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36th Intelligence Squadron

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

36th Intelligence Squadron
Air Combat Command.png
Active1942–1946; 1990-Present
Country United States
Branch United States Air Force
EngagementsSouthwest Pacific Theater[1]
DecorationsAir Force Meritorious Unit Award
Air Force Outstanding Unit Award with Combat "V" Device
Air Force Outstanding Unit Award
Air Force Organizational Excellence Award
Philippine Presidential Unit Citation[1]
Insignia
36th Intelligence Squadron emblem
36th Intelligence Squadron.PNG
36th Photographic Mapping Squadron emblem (approved 7 March 1944)[1]
36 Photographic Mapping Sq emblem.png

The 36th Intelligence Squadron is an active non-flying squadron, of the United States Air Force. It is assigned to the Air Force Targeting Center at Langley Air Force Base, Virginia, where it has been stationed since 1990. The squadron has earned the Air Force Meritorious Unit Award, the Air Force Outstanding Unit Award, and the Air Force Organizational Excellence Award while stationed at Langley.

During World War II the squadron served in the Pacific as the 36th Photographic Reconnaissance Squadron The squadron earned the Philippine Presidential Unit Citation for its combat operations during the Liberation of the Philippines in 1944–1945.

History

World War II

The squadron was first activated in the summer of 1942 as the 28th Observation Squadron, one of the squadrons of the 73d Observation Group at Godman Field, Kentucky, where it was equipped with the Bell P-39 Airacobra.[2] The squadron engaged in training activities including the Tennessee maneuvers of 1943.[3]

During World War II, the squadron operated primarily in the Southwest Pacific Theater, providing aerial reconnaissance and intelligence information over a wide area of the theater in numerous campaigns. In 1945, it performed reconnaissance missions over Formosa as well as the Philippines.[4] The squadron earned the Philippine Presidential Unit Citation for its combat operations during the Liberation of the Philippines in 1944–1945. Following the Japanese surrender the squadron moved to Japan, briefly serving as part of the occupation forces, but returned to the Philippines at the end of 1945 and was inactivated in 1946.[2]

Intelligence

The squadron was reactivated as an intelligence unit supporting Tactical Air Command (TAC) in 1990. When Air Combat Command replaced TAC in 1992, the 36th was transferred along with its parent group.[1] In February 2008, it was reassigned to the Air Combat Command Targeting and Intelligence Group. Although much of its history remains classified, it has won numerous awards for its performance.

Lineage

  • Constituted as the 28th Observation Squadron on 1 July 1942
Activated on 17 July 1942
Redesignated: 28th Reconnaissance Squadron (Fighter) on 2 April 1943
Redesignated: 28th Tactical Reconnaissance Squadron on 11 August 1943
Redesignated: 36th Photographic Mapping Squadron on 9 October 1943
Redesignated: 36th Photographic Reconnaissance Squadron on 29 March 1944
Inactivated on 20 February 1946
  • Redesignated 36th Tactical Intelligence Squadron and activated on 1 September 1990
Redesignated 36th Air Intelligence Squadron on 1 November 1991
Redesignated 36th Intelligence Squadron on 1 October 1993[1]

Assignments

Stations

Aircraft

Awards and Campaigns

Award streamer Award Dates Notes
AF MUA Streamer.JPG
Air Force Meritorious Unit Award 1 June 2004 - 31 May 2006 36th Intelligence Squadron[1]
AF MUA Streamer.JPG
Air Force Meritorious Unit Award 1 June 2006 - 31 May 2007 36th Intelligence Squadron[1]
AFOUA with Valor.jpg
Air Force Outstanding Unit Award w/Combat "V" Device 1 June 2002 - 31 May 2003 36th Intelligence Squadron[1]
Air Force Outstanding Unit Award Streamer.jpg
Air Force Outstanding Unit Award 1 September 1990 - 31 December 1991 36th Tactical Intelligence Squadron (later 36th Air Intelligence Squadron)[1]
Air Force Outstanding Unit Award Streamer.jpg
Air Force Outstanding Unit Award 1 January 1992 - 30 September 1993 36th Air Intelligence Squadron[1]
AFOEA Streamer.jpg
Air Force Organizational Excellence Award 1 October 1993 - 30 September 1995 36th Intelligence Squadron[1]
Presidential Unit Citation (Philippines) Streamer.png
Philippine Republic Presidential Unit Citation 17 October 1944 - 4 July 1945 36th Photographic Reconnaissance Squadron[1]

Manual campaign table

Campaign Streamer Campaign Dates Notes
World War II - American Campaign Streamer (Plain).png
American Theater 28th Observation Squadron (later 36th Photographic Mapping Squadron)[2]
Streamer APC.PNG
New Guinea 36th Photographic Reconnaissance Squadron[2]
Streamer APC.PNG
Western Pacific 36th Photographic Reconnaissance Squadron[2]
Streamer APC.PNG
Luzon 36th Photographic Reconnaissance Squadron[2]
Streamer APC.PNG
Southern Philippines 36th Photographic Reconnaissance Squadron[2]
Streamer APC.PNG
China Offensive 36th Photographic Reconnaissance Squadron[2]

References

Notes

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n Butler, William M. (8 November 2010). "Factsheet 36 Intelligence Squadron (ACC)". Air Force Historical Research Agency. Retrieved 15 July 2013.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h Maurer, Combat Squadrons, p. 173
  3. ^ Maurer, Combat Units, p. 50
  4. ^ "Abstract, History 36 Photo Recce Sq Apr 1945". Air Force History Index. Retrieved 15 July 2013.
  5. ^ Air Force Organization Change Status Report, June 2008, Research Division, Air Force Historical Research Agency

Bibliography

 This article incorporates public domain material from the Air Force Historical Research Agency website http://www.afhra.af.mil/.

External links

This page was last edited on 4 January 2020, at 16:47
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