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Glossary of baseball (L)

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  • ✪ English Vocabulary Lessons - Baseball Game Sports Vocabulary - Learn English Through Videos
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Hello dear viewer! How are you? Do you enjoy baseball? Sometimes we make a social event out of watching the game by inviting friends to our place. Maybe going over to someone else’s place to watch the game on TV, or even by going out to watch the game together. This lesson shows some conversations that are about baseball and how we enjoy it. To brush up on your vocabulary, have a look at the vocabulary section at the end. Shall we get started then? Hello Andrea. Hey Bobby! So, on Saturday there’s a baseball game at Yankee Stadium. Would you like to go? That sounds like fun. It's a night game. Is that all right? Probably. What time does it start? I think it starts at 6 pm. Oh, that's all right. Then I’ll see you on Saturday! Hey Luke. So which baseball team you like the most? I like the New York Yankees. What about you? I really like the Texas Rangers. Yes, the Texas Rangers are good. But nothing compared to the Yankees. Oh come on man. You’re just saying that because you’re a fan. Yeah I am. And last month the Texas Rangers lost the game against the Yankees. I know that but that doesn't make them any less than the Yankees. Okay, okay. They're both equally good. Happy now? Yes! Hey Jack. Are you a baseball fan? Yes, I am. Why? Ummm. I always wanted to know just how many players are even on a baseball team. Okay. There are 9 players from one team on the field at one time, while the other team is the one hitting the ball and trying to score a run. There are three outfielders and three basemen, one shortstop, one pitcher and one catcher. Okay. So what do the three outfielders do? If the batter from the other team hits the ball out past the bases, they have to get the ball and throw it back and try and get the batter out. Oh really? That's awesome. I had no idea.. Yeah. Each team at bat gets three outs. If you get the third one, the other team gets their turn at bat. Okay. Now I that I know a few things that I'm supposed to know, I can watch a baseball game Yeah. Have fun! Thanks, Jack! You’re welcome. Hey Bobby. Hey Rita. What's up? Nothing, I was just about to start watching the baseball game. Oh really? Me, too. Yankees vs Rangers. It's gonna be some game. I bet it will. So do you prefer watching the game on television or at a stadium? Well, I guess everyone likes going to a stadium. But you can't really go all the time, right? No, it’s too expensive, and I don't like going to crowded places. I prefer watching on television. We should watch the game together next Friday! Yeah sure. At my place. Okay. See you. See you then. Hey Judy. You look puzzled! Yes... I was just trying to figure something out. What is it? I was wondering... what is a home run in baseball? A home run is when a batter hits the ball so far, that none of the outfielders can get to it and throw it back to get the batter out, before he has run to all three bases and gotten back to home plate where he started from. Oh. Okay! But why do they call it a "home run"? I guess it’s because he starts from home plate and runs around the field until he ends up back at home plate so he’s running from home to home without stopping! So a home run is a good thing! Yes, a very good thing, especially if there are other batters already on the bases, because they get to run home too, and each one who gets back home gets a point. And the one with the most points wins! That’s the way it works! It’s the place where the games are played and where people can go and watch it live. A game that’s either started after dark, or starts before dark but continues after dark and is played under electric lights. A fan is someone who really enjoys the game, knows quite a bit about it, and watches as often as possible. When a player gets back to home plate after touching all three other bases he has scored a run. An outfielder is one of the three team members who are the farthest away from home plate, that is, in the outfield, and try to either catch the ball or get it and throw it back and get the batter out. A baseman is assigned to play one of the three bases and try to put a batter out. The shortstop plays between second and third base and tries to keep the ball from going into the outfield. The pitcher throws the ball to the batter, who tries to hit it. The catcher stands behind the batter and catches the pitched ball if the hitter doesn’t hit it. The player whose turn it is to try to hit the ball. He stands at home plate in front of the catcher. The player or the team at bat is the one who gets to try to score a run, while the other team tries to keep them from scoring. A batter or runner who is touched by the ball while it is in the hands of the opposing team is out. He doesn’t get to make a score and has to leave the field. An out may also be made when someone catches a hit ball before it touches the ground. Where the batter stands to hit, and where each batter and runner have to get back to in order to score a run. I hope you had a great time watching this lesson. We’ll be back with a new one tomorrow. Make sure you come back for it! Hit that like button below and let us know your thoughts. Do you have a question? Please write your comments below. See you tomorrow!




To reach base by hitting a ball between infielders. "McCann laced it through the shift on the right side of the infield."


