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David Held
Born(1951-08-27)27 August 1951
Died2 March 2019(2019-03-02) (aged 67)
Academic background
Alma materMIT
Academic work
InstitutionsUniversity College, Durham University
Main interestsPolitics and International Relations
Held was co-founder of the publishing company Polity Press

David Jonathan Andrew Held[1][2] (27 August 1951 – 2 March 2019)[3] was a British political scientist who specialised in political theory and international relations.[4] He held a joint appointment as Professor of Politics and International Relations, and was Master of University College, at Durham University until his death. He was also a visiting Professor of Political Science at Libera Università Internazionale degli Studi Sociali Guido Carli. Previously he was the Graham Wallas chair of Political Science and the co-director of the Centre for the Study of Global Governance at the London School of Economics.[5]

Together with Daniele Archibugi, Held had been prominent in the development of cosmopolitanism, and of cosmopolitan democracy in particular. He was an active scholar on issues of globalisation, global governance and was joint editor-in-chief of the academic journal Global Policy.[6]

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  • ✪ The Myth of the Scientist: Crystal Dilworth at TEDxYouth@Caltech
  • ✪ "The Reluctant Scientist" - Keynote Address by Dr. Robert Lefkowitz
  • ✪ A Scientist's Mind Meets the Heart of Reality with Francis Lucille and Edward Frenkel
  • ✪ The Dalai Lama and Quantum Physics (2007) 1/6
  • ✪ Symphony of Science - the Quantum World!


Well, I'm hoping that everybody is still awake and excited and engaged with all these amazing speakers. My name is obviously Crystal, as you can see from the slide, I'm a PhD candidate in Chemistry here at Caltech, and I study molecular neuroscience. Tonight, I just want to tell you a story about who does science. We know what scientists do. Right? They ask questions and use the scientific method. And in answering these questions, they create new knowledge. But who does science? We know what they look like, right? They look like this, as Alex told you. They also look like this... (Cheers) ...and like this. Right? Scientists! For sure. But what about her? Is she a scientist? Could she be a scientist? This is Mayim Bialik. She is an actress and an author, among other things, and plays a neuroscientist on TV. When she does, her character, Amy Farrah Fowler, looks like this. She's also portrayed as dumpy, unsophisticated, and narrowly focused. The funny thing about all of this is the actress, Mayim, herself has a PhD in Neuroscience from UCLA. So why wouldn't we believe her as a neuroscientist if she played herself on TV? I wanted to be a ballet dancer, and I'm a neuroscientist. I don't act nor look like Amy Farrah Fowler, nor is my path — my PhD — the same as Mayim Bialik's or Adriana's, or any other of the scientists that you saw here. Like I said, I wanted to be a ballet dancer. We think we know how people become scientists, right? They're obviously born smart. They went through gifted programs in school. They took AP classes. They got incredible grades. And they go to institutions like Harvard and MIT and Caltech. Maybe they chose an advanced degree, like a Master's or a PhD, so they can be certified Smart. I was homeschooled. I didn't set a foot in a classroom until I went to junior college, and even then I didn't want to be an academic. I had a vague idea that I like studying the brain, but I told you: I thought I was going to be a dancer. But I took my parents' advice and I went to UCSD for undergrad so I would have "something to fall back on". And I studied Biochemistry, which, I guess, was kind of interesting. But it wasn't until my senior year, and my internship with the Scripps Research Institute, that I actually started to understand what it meant to be a scientist. The Schultz lab that I worked in was creative and collaborative, and I finally had the experience of doing experiments to answer a question that nobody in the world knew the answer to. And in that moment, when your experiments work, maybe accidentally, and you know something that nobody else in the entire world knows — a tiny bit of knowledge — before you tell everyone you know, you think, "Science is pretty cool." But I am really stubborn, so I did what everyone with a new Bachelor's degree in Biochemistry does: I moved to New York City to be a dancer. (Laughter) And while I was there, something really funny happened. I started skipping my ballet class to take the subway uptown to Columbia University to go to the chemistry department seminars. I was skipping ballet to listen to people talk about science. I remember the moment on the train when I thought, "Maybe I should pay attention to this change in priorities." So I applied for graduate school, and now I work here, at Caltech. And I work for this guy. I take pictures that look like this. And I study the molecular basis of nicotine addiction. And I am a scientist. But I am more than that. I've continued to dance professionally, I am active in Community Theater, and I took a chance and auditioned for this crazy movie that we made about graduate school, and I'm in it. So what I want you to take away, not just from my talk, but all the talks that you've heard from all of the scientists today, is that scientists are as diverse and as multifaceted as the subjects that they study and the questions that they ask. We all took many different paths to getting here, and there's more to us than the geeks and the nerds that you see us portrayed as in the media. With that, I'll say, "Thank you very much for your attention, and may the force be with you." (Applause)



David Held was born to industrialist Peter Held and Gisela (née Wolff)[7] in Britain where he spent most of his childhood. He took his undergraduate degree from the University of Manchester;[8] upon completing his doctoral studies at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology he conducted post-doctoral research at the University of Cambridge.[9] He held numerous Visiting Appointments in the United States, Australia, Canada, Spain and Italy, among other places.

