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36th Intelligence Squadron

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

36th Intelligence Squadron
Air Combat Command.png
Active1942–1946; 1990-Present
Country United States
Branch United States Air Force
EngagementsSouthwest Pacific Theater[1]
DecorationsAir Force Meritorious Unit Award
Air Force Outstanding Unit Award with Combat "V" Device
Air Force Outstanding Unit Award
Air Force Organizational Excellence Award
Philippine Presidential Unit Citation[1]
36th Intelligence Squadron emblem
36th Intelligence Squadron.PNG
36th Photographic Mapping Squadron emblem (approved 7 March 1944)[1]
36 Photographic Mapping Sq emblem.png

The 36th Intelligence Squadron is an active non-flying squadron, of the United States Air Force. It is assigned to the Air Force Targeting Center at Langley Air Force Base, Virginia, where it has been stationed since 1990. The squadron has earned the Air Force Meritorious Unit Award, the Air Force Outstanding Unit Award, and the Air Force Organizational Excellence Award while stationed at Langley.

During World War II the squadron served in the Pacific as the 36th Photographic Reconnaissance Squadron The squadron earned the Philippine Presidential Unit Citation for its combat operations during the Liberation of the Philippines in 1944–1945.

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  • ✪ Българско военно чудо: Битката при Добрич
  • ✪ Battle of Shanghai
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BULGARIAN HISTORY in partnership with ARMEEC INSURANCE JSC present The War Wonders of Bulgaria In August 1916, Romania entered the First World War on the side of the Entante. This led to the inevitable the conflict between Romania and Bulgaria, which fought on the side of the other coalition. The war between the two neighboring countries took place on the 1st of September 1916 and was welcomed with joy by the Bulgarians. The best explanation for this can be seen in general Todor Kantardzhiev's words: "With their treacherous interference in the Second Balkan War, with the desecration of the sacred homes of our fathers, specially with the inhumane cut of a piece of Bulgarian land - the golden Dobrudja, Romania gained the wrath of the Bulgarian people. Sooner or later, that anger had to break out. " The Romanians understood on their own backs what a real war with the Bulgarians meant. Used to the "military walk" in 1913, when they did not face resistance, they now faced an angry opponent who was thirsty for revenge. Already with the declaration of war, the Third Bulgarian Army crossed the border and headed towards Tutrakan. Almost parallel to the capture of this city on the 6th of September, the Battle of Dobrich was taking place. The units of the Varna fortified checkpoint played a main role. Its commander General Todor Kantardjiev decided not only to defend Varna, waiting for a possible attack but to take the initiative in his own hands. The small units of Varna headed towards Dobrich. On the 3th of September, an intelligence squad reached 10 km away from the city. The Romanians believed that large forces are advancing against them and that they vacated Dobrich. On the 4th of September, the 8th Primorski regiment entered the capital of Dobrudja. The Bulgarian troops were welcomed as liberators by thousands of citizens. Besides the 3-year expectation, the Bulgarian troops also brough salvation - the Romanians had killed 53 famous residents of the city who were massacred and disfigured. Another 300 had been arrested and were awaiting the same fate. The 35th Vratsa regiment and the 36th Kozloduy regiment from the 6th Bdin Division of the Third Bulgarian Army arrived to aid the Varna soldiers. But even now the Bulgarian troops were not enough to defend the city, and the enemy decided to correct its mistake. Purely psychologically, after the shock of the loss of Tutrakan, a great victory in Dobrudzha was especially needed for the Romanians. In addition, for military reasons, a Romanian success in Dobrich would endanger the flank of the Third Bulgarian Army at Tutrakan and Silistra. That is why Bucharest asked for and received Russian military aid. As early as the 5th of September, the Romanians and the arrived Russian division attacked Dobrich. For the first time the Bulgarians faced Russians on the battlefield who, a little naively, expected the Bulgarians to not open fire against them. But when the Russian cavalry was attacking, the Bulgarian defenders coolly waited for it before opening deadly fire and destroying whole squadrons. The Russians themselves were convinced that against them stood Germans, showing how deeply rooted was the belief that Bulgarians would never shoot at Russians. General Stefan Toshev reveals why this was not the case: "The fervent officers and soldiers were ready to fight, even with legions of angels if they came to conquer the country's lands." So that catastrophically ended the Russian cavalry attack, combined with Romanian infantry. On the 6th of September there was another enemy attack again against the left Bulgarian flank, the Varna soldiers. At dusk, the enemy managed to get close to the Bulgarian positions and began to dig trenches. If they had stayed there, they would have been able to take advantage of the night's darkness and attack in surprise. As a result, despite the numerical superiority of the enemy, the stunned Romanians and Russians were driven away with an "On the Knife" (bayonette) attack. The Russian General Zayonchkovski thought that forces equal to his, stood against him, deceived by the fierce resistance and furious counterattacks. The bloodiest day of the epic began with enemy attacks on the morning of the 7th of September. This time the hit was aimed at the Vratsa and Kozloduy soldiers from the 6th Bdin Division on the left Bulgarian flank. Due to Command mistakes, the 36th Kozloduy Regiment was crushed and gave huge casualties. With its retreat it uncovered the flank of the 35th Vratsa regiment, which was threatened with an encirclement of the Serbian division. Nevertheless, the Bulgarians did not give up. Death went through the ranks of the Vratsa people, but at the most critical moment of the battle help arrived with the cavalry division of General Ivan Kolev and two infantry battalions from the 16th Lovech Regiment. Finding out that the situation of the Bulgarians in Dobrich was extremely serious, General Kolev took a huge risk because a whole Russian cavalry division remained at his rear. A feat was also made by the two infantry battalions from Lovetch who were marching without lagging behind from the cavalry and tired went straight into battle. With general Kolev himself at the front, the Bulgarians attacked fiercely. The cavalry fought off without mercy, and only the arrival of the night saved the remaining Romanians, Russians and Serbs of certain death. Squeezed, the enemy gave up trying to capture Dobrich and retreated to the north. Its losses reached nearly 50% of the units. In the fighting on the 5th-7th September, the Bulgarians also gave heavy casualties - 1053 perished, and the injured were many times more. This was the situation in Dobrich was stabilized and the threat to the right wing of the Third Bulgarian Army was removed. The struggle near Dobrich engaged the many times numerically superior armies of the opponent which relieved the Bulgarian troops at Tutrakan. The battles at these two cities played a decisive role in the further course of the war. For a little more than a week, the whole Southern Dobrudja was liberated. The Bulgarian troops demonstrated great fighting spirit at Dobrich. They were repelling attacks of Romanian, Russian and Serb units for three days. They broke the enemy down and moved into an offensive themselves because they had a mission - "The enemy had to be driven out of this Bulgarian land!" Writer: PhD Vladimir Stanev Editor and animator: Martin Stamatov Voice Over: Rossen Nenov Translate from Bulgarian: Borislav Ovcharov ARMEEC INSURANCE JSC BULGARIAN HISTORY