An acronym for League Average Inning Muncher. A LAIM is generally a starting pitcher who can provide around 200 innings over the course of a season with an ERA (Earned Run Average) near the league average. A LAIM is counted on to consume innings, keeping his team in the game but not necessarily shutting down the opposition. The term was coined by baseball blogger Travis Nelson, but is used by other writers as well.[1]

large sausage

A slang term for a grand slam home run. It is a takeoff from the term "grand salami" which some people use to refer to a grand slam.

laser show

A batting performance with a high number of base hits, particularly line drives. Also, the nickname of Boston Red Sox second baseman Dustin Pedroia.

late innings

The seventh, eighth and ninth innings of a regulation nine-inning game.


A game in which one team gets a large lead, perhaps early in the game, and it appears that the other team has no chance at all of catching up. With nothing to worry about, the manager and team can relax. An easy win; a romp; a blowout.


To hit a long fly ball, as if launching a rocket. "Orso, who recently signed with Alabama Southern to play college baseball next season, launched several rocket shots and by far hit the furthest home runs of anyone in the competition. . . ."[2]

launch pad

A term for a ballpark in which many home runs are hit.

Lawrence Welk

A (rare) 1-2-3 double play ("...and a one, ana 2, ana 3"). A reference to pop orchestra director Lawrence Welk.

lay down

A player who bunts the ball is said to lay down a bunt. Also see dump.

lay off

If a batter decides not to swing at a pitch, especially if he deliberately avoids swinging at certain types of pitches, he may be said to "lay off" a pitch. Pitchers tempt hitters to swing at pitches that they cannot hit; batters try to lay off such pitches. "Batters can’t seem to lay off his slider, just as his parents can’t seem to lay off his carrot cake — they’re nearly addicted to it."[3]


  • When a baserunner steps off a base before a pitch is thrown in order to reduce the distance to the next base he takes a lead.
  • The player who is first in the batting order for a given team in any given inning is said to lead off the inning.

leadoff hitter

  • The first batter listed on a team's line-up card (in the 1-hole or the "leadoff spot" on the line-up card). When the announcers read the starting line-up they might say, "Leading off, and playing short-stop, is Sammy Speedyrunner. Batting second, playing second base, Carlos Contacthitter. Batting third, in the pitcher's spot, is designated hitter Burt "Biggie" Brokenleg. Batting clean-up, playing left field, Thor Thunderbat. . . ."
  • The first batter in an inning (who could be in any hole on a team's line-up card). If that batter gets a single, or a home run, or a walk, the announcer would say he has a "leadoff single", a "leadoff home run", or a "leadoff walk".


A baserunner is said to be "caught leaning" or "leaning the wrong way" when he is picked off a base while shifting his weight toward the next base.


  • Referring to a fielder's glove, a player with good leather is a good defensive player (typically an infielder).
  • Flashing the leather means making an outstanding defensive play.
  • A leather player refers to a player who is outstanding on defense but only average or even less on offense. Ron Karkovice is one example of a "leather player".

left-handed bat

Although baseball bats are symmetrical in shape, and thus there is no such thing as a left-handed baseball bat (or a right-handed baseball bat), in colloquial language a hitter who bats left-handed may be referred to as a "left handed bat" or "left-hand bat". Headline: "Giants look to acquire left-handed bat".[4]

left-handed hitter

Also "left-hand hitter". A batter who, paradoxically, bats from the right-side of the plate. Typically, an individual who is left-handed in most activities, including throwing a baseball, stands in the right-hand batter's box, the one closest to first base.

left-handed specialist

A left-handed relief pitcher specializing in getting one out, often in critical situations. See also LOOGY.

left on base

A baserunner is said to be left on base (abbreviated LOB) or stranded when the half-inning ends and he has not scored or been put out. This includes a batter-runner who has hit into a fielder's choice, causing another runner to be put out as the 3rd out.[5]
Team LOB totals are commonly reported in a baseball box score. It counts only those left standing on the bases when the third out of an inning occurs. Team LOB is used in "proving" a box score. The number of a team's plate appearances is to equal the sum of that team's runs, that team's LOB, and the opposing team's putouts. In other words, every batter who completes a plate appearance is accounted for by a run scored, being put out, or LOB.
Individual LOB totals are sometimes reported in baseball box scores. This is a more recent statistic that is computed for each player who is at bat at least once in a game and is calculated on how many baserunners were "left on base" when the player was at-bat and caused an out, no matter how many outs there were at the time. Note that "at bat" does not include other plate appearances such as sacrifice bunts or flies made by the batter, third outs caused by pickoffs or caught stealing, or games ended with the winning run scoring on a successful steal, etc. Two common misconceptions of the individual LOB are that the individual LOB is the number of times the player was left on base as a baserunner (this is a "runner's LOB" and is not usually recorded), or that the individual LOB applies only when the at-bat player caused the third out. Note that the total of the individual LOBs for all players on a team will usually exceed the team LOB.
A related statistic is "left on base in scoring position", which includes only those LOB where the runner was occupying second or third base. Yet another related statistic is "left on base in scoring position with less than two out". The intention of these statistics is to measure the tendency of a team or player wasting an opportunity to score.

