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Colleges of the University of Oxford

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Aerial view of many of the colleges of the University of Oxford
Aerial view of many of the colleges of the University of Oxford

The University of Oxford has thirty-nine colleges and six permanent private halls (PPHs) of religious foundation. Colleges and PPHs are autonomous self-governing corporations within the university. These colleges are not only houses of residence, but have substantial responsibility for teaching undergraduate students. Generally tutorials (one of the main methods of teaching in Oxford) and classes are the responsibility of colleges, while lectures, examinations, laboratories, and the central library are run by the university. Students normally have most of their tutorials in their own college, but often have a couple of modules taught at other colleges or even at faculties and departments. Most colleges take both graduates and undergraduates, but several are for graduates only.

Undergraduate and graduate students may name preferred colleges in their applications. For undergraduate students, an increasing number of departments practise reallocation to ensure that the ratios between potential students and subject places available at each college are as uniform as possible. For the Department of Physics, reallocation is done on a random basis after a shortlist of candidates is drawn upon and before candidates are invited for interviews at the university.[1]

For graduate students, many colleges express a preference for candidates who plan to undertake research in an area of interest of one of its fellows. St Hugh's College, for example, states that it accepts graduate students in most subjects, principally those in the fields of interest of the fellows of the college.[2]

A typical college consists of a hall for dining, a chapel, a library, a college bar, senior, middle (postgraduate), and junior common rooms, rooms for 200–400 undergraduates as well as lodgings for the head of the college and other dons. College buildings range from medieval to modern, but most are made up of interlinked quadrangles (courtyards), with a porter's lodge controlling entry from the outside.

2008 saw the first modern merger of colleges, with Green College and Templeton College merging to form Green Templeton College.[3] This reduced the number of colleges of the university from 39 to 38.[4] The number of PPHs also reduced in 2008, when Greyfriars closed down.[5] However, with the establishment of Reuben College in 2019, the number of colleges of the university again increased to 39.[6][7] Reuben is the first new Oxbridge college since 1990, when Kellogg College was established.[8]

Brasenose College in the 1670s
Brasenose College in the 1670s

History

The collegiate system arose because Oxford University came into existence through the gradual agglomeration of numerous independent institutions. Over the centuries several different types of college have emerged and disappeared.

Monastic halls

The first academic houses were monastic halls. Of the dozens established during the 12th–15th centuries, none survived the Reformation. The modern Dominican permanent private hall of Blackfriars (1921) is a descendant of the original (1221), and is sometimes described as heir to the oldest tradition of teaching in Oxford.

Medieval halls

As the university took shape, friction between the hundreds of students living where and how they pleased led to a decree that all undergraduates would have to reside in approved halls. What eventually put an end to the medieval halls was the emergence of colleges. Often generously endowed and with permanent teaching staff, the colleges were originally the preserve of graduate students. However, once they began accepting fee-paying undergraduates in the 14th century, the halls' days were numbered. Of the hundreds of Aularian houses (from the Latin for "hall") that sprang up, only St Edmund Hall (c. 1225) remains.

Colleges

The oldest colleges are University College, Balliol, and Merton, established between 1249 and 1264, although there is some dispute over the exact order and precisely when each began teaching. The fourth oldest college is Exeter, founded in 1314, and the fifth is Oriel, founded in 1326.

Women's colleges

Women entered the university in 1879, with the opening of Lady Margaret Hall and Somerville College, becoming members of the University (and thus eligible to receive degrees) in 1920. Other women's colleges before integration were St Anne's, St Hilda's and St Hugh's. In 1974 the first men's colleges to admit women were Brasenose, Hertford, Jesus College, St Catherine's and Wadham.[9] By 2008 all colleges had become co-residential, although one of the Permanent Private Halls, St Benet's Hall, did not start to admit postgraduate women until Michaelmas term 2014 and women undergraduates until Michaelmas 2016.

