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The Enemy of the World

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

040 – The Enemy of the World
Doctor Who serial
Directed byBarry Letts
Written byDavid Whitaker
Script editorPeter Bryant
Produced byInnes Lloyd
Executive producer(s)None
Incidental music composerStock music by Béla Bartók
Production codePP
SeriesSeason 5
Running time6 episodes, 25 minutes each
First broadcast23 December 1967 (1967-12-23)
Last broadcast27 January 1968 (1968-01-27)
← Preceded by
The Ice Warriors
Followed by →
The Web of Fear
List of Doctor Who episodes (1963–1989)

The Enemy of the World is the fourth serial of the fifth season of the British science fiction television series Doctor Who, which originally aired in six weekly parts from 23 December 1967 to 27 January 1968.

The serial is set in Australia and Hungary in 2018. In the serial, the time traveller the Second Doctor (Patrick Troughton) and his travelling companions Jamie McCrimmon (Frazer Hines) and Victoria Waterfield (Deborah Watling) work with the spies Giles Kent (Bill Kerr) and Astrid Ferrier (Mary Peach) to expose the Doctor's Mexican doppelgänger Salamander (Troughton) as having created natural disasters on Earth.

The story is a break from the monsters and "base under siege" of season five, highlighted by a dual role for lead actor Patrick Troughton.

For over forty years, only Episode 3 of The Enemy of the World was known to have survived erasure. However, on 11 October 2013, it was announced by the BBC that the other five episodes had been found and were back in their archives.[1][2]


The Second Doctor, Jamie and Victoria are enjoying themselves on a beach in Australia in 2018 when the Doctor is subject to an assassination attempt. The controller of the would-be assassins, an agent named Astrid Ferrier, rescues them by helicopter. She takes them to her boss Giles Kent (Bill Kerr). There, they learn that the Doctor is the physical double of Salamander, a ruthless megalomaniac who is dominating the United Zones Organisation. Salamander has ascended to power by concentrating and harnessing the sun's rays to generate more crops, but is set on increasing his power. Kent, who was once Deputy Security Leader for North Africa and Europe, reveals that he had crossed Salamander, who ruined him and removed his various allies. Kent's only remaining ally with any authority is Alexander Denes in Central Europe. When Kent's home is surrounded by troops led by Security Chief Donald Bruce, the Doctor is persuaded to impersonate Salamander to save his companions and to gather more information on his designs.

Bruce is a bully who intimidates those in his path, but the Doctor's impersonation is strong enough to persuade him that he is Salamander—even though the real Salamander is in Central Europe. Bruce leaves, albeit suspicious, while the Doctor turns on Kent, realising he called Bruce there himself to test the impersonation. The Doctor is not yet convinced Salamander is a villain, but Kent presses ahead with a plan. Jamie, Victoria, and Astrid are to infiltrate Salamander's retinue while he's still in the Central European zone, via Denes' support, and gather evidence on Salamander. Meanwhile, Kent and the Doctor will travel to Salamander's research station in Kanowa to gather intelligence there.

The real Salamander warns that a dormant volcano range in Hungary is about to explode. Denes does not believe this is possible and resists the calls to send pre-emptive relief. By now, Jamie, Victoria, and Astrid have reached the Central European Zone. Jamie tries to infiltrate Salamander's retinue, while Astrid contacts Denes for a meeting. Jamie manages to get himself promoted to Salamander's personal staff by preventing a bogus attempt on the Leader's life, and also ensures Victoria is given a position as assistant to Salamander's personal chef. When Astrid meets Denes, she tells him of the two spies who have entered the Leader's staff.

Salamander works on Denes' deputy, Fedorin, to turn him against Denes. Fedorin gives in to Salamander's blackmail easily, but is scared when he hears the prediction that Denes will soon be killed and Salamander will be asked to take over the Zone following the imminent natural disaster. On cue, an earthquake begins as the promised volcanic eruption starts. Bruce arrives but is unable to mention the Salamander in Australia issue before Denes returns to the palace too, blaming Salamander for somehow engineering the volcano. Salamander responds by saying Denes failed to heed his warnings on the volcanoes and is thus negligent and must be removed from office. Denes is arrested, and Salamander tells Fedorin to poison him before he can be brought to trial and repeat his allegations. When Fedorin fails to do so, Salamander uses the poison on him instead.

