Legal Research (MSt) - an entry-level one-year research degree that can also serve as the first year of a DPhil; the Master of Philosophy in Law (MPhil) - a one-year research degree that can also serve as the first year of a DPhil, available only to those proceeding from the Oxford BCL or MJur taught postgraduate programmes; the Master of Letters (MLitt) - an intermediate-level two-year research degree; the Doctor of Philosophy (DPhil) - a major research degree requiring three to four years of study and setting the highest standards of academic achievement.[15]

Rankings and reputation

Rankings
National rankings
Complete (2021)[16]1
Guardian (2021)[17]1
Global rankings
QS (2021)[18]
1
THE (2021)[19]1

Oxford's Law Faculty consistently ranks among the top three worldwide. Oxford is currently ranked first in the UK and first in the world in the 2019 Times Higher Education World University Rankings.

Its average acceptance rate was less than 5% in between 2016-2019.[20] Oxford's BCL programme has been described as "the most highly regarded taught masters-level qualification in the common law world".[10] A first-class in undergraduate degree in Law or equivalent is a prerequisite (as a guide a student will need to be in the top 5% of his or her graduating class), with the same applying for the MJur and Masters in Law and Finance.

For research programmes, an outstanding record in earlier higher education and the skills and commitment to pursue research to the highest level are required by applicants for postgraduate research programmes. It is very rare for a candidate to be admitted without having completed a degree in Law, except in socio-legal studies and criminology.[15]

Academics

Research centres and Institutes

The Faculty has a number of research centres and institutes:

Research activity groups

Oxford Pro Bono Publico (OPBP)

The Oxford Pro Bono Publico (OPBP) is an organisation consisting of graduate law students and members of faculty to provide high-quality comparative law research, gratis, for lawyers acting pro bono around the world as well as promoting pro bono law in general.[21]

Facilities

St Cross Building

St Cross Building from St Cross Road
St Cross Building from St Cross Road

The Law Faculty offices, together with the English Faculty, are situated in the St Cross Building, which is a Grade II* listed building completed in 1964 and designed by Sir John Leslie Martin (architect of the Royal Festival Hall in London) and Colin St John Wilson (architect of the New British Library). The St Cross Building is also home to the Bodleian Law Library.[22][23]

Bodleian Law Library

The Bodleian Law Library
The Bodleian Law Library

The Bodleian Law Library was opened in 1964 and holds over 450,000 volumes. It is a Legal Deposit Library, allowing it to claim a copy of any printed legal material published in the United Kingdom or Ireland. It is also an official Documentation Centre for the European Union.[24]

Notable people

Notable people associated with the Faculty of Law include former UK Prime Minister Tony Blair, twelve Lord Chancellors, nine Lord Chief Justices and twenty-two law lords (such as Lord Hoffmann, Lord Denning); several heads of state around the world, including John Turner, Prime Minister of Canada (1984–1984), Seni Pramoj (1947–1951), Prime Minister of Thailand, and several Prime Ministers of Pakistan, including Liaquat Ali Khan (1947–1951), Huseyn Shaheed Suhrawardy (1956–1957), Zulfikar Ali Bhutto (1945–1946).The current Lord Chief Justice (the most senior judge in England and Wales), Lord Burnett, was educated at Oxford.

Notable alumni

Notable academics

Professorships

References

  1. ^ "Times Higher Education World University Rankings by Subject 2019 - Law". Times Higher Education. Retrieved 28 September 2018.
  2. ^ "Studying at Oxford".
  3. ^ "Law in Oxford". Archived from the original on 25 April 2014.
  4. ^ "Law - All Souls College". Archived from the original on 27 May 2014.
  5. ^ "The Pembroke Legal Tradition".
  6. ^ "Alumni and other Notable Pembrokians".
  7. ^ "First lady - Moneylife".
  8. ^ "Celebrating Indian legacy in Oxford". Archived from the original on 27 April 2013.
  9. ^ Lawson, F.H. (1968). The Oxford Law School 1850-1960. Oxford University Press.
  10. ^ a b "BCL & MJur 2015/16 E-Brochure". University of Oxford, Faculty of Law. Archived from the original on 22 August 2015. Retrieved 13 August 2015.
  11. ^ "MSc in Law and Finance | University of Oxford". www.ox.ac.uk. Retrieved 31 May 2016.
  12. ^ "BA in Jurisprudence".
  13. ^ "BCL MJur Class Profile Book" (PDF).
  14. ^ "Law and Finance Class Profile Book" (PDF).
  15. ^ a b "LLM Guide, University of Oxford".
  16. ^ "University League Table 2021". The Complete University Guide. 1 June 2020.
  17. ^ "University league tables 2021". The Guardian. 5 September 2020.
  18. ^ "QS World University Rankings 2021". Quacquarelli Symonds Ltd.
  19. ^ "World University Rankings 2021". Times Higher Education.
  20. ^ "UoO_UG_Admissions". Tableau Software. Retrieved 18 October 2016.
  21. ^ "Oxford Law :: OPBP - Oxford Pro Bono Publico". Faculty of Law, Oxford.
  22. ^ "The St Cross Building". University of Oxford, Faculty of Law. Retrieved 6 November 2017.
  23. ^ "St. Cross Building @ 50". University of Oxford Faculty of Law. October 2014. Retrieved 6 November 2017.
  24. ^ "Bodleian Law Library".

External links

This page was last edited on 17 July 2020, at 07:19
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