Postgraduate and mature colleges

Some colleges, such as Kellogg, Linacre, Nuffield, St Antony's, St Cross and Wolfson only admit postgraduate students. All Souls admits only fellows. Harris Manchester is intended for "mature students" with a minimum age of 21.[10] A new graduate college of the University, Reuben College, was established in 2019 and plans to enroll its first students in 2021, using the premises of the Radcliffe Science Library.[11]

Societies

Kellogg, Reuben and St Cross are the only Oxford colleges without a royal charter. They are officially societies of the university rather than independent colleges[12] and are considered departments of the university for accounting purposes.[13]

Private halls

The Oxford University Act 1854 and the university statute De aulis privatis (On private Halls) of 1855, allowed any Master of Arts aged at least 28 years to open a private hall after obtaining a licence to do so.[14] One such was Charsley's Hall.[15]

Permanent private halls

The Universities Tests Act 1871 opened all university degrees and positions to men who were not members of the Church of England (subject to safeguards for religious instruction and worship), which made it possible for Catholics and Non-conformists to open private halls. The first Catholic private halls were Clarke's Hall (now Campion Hall), opened by the Jesuit Order in 1896 and Hunter Blair's Hall (now St Benet's Hall) opened by the Benedictine Order in 1899.[16][17] In 1918 the university passed a statute to allow private halls which were not run for profit to become permanent private halls and the two halls took their current names.[16]