World War II

The squadron was first activated in the summer of 1942 as the 28th Observation Squadron, one of the squadrons of the 73d Observation Group at Godman Field, Kentucky, where it was equipped with the Bell P-39 Airacobra.[2] The squadron engaged in training activities including the Tennessee maneuvers of 1943.[3]

During World War II, the squadron operated primarily in the Southwest Pacific Theater, providing aerial reconnaissance and intelligence information over a wide area of the theater in numerous campaigns. In 1945, it performed reconnaissance missions over Formosa as well as the Philippines.[4] The squadron earned the Philippine Presidential Unit Citation for its combat operations during the Liberation of the Philippines in 1944–1945. Following the Japanese surrender the squadron moved to Japan, briefly serving as part of the occupation forces, but returned to the Philippines at the end of 1945 and was inactivated in 1946.[2]


The squadron was reactivated as an intelligence unit supporting Tactical Air Command (TAC) in 1990. When Air Combat Command replaced TAC in 1992, the 36th was transferred along with its parent group.[1] In February 2008, it was reassigned to the Air Combat Command Targeting and Intelligence Group. Although much of its history remains classified, it has won numerous awards for its performance.


  • Constituted as the 28th Observation Squadron on 1 July 1942
Activated on 17 July 1942
Redesignated: 28th Reconnaissance Squadron (Fighter) on 2 April 1943
Redesignated: 28th Tactical Reconnaissance Squadron on 11 August 1943
Redesignated: 36th Photographic Mapping Squadron on 9 October 1943
Redesignated: 36th Photographic Reconnaissance Squadron on 29 March 1944
Inactivated on 20 February 1946
  • Redesignated 36th Tactical Intelligence Squadron and activated on 1 September 1990
Redesignated 36th Air Intelligence Squadron on 1 November 1991
Redesignated 36th Intelligence Squadron on 1 October 1993[1]




Awards and Campaigns

Award streamer Award Dates Notes
AF MUA Streamer.JPG
Air Force Meritorious Unit Award 1 June 2004 - 31 May 2006 36th Intelligence Squadron[1]
AF MUA Streamer.JPG
Air Force Meritorious Unit Award 1 June 2006 - 31 May 2007 36th Intelligence Squadron[1]
AFOUA with Valor.jpg
Air Force Outstanding Unit Award w/Combat "V" Device 1 June 2002 - 31 May 2003 36th Intelligence Squadron[1]
Air Force Outstanding Unit Award Streamer.jpg
Air Force Outstanding Unit Award 1 September 1990 - 31 December 1991 36th Tactical Intelligence Squadron (later 36th Air Intelligence Squadron)[1]
Air Force Outstanding Unit Award Streamer.jpg
Air Force Outstanding Unit Award 1 January 1992 - 30 September 1993 36th Air Intelligence Squadron[1]
AFOEA Streamer.jpg
Air Force Organizational Excellence Award 1 October 1993 - 30 September 1995 36th Intelligence Squadron[1]
Presidential Unit Citation (Philippines) Streamer.png
Philippine Republic Presidential Unit Citation 17 October 1944 - 4 July 1945 36th Photographic Reconnaissance Squadron[1]

Manual campaign table

Campaign Streamer Campaign Dates Notes
World War II - American Campaign Streamer (Plain).png
American Theater 28th Observation Squadron (later 36th Photographic Mapping Squadron)[2]
Streamer APC.PNG
New Guinea 36th Photographic Reconnaissance Squadron[2]
Streamer APC.PNG
Western Pacific 36th Photographic Reconnaissance Squadron[2]
Streamer APC.PNG
Luzon 36th Photographic Reconnaissance Squadron[2]
Streamer APC.PNG
Southern Philippines 36th Photographic Reconnaissance Squadron[2]
Streamer APC.PNG
China Offensive 36th Photographic Reconnaissance Squadron[2]



  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n Butler, William M. (8 November 2010). "Factsheet 36 Intelligence Squadron (ACC)". Air Force Historical Research Agency. Retrieved 15 July 2013.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h Maurer, Combat Squadrons, p. 173
  3. ^ Maurer, Combat Units, p. 50
  4. ^ "Abstract, History 36 Photo Recce Sq Apr 1945". Air Force History Index. Retrieved 15 July 2013.
  5. ^ Air Force Organization Change Status Report, June 2008, Research Division, Air Force Historical Research Agency


 This article incorporates public domain material from the Air Force Historical Research Agency website

External links

This page was last edited on 16 February 2018, at 23:55
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