Meanwhile, Bruce has started to have serious suspicions about the situation. He evidently does not trust Salamander, and tries unsuccessfully to get Jamie to explain the Australia incident. Another man with suspicions is Benik, Salamander's unpleasant deputy, who has heard from Bruce that Salamander was supposed to be in two places at one time. He visits and intimidates Kent, while the doctor stays hidden.

Meanwhile, Jamie and Victoria use their new roles in the palace to get close to Fariah, Salamander's food taster, hoping to gather information on the Leader's intentions. Jamie also causes a diversion to try to facilitate a rescue attempt on Denes by Astrid. However, things fall apart and Denes is shot dead. Though Astrid escapes, Jamie and Victoria are arrested. This prompts Bruce to ask Salamander in private about his relationship with Jamie and his presence with him and Kent in Australia—which prompts Salamander to decide to return to Kanowa immediately and unmask the impersonator.

Astrid returns to Australia too and contacts the Doctor and Kent to tell them of the outcome of the botched rescue attempt. Fariah has followed Astrid and makes contact with her, Kent and the Doctor, telling them that Jamie and Victoria have been brought as prisoners to the Kanowa Research Centre. Fariah also hands over the file made by Salamander to blackmail Fedorin— finally convincing the Doctor of Salamander's evil. However, before they can act, the building is raided by Benik and his troops, Fariah is killed and the file is recovered. The others escape.

Salamander, Benik and Bruce meet at the Centre and realise the severity of the situation. When he is alone, Salamander dons a radiation suit and enters a secret lift, which transports him to a secret bunker. In the bunker are a group of people who believe Salamander has just ventured to the surface of the allegedly irradiated planet to look for food. He claims to have found a safe new food stock to sustain them after their five years below ground. He also urges them to continue fighting the war against the surface by using technology to create natural disasters. Most of the people accept this, but one, Colin, urges Salamander to take him to the surface the next time, even though no one who has accompanied Salamander there has ever returned.

When the Doctor and his friends return to Kent's caravan they are soon discovered by Bruce. Bruce affirms he is a servant of the world government, not Salamander, and shows he can be persuaded of Salamander's evil. The Doctor and Bruce reach a deal: they will travel to the Research Centre, where the Doctor will impersonate Salamander to gain more evidence, while Kent and Astrid are kept under guard; but if no evidence is found they will all be arrested for conspiracy. Bruce and the Doctor leave, and shortly afterward, Kent and Astrid escape their captor by means of a ruse.

In the shelter, the new food has arrived and the people unpack it. However, one of them, Swann, finds a stray newspaper clipping and realises there is normal life on the surface rather than the continuing nuclear war they had all been told. He confronts Salamander, who agrees to take him to the surface to show him the world is now full of hideous, depraved mutants and their actions in causing natural disasters are helping to wipe them out. Swann is unmoved but agrees to go the surface without revealing his concerns. This angers Colin.

Benik begins to interrogate Jamie and Victoria. Bruce and the Doctor, acting as Salamander, interrupt him and send him away. The Doctor, pretending to be Salamander, questions his companions and the result further convinces Bruce to trust the Doctor.

In the grounds of the research centre, Astrid finds Swann. He had been bludgeoned by Salamander. Before he dies, he tells Astrid about his friends in the bunker. She hurries to them, and is attacked by the frightened people, but Colin stops them. Astrid tells them there is no war, and convinces them of Salamander's treachery.

Meanwhile, Benik, suspicious, discovers the guard at the records room has yet to see Salamander emerge. He returns to Bruce and the others, asks for "Salamander's" signature on some papers, and leaves. The papers show a discrepancy in how much food is needed for personnel and how much is coming in.

Bruce and the Doctor have Jamie and Victoria released from the centre, and the Doctor instructs them to head back to the TARDIS and wait for him there. He heads off alone and accesses the Records Room, where he impersonates Salamander. A visitor soon arrives—Giles Kent—who has a key to the secret room. In the ensuing conversation with "Salamander", he reveals his true nature.