leg out

To run hard to get safely on base or to advance a base: "Podsednik legged out an infield hit, stole second and scored when Everett legged out a double."[6]

letter high

A letter-high pitch is one that crosses the plate at the height of the letters on the batter's chest. Also see at the letters. Equivalent term: "chest high". "Dietrich fouled off a couple of pitches before Porcello put him away with a letter-high fastball at 94."[7]


To remove a player from the lineup in the middle of a game. "Casey was lifted for a pinch runner."


A pitcher who so dominates the hitters that the game is effectively over once he takes the mound — so they can turn out the lights and go home. The pitcher retires the batters in order without allowing a single run. "Putz pitched lights-out baseball once he took over the job for good from Guardado."[8]

line drive

  • Also known as a liner, a line drive is a batted ball that is hit hard in the air and has a low arc. See also rope.
  • A line drive may also be said to be "hit on a line".
  • A batter may be said to have "lined out" if the liner was caught by a fielder.
  • Line drives can be dangerous to baseball players and spectators. For example, on July 22, 2007, Tulsa Drillers first base coach Mike Coolbaugh was killed in a line drive accident at an away game with the Arkansas Travelers. Though the ball hit his neck, his death was the impetus for base coaches to start wearing helmets.[9]


The batting order, which also lists each player's defensive position. An announcer reading the starting lineup for a game will typically begin something like this: "Batting first, playing second base ..."

lineup card

A form kept by each manager listing the starting players and all other players who are on the active roster and available to play in the game. Typically this form will be taped to the wall inside the dugout for the manager and coaches to consult when they need to make substitutions during a game. Before the game starts the manager hands a lineup card to the home plate umpire. This lineup will change throughout the game as starting players are removed and substitutes inserted.

live arm

A strong arm, usually describing a pitcher who has a great deal of velocity on his pitches. "That pitcher has a live arm."

Live Ball Era

The time since 1919 or 1920 when several rule changes favored the strategy of the power game over the time-honored inside game, ending the Dead Ball Era.

live on the corners

A pitcher who "lives on the corners" throws most of his pitches on the inside or outside edges of home plate. He's not inclined to try to overwhelm the hitter with hard pitches down the center of the plate. Many of his pitches will appear to barely nibble the plate.

lively fastball/life on the ball

A fastball that seems to be not just fast but also hard to hit because it may have some movement on it or it may appear to speed up as it gets closer to the plate. "'His fastball has got more life to it', Jays catcher Rod Barajas said. 'It's finishing. What I mean by that is the last 10 feet [to home plate], it seems that it picks up speed.' According to Barajas, that has particularly helped Ryan against right-handed hitters. 'They end up being late, because that last 10 feet, it seems like it picks us a couple miles per hour, Barajas said".[10]

load the bases

A succession of plays that results in base runners on first, second, and third bases. See also bases loaded or bases full.


Abbreviation for left on base.


A pitcher's command is reflected in his ability to locate the ball — to throw it to an intended spot. A pitcher with "good location" not only has command but makes the right choices about where to throw the ball against particular batters.

lock him up

  • To sign a player to a long-term contract, thereby keeping him off the free-agent market. "Come on Uncle Drayton, you have to lock this guy up for a few years. He is one of the best in the league and along with Berkman, is the new face of the Astros".[11]
  • To throw a pitch that keeps the hitter from making any effective swing. For example, when a left-handed pitcher throws a roundhouse curve or an inside fastball to a left-handed hitter, the hitter may appear to freeze in place. "We had him 0-2. We were trying to go in with a fastball, hopefully lock him up."[12] Also see "freeze the hitter".


A soft, straight pitch with a lot of arc.

long ball

A home run. A team is said to "win by the long ball" after a walk off home run or the team hits several home runs to win. Headline: "Phillies Use the Longball To Take Game 1 from the Dodgers".[13]

long ones

Home runs. "He ravaged Pacific Coast League pitching for seven more long ones before being recalled by the Reds later the same month."[14]

long out

A ball that's hit deeply into the outfield and is caught by the fielder is a "long out".

long reliever

A type of relief pitcher. Long relievers enter early in a game (generally before the 5th inning) when the starting pitcher cannot continue, whether due to ineffective pitching, lack of endurance, rain delay, or injury.

long strike

A foul ball which finishes particularly close to being fair, often where a fair ball would have been a home run. So named as despite the good effort of the hitter, the result is a strike against him.


