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Sri Lanka Military 0200.jpg
Unibuffel Mk II of the Sri Lankan Army
TypeArmoured personnel carrier
Place of origin Sri Lanka
Service history
In service2000 - Present
Used by Sri Lanka Army
 Sri Lanka Navy
 Sri Lanka Air Force
Special Task Force
Production history
DesignerSri Lanka Electrical and Mechanical Engineers
ManufacturerSri Lanka Electrical and Mechanical Engineers
Unit cost4 Million rupee[1]
Produced2000 - Present
VariantsMark I to Mark II
Mass6.14 t
Length5.1 m (16.73 ft)
Width2.05 m (6.73 ft)
Height2.95 m (9.68 ft)
Crew2 + 10 passengers

Twin 7.62mm MG (front)
Twin 7.62mm MG (rear)
EngineTATA Diesel Engine
Hino V6 Turbo-charged Diesal Engine (MKII Improved Version)
180 hp (MKII Improved Version)
Suspension4×4 wheeled
1000 km (621.37 mi)
Maximum speed Road 96km/h (59.61 mph)
Off-road 30km/h (18.64 mph)

The Unibuffel is a mine-protected wheeled MRAP used by the Sri Lankan military, which is an improved version of the Unicorn, made by the Sri Lanka Electrical and Mechanical Engineers.

More than 53 Unibuffels had been manufactured as of 2006.

Production history

Although similar to the South African Buffel, it is built entirely by the Sri Lanka Electrical and Mechanical Engineers (SLEME). Initial research and development started in 1997 in an effort to field modernized MRAPs in Sri Lankan military service.[2] First production started in 2000.[3]

In 2019, SLEME began to upgrade Unibuffels with blast shock absorption seats and better protection. In 2020 full Air Conditioning was added to those being sent for UN peacekeeping operations in Mali. [4][5]

Combat Usage

Unibuffel MK II
Unibuffel MK II

The Unibuffel proved quite successful in the Sri Lankan civil war, it could transport troops through rough terrain with ease, and had good protection, it participated in all Sri Lankan Army operations 2005 onwards.

When Sri Lankan troops joined United Nations Stabilisation Mission in Haiti, 16 Unibuffels was deployed to serve as their APC.[6]

In June, 2020 the United Nations Multidimensional Integrated Stabilization Mission in Mali, nine Unibuffels were deployed to Mail under urgent operational requirements for peacekeeping operations in Mali.[7]


The Unibuffel has an enclosed troop compartment and has gun mounts on the front and back to equip it with machine guns.[8] The Typhoon 25mm cannon can also be equipped as a port defense weapon on a flatbed version.[8]

The vehicle is powered by a TATA engine which can deal easily with rough terrain.[1] Bulletproof glass was imported from China on a needed basis.[1]


The variants of the Unibuffel consist of following categories,

  • Mark I
  • Mark II
  • Mark II Improvise Version (Designed and Manufactured for UN Peacekeeping Missions)


See also


  1. ^ a b c d "The evolution of the indigenous armoured vehicle: From Unicorn to Unibuffel". 2007-09-30. Archived from the original on 2019-10-10.
  2. ^
  3. ^ Camp & Heitman, p. 238-239
  4. ^ "New locally made MPV better at withstanding mines: SLEME". The Sunday Times Sri Lanka. Retrieved 2019-03-10.
  5. ^ "Sri Lanka Army-Manufactured Air-conditioned Mali-bound Unibuffels Ready for Shipment | Sri Lanka Army". Retrieved 2020-06-26.
  6. ^
  7. ^
  8. ^ a b Camp & Heitman, p. 239
  9. ^
  10. ^

Further reading

  • Surviving the Ride: A Pictorial History of South African-Manufactured Mine-Protected Vehicles by Steve Camp & Helmoed Römer Heitman
This page was last edited on 30 July 2020, at 19:28
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