Map


List of colleges

Name Year of
Foundation
Sister college
at Cambridge
Total assets[18] Financial
endowment[18]
Undergraduates[19]
Postgraduates[19]
Visiting students[19]
Male students %[19]
Female students %[19]
Total students[19]
Assets per
student
All-Souls College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg
All Souls College
1438 Trinity Hall £476,060,000[20] £435,102,000[20] 0 9 0 56 44 9 £52,896,000
Balliol College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg
Balliol College
1263 St John's College £151,705,000[21] £125,668,000[21] 385 343 1 60 40 729 £208,000
Brasenose College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg
Brasenose College
1509 Gonville and Caius College £184,280,000[22] £157,209,000[22] 360 234 3 52 48 597 £309,000
Christ Church Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg
Christ Church
1546 Trinity College £587,928,000[23] £577,568,000[23] 442 203 0 58 42 645 £912,000
Corpus-Christi College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg
Corpus Christi College
1517 Corpus Christi College £188,254,000[24] £169,195,000[24] 258 98 2 59 41 358 £526,000
Exeter College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg
Exeter College
1314 Emmanuel College £132,973,000[25] £76,707,000[25] 343 233 26 50 50 602 £221,000
Green-Templeton College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg
Green Templeton College
2008 St Edmund's College £97,693,000[26] £1,152,000[26] 90 439 0 57 43 529 £185,000
Harris-Manchester College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg
Harris Manchester College
1786
College: 1996
Homerton College £41,584,000[27] £14,786,000[27] 115 150 0 49 51 265 £157,000
Hertford College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg
Hertford College
1282
College: 1740
None £85,760,000[28] £66,627,000[28] 410 236 31 49 51 677 £127,000
Jesus College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg
Jesus College
1571 Jesus College £217,559,000[29] £175,855,000[29] 358 189 1 53 47 548 £397,000
Keble College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg
Keble College
1870 Selwyn College £131,914,000[30] £52,184,000[30] 422 369 4 60 40 795 £166,000
Kellogg College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg
Kellogg College
1990
Renamed: 1994
None N/A[note 1] N/A[note 1] 0 1155 0 62 38 1155 N/A
Lady-Margaret-Hall Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg
Lady Margaret Hall
1878 Newnham College £66,569,000[31] £39,016,000[31] 405 212 24 47 53 641 £104,000
Linacre College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg
Linacre College
1962 Hughes Hall £32,148,000[32] £19,122,000[32] 0 497 0 55 45 497 £65,000
Lincoln College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg
Lincoln College
1427 Downing College £160,623,000[33] £127,174,000[33] 312 302 3 51 49 617 £260,000
Magdalen College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg
Magdalen College
1458 Magdalene College £332,102,000[34] £296,014,000[34] 390 178 7 59 41 575 £578,000
Mansfield College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg
Mansfield College
1886
College: 1995
Homerton College £31,396,000[35] £15,323,000[35] 239 173 40 55 45 452 £69,000
Merton College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg
Merton College
1264 Peterhouse £302,642,000[36] £280,095,000[36] 302 232 2 58 42 536 £595,000
New College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg
New College
1379 King's College £305,337,000[37] £256,524,000[37] 418 295 10 55 45 723 £422,000
Nuffield College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg
Nuffield College
1937 None £268,078,000[38] £245,865,000[38] 0 95 0 54 46 95 £2,822,000
Oriel College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg
Oriel College
1326 Clare College £105,790,000[39] £88,372,000[39] 323 200 5 54 46 528 £200,000
Pembroke College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg
Pembroke College
1624 Queens' College £90,453,000[40] £63,208,000[40] 378 220 29 51 49 627 £144,000
Queens College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg
The Queen's College
1341 Pembroke College £382,698,000[41] £300,793,000[41] 336 177 1 51 49 514 £745,000
No image.svg Reuben College 2019
Renamed: 2020
None N/A[note 1] N/A[note 1] 0 0 0 0 0 0 N/A
St-Anne's College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg
St Anne's College
1879
College: 1952
Murray Edwards College £70,803,000[42] £45,138,000[42] 439 352 37 50 50 828 £86,000
St-Antony's College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg
St Antony's College
1950
College: 1963
Wolfson College £74,135,000[43] £46,435,000[43] 0 443 0 49 51 443 £167,000
St-Catherines College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg
St Catherine's College
1868
College: 1962
Robinson College £120,879,000[44] £88,205,000[44] 505 428 50 55 45 983 £123,000
St-Cross College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg
St Cross College
1965 Clare Hall N/A[note 1] N/A[note 1] 0 545 0 55 45 545 N/A
St-Edmund-Hall College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg
St Edmund Hall
1278
College: 1957
Fitzwilliam College £89,075,000[45] £65,104,000[45] 396 296 40 57 43 732 £122,000
St-Hilda's College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg
St Hilda's College
1893 Peterhouse £120,879,000[46] £54,681,000[46] 399 183 0 49 51 582 £199,000
St-Hughs College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg
St Hugh's College
1886 Clare College £73,414,000[47] £39,106,000[47] 425 366 1 56 44 792 £93,000
St-John's College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg
St John's College
1555 Sidney Sussex College £653,696,000[48] £573,457,000[48] 395 236 3 50 50 634 £1,031,000
St-Peters College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg
St Peter's College
1929
College: 1961
None £69,625,000[49] £49,569,000[49] 356 215 21 54 46 592 £118,000
Somerville College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg
Somerville College
1879 Girton College £231,805,000[50] £87,941,000[50] 425 209 0 50 50 634 £366,000
Trinity College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg
Trinity College
1555 Churchill College £182,758,000[51] £154,801,000[51] 299 135 0 54 46 434 £421,000
University College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg
University College
1249 Trinity Hall £211,662,000[52] £134,421,000[52] 394 224 0 59 41 618 £342,000
Wadham College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg
Wadham College
1610 Christ's College £143,961,000[53] £110,041,000[53] 466 208 30 51 49 704 £204,000
Wolfson College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg
Wolfson College
1966
College: 1981
Darwin College £79,191,000[54] £48,461,000[54] 0 581 0 52 48 581 £136,000
Worcester College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg
Worcester College
1714 St Catharine's College £90,765,000[55] £51,436,000[55] 438 179 30 50 50 647 £140,000
Total £6,581,072,000[56] £5,132,354,000[56] 11,223 10,839 401 54 46 22,984 £286,000
  1. ^ a b c d e f The financial statements of Kellogg College, Reuben College and St Cross College, due to their not having Royal Charters, are incorporated into the university's own accounts.

