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Angelo de Gubernatis

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia


Angelo de Gubernatis
Born(1840-04-07)7 April 1840
Turin, Italy
Died26 February 1913(1913-02-26) (aged 72–73)
Rome, Kingdom of Italy
  • Philologist
  • poet
AwardsNobel Prize nominee

Count Angelo De Gubernatis (7 April 1840 – 26 February 1913[1]), Italian man of letters, was born in Turin and educated there and at Berlin, where he studied philology. He was nominated for the Nobel Prize in Literature fourteen times.[2]


In 1862 he was appointed professor of Sanskrit at Florence, but having married a cousin of the Socialist Bakunin and become interested in his views he resigned his appointment and spent some years in travel. He was reappointed, however, in 1867; and in 1891 he was transferred to the Sapienza University of Rome. He became prominent both as an orientalist, a publicist and a poet.[3] He maintained close ties with Romanian orientalists. At International Congress of Orientalists from Florence in 1878 he invited Bogdan Petriceicu Haşdeu, a prominent Romanian writer and philologist. He was a good friend with the Romanian Princess Dora d'Istria (Elena Ghica) who collaborated with him at Rivista Orientale.[citation needed]

He founded the Italia letteraria (1862), the Rivista orientale (1867), the Civiltà italiana and Rivista europea (1869), the Bollettino italiano degli studii orientali (1876) and the Revue internationale (1883), and in 1887 became director of the Giornale della società asiatica. In 1878 he started the Dizionario biografico degli scrittori contemporanei.[3] He also published a similar anthology for the visual arts and architecture.[4]

His Oriental and mythological works include the Piccola enciclopedia indiana (1867), the Fonti vediche (1868), a famous work on zoological mythology (1872), and another on plant mythology (1878). Between 1881 and 1884 he conceived and directed a magazine for young women titled Cordelia, and in the first issue he invited readers to send in something to be published. One very early contributor, who later became the magazine's director, was Maria Majocchi who, at that time, preferred the pseudonym Margheritina di Cento and later became widely known as Jolanda.[5]

De Gubernatis also edited the encyclopaedic Storia universale della letteratura (1882–1885). His work in verse includes the dramas Gala, Romolo, Il re Nala, Don Rodrigo, Savitri, etc.[3] He was elected as a member to the American Philosophical Society in 1886.[6]

In later years he published a series of lectures on Italian poetry (1907), and a Dictionnaire internationale des écrivains du monde latin (1905–6). He died in Rome.[7]


  1. ^ Chisholm 1922.
  2. ^ "Nomination Database". Retrieved 2017-04-19.
  3. ^ a b c  One or more of the preceding sentences incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainChisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Gubernatis, Angelo de". Encyclopædia Britannica. Vol. 12 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 667.
  4. ^ Gubernatis, Angelo de (1889). Dizionario degli Artisti Italiani Viventi: pittori, scultori, e architetti. Tipi dei Successori Le Monnier.
  5. ^ "MAJOCCHI, Maria in "Dizionario Biografico"". (in Italian). Retrieved 2020-04-25.
  6. ^ "APS Member History". Retrieved 2021-05-24.
  7. ^  One or more of the preceding sentences incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainChisholm, Hugh, ed. (1922). "Gubernatis, Angelo de". Encyclopædia Britannica. Vol. 31 (12th ed.). London & New York: The Encyclopædia Britannica Company. p. 322.

External links

This page was last edited on 5 October 2023, at 21:43
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