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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Routledge logo.svg
Parent company Taylor & Francis
Status Active
Founded 1851; 167 years ago (1851)
Founder George Routledge
Country of origin United Kingdom
Headquarters location Abingdon-on-Thames
Distribution World wide
Key people Jeremy North (MD Books)[1]
Publication types Books and academic journals
Nonfiction topics Humanities, social science, behavioral science, education, law
Official website
2008 conference booth
2008 conference booth

Routledge (/ˈrtlɪ/)[2] is a British multinational publisher. It was founded in 1836 by George Routledge, and specialises in providing academic books, journals, & online resources in the fields of humanities, behavioural science, education, law and social science. The company publishes approximately 1,800 journals and 5,000 new books each year and their backlist encompasses over 70,000 titles.[3] Routledge is claimed to be the largest global academic publisher within humanities and social sciences.[4][5]

In 1998, Routledge became a subdivision and imprint of its former rival, Taylor & Francis Group (T&F), as a result of a £90 million acquisition deal from Cinven, a venture capital group which had purchased it two years previously for £25 million.[6] Following the merger of Informa and T&F in 2004, Routledge become a publishing unit and major imprint within the Informa 'academic publishing' division.[7] Routledge is headquartered in the main T&F office in Milton Park, Abingdon, Oxfordshire and also operates from T&F offices globally including in Philadelphia, Melbourne, New Delhi, Singapore and Beijing.[8]

YouTube Encyclopedic

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  • Why do we feel nostalgia? - Clay Routledge
  • Doing Your Undergraduate Social Science Dissertation: Extract 2
  • Arts & Humanities at Routledge
  • Doing Your Undergraduate Social Science Dissertation: Extract1
  • Publish with Routledge sociology


In the late 17th century, a medical student named Johannes Hofer noticed a strange illness affecting Swiss mercenaries serving abroad. Its symptoms, including fatigue, insomnia, irregular heartbeat, indigestion, and fever were so strong, the soldiers often had to be discharged. As Hofer discovered, the cause was not some physical disturbance, but an intense yearning for their mountain homeland. He dubbed the condition nostalgia, from the Greek "nostos" for homecoming and "algos" for pain or longing. At first, nostalgia was considered a particularly Swiss affliction. Some doctors proposed that the constant sound of cowbells in the Alps caused trauma to the ear drums and brain. Commanders even forbade their soldiers from singing traditional Swiss songs for fear that they'd lead to desertion or suicide. But as migration increased worldwide, nostalgia was observed in various groups. It turned out that anyone separated from their native place for a long time was vulnerable to nostalgia. And by the early 20th century, professionals no longer viewed it as a neurological disease, but as a mental condition similar to depression. Psychologists of the time speculated that it represented difficulties letting go of childhood, or even a longing to return to one's fetal state. But over the next few decades, the understanding of nostalgia changed in two important ways. Its meaning expanded from indicating homesickness to a general longing for the past. And rather than an awful disease, it began to be seen as a poignant and pleasant experience. Perhaps the most famous example of this was captured by French author Marcel Proust. He described how tasting a madeleine cake he had not eaten since childhood triggered a cascade of warm and powerful sensory associations. So what caused such a major reversal in our view of nostalgia? Part of it has to do with science. Psychology shifted away from pure theory and towards more careful and systematic empirical observation. So professionals realized that many of the negative symptoms may have been simply correlated with nostalgia rather than caused by it. And, in fact, despite being a complex emotional state that can include feelings of loss and sadness, nostalgia doesn't generally put people in a negative mood. Instead, by allowing individuals to remember personally meaningful and rewarding experiences they shared with others, nostalgia can boost psychological well-being. Studies have shown that inducing nostalgia in people can help increase their feelings of self-esteem and social belonging, encourage psychological growth, and even make them act more charitably. So rather than being a cause of mental distress, nostalgia can be a restorative way of coping with it. For instance, when people experience negative emotional states, they tend to naturally use nostalgia to reduce distress and restore well-being. Today, it seems that nostalgia is everywhere, partially because advertisers have discovered how powerful it is as a marketing technique. It's tempting to think of this as a sign of us being stuck in the past, but that's not really how nostalgia works. Instead, nostalgia helps us remember that our lives can have meaning and value, helping us find the confidence and motivation to face the challenges of the future.