The arrival of Astrid, Colin and Mary further incriminate Kent, for it was he who took the people down to the bunker in the first place for an "endurance test". Kent and Salamander were allies all along, and the Doctor reveals he had been slow to support Kent because he feared he was being used to topple Salamander for Kent to take over. Kent flees into the cave system beyond the Records Room after they learn the tunnel is planted with explosives. Donald Bruce tries to break into the records room to help the Doctor, but Benik causes trouble, and Bruce has him arrested.

Kent encounters Salamander in the tunnels and they argue. Salamander fatally shoots his one-time ally. As he dies, Kent throws a switch, blowing up the cave system, damaging the station above. The people in the bunker survive, and Astrid leaves to rescue them.

Salamander, shaken and bleeding from the explosion, approaches the TARDIS where Jamie and Victoria wait. They mistake him for the Doctor. Pretending to be shaken, Salamander asks Jamie to use the controls for him. Jamie's suspicions are proven correct when the real Doctor arrives. There is a struggle, and Salamander uses the controls of the TARDIS, sending it spinning out of control, the door still wide open. Salamander is blown out of the TARDIS and into the vortex. The Doctor, Jamie and Victoria then hang on for dear life as they try to prevent the same fate from happening to them.


EpisodeTitleRun timeOriginal air dateUK viewers
(millions) [3]
Archive [4]
1"Episode 1"23:4523 December 1967 (1967-12-23)6.816 mm t/r
2"Episode 2"23:4830 December 1967 (1967-12-30)7.616 mm t/r
3"Episode 3"23:056 January 1968 (1968-01-06)7.116 mm t/r
4"Episode 4"23:4613 January 1968 (1968-01-13)7.816 mm t/r
5"Episode 5"24:2220 January 1968 (1968-01-20)6.916 mm t/r
6"Episode 6"21:4127 January 1968 (1968-01-27)8.316 mm t/r

This was the last story to be produced under the aegis of Doctor Who creator Sydney Newman, who left his position as Head of Drama at the BBC upon the expiration of his contract at the end of 1967. The four key production roles for this story were all taken by men heavily involved in the development of Doctor Who. Author David Whitaker had been the show's first script editor; Barry Letts, directing the show for the first time, later became the show's producer (for the majority of the Jon Pertwee era), executive producer, and occasional script writer; script editor Peter Bryant became the show's producer from the next story; Innes Lloyd was the show's current producer, but left after this story.[5][6]

Much like the First Doctor serial The Massacre of St Bartholomew's Eve (1966), this serial was influenced by the lead actor's desire to play roles other than the Doctor. Initially, it was planned that Troughton's two characters would meet more than once, but due to the technical complexity, there was eventually only the one confrontation scene, at the story's climax (utilising editing and a split-screen technique). Barry Letts planned six split-screen shots. He called for a matte box to mask half of the camera lens, having read about the technique used for old Hollywood films. The film was rewound after the first take and Troughton was then filmed in his other costume. However, after the first such shot, the camera jammed, and no more split-screen takes were filmed. Later, Letts mentioned this to Derek Martinus, director of the preceding story, who brought Letts up to date with the contemporary technology of filming normally then using an optical printer to combine the material.[5]

Due to British television's shift from 405-line technology to 625-line, in preparation for colour transmissions, going into effect for all BBC shows from 1 January 1968, it was long believed that the switch-over for Doctor Who from 405 lines to 625 came as of Episode 3 of this serial; however, upon the recovery of the other five episodes of the serial, it was discovered that Episodes 1 and 2 were in fact made at 625 lines prior to the official switchover.[7][8] The now-disproved notion of the switch-over occurring at Episode 3 was most likely due to an error in documentation.[9]

Recovery of the missing episodes

Originally, Episode 3 was the only episode of this story to survive in the BBC archives.[10] On 11 October 2013, the BBC announced that the remaining five episodes had been recovered from a television relay station storage room in Nigeria[11] following search efforts by Television International Enterprises Archive and Philip Morris,[12][13] making the serial complete in the BBC television archives for the first time since the mass junkings of Doctor Who episodes between 1972 and 1978. It was subsequently released on iTunes.[1][2] It was the second Season 5 serial to be found in its entirety.

