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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

KamAZ-63968 Typhoon-K
Army2016demo-142.jpg
KAMAZ-63968 Typhoon-K MRAP vehicle
TypeMRAP
Place of originRussian Federation
Service history
In service2014
Used byRussian Armed Forces, Armed Forces of the Republic of Uzbekistan[1]
Production history
DesignerKamAZ
Designed2010
ManufacturerKamAZ
Produced2014
No. built310[2]
VariantsKamaz-63969
Specifications
Mass21 t
Length8.99 m
Width2.45m
Height3.32m
Crew2+16

EngineЯМЗ-5367 I6
450 HP
TransmissionYaMZ 8 gears automatic
Suspension6×6 wheeled
Ground clearance185 to 575 mm
Operational
range
1,200 km (750 mi)[3]
Maximum speed 105 km/h (65 mph)[3]

Kamaz Typhoon (Russian: Камаз-63968 Тайфун) is a family of Russian multi-functional, modular, armoured, mine resistant MRAP vehicles manufactured by the Russian truck builder Kamaz. The Typhoon family is part of Russia's Typhoon program. As of May 2020, the number of Typhoons in the Russian Armed Forces fleet is more than 310 units of Typhoon-K.[2][4][5][6][7][8]

History

The development of the "Typhoon" vehicle family began in 2010, when Minister of Russian Federation Armed Forces approved the "Development of Russian Federation Armed Forces military vehicles for the period until 2020" program and started the Typhoon MRAP program. In 2012 the first contract between Russian Ministry of Armed Forces and Kamaz to buy Typhoons was signed.

12 Typhoons took part in Russian Victory Day military parade in 2014.[9] State tests were completed in 2019.[10]

Description

KamAZ Typhoon interior
KamAZ Typhoon interior

Reservations made in accordance with NATO classification STANAG 4569 of level 3b, in which the vehicle can withstand undermining by high-explosive devices weighing 8 kg of TNT under any car seat, as the Russian machine of this kind are made public for the first time and generally accepted standards for the classification of explosions absent. Bulletproof protection corresponds to the fourth level. Combined set of ceramics and steel armor, which protects against armor-piercing bullets of caliber 14,5 × 114 mm. Includes 128,5-129,0 mm thick bulletproof glass with a transparency of 70%, developed by the "Magistral Ltd" and tested at the Research Institute of Steel, withstanding 2 shots spaced at 280–300 mm in the shelling of KPVT with speed of bullet 911 m / s at the instant of contact with the glass. Bulletproof exceed the highest demands on available GOST (GOST R 51136 and GOST R 50963), in which the highest level - a fire of armor-piercing bullets B-32, 7,62 × 54 mm from the SVD. During the production, Magistral LTD focused on western standards level IV STANAG 4569 - guaranteed protection in the shelling of armor-piercing ammunition B-32, 14,5 × 114 mm from a distance of 200 m with a bullet velocity 891–931 m / s. Reservations withstand hit of 30-mm ammunition. There are bullet-proof tires 16.00R20 with explosion inserts diverting the blast wave, with automatic pumping of air and controlled pressure to 4.5 atmospheres. Provided loopholes for firing from small arms, remotely controlled machine gun. Unification with other family cars is 86%.

Seats are equipped with personal weapons holders, seat belts and head restraints. They are attached to the roof module, to reduce the impact of stroke of mines / bombs. Inside the module is installed set for filtering FVUA-100A and air conditioning. On the roof there are escape hatches in case the vehicle rolls over. Dropping made through the ramp at the stern of machine or through a side door.

Surveillance and communication

ГАЛС-Д1М (GALS-D1M) On-board information and control system as installed in Typhoon armored vehicles.
ГАЛС-Д1М (GALS-D1M) On-board information and control system as installed in Typhoon armored vehicles.

In the car the Combat Information and Control System (CICS) GALS-D1M to monitor and control the operation of the engine, calculating machines roll, tilt, road speed, location, etc. The independent hydropneumatic suspension allows the driver to change the ride height on the road, using remote control within 400 mm. KAMAZ-63968 is equipped with five cameras for review the troop unit and cockpit. Cabin is equipped with folding displays, showing how the state of the car is, and an external review.

