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Shades of gray

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Gray/Grey
 
Color icon gray v2.svg
Common connotations
pessimism, depression, boredom, neutrality, undefinedness, old age, contentment and elegance
About these coordinates     Color coordinates
Hex triplet#808080
HSV       (h, s, v)(?°, 0%, 50%)
sRGBB  (rgb)(128, 128, 128)
SourceHTML/CSS[1]
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)
H: Normalized to [0–100] (hundred)

Variations of gray or grey include achromatic grayscale shades, which lie exactly between white and black, and nearby colors with low colorfulness. A selection of a number of these various colors is shown below.

Chart of computer web color grays

Below is a chart showing the computer web color grays. An achromatic gray is a gray color in which the red, green, and blue codes are exactly equal. The web colors gray, gainsboro, light gray, dark gray, and dim gray are all achromatic colors. A chromatic gray is a gray color in which the red, green, and blue codes are not exactly equal, but are close to each other, which is what makes it a shade of gray.

HTML color name Sample Hex triplet
By name By hex triplet
gainsboro #DCDCDC
lightgray #D3D3D3
silver #C0C0C0
darkgray #A9A9A9
gray #808080
dimgray #696969
lightslategray #778899
slategray #708090
darkslategray #2F4F4F

White and black

The colors white and black are not usually thought of as shades of gray, but they can be thought of as shades of achromatic gray, as both contain equal amounts of red, blue and green. White is at the extreme upper end of the achromatic value scale and black is at the extreme lower end of the achromatic value scale, with all the colors normally considered tones of achromatic gray colors in between. Since achromatic colors have no hue, the hue code (h code) is left blank for achromatic colors (usually marked as a dash).

White

White
 
About these coordinates     Color coordinates
Hex triplet#FFFFFF
HSV       (h, s, v)(?°, 0%, 100%)
sRGBB  (rgb)(255, 255, 255)
SourceBy definition
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)
H: Normalized to [0–100] (hundred)

White is a color, the perception of which is evoked by light that stimulates all three types of color sensitive cone cells in the human eye in equal amounts and with high brightness compared to the surroundings. A white visual stimulation will be void of hue and grayness. White is the lightest possible color.

Black

Black
 
About these coordinates     Color coordinates
Hex triplet#000000
HSV       (h, s, v)(?°, 0%, 0%)
sRGBB  (rgb)(0, 0, 0)
SourceBy definition
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)
H: Normalized to [0–100] (hundred)

Black is the color of objects that do not emit or reflect light in any part of the visible spectrum; they absorb all such frequencies of light. Black is the darkest possible color. While this platonic ideal black is never found with actual pigments or other coloring, sufficiently dark items are generally referred to as "black".

Achromatic grays

Achromatic grays are colors in which the RGB (red, green, and blue) values are exactly equal. Since achromatic grays have no hue, the hue code (the h in the hsv values of the color) is indicated with a dash. Achromatic grays are the axis of the color sphere, with white at the north pole and black at the south pole of the color sphere. The various tones of achromatic gray are along the axis of the color sphere from white at the top of the axis to black at the bottom of the axis.

Gray

Gray/Grey
 
About these coordinates     Color coordinates
Hex triplet#808080
HSV       (h, s, v)(?°, 0%, 50[2]%)
sRGBB  (rgb)(128, 128, 128)
SourceHTML/CSS[1]
ISCC–NBS descriptorMedium gray
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)
H: Normalized to [0–100] (hundred)

At right is displayed the color gray.

The first recorded use of gray as a color name in the English language was in 700.[3]

This tone of gray (HTML gray) is universally used as the standard for gray because it is that tone of gray which is halfway between white and black.[citation needed]

Gainsboro

Gainsboro
 
About these coordinates     Color coordinates
Hex triplet#DCDCDC
HSV       (h, s, v)(?°, 0%, 86[4]%)
sRGBB  (rgb)(220, 220, 220)
SourceX11
ISCC–NBS descriptorGreenish gray
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)
H: Normalized to [0–100] (hundred)

At right is displayed the web color Gainsboro

Gainsboro is a pale tone of gray.

