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Bull (armored personnel carrier)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

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Bull APC

The Ceradyne BULL is an armored personnel carrier with a v-shaped hull designed in a combined effort between Ceradyne, Ideal Innovations Inc (I-3), and Oshkosh Corporation in response to the MRAP II competition. The name Ceradyne Bull is a misnomer; "The Bull" is actually a trade-mark of Ideal Innovations, Inc. (I-3).

The MRAP II competition was announced in 2007 when it became clear that explosively formed penetrator (EFP) type of roadside bomb attacks were increasing in Iraq and the current generation MRAP vehicles could not stop all of them without add-on armor kits. In 2005 Ideal Innovations' President, Robert Kocher, had worked with the U.S. Army Research Laboratory to find an EFP solution, patented it, and then found Ceradyne as a partner in 2006 to produce an armored cab out of it. The U.S. Army's Joint Manufacturing and Technology Center at the Rock Island Arsenal provides the EFP-stopping outer layers of the armor. Kocher had previously been involved in the 1991-93 development of the up-armored Humvee and was part of the team that developed the boron carbide armor now used in Interceptor body armor vests that Ceradyne produces.[1]

In 2007 Oshkosh was selected to provide its Medium Tactical Vehicle Replacement (MTVR) chassis, with their TAK-4 independent suspension system and Commercial Off the Shelf (COTS) computer hardware, for the vehicles I3 and Ceradyne intended to enter in the MRAP II competition.[2] Two prototypes were made within 50 days. Team Bull members at Ceradyne, together with almost three dozen employees from I3 and Oshkosh, immediately began working round-the-clock shifts. Engineers rarely left the site, with team members instead grabbing a couple of hours of sleep outside in their cars for refreshment.[3] A six-person version and a ten-person version were delivered to the Aberdeen Proving Grounds for testing.

The EFP simulations were so successful that the military quickly adapted the armor into the Frag kit 6 armor upgrade kits for the Humvee and other MRAP vehicles. Senators Carl Levin (D-Mich) and Joseph Biden (D-Del) took up Bull’s cause. Levin wrote a letter to Defense Secretary Gates promoting the vehicle and Biden asked, during a Senate Foreign Relations Committee event, why the military hadn’t ordered the vehicle.[4] After testing the initial two prototypes, the military awarded the partnership a $18.1 million contract to produce six more Bull vehicles of the six person variant by the first quarter of 2008 for further evaluation. While eight vehicles entered the MRAP II competition, The Bull was one of only two vehicles to receive a contract from it. The other was an uparmored BAE Caiman.

It has been reported that the complete vehicle weighs around 40,000 lbs and costs about $500,000 (three times more than a Humvee).[5] The Bull prototypes had two side hatches at the front (meeting MRAP II specs), used mainly for emergency exits. This design gave more side protection than larger traditional doors. The Bull had no gun ports, but these could be added in the final production model.

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  • ✪ 10 Most Expensive Armoured Vehicles In The World