The firm originated in 1836, when the London bookseller George Routledge published an unsuccessful guidebook, The Beauties of Gilsland with his brother-in-law W H (William Henry) Warne as assistant. In 1848 the pair entered the booming market for selling inexpensive imprints of works of fiction to rail travellers, in the style of the German Tauchnitz family, which became known as the "Railway Library".[9]

The venture was a success as railway usage grew, and it eventually led to Routledge, along with W H Warne's Brother Frederick Warne, to found the company, George Routledge & Co. in 1851.[10] The following year in 1852, the company gained lucrative business through selling reprints of Uncle Tom's Cabin, (in the public domain in the UK) which allowed for it to be able to pay author Edward Bulwer-Lytton £20,000 for a 10-year lease allowing sole rights to print all 35 of his works [9][11] including 19 of his novels to be sold cheaply as part of their "Railway Library" series. [12]

The company was restyled in 1858 as Routledge, Warne & Routledge when George Routledge's son, Robert Warne Routledge, entered the partnership. Frederick Warne eventually left the company after the death of his brother W.H. Warne in May 1859 (died aged 37).[13] Gaining rights to some titles, he founded Frederick Warne & Co in 1865, which became known for its Beatrix Potter books.[14] In July 1865, George Routledge's son Edmund Routledge became a partner, and the firm became George Routledge & Sons.[15]

By 1899 the company was running close to bankruptcy. Following a successful restructuring in 1902 by scientist Sir William Crookes, banker Arthur Ellis Franklin, William Swan Sonnenschein as managing director, and others, however, it was able to recover and began to acquire and merge with other publishing companies including J. C. Nimmo Ltd. in 1903. In 1912 the company took over the management of Kegan Paul, Trench, Trübner & Co., the descendant of companies founded by Charles Kegan Paul, Alexander Chenevix Trench, Nicholas Trübner, and George Redway.[16]

These early 20th-century acquisitions brought with them lists of notable scholarly titles, and from 1912 onward, the company became increasingly concentrated in the academic and scholarly publishing business under the imprint "Kegan Paul Trench Trubner", as well as reference, fiction and mysticism. In 1947, George Routledge and Sons finally merged with Kegan Paul Trench Trubner (the umlaut had been quietly dropped in the First World War) under the name of Routledge & Kegan Paul.[17] Using C.K Ogden and later Karl Mannheim as advisers the company was soon particularly known for its titles in philosophy, psychology and the social sciences.

In 1985, Routledge & Kegan Paul joined with Associated Book Publishers (ABP),[18] which was later acquired by International Thomson in 1987. Under Thomson's ownership, Routledge's name and operations were retained, and, in 1996, a management buyout financed by the European private equity firm Cinven saw Routledge operating as an independent company once again. Just two year later, Cinven and Routledge's directors accepted a deal for Routledge's acquisition by Taylor & Francis Group (T&F), with the Routledge name being retained as an imprint and subdivision.[19]

In 2004, T&F became a division within Informa plc after a merger. Routledge continues as a primary publishing unit and imprint within Informa's 'academic publishing' division, publishing academic humanities and social science books, journals, reference works and digital products. Routledge has grown considerably as a result of organic growth and acquisitions of other publishing companies and other publishers' titles by its parent company.[20][21][22] Humanities and social sciences titles acquired by T&F from other publishers are rebranded under the Routledge imprint.[21]


The famous English publisher Fredric Warburg was a commissioning editor at Routledge during the early 20th century. Novelist Nina Stibbe, author of Love, Nina, worked at the company as a commissioning editor in the 1990s.[23]


Routledge has published many of the greatest thinkers and scholars of the last hundred years, including Adorno, Bohm, Butler, Derrida, Einstein, Foucault, Freud, Hayek, Jung, Levi-Strauss, McLuhan, Marcuse, Popper, Russell, Sartre and Wittgenstein. The republished works of these authors have appeared as part of the Routledge Classics[24] and Routledge Great Minds series. Competitors to the series are Verso Books' Radical Thinkers, Penguin Classics and Oxford World's Classics.