List of permanent private halls

U=Undergraduates • P=Postgraduates • V=Visiting students • M=Male students • F=Female students • T=Total students
Name Foundation Sister
hall at
Cambridge
Religious
affiliation
Total
assets
Financial
endowment
U
[19]
P
[19]
V
[19]
M%
[19]
F%
[19]
T
[19]
Assets per
student
Blackfriars Hall Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg
Blackfriars
1221
Refounded: 1921
PPH 1994
None Catholic
(Dominican)
N/A[note 1] N/A[note 1] 3 21 11 57 43 44 N/A
Campion Hall Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg
Campion Hall
1896 None Catholic
(Jesuit)
N/A[note 2] N/A[note 2] 0 12 0 100 0 12 N/A
Regent's Park College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg
Regent's Park College
1752
Move to Oxford: 1927
PPH: 1957
None Baptist £5,459,000[57] £3,206,000[57] 127 67 16 48 52 210 £26,000
St Benet's Hall Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg
St Benet's Hall
1897 None Catholic
(Benedictine)
£99,000[58] £0[58] 65 25 0 56 44 90 £1,100
St Stephen's House Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg
St Stephen's House
1876
PPH: 2003
None Anglican £10,938,000[59] £314,000[59] 5 61 0 58 42 66 £176,000
Wycliffe Hall Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg
Wycliffe Hall
1877 Ridley Hall Anglican £9,364,000[60] £560,000[60] 65 40 53 51 49 158 £59,000
Total £25,860,000 £4,080,000 270 247 78 53 47 517 £50,000
  1. ^ a b Blackfriars Hall is operated by the English Province of the Order of Preachers, part of the Dominican Order, who also run several priories and other charitable operations. The hall does not have assets or endowments specific to it that shown in the order's accounts.
  2. ^ a b Campion Hall is one of several institutions operated by the Society Of Jesus Trust Of 1929 For Roman Catholic Purposes. The hall does not have assets or endowments specific to it that are shown in the society's accounts.

College and permanent private hall arms and colours

Each college and permanent private hall has its own arms, although in some cases these were assumed rather than granted by the College of Arms. Under King Henry VIII Oxford colleges were granted exemption from having their arms granted by the College of Arms; and some, like Lady Margaret Hall, have chosen to take advantage of this exemption, whilst others, such as Oriel, despite having used the arms for many centuries, have recently elected to have the arms granted officially. The blazons below are taken from the Oxford University Calendar[61] unless otherwise indicated. Shields are emblazoned as commonly drawn, and notable inconsistencies between blazons and emblazons (the shields as drawn) are indicated.

Each college also has its own colours used on items such as scarves and rowing blades.

College Arms Blazon Scarf Blades
All Souls College
All-Souls College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg
Or, a chevron between three cinquefoils gules.
Balliol College
Balliol College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg
Azure a lion rampant argent, crowned or, impaling gules, an orle argent.
Balliol College Rowing Blade.svg
Brasenose College
Brasenose College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg
Tierced in pale: (1) Argent, a chevron sable between three roses gules seeded or, barbed vert (for Smyth); (2) or, an escutcheon of the arms of the See of Lincoln (gules, two lions of England in pale or, on a chief azure Our Lady crowned seated on a tombstone issuant from the chief, in her dexter arm the Infant Jesus, in her sinister arm a sceptre, all or), ensigned with a mitre proper; (3) quarterly, first and fourth argent, a chevron between three bugle-horns stringed sable; second and third argent, a chevron between three crosses crosslet sable (for Sutton).[a]
Rowing Blade Black.svg
Christ Church
Christ Church Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg
Sable, on a cross engrailed argent, a lion passant gules between four leopards' faces azure, on a chief or a rose of the third, seeded or, barbed vert, between two Cornish choughs proper.
Christ Church Boat Club Rowing Blade.svg
Corpus Christi College
Corpus-Christi College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg
Tierced per pale: (1) Azure, a pelican with wings endorsed vulning herself or; (2) Argent, thereon an escutcheon charged with the arms of the See of Winchester (i.e. gules, two keys addorsed in bend, the uppermost or, the other argent, a sword interposed between them in bend sinister of the third, pommel and hilt gold; the escutcheon ensigned with a mitre of the last); (3) Sable, a chevron or between three owls argent, on a chief of the second as many roses gules, seeded of the second, barbed vert.
Corpus Christi College Boat Club Rowing Blade.svg
Exeter College
Exeter College Oxford Coat Of Arms (Motto).svg
Argent, two bends nebuly within a bordure sable charged with eight pairs of keys, addorsed and interlaced in the rings, the wards upwards, or.
Lady Margaret Rowing Blade.svg
Green Templeton College
Green-Templeton College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg
Or between two flaunches vert on each a nautilus shell the aperture outwards or a rod of Aesculapius sable the serpent azure.
Green Templeton Rowing Blade.svg
Harris Manchester College
Harris-Manchester College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg
Gules, two Torches inflamed in saltire proper; on a Chief Argent, between Two Roses of a field barbed and seeded an open Book also proper.
Hertford College
Hertford College Oxford Coat Of Arms (Motto).svg
Gules, a stag's head caboshed argent, attired, and between the attires a cross patty fitchy at the foot, or.
Hertford College Boat Club Rowing Blade.svg
Jesus College
Jesus College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg
Vert, three stags trippant argent attired or.
Jesus College Oxford Rowing Blade.svg
Keble College
Keble College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg
Argent, a chevron engrailed gules, on a chief azure three mullets pierced or.
Keble College Boat Club Rowing Blade.svg
Kellogg College
Kellogg College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg
Per pale indented argent and azure on the argent a chevron enhanced gules in base a book azure leaved argent on the azure an ear of wheat palewise or the whole within a bordure gules.
Christ Church Boat Club Rowing Blade.svg