10 Most Expensive Armoured Vehicles In The World. Number 10, Lexus LS 460 L. The Lexus LS 460 L seamlessly combines design and security with dozens of armored and non-armored features. The 460 L is designed and made by INKAS, an armored car manufacturer that has a variety of secure vehicles available on the market. The LS 460 is heavy, but fast. The engine can churn out 389 horsepower with an eight-speed automatic transmission. The passenger cabin can also withstand bullets and grenade blasts, while resembling the original Lexus finish as much as possible. Nobody will know this car has high-grade armor when they see it driving down the street. Number 9, BMW 750 Sedan. International Armoring Corporation transforms the everyday BMW into a tank on wheels. The 750 Sedan comes with a V8, 400 horsepower engine to add speed and power to carry hundreds of pounds of ballistic steel. Many armored sedans only protect the back seat or main passenger compartment to cut down on costs. However, the 750 protects the entire vehicle compartment, and ensure the front seat passenger and driver are safe. Even the tailpipe is armored on the 750, in addition to the battery, radiator, front fenders, and fuel tank. The suspension is reinforced for all-wheel, all-terrain driving. Number 8, Cadillac Escalade ESV. The only thing better than a fully-loaded Cadillac Escalade is an armored Escalade ESV. Becker Automotive Design spared no expense to make the interior the height of luxury, and features leather upholstery, wood trim, state-of-the-art office equipment, and large flat screens. The ESV is designed from the ground up using an extra strength chassis. Becker then adds ballistic protection around the exterior with steel and 40mm glass that can withstand bullet fire. The ESV's platform is stretched an additional 20 inches for maximum interior space. Lastly, there are many other ballistic components throughout the bodywork for maximum protection. Number 7, Mercedes Benz S-Guard. The Mercedes Benz class of armored cars are some of the most popular on the market. They retain their stylish appeal while implementing multiple armored and reinforced features throughout the exterior. They look immaculate and won't be easily destroyed if the owner is ever under attack. Whatever reason might be for a person to own one of these armored cars, they will be happy to know that the S-Guard model will stop continuous fire from M60 machine guns. In case of a gas attack, the S-Guard has its own oxygen system that will seal the exterior vents and provide fresh air throughout the interior. The double-pane glass windows will also protect from a gas attack. According to reports, they need built-in hydraulic lifts to open and close because of their extreme weight. Number 6, Knight XV. The Knight XV is the flagship vehicle from Conquest Vehicles, one of the world's leading armored vehicle manufacturer. According to Conquest, the XV SUV is a one-of-a-kind. It is so unique that production has been limited to only 100 vehicles, including V10 engines, military-grade designs, and high-strength armour built in from scratch. The XV also carries both transparent and opaque armor, from windshields to ballistic aluminum and metal composites. More than it's armor features, it is basically a luxury hotel room on wheels. The interior comes with a satellite TV, bar, cooler, heated seats, a black box, and an entertainment media centre. Number 5, Huron APC. This vehicle is massive and can stand heavy ammunition fire, including M80 Ball ammunition and 7.62x51 SC ammunition. The floor can withstand grenade and German ordnance explosions, while a security team member can operate the machine gun turret located on the roof. This armored vehicle is designed more for military defense rather than private use. Still, for the price of a house, it can fit an entire security team inside. Number 4, Audi A8 Security. The Audi A8 Security is fully armored, but it would be hard for anyone to notice. It is designed to resemble a normal luxury Audi. However, it is certified by the German Ballistics Testing Center that proves its special aluminum alloys are completely bullet-proof to VR 7 ballistic standards. According to Audi, the manufacturing process is done by hand by specialized workers in a highly secure area. The workers put in more than 400 hours to complete its components. The body can withstand almost anything fired at it. So can the windows, which are made of splinter-inhibiting polycarbonate layers to handle an explosive force. The A8 can also be customized to the buyer's needs, and includes LED signals, a smoke detector, digital radio networks, and a siren. Number 3, Mercedes Benz G63 AMG. The Mercedes-Benz G63 AMG is reportedly one of the best-equipped armored limousines available. The G63 AMG comes with multiple upgrades to both the exterior and interior, taking security and luxury to a new level. All-black matte leather interior, customized lights, bulletproof glass, surveillance cameras and more are all included. The owner of this million-dollar vehicle can rest easy knowing they are fully secure. The G63 AMG includes ballistic overlaps, a rear bulkhead, bullet catchers, fuel tank protection, and a variety of additional features. The passenger perimeter is completely protected. So is the armored floor, which is designed to withstand explosions and shrapnel. Number 2, Cadillac One (The Beast). Any mention of armoured vehicles must include the most iconic armored cars in the world. The only car used to transport the President of The United States. Costing about $1.5 million, The Beast comes with an armor-plated fuel tank encased in fire retardant foam, a fire suppression system, segregated oxygen supply, and extra weapons in the trunk. The armor is forged from steel, aluminum, titanium, and ceramics, so heavy that a normal person can barely open the doors from the outside. And of course, The Beast carries its own encrypted communication system in case The President is ever trapped and needs to call help from the outside world. Number 1, Kombat T98. Dartz, a Russian manufacturer, has unleashed the $1.5 million Kombat T98, tied with The Beast as the most expensive armored vehicle on this list. However, many people might know it now as the Prombron. This armored SUV is so luxurious that the whole interior is upholstered with 100% whale penis leather. According to its website, the T98 is popular among Russian political figures and European Princes. There is nothing stopping the super rich from making it a staple in their personal convoy despite their affiliations. In addition to whale penis leather, the T98 features diamond-encrusted white gold gauges and gold-plated window trimming. It comes straight from the assembly line complete with bullet-proof and explosion-resistant armor that protects the 8.1 litre V8 engine, and of course, the precious passengers inside.


  1. ^ [1][dead link]
  2. ^ "Oshkosh, Ceradyne and I3 Team up to Position the Bull for MRAP". Archived from the original on 2015-12-22. Retrieved 2015-12-19.
  3. ^ Davis, Melissa (2008-01-14). "How Ceradyne's 'Bull' Trampled Expectations - Pg.2". Retrieved 2015-12-19.
  4. ^ "351". War Is Boring. Retrieved 2015-12-19.
  5. ^ [2][dead link]
This page was last edited on 27 September 2019, at 10:25
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