Cast notes

Frazer Hines and Deborah Watling did not appear in episode 4, as they were on holiday.[14] Milton Johns would reappear in the Season 13 serial The Android Invasion and the season 15 serial The Invasion of Time. Colin Douglas would later take a memorable turn as Reuben the lightkeeper (as well as voicing the Rutan scout) in the 15th-season serial The Horror of Fang Rock. George Pravda would also reappear in Third Doctor story The Mutants as Jaeger and Fourth Doctor story The Deadly Assassin as Castellan Spandrell.

Commercial releases

In print

Doctor Who and the Enemy of the World
Doctor Who and the Enemy of the World.jpg
AuthorIan Marter
Cover artistBill Donohoe
SeriesDoctor Who book:
Target novelisations
Release number
PublisherTarget Books
Publication date
17 April 1981

A novelisation of this serial, written by Ian Marter, was published by Target Books in March 1981, entitled Doctor Who and the Enemy of the World. David Whitaker had been working on his own version of the novelisation at the time of his death.

Home media

Episode 3 was released on VHS in The Troughton Years. A restored and VidFIREd version was released on DVD in 2004, as part of the Lost in Time boxset. In 2002, a remastered CD version of the audio was released with linking narration by Frazer Hines.[10]

Following the recovery of the remaining episodes, the complete serial was released on iTunes on 11 October 2013. Following its release it shared the top two spots on the iTunes download chart for TV serials with following and also newly recovered serial The Web of Fear, above Homeland and Breaking Bad.[15]

A DVD was released in the UK on 25 November 2013.[1][2] A US release arrived on 20 May 2014.[16][failed verification]

A special-edition DVD with audio commentary, interviews, a tribute to the late Deborah Watling, and further remastering of all six episodes was released in the UK on 26 March 2018, in the same year the story was set.[17]


  1. ^ a b c Berriman, Ian (11 October 2013). "Doctor Who Missing Episodes Returned: Everything You Need To Know". SFX. Bath: Future Publishing Limited. Retrieved 11 October 2013.
  2. ^ a b c "BBC Confirms 9 Lost Troughton Episodes Recovered!". Doctor Who TV. 11 October 2013. Retrieved 11 October 2013.
  3. ^ "Ratings Guide". Doctor Who News. Retrieved 28 May 2017.
  4. ^ Shaun Lyon; et al. (31 March 2007). "The Enemy of the World". Outpost Gallifrey. Archived from the original on 18 June 2008. Retrieved 30 August 2008.
  5. ^ a b Letts, Barry. "Who and Me". Goodreads.
  6. ^ "Barry Lets – Who & Me". BBC.
  7. ^ "My early days at TV Centre". 1 August 2010. Retrieved 19 December 2013.
  8. ^ "DVD Review: Doctor Who – "The Enemy of the World". 18 October 2013. Retrieved 1 January 2018.
  9. ^ "Doctor Who: The Search for Missing Episodes". 12 August 1996. Retrieved 23 December 2013.
  10. ^ a b "BBC – Doctor Who – Classic Series – Photonovels – The Enemy of the World".
  11. ^ "Lost Doctor Who found in Nigeria station storeroom". 11 October 2013. Archived from the original on 22 November 2013. Retrieved 18 November 2013.
  12. ^ Jefferies, Mark (22 July 2014). "Doctor Who missing episodes: Recovery expert hints more lost episodes set to be returned". Mirror. Retrieved 24 April 2015.
  13. ^ "The Enemy of the World & The Web of Fear – Found!!". Doctor Who Magazine. 11 October 2013. Retrieved 24 April 2015.
  14. ^ "BBC – Doctor Who Classic Episode Guide – The Enemy of the World – Details".
  15. ^ "Lost Doctor Who episodes become iTunes best-sellers". London: MayorWatch Publications Limited. 11 October 2013. Retrieved 22 October 2013.
  16. ^ "Doctor Who DVD news: Announcement for Doctor Who – Story #040: The Enemy of the World". 25 May 2007. Archived from the original on 4 March 2014. Retrieved 1 March 2014.
  17. ^ "Doctor Who News: The Enemy of the World – Special Edition". Doctor Who News. 7 February 2018. Retrieved 9 February 2018.

External links

Target novelisation

This page was last edited on 22 May 2021, at 19:24
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