Christ Church Boat Club[62]
Lady Margaret Hall
Lady-Margaret-Hall Oxford Coat Of Arms (Motto).svg
Or, on a chevron between in chief two talbots passant and in base a bell all azure, a portcullis of the field.
Lady Margaret Hall Rowing Blade.svg
Linacre College
Linacre College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg
Sable an open Book proper edged or bound gules the dexter page charged with the Greek letter alpha the sinister page charged with the Greek letter omega both sable the whole between three escallops argent.
Linacre College Rowing Blade.svg
Lincoln College
Lincoln College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg
Tierced per pale: (1) Barry of six argent and azure, in chief three lozenges gules, on the second bar of an argent a mullet pierced sable; (2) Argent, thereon an escutcheon of the arms of the See of Lincoln (i.e., Gules, two lions passant guardant or, on a chief azure the Blessed Virgin Mary ducally crowned seated on a throne issuant from the chief, on her dexter arm the infant Jesus and holding in her sinister hand a sceptre, all gold; the escutcheon ensigned with a mitre azure garnished and stringed or); (3) Vert, three stags trippant argent attired or.[b]
Lincoln Rowing Blade.svg
Magdalen College
Magdalen College Oxford Coat Of Arms (Motto).svg
Lozengy ermine and sable, on a chief of the second three lilies argent slipped and seeded or.
Magdalen College Boat Club Rowing Blade.svg
Mansfield College
Mansfield College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg
Gules an open book proper inscribed DEUS LOCUTUS EST NOBIS IN FILIO in letters sable bound argent edged and clasped or between three cross crosslets or.
Mansfield Rowing Blade.svg
Merton College
Merton College Oxford Coat Of Arms (Motto).svg
Or, three chevronels party per pale, the first and third azure and gules, the second gules and azure.
Merton College Rowing Blade.svg
New College
New College Oxford Coat Of Arms (Motto).svg
Argent, two chevronels sable between three roses gules, seeded or, barbed vert.
New College Rowing Blade.svg
Nuffield College
Nuffield College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg
Ermine on a fesse or between in chief two roses gules barbed and seeded proper and in base a balance of the second three pears sable, and for crest on a wreath or and gules a demi bull gules armed and unguled or resting the sinister hoof on a winged wheel or.[c]
Oriel College
Oriel College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg
Gules, three lions passant guardant in pale or within a bordure engrailed argent.
Oriel College Boat Club Rowing Blade.svg
Pembroke College
Pembroke College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg
Per pale azure and gules, three lions rampant, two and one, argent, on a chief per pale argent and or, in the first a rose gules, seeded or, barbed vert in the second a thistle of Scotland proper.
Pembroke College Oxford Boat Club Rowing Blade.svg
The Queen's College
Queens College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg
Argent, three eagles displayed two and one gules, legged and beaked or, on the breast of the first eagle, a pierced mullet of the third as cadency mark.[d]
Queens College (Oxford) Boat Club Rowing Blade.svg
Somerville College
Somerville College Oxford Coat Of Arms (Motto).svg
Argent, three mullets in chevron reversed gules, between six crosses crosslet fitched sable.
Somerville College Boat Club Rowing Blade.svg
St Anne's College
St-Anne's College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg
Gules, on a chevron between in chief two lions' heads erased argent, and in base a sword of the second pummelled and kilt or and enfiled with a wreath of laurel proper, three ravens.
St Annes College Boat Club Rowing Blade.svg
St Antony's College
St-Antony's College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg
Or on a chevron between three tau crosses gules as many pierced mullets of the field.
St Antony's Rowing Blade.png
St Catherine's College
St-Catherines College Oxford Coat Of Arms (Motto).svg
Sable a saltire ermine between four Catherine wheels or.
St Catherines College Oxford Rowing Blade.svg
St Cross College