Held co-founded Polity press in 1984, which has become a leading publisher in the social sciences and humanities across the world. He was also the General Editor for Global Policy, an academic journal started in 2008 that focuses on bridging the gap between academics and practitioners on issues of global significance.

In January 2012, he succeeded Professor Maurice Tucker as Master of University College, Durham, alongside his chair in the School of Government and International Affairs at Durham University.[10]

Held died in hospital on 2 March 2019 after suffering ill health.[11] He was survived by the two children of his first marriage, to the novelist Michelle Spring, and the two children from his second marriage, to film director Francesca Joseph.[12]


Since his first book was published in 1980 (Introduction to Critical Theory), David Held has been pursuing a multilevel inquiry into the nature and changing form of national and international politics. This approach has involved three kinds of work. First, it has involved extensive empirical enquiry into the dynamic character, structural elements and governance failures of contemporary society. The empirical dimensions of his work have included books such as Global Transformations (1999), Globalization/Anti-globalization (2007), Global Inequality (2007) and Gridlock: Why Global Cooperation is Failing When We Need it Most (2013). These books map the changing global context of politics, how the world has become increasingly interconnected, and how failures of leadership and negotiation at the global level are creating a breakdown of multilateralism and global governance.[citation needed]

Second, he has been investigating the changing nature and form of the modern state and the locus of the political good. Held examines the question of whether the nation state alone, as typically assumed by political theory, can be the sole home of democracy, accountability and the rule of law. This has entailed a critical evaluation of the concepts of democracy, sovereignty, governance and cosmopolitanism, among other concepts. Books that have explored these themes include: Democracy in the Global Order (1999), Models of Democracy (2006), Cosmopolitanism: ideals and realities (2010).[citation needed]

The third element of Prof. Held’s current work is to explore how and in what ways one can move beyond the crises and dilemmas of politics and governance in the contemporary world. Books such as Global Covenant (2004), Debating Globalization (2005) and a wide range of academic articles set out the contours of a multiactor, multilevel democratic politics framed by the fundamental principles of democracy, justice and sustainability.[citation needed]

Accordingly, Held’s work explores, on the one hand, the shift in politics from nation states to what he calls a world of ‘overlapping communities of fate' (where the fortunes of countries are increasingly enmeshed) and, on the other hand, how democratic standards and cosmopolitan values can be entrenched in the global order. In pursuing this multilevel approach Prof. Held sees himself working within the classic tradition of political theory which has always been concerned with how to characterize the world in which we live, how to develop and reach normative goals such as liberty, democracy and social justice, and how to move from where we are to where we might like to be. Prof. Held’s response to this challenge is to explore the way globalization has altered the landscape of politics[citation needed], how cosmopolitanism provides ideals that enable one to rethink politics and the political good, and to pursue political stepping stones that could help embed this agenda. He offers a contribution to a pressing dialogue of our times: how to resolve collective action problems, nationally and globally, through institutions and governance arrangements that enhance democracy, social justice and the participation of all citizens in a democratic public life.

Links to Libya

In March, 2011, Held's name came to be linked with the LSE Libya Links controversy. Held was an advisor of Saif al-Islam Gaddafi, son of Libyan leader Muammar Gaddafi, who received his PhD from LSE in 2008.[13]



