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Vojinović Tower

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Vojinović Tower
Војиновића кула
Vučitrn, Kosovo[a]
Kulla e Vjetër, Vushtrri - 5.jpg
Vojinović tower, interior court
TypeStrategic fortification
Site information
Open to
the public
Yes
Site history
Built byStefan Dušan, Đurađ Branković
MaterialsStone

Vojinović Tower (Serbian: Војиновића Кула, Vojinovića Kula) or Old Tower (Albanian: Kulla e Vjetër) or Vučitrn (English: Wolf thorn) is a city fortifications in Vučitrn, Kosovo.[a] It was the seat of Đurađ Branković (1427–1456) in the time while he was district lord of Kosovo. Later chroniclers (Ami Boué, Aleksandar Giljferding) are noted that the fort itself is derived from the times of Dušan, and that it is an old fortress with a tower in the middle of the town.[1]

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Transcription

Contents

Vojinović Tower

Vojinović Tower
Vojinović Tower

Today, of the entire fort survived only Donjon Tower that the people called Vojinović Tower with part of wall in the form of a square. Donjon itself belongs to the most beautiful tower of its kind in this part of the Serbia because of its fine proportions and properly sort stones in its walls. On that walls (thick about 3 m), the remains of Machicolation, Putlog holes or Hoardings can be seen, and in addition to the closed ground, had the floor, over which there was an open top of the tower with battlement on. As all Donjon, Vojinović Tower also had no entrance in the basement, but only on the floor with the southern side and it is approached by wooden stairs that in a case of emergency could be easily removed.[2]

Remains

Vojinović bridge, one of the remaining structures from Serbian period
Vojinović bridge, one of the remaining structures from Serbian period

Most of the former capital of Đurađ Branković disappeared during Ottoman period when the space fortress became the seat of government and administrative Bey, while the ground floor of the tower used as a warehouse for the grain (barley, corn, wheat) that are collected on behalf of Bey taxes. Former entrance gates, located next to the tower (at a distance of 1m) in North wall and has semicircle shape, was embowered and immured, and instead of that one, new was opened on the East wall.

Today, of the whole former fortress survived only Donjon Tower with walls around it to form a square courtyard base. Their height is 4 m - 5 m, with the exception of southern wall that faces the main street with the bottom of the slope (height 1.2m - 1.5m, sally 0.35m - 0.4 m) whose height is 6 m - 7 m.

Vojinović Tower was declared Monument of Culture of Exceptional Importance in 1990, and it is protected by the Republic of Serbia.[3]

Notes

  1. ^ a b Kosovo is the subject of a territorial dispute between the Republic of Kosovo and the Republic of Serbia. The Republic of Kosovo unilaterally declared independence on 17 February 2008, but Serbia continues to claim it as part of its own sovereign territory. The two governments began to normalise relations in 2013, as part of the 2013 Brussels Agreement. Kosovo has been recognized as an independent state by 112 out of 193 United Nations member states, while 12 states have recognized Kosovo only to later withdraw their recognition.

References

  1. ^ Aleksandar Deroko, Medieval towns in Serbia, Montenegro and Macedonia, Belgrade 1950.
  2. ^ Ivan Zdravkovic, Medieval towns and castles in Kosovo, Belgrade 1975.
  3. ^ Monuments of Culture in Serbia: СРЕДЊОВЕКОВНИ УТВРЂЕНИ ДВОРАЦ (ВОЈИНОВИЋА КУЛА) (SANU) (in Serbian) (in English)

See also

This page was last edited on 8 September 2019, at 21:39
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