St-Cross College Oxford Coat Of Arms (Motto).svg
Argent a cross potent purpure a quarter counterchanged.
St Edmund Hall
St-Edmund-Hall College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg
Or, a cross patonce gules cantoned by four Cornish choughs proper.
St Edmund Hall Rowing Blade.svg
St Hilda's College
St-Hilda's College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg
Azure on a fess or between in chief two unicorns' heads couped and in base a coiled serpent argent three estoiles gules.
St Hilda's Rowing Blade.svg
St Hugh's College
St-Hughs College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg
Azure a saltire ermine between four fleurs-de-lis or.
St Hughs Boat Club Rowing Blade.svg
St John's College
St-John's College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg
Gules, on a bordure sable eight estoiles or; on a canton ermine a lion rampant of the second; on the fess point an annulet of the third.
St Peter's College
St-Peters College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg
Per pale vert and argent, to the dexter two keys in saltire or surmounted by a triple towered castle argent masoned sable (representing Oxford bailey) and on the sinister a cross gules surmounted by a mitre or between four martlets sable (for Chavasse), the whole within a bordure or.
St Peters College Boat Club Rowing Blade.svg
Trinity College
Trinity College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg
Party per pale or and azure, on a chevron between three griffins heads erased four fleurs-de-lys, all counter-changed of the field.
Trinity College Boat Club Rowing Blade.svg
University College
University College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg
Azure, a cross patonce between five martlets or.
University College Oxford Rowing Blade.svg
Wadham College
Wadham College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg
Gules, a chevron between 3 roses argent, seeded or, barbed vert, impaling gules, a bend or between two escallops argent.
Wadham College Rowing Blade.svg
Wolfson College
Wolfson College Oxford Coat Of Arms (Motto).svg
Per pale gules and or on a chevron between three roses two pears all countercharged the roses barbed and seeded proper.
Wolfson College Boat Club Rowing Blade.svg
Worcester College
Worcester College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg
Argent, two chevronels between six martlets, three, two and one gules.[e]
Worcester College Rowing Blade.svg
Blackfriars
Blackfriars Hall Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg
Gyronny of sable and argent, a cross flory counterchanged.[f]
Campion Hall
Campion Hall Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg
Argent on a cross sable a plate charged with a wolf's head erased of the second between in pale two billets of the field that in chief charged with a cinquefoil and that in base with a saltire gules and in fesse as many plates each charged with a campion flower leaved and slipped proper on a chief also of the second two branches of palm in saltire enfiled with a celestial crown or.[63][g]
Regent's Park College
Regent's Park College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg
Argent on a cross gules an open Bible proper irradiated or the pages inscribed with the words DOMINUS JESUS in letters sable on a chief wavy azure fish or.
Regents Park College Boat Club Rowing Blade.svg
St Benet's Hall
St Benet's Hall Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg
Per fesse dancetté or and azure, a chief per pale gules and of the second, charged on the dexter with two keys in saltire or and argent, and on the sinister with a cross flory between five martlets of the first.
St Benet's Rowing Blade.svg
St Stephen's House
St Stephen's House Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg
Gules a celestial crown between three bezants two and one or, on a chief sable an apostolic eagle between two crosses crosslet or.
Wycliffe Hall
Wycliffe Hall Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg
Gules, an open book proper the pages inscribed with the words VIA VERITAS VITA in letters sable on a chief azure three crosses crosslet argent and in base an estoile or.[h]