  • Held, David (1980). Introduction to critical theory: Horkheimer to Habermas. Berkeley: University of California Press. ISBN 0520041755.
  • Held, David (1983). States and societies. New York: New York University Press. ISBN 9780814734223.
  • Held, David (2006) [1987]. Models of democracy (3rd ed.). Stanford, California: Stanford University Press. ISBN 9780804754729.
  • Held, David (1989). Political theory and the modern state: essays on state, power, and democracy. Stanford, California: Stanford University Press. ISBN 9780804717489.
  • Held, David; Thompson, John B. (1989). Social theory of modern societies: Anthony Giddens and his critics. Cambridge, UK New York, New York: Cambridge University Press. ISBN 9780521278553.
  • Held, David (1989). Introduction to critical theory: Horkheimer to Habermas. Berkeley: University of California Press. ISBN 9780745607696.
  • Held, David; Hall, Stuart; McGrew, Anthony (1992). Modernity and its futures. Cambridge: Polity Press in association with the Open University. ISBN 9780745609669.
  • Held, David (1993). Prospects for democracy : North, South, East, West. Cambridge, UK Malden, Massachusetts: Polity Press. ISBN 9780804721936.
  • Held, David; Archibugi, Daniele (1995). Democracy and the global order: from the modern state to cosmopolitan governance. Stanford, California: Stanford University Press. ISBN 9780804726870.
  • Held, David (1995). Cosmopolitanism: an agenda for a new world order. Cambridge, UK Malden, Massachusetts: Polity Press. ISBN 9780745613819.
  • Held, David; Archibugi, Daniele; Koehler, Martin (1998). Re-imagining political community: studies in cosmopolitan democracy. Stanford, California: Stanford University Press. ISBN 9780804735353.
  • Held, David; Goldblatt, David; McGrew, Anthony; Perraton, Jonathan (1999). Global transformations: politics, economics and culture. Stanford, California: Stanford University Press. ISBN 9780745614991.
  • Held, David (2000). A globalizing world?: Culture, economics, politics. London New York: Routledge in association with the Open University. ISBN 9780415222945.
  • Held, David; McGrew, Anthony (2007) [2002]. Globalization/anti-globalization: beyond the great divide (2nd ed.). Cambridge, UK Malden, Massachusetts: Polity Press. ISBN 9780745639116.
  • Held, David; Koenig-Archibugi, Mathias (2003). Taming globalization: frontiers of governance. Cambridge, UK Malden, Massachusetts: Polity Press. ISBN 9780745630779.
  • Held, David (2004). Global covenant: the Social Democratic alternative to the Washington consensus. Cambridge, UK Malden, Massachusetts: Polity Press. ISBN 9780745633527.
  • Held, David; Koenig-Archibugi, Mathias (2005). Global governance and public accountability. Oxford, UK: Wiley-Blackwell. ISBN 9781405126786.
  • Held, David; Kaya, Ayse (2006). Global inequality: patterns and explanations. Cambridge, UK Malden, Massachusetts: Polity Press. ISBN 9780745638867.
  • Held, David; McGrew, Anthony (2007). Globalization theory: approaches and controversies. Cambridge, UK Malden, Massachusetts: Polity Press. ISBN 9780745632100.
  • Held, David; Mepham, David (2007). Progressive foreign policy: new directions for the UK. Cambridge, UK Malden, Massachusetts: Polity Press. ISBN 9780745641140.
  • Held, David; Moore, Henrietta L. (2008). Cultural politics in a global age: uncertainty, solidarity, and innovation. Oxford: One World Publications. ISBN 9781851685509.
  • Held, David (2010). Cosmopolitanism: ideals and realities. Cambridge, UK Malden, Massachusetts: Polity Press. ISBN 9780745648354.
  • Held, David; Coates-Ulrichsen, Kristian (2013). The end of the American Century: from 9/11 to the Arab Spring. Cambridge, UK Malden, Massachusetts: Polity Press. ISBN 9780745663722.
  • Held, David; Roger, Charles; Nag, Eva-Maria (2013). Climate governance in the developing world. Cambridge, UK Malden, Massachusetts: Polity Press. ISBN 9780745662770.
  • Held, David; Hale, Tom; Young, Kevin (2013). Gridlock: why global cooperation is failing when we need it most. Cambridge, UK Malden, Massachusetts: Polity Press. ISBN 9780745662398.
  • Held, David; Koenig-Archibugi, Mathias (2014). Global policy: power, governance and accountability. Cambridge, UK Malden, Massachusetts: Polity Press. (forthcoming)

Chapters in books

  • Held, David (2005), "Principles of the cosmopolitan order", in Brighouse, Harry; Brock, Gillian (eds.), The political philosophy of cosmopolitanism, Cambridge New York: Cambridge University Press, pp. 10–27, ISBN 978-0-52184-660-8.

Journal articles


  1. ^ The Cambridge University List of Members up to 31 December 1991, Cambridge University Press, 1991, p. 610
  2. ^
  3. ^ Blundell, Lydia. "Professor David Held dies aged 68". Retrieved 5 March 2019.
  4. ^ Daniele Archibugi, David Held Obituary, The Guardian, 15 March 2019.
  5. ^ Vasagar, Jeevan (31 October 2011). "Academic linked to Gaddafi's fugitive son leaves LSE". The Guardian. London.
  6. ^ Staff writer. "Editorial Board". Global Policy. doi:10.1111/(ISSN)1758-5899.
  7. ^
  8. ^
  9. ^ The Cambridge University List of Members up to 31 December 1991, Cambridge University Press, 1991, p. 610
  10. ^ Jonhson, Daniel (2 November 2011). "Former LSE academic linked to Gaddafi's son made new Castle Master". Palatinate.
  11. ^ Lawrie, Richard. "University College - David Held". University of Durham. Archived from the original on 10 March 2019. Retrieved 10 March 2019.
  12. ^
  13. ^ Kristin Deasy. "'The Role of Civil Society in the Democratisation of Global Governance Institutions.' Yes, Qaddafi Jnr. Wrote That" Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty.

External links

Academic offices
Preceded by
Eva Schumacher-Reid
Master of University College, Durham
Succeeded by
Richard Lawrie
This page was last edited on 22 September 2019, at 00:45
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