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Cleanup hitter

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Lou Gehrig, with 1,515 runs batted in as a cleanup hitter, has "cleaned up" the most bases of any cleanup hitter in Major League Baseball history.
Lou Gehrig, with 1,515 runs batted in as a cleanup hitter, has "cleaned up" the most bases of any cleanup hitter in Major League Baseball history.

In baseball, a cleanup hitter is the fourth hitter in the batting order. The cleanup hitter is traditionally the team's most powerful hitter. His job is to "clean up the bases", i.e., drive in base runners.[1]

Theory

The thinking behind the use of the cleanup hitter is that at least one of the batters before him will reach base somehow, usually via a walk or a base hit. Traditionally, the lead off hitter, the number one spot in the batting order, has good foot speed, plate discipline, and a high on-base percentage. The second batter is usually a contact hitter, meaning he is able to consistently make contact with the ball and put it in play to move base runners forward and into scoring position. The first or second batter might bunt his way on base as they both will be speedy runners. The third batter is usually the best batter, the hitter with the highest batting average. He has the role of scoring runs himself, but his job comes down to getting on base for the cleanup hitter to have a turn to bat in the same inning. The cleanup hitter coming up to hit—if he has runners on base—has the opportunity to produce runs by getting a base hit or a home run. The third and fourth batters tend to be interchangeable in the batting order. The fifth batter in the lineup also has the job of batting in runs, in effect a backup for the cleanup hitter. He shares multiple traits with the cleanup hitter and therefore can compete for the cleanup hitter's spot in the batting order. Batters six to nine typically descend in batting skill level, meaning that the ninth batter is often the least effective batter in the lineup.[2]

Trends

Each individual hitter's strengths and weaknesses determine their spot on the daily lineup card. As the number four hitter's primary responsibility is to turn base runners into runs, a hitter with a high slugging percentage and batting average, especially with runners in scoring position, is generally preferred to the higher on-base percentage (OBP) and low strikeout rates of hitters earlier in the lineup. A manager may also take into account a batters tendency to hit in clutch situations or focus on home run ability. Since the home run is by far the most sure-fire method of batting in baserunners, the annual Home Run Derby tends to be a who's who of cleanup hitters from around the league.[3] That being said, a hitter with an unspectacular home run rate who is instead reliable when it comes to extra-base hits can also be a valuable tool for scoring with runners in scoring position (RISP). It is ultimately a question of how well a player fits into the rest of the lineup which determines the run-scoring potential of the cleanup spot.

American League vs. National League

There are two leagues in North American Major League Baseball, the American League and the National League. A key difference between the two is that the American League has a designated hitter (DH). The DH is a batter that hits for the pitcher and never plays defense. By contrast, the National League demands that the pitcher hit in the lineup unless another player pinch hits for the pitcher, in which case the pitcher must leave the game and must be replaced for the team's next defensive half-inning.[4] The DH is important in the American league because the DH is usually one of the better hitters. It is a trend that the DH is either in the third, fourth, or fifth spot in the lineup. When there are interleague games and the National League is the home team, the American League team does not use a DH, and their pitchers must take their turn at bat.

Records

Key
* Member of the Baseball Hall of Fame.

Most runs batted in as cleanup hitter

Below is a list of Major League Baseball players with the most runs batted in (RBI) from the cleanup spot as of the end of the 2020 season.[5]

Rank Player RBI
1 Lou Gehrig * 1,515
2 Eddie Murray * 1,340
3 Fred McGriff 1,224
4 Manny Ramirez 1,215
5 Joe DiMaggio * 1,207
Rank Player RBI
6 Al Simmons * 1,206
7 Albert Belle 1,184
8 Jim Bottomley * 1,167
9 Willie Stargell * 1,131
10 Carlos Delgado 1,112

Most games played as cleanup hitter

Below is a list of Major League Baseball players with the most games played in the cleanup spot as of the end of the 2020 season.[5]

Rank Player G
1 Eddie Murray * 2,041
2 Fred McGriff 1,826
3 Honus Wagner * 1,812
4 Willie McCovey * 1,622
5 Lou Gehrig * 1,545
Rank Player G
6 Willie Stargell * 1,535
7 Jim Bottomley * 1,525
8 Greg Luzinski 1,521
9 Dave Winfield * 1,484
10 Nap Lajoie * 1,458

Most plate appearances as cleanup hitter

Below is a list of Major League Baseball players with the most plate appearances from the cleanup spot as of the end of the 2020 season.[5]

Rank Player PA
1 Eddie Murray * 8,775
2 Fred McGriff 7,777
3 Honus Wagner * 7,708
4 Lou Gehrig * 7,004
5 Jim Bottomley * 6,742
Rank Player PA
6 Willie McCovey * 6,659
7 Willie Stargell * 6,545
8 Greg Luzinski 6,477
9 Dave Winfield * 6,351
10 Albert Belle 6,332

References

  1. ^ Kalkman, Sky (2009-03-17). "Optimizing Your Lineup By The Book". beyondtheboxscore.com.
  2. ^ Tango Dolphin Lichtman, Tom M Andrew E Mitchel G (2014). The Book: Playing the Percentages in Baseball (Playing the Percentages in Baseball). Createspace Independent. pp. 398 pages. ISBN 9781494260170.
  3. ^ Keri Click, Jonah, James (2006). Baseball Between the Numbers: Why Everything You Know About the Game Is Wrong. Basic Books. pp. 1–57. ISBN 9780465005963.
  4. ^ Brinson, Linda (2012-08-26). "Whats The Difference between the American and National Leagues?".
  5. ^ a b c "Batting Split Finder". Stathead. Sports Reference. Retrieved 25 January 2021.
This page was last edited on 20 October 2021, at 08:16
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