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Daniele Archibugi

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Daniele Archibugi
DanArc2-700x394.jpg
BornDaniele Archibugi
Rome, Italy
LanguageItalian
NationalityItalian
EducationSapienza University of Rome
Alma materUniversity of Sussex, Science Policy Research Unit

Daniele Archibugi is an Italian economic and political theorist. He works on the economics and policy of innovation and technological change, on the political theory of international relations and on political and technological globalisation.

Biography

Archibugi graduated with an Economics degree at the University of Rome "La Sapienza" with Federico Caffè, and obtained a D.Phil. degree at SPRU of the University of Sussex under the mentorship of Christopher Freeman and Keith Pavitt. He has worked and taught at the Universities of Sussex, Naples, Cambridge, Sapienza University of Rome, LUISS University of Rome, Ritsumeikan University, Kyoto and SWEFE University, Chengdu. He was Leverhulme Visiting Professor at the London School of Economics, and Lauro de Bosis Visiting Professor at Harvard University. In June 2006, Archibugi was appointed Honorary Professor at the University of Sussex. He currently works at the Italian National Research Council in Rome and at Birkbeck, University of London.

Cosmopolitan democracy

Together with David Held, Archibugi has been a key figure in the development of cosmopolitanism and of cosmopolitan democracy in particular,[1] namely the attempt to apply some of the norms and values of democracy to global politics.[2] He has advocated substantial reforms in international organizations, including the United Nations and the European Union.[3]

He has criticized the G7, G8 and G20 summits as undemocratic and urged for more transparent gathering for global politics.[4] He has also taken position against a League of Democracies arguing that the same demands will be better served by a democratic reform of the United Nations.[5] Archibugi is among the promoters of a directly elected World Parliament,[6] and a supporter of the Campaign for the Establishment of a United Nations Parliamentary Assembly, an organisation which campaigns for democratic reform in the United Nations.[7]

Global Justice

Supporter of the individual responsibility of the rulers in the case of international crimes, Archibugi has also actively supported, since the fall of the Berlin Wall, the creation of an International Criminal Court, collaborating both with the jurists of the UN International Law Commission and with the Italian Government.[8] Over the years, he has become increasingly skeptical for the inability of international courts to incriminate the strongest.[9] He therefore endorsed other quasi-judicial instruments for human rights protection such as the Truth and Reconciliation Commissions and the Opinion Tribunals.[10]

Globalization of innovation

Archibugi developed a taxonomy of the globalization of technology with Jonathan Michie, where they distinguish among three main devices of transmission of know-how: international exploitation of innovations, global generation of innovation and global collaborations in science and technology.[11]

As Chairman of an Expert Group of the European Research Area on international collaboration in science and technology, he has pointed out that the demographic decline in Europe, combined with the lack of vocation of youngesters for hard sciences, will generate a dramatic shortage of qualified workers in less than a generation.[12] This will jeopardize the standard of livings of Europeans in key areas such as medical research, information technologies and knowledge intensive industries. Archibugi has urged for substantial revisions to European immigration policy in order to accommodate at least two million qualified students in science, engineering from developing countries in a decade.

Reconstruction economics after economic crises

As a scholar of the  business cycles, Archibugi combines the Keynesian perspective derived from his mentors Federico Caffè, Hyman Minsky and Nicholas Kaldor with the Schumpeterian perspective derived from Christopher Freeman and the Science Policy Research Unit of the University of Sussex. [13] By combining the two perspectives, Archibugi argued that to get out of a crisis, a country must make a major effort to enter into emerging industries.[14] In the absence of entrepreneurial spirit in the sector private, the public sector must develop the managerial capacity to exploit scientific and technological opportunities,[15] also to safeguard public goods. [16] This acquires more relevance in front of major events, including the environmental crisis and the economic crisis created by Covid-19.[17]

Family Relations

He is the son of urban and economic planner Franco Archibugi and of writer Muzi Epifani. He has several brothers and sisters including film director Francesca Archibugi and political scientist Mathias Koenig-Archibugi.

His ancestors include Roman patriots Francesco and Alessandro Archibugi, both volunteers in the Roman University Battalion of the Roman Republic (1849) led by of Carlo Armellini, Giuseppe Mazzini and Aurelio Saffi. Both of them participated in the military actions led by General Giuseppe Garibaldi and died in the defence of the Roman Republic of June 1849 fighting against the invasion of Republican France led by Louis Napoleon. Archibugi has reminded this episode to show the fragility of the democratic peace theory.[18]

Main books

In the field of international relations and political studies

In the field of science, technology and innovation policy

Main refereed articles

In the field of international relations and political studies

In the field of science, technology and innovation policy

References

  1. ^ Daniele Archibugi and David Held,Cosmopolitan Democracy: Paths and Agents. Ethics & International Affairs. 25 (4): 433-461, WInter 2011. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0892679411000360.
  2. ^ See Tom Cassauwers, Interview with Daniele Archibugi, E-INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS, SEP 14 2015.
  3. ^ See Allen White, On the Cosmopolitan Path, An Interview with Daniele Archibugi, Great Transition Initiative, April 2018.
  4. ^ D. Archibugi, The G20 is a luxury we can't afford, The Guardian, Saturday 28 March 2008 [1]
  5. ^ D. Archibugi, A League of Democracies or a Democratic United Nations, Harvard International Review, October 2008 [2] Archived 2018-10-13 at the Wayback Machine
  6. ^ Campaign for the Establishment of a United Nations Parliamentary Assembly [3] Archived 2009-08-22 at the Wayback Machine
  7. ^ "Overview". Campaign for a UN Parliamentary Assembly. Retrieved 2017-10-09.
  8. ^ see Daniele Archibugi and Alice Pease, Crime and Global Justice: The Dynamics of International Punishment, Polity, 2018.
  9. ^ Daniele Archibugi and Alice Pease, International Criminal Justice: from past to future, Opendemocracy, 5 february 2018.
  10. ^ Daniele Archibugi's Conference at the City University of New York, Do we Need a Global Criminal Justice?, 9 April 2018.
  11. ^ Daniele Archibugi and Jonathan Michie, The Globalization of Technology: A New Taxonomy, "Cambridge Journal of Economics", vol. 19, no. 1, 1995, pp. 121-140, [4] Archived 2011-07-25 at the Wayback Machine
  12. ^ Daniele Archibugi (Chair) Opening to the World. Opening to the World: International Cooperation in Science and Technology, European Research Area, 2008, [5] Archived 2011-07-25 at the Wayback Machine
  13. ^ D. Archibugi and A. Filippetti, Innovation and economic crisis. Innovation and economic crisis. Lessons and prospects from the economic downturn , Routledge, London, 2012.
  14. ^ D. Archibugi, An investment plan for European reconstruction, Social Europe 12th May 2020.
  15. ^ D. Archibugi, The Airbus lesson: How new companies can be generated to aid Europe’s post-Covid reconstruction, London School of Economics and Political Science Blog Europp, 11 May 2020.
  16. ^ D. Archibugi, A. Filippetti & M. Frenz, Investment in innovation for European recovery: a public policy priority, Science & Public Policy, November 2019.
  17. ^ D. Archibugi, A. Filippetti & M. Frenz, Europe needs a green deal, Research Europe, 2 April 2020.
  18. ^ See D. Archibugi, “From peace between democracies to global democracy”, in D. Archibugi, M. Koenig-Archibugi and R. Marchetti, Global DemocracyNormative and Empirical Perspectives, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 2011.

External links

This page was last edited on 14 December 2020, at 23:24
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