Taylor and Francis closed down the Routledge print encyclopaedia division in 2006. Some of its publications were:

Reference Works by Europa Publications, published by Routledge:

Many of Routledge's reference works are published in print and electronic formats as Routledge Handbooks and have their own dedicated website: Routledge Handbooks Online.[29] The company also publishes several online encyclopedias and collections of digital content such as Routledge Encyclopedia of Philosophy,[25] Routledge Encyclopedia of Modernism[30] Routledge Performance Archive,[31] and South Asia Archive.[32]

Book series

See also


  1. ^ "Managing Director, Humanities & Social Science Books, Taylor & Francis Group". Informa.
  2. ^ Upton, Clive; Kretzschmar, Jr., William A. (2017). The Routledge Dictionary of Pronunciation for Current English (2nd ed.). Routledge. p. 1164. ISBN 978-1-138-12566-7.
  3. ^ "About Us – Routledge". Retrieved 14 February 2015.
  4. ^ "Publishing With Us – Routledge". Taylor & Francis Group. 2016.
  5. ^ "Outsell HSS Market Size Share Forecast" (PDF).
  6. ^ "Books merger yields windfall of £6m". The Independent. Retrieved 14 February 2015.
  7. ^ "Academic Publishing".
  8. ^ "T&F Group Global Offices".
  9. ^ a b "Yellowbacks: III – Routledge's Railway Library". Retrieved 15 February 2015.
  10. ^ "UCL Library Services: Routledge & Kegan Paul Ltd Archives – 1850–1984". Retrieved 15 February 2015.
  11. ^ Sutherland (2009:527,553).
  12. ^ Barnes, James J.; Barnes, Patience P. (2004). "Routledge, George". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (online ed.). Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/24184. (Subscription or UK public library membership required.)
  13. ^ "Geni – William Henry Warne (1822–1859)  – Genealogy". Retrieved 16 February 2015.
  14. ^ " – Taylor and Francis Informa". Retrieved 16 February 2015.
  15. ^ "Routledge, George (DNB00)". DNB. Retrieved 10 November 2015.
  16. ^ "The Lucile Project,"PUBLISHER: Kegan Paul, Trench & Company; Kegan Paul, Trench, Trübner & Company, London"". University of Iowa. Retrieved 12 December 2016.
  17. ^ Franklin (1987),
  18. ^ Whipp (1992:47)
  19. ^ Clark & Phillips (2008:xvi); Cope (1998)
  20. ^ Academic Publishing Industry: A Story of Merger and Acquisition Archived 4 May 2012 at WebCite - Taylor & Francis.
  21. ^ a b Taylor & Francis
  22. ^ "Results for 12 months to 31st December 2015" (PDF).
  23. ^ "About Nina Stibbe".
  24. ^ "Routledge Classics and Routledge Great Minds".
  25. ^ a b "Routledge Encyclopedia of Philosophy".
  26. ^ "Europa World Online".
  27. ^ "World Who's Who".
  28. ^ "The Europa World of Learning".
  29. ^ "Routledge Handbooks Online".
  30. ^ "Routledge Encyclopedia of Modernism".
  31. ^ "Routledge Performance Archive".
  32. ^ "South Asia Archive".
  33. ^ Morley's Universal Library (George Routledge) - Book Series List, Retrieved 24 June 2018.
  34. ^ Muses’ Library, Retrieved 24 June 2018.
  35. ^ Republic of Letters, Retrieved 24 June 2018.
  36. ^ Routledge's Railway Library, Retrieved 24 June 2018.

Citations and other sources

External links

  • Official website
  • Routledge Revivals: Reprints from humanities and social sciences publications, from the backlists of Routledge imprints
  • Routledge & Kegan Paul Archives: Ledgers, authors' agreements, printed catalogues and other papers 1853-1973, University College London Library.
  • Records of Routledge & Kegan Paul - Correspondence files covering the period 1935 to 1990, as well as review files 1950s-1990s, Special Collections, University of Reading Library.
  • Archives of George Routledge & Company 1853-1902, Chadwyck-Healey Ltd, 1973. 6 reels of microfilm and printed index. (Available from ProQuest)
  • Archives of Kegan Paul, Trench, Trubner and Henry S. King 1858-1912, Chadwyck-Healey Ltd,1973. 27 reels of microfilm with index on microfiche. (Available from Proquest)

This page was last edited on 7 October 2018, at 14:24
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