Technical specifications and performance

KamAZ-63968 Typhoon
KamAZ-63968 Typhoon
  • Crew: Depends on configuration, up to 16.[11]
  • Axles: 6×6, two front axles, rear one is subject to the normal weight distribution of machine (cab is very heavy).[11]
  • Length: 899 cm (29 ft 6 in) [12]
  • Width: 255 cm (8 ft 4 in) [12]
  • Height:
    • cab: 312 cm (10 ft 3 in)
    • body/fuselage: 330 cm (10 ft 10 in)
  • Wheelbase: n/a
  • Ground clearance: Adjustable
  • Turning radius: less than 10 m (33 ft)
  • Lifting angle: 23-30° [13][14]
  • Wheel rotation angle: 39°
  • Tires - 16.00R20, with special Run-flat tire with inserts diverting the blast wave, using an automatic tire inflation pressure level and the change in the tire (1 to 4.5 atm) depending on the road surface.[11]
  • Curb weight: 21 tons, gross weight - 24 tons[11]
  • Maximum speed, km/h: 105 km/h (65 mph)[3]
  • Cruising range: 1,200 km (750 mi)[3]
  • Fuel consumption per 100 km: less than 35 L (9.2 US gal)

Variants

Kamaz-53949 Typhoon
Kamaz-53949 Typhoon

4x4 Family[15]

Kamaz 5388 - 4x4 Armoured chassis cab

Kamaz 5388 - 4x4 Armoured personnel carrier

Kamaz 53888 - 4x4 Armoured cargo vehicle

6x6 Family[15]

Kamaz 6396 - 6x6 Armoured chassis cab

Kamaz 6396 - 6x6 Armoured cargo vehicle

Kamaz 63968 - 6x6 Armoured personnel carrier

8x8 Family[15]

Kamaz 6398 - 8x8 Armoured chassis cab

Kamaz 6398 - 8x8 Armoured cargo vehicle

Kamaz 63988 - 8x8 Armoured personnel carrier

Derivatives

Kamaz-63969

Solid-body, 6x6 wheeled amphibious armoured personnel carrier (APC) with a remote-controlled weapon station.[16]

 

Gallery

See also

Notes

  1. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 8 May 2019. Retrieved 11 May 2019.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  2. ^ a b "Стальной "Тайфун" для армии. Спецназ испытал новые бронеавтомобили". 26 May 2017. Archived from the original on 29 May 2017. Retrieved 29 May 2017.
  3. ^ a b c d "9 Мая на Красной площади пройдут "ТАЙФУНЫ" // KP.RU". kp.ru. Archived from the original on 16 September 2015. Retrieved 24 September 2015.
  4. ^ "ЦАМТО / Новости / Спецназ ЦВО получил 16 бронеавтомобилей «Тайфун-К»". www.armstrade.org. Archived from the original on 23 December 2017. Retrieved 22 December 2017.
  5. ^ "ЦАМТО / Новости / В соединение спецназа ЦВО в Новосибирской области поступили новые бронеавтомобили «Тайфун»". www.armstrade.org. Archived from the original on 9 April 2018. Retrieved 9 April 2018.
  6. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 12 June 2018. Retrieved 2 June 2018.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  7. ^ http://www.armstrade.org/includes/periodics/news/2019/0530/093052600/detail.shtml
  8. ^ https://armstrade.org/includes/periodics/news/2020/0525/104557988/detail.shtml
  9. ^ "На Параде Победы покажут "убийцу танков", "Тайфун" и новейший "Тор"". gudok.ru (in Russian). Archived from the original on 5 July 2015. Retrieved 26 April 2015.
  10. ^ http://redstar.ru/fundament-oboronosposobnosti-otechestva-nadyozhen/?attempt=3
  11. ^ a b c d "КАМАЗ "Тайфун" - Денис Мокрушин". twower.livejournal.com. Archived from the original on 26 March 2016. Retrieved 24 September 2015.
  12. ^ a b "Specifications of КамАЗ Тайфун". autowp.ru. Archived from the original on 5 March 2016. Retrieved 24 September 2015.
  13. ^ "TOMSK.FM :: Военные автомобили Камаз-Тайфун,Выстрел и Тигр". tomsk.fm. Archived from the original on 4 July 2015. Retrieved 24 September 2015.
  14. ^ "КАМАЗ Тайфун - Блог о грузовиках - Автозапчасти КАМАЗ, МАЗ и для грузовых иномарок". kamazkazan.ru. Archived from the original on 3 March 2016. Retrieved 24 September 2015.
  15. ^ a b c "Image: s14471782.jpg, (500 × 353 px)". dokwar.ru. Archived from the original on 3 March 2016. Retrieved 24 September 2015.
  16. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 8 May 2014. Retrieved 17 May 2014.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)

This page was last edited on 1 June 2020, at 16:00
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