Notes

  1. ^ Brasenose: the blazon of the arms of the See of Lincoln given here differs from that at Lincoln College; the two forms are simply interpretations of the simpler blazon gules, two lions passant gardant or, in a chief azure Our Lady sitting with her Babe, crown and sceptre of the second.
  2. ^ Lincoln: although the three stags are blazoned as trippant argent attired or they are universally drawn as statant or. See also note on Brasenose above.
  3. ^ Nuffield: uniquely among the Oxford colleges the blazon of Nuffield recorded in the University Calendar also describes its crest.
  4. ^ Queens: the depiction of the pierced mullet is quite variable; a mullet of six points is common and the piercing is sometimes indicated schematically.
  5. ^ Worcester: although the six martlets are blazoned as gules (red) they are usually (but not always) drawn as sable (black).
  6. ^ Blackfriars: the blazon used here is that of the Dominican Order. Blackfriars also uses their simpler shield, blazoned as sable, a pile inverted argent.
  7. ^ Campion: the phrase billets of the Weld used in the Calendar appears to be a misprint for billets of the field.
  8. ^ Wycliffe: the blazon used here is simply a description of the shield as usually drawn.

Heads of Houses

The senior member of each college is an officer known generically as the Head of House. His or her specific title varies from college to college as indicated in the list below. While the Head of House will usually be an academic, it is not uncommon for a person to be appointed who has had a distinguished career outside academic circles.

For a list of current Heads of Houses, see Heads of Houses.

The dean of Christ Church is head of both the college and the cathedral. The president of Kellogg College is also the director of the Department for Continuing Education.

Finances

As of 2019 the accounts of the Oxford colleges included total assets of £6.6 billion.[56] This figure does not reflect all the assets held by the colleges as their accounts do not include the cost or value of many of their main sites or heritage assets such as works of art or libraries.[64] The total endowments of the colleges were £5.1 billion as of 2019.[56] Individual college endowments ranged from £1.2m (Green Templeton) to £577.6 million (Christ Church).[26][23]

Academic rankings

For some years, an unofficial ranking of undergraduate colleges by performance in Final Honour Schools examinations, known as the Norrington Table, was published annually. As the table only took into account the examination results for the year of publication, college rankings could fluctuate considerably.

Beginning in 2005, the University of Oxford started publishing a list of colleges classified by a "Norrington Score", effectively replicating the Norrington Table. The university claims to have published the results "in the interests of openness". Although the university says that the college listings are "not very significant", the 2005 table was the first Norrington Table with official data and also probably the first to be accurate. Dame Fiona Caldicott, the Chairman of the Conference of Colleges, said that in previous years some students had used the Data Protection Act 1998 to ensure their results were not published, rendering the unofficial tables inaccurate.[65]

In 2018 St John's College ranked first among the 30 Oxford undergraduate colleges in the Norrington table.[66]

College rivalries

A tradition of the university is a friendly rivalry between colleges. Often, two neighbouring colleges will be rivals, and each college will pride itself in its athletic victories over the other one. Examples include:

Architectural influence

The Oxford and Cambridge colleges have served as an architectural inspiration for Collegiate Gothic Architecture, used by a number of American universities including Princeton University and Washington University in St. Louis since the late nineteenth century.[74][75]

See also

Notes and references

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  8. ^ "New college planned for Oxford University". 20 August 2018. Retrieved 28 November 2019.
  9. ^ "Women at Oxford". University of Oxford. Retrieved 12 June 2016.
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  11. ^ "Parks College". University of Oxford. Retrieved 1 December 2019.
  12. ^ "Statute V: Colleges, Societies, and Permanent Private Halls". University of Oxford. Retrieved 2 August 2019.
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  14. ^ Statuta Universitatis Oxoniensis [Oxford University Statutes] (in Latin). University of Oxford. 1876. pp. 275–279. Retrieved 6 September 2018.
  15. ^ William Geddie, Chambers's Encyclopaedia, Volume 7 (1874), p. 174: "To these may be added Charsley's Hall, being a private hall under the mastership of WH Charsley, in virtue of a statute passed in 1854..."
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