A mildly derogatory nickname for a left-handed specialist. An acronym for "Lefty One Out GuY", a left-handed pitcher who may be brought into the game to pitch against just one or two left-handed batters to take extreme advantage of platoon effects.

look the runner back

  • When there is a runner on first base, a pitcher who has already gone into the stretch may step off the rubber and either threaten a throw toward first base or just stare at the runner to encourage him to step back toward first. In either case he's said to "look the runner back" to first (rather than throwing over to first in an effort to pick the runner off).
  • When there is a runner on second or third base (but not first) with fewer than two outs, an infielder fielding a sharp ground ball briefly stares at the runner to discourage him from trying to advance. The fielder then throws to first to force out the batter.


A softly hit Texas leaguer that drops in between the infielders and outfielders. Also blooper. A fielder may make a superior defensive play, however, and turn a looper into an out. "Sacramento’s Lloyd Turner ended the fourth with a sprinting, sliding snag of Alvin Colina's looping liner to left that sent the stands into a frenzy."[15]

Lord Charles

A slang term for a "12-to-6" curveball. Similar to Uncle Charlie.

lose a hitter

When a pitcher gives up a walk, especially when he gets ahead in the count or has a full count but gives up a walk, he is said to have "lost the hitter".

losing record

During the regular season, the team lost more games than it won. For a modern Major League team, this means a team lost at least 82 games out of 162 games played in what is called the losing season.

losing streak

A series of consecutive losses.


An entire team receives a "loss" on its record if it scores fewer runs than the opposing team. The pitcher gets pinned with the loss (an L) on his record is the pitcher that allowed the base-runner who eventually scored the ultimate lead. See win.

lost his swing

See find his swing.

lost the ball in the sun

When a player attempting to catch a fly ball is temporarily blinded by the glare of the sun in his eyes, he may "lose the flyball in the sun".

loud out

When a batter hits a long fly ball that is caught in the outfield, perhaps when a crowd reacts loudly thinking it will be a HR, the announcer may say the batter made a "loud out". "Home runs are already overrated. A home run in one park is a loud out in another."[16] "Long, loud out as Garciaparra takes Green to the warning track. But the former Dodger makes the catch easily and we’re in the bottom of the third."[17]


A baseball bat. Sometimes used in reference to a powerful offensive showing, "The Yankees busted out the lumber tonight with a 10–0 victory." Also timber.


  1. ^ "Flashes of Adequacy".
  2. ^ " Local Sluggers Show Off in AA Home Run Derby". Archived from the original on 2011-07-16. Retrieved 2007-10-07.
  3. ^ Candace Buckner, "T-Bone appétit: Pitcher has good fall-back plan", Kansas City Star, June 21, 2007.
  4. ^ Gordon Edes, Yahoo!Sports, July 4, 2011.
  5. ^ Baseball Digest. Lakeside Publishing. 39 (4). April 1980. ISSN 0005-609X. Missing or empty |title= (help)
  6. ^ Mark Gonzales, "'El Duque' dynamite in Sox debut", Chicago Tribune (April 8, 2005).
  7. ^ " High School: Everyone Roasts at East Coast".
  8. ^ Adam LaRoche, Akinori Otsuka, Albert Pujols, Major League Baseball - Archived 2007-06-12 at the Wayback Machine
  9. ^ Associated Press (8 November 2007). "Coolbaugh's death prompts MLB to adopt helmets for base coaches". ESPN. Retrieved 14 September 2014.
  10. ^ David Singh, "With extra lively fastball, Ryan dominant",, June 29, 2008.
  11. ^ "Astros". Houston Chronicle.
  12. ^ Ric Gano, "Cubs Win, Lose Soriano", AP (June 12, 2008)[permanent dead link].
  13. ^ Schnee, Rick. "Field Of Dreams: Phillies Use The Longball To Take Game 1 From The Dodgers".
  14. ^ Rick Swaine, "Bob Thurman", The Baseball Biography Project.
  15. ^ Josh Terrell, "Windsor Wins Fourth Straight; Cats Top Sox",, May 18, 2007.
  16. ^ Carlton, John G. "No innovations in baseball?". St. Louis Post-Dispatch. Archived from the original on 2008-08-30.
  17. ^ Robinson, James G. (4 October 2006). "FINAL: Mets 6 - Dodgers 5".
This page was last edited on 26 April 2019, at 11:28
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