Prior to standardization as a web color, Gainsboro was included as one of the X11 color names.[5] It was, however, absent from the original 1987 version of the list,[6] but present in Paul Raveling's version[7] which added, amongst other things, "[l]ight and off-white colors, copied from several Sinclair Paints color samples".[8]

Light gray

Light gray
 
About these coordinates     Color coordinates
Hex triplet#D3D3D3
HSV       (h, s, v)(?°, 0%, 83[9]%)
sRGBB  (rgb)(211, 211, 211)
SourceX11
ISCC–NBS descriptorLight gray
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)
H: Normalized to [0–100] (hundred)

At right is displayed the web color light gray

Silver

Silver
 
About these coordinates     Color coordinates
Hex triplet#C0C0C0
HSV       (h, s, v)(?°, 0%, 75%)
sRGBB  (rgb)(192, 192, 192)
SourceHTML/CSS[1]
ISCC–NBS descriptorLight gray
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)

Displayed at right is the web color silver

This color is a representation of the color of the metal silver.

This is supposed to be a metallic color; however, there is no mechanism for displaying metallic colors on a flat computer screen.

Silver ingot
Silver ingots

Medium gray

Medium Gray
 
About these coordinates     Color coordinates
Hex triplet#BEBEBE
HSV       (h, s, v)(?°, 0%, 75[10]%)
sRGBB  (rgb)(190, 190, 190)
SourceX11
ISCC–NBS descriptorLight gray
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)
H: Normalized to [0–100] (hundred)

At right is displayed the color medium gray, or gray in the X11 color names, which is lighter than the HTML/CSS gray shown below. The coordinates in the X11 were set at 190 to avoid gray being displayed as white on 2-bit grayscale displays.[11]

See the chart Color names that clash between X11 and HTML/CSS in the X11 color names article to see those colors which are different in HTML/CSS and X11.

Spanish gray

Spanish Gray
 
About these coordinates     Color coordinates
Hex triplet#989898
HSV       (h, s, v)(?°, 0%, 60%)
sRGBB  (rgb)(152, 152, 152)
SourceGallego and Sanz[12]
ISCC–NBS descriptorMedium gray
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)
H: Normalized to [0–100] (hundred)

Spanish gray is the color that is called gris (gray in Spanish) in the Guía de coloraciones (Guide to colorations) by Rosa Gallego and Juan Carlos Sanz, a color dictionary published in 2005 that is widely popular in the Hispanophone realm.

Dim gray

Dim gray
 
About these coordinates     Color coordinates
Hex triplet#696969
HSV       (h, s, v)(?°, 0%, 41[13]%)
sRGBB  (rgb)(105, 105, 105)
SourceX11
ISCC–NBS descriptorDark gray
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)
H: Normalized to [0–100] (hundred)

At right is displayed the web color dim gray

This color is a dark tone of gray.

Davy's gray

Davy's gray
 
About these coordinates     Color coordinates
Hex triplet#555555
HSV       (h, s, v)(?°, 0%, 33[14]%)
sRGBB  (rgb)(85, 85, 85)
SourceISCC-NBS
ISCC–NBS descriptorDark gray
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)
H: Normalized to [0–100] (hundred)

Davy's gray is a dark gray color, made from powdered slate, iron oxide and carbon black named for Henry Davy.[15][16]

The first recorded use of Davy’s gray as a color name in English was around 1940.[17][18]

Jet

Jet
 
About these coordinates     Color coordinates
Hex triplet#343434
HSV       (h, s, v)(33°, 0%, 20[19]%)
sRGBB  (rgb)(52, 52, 52)
SourceISCC-NBS
ISCC–NBS descriptorBlack
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)
H: Normalized to [0–100] (hundred)

The color jet is displayed at right

The color jet is a representation of the color of the mineraloid jet.

Jet jewellery
Jet jewellery

The first recorded use of jet as a color name in English was in 1450.[20]

Middle grays

A middle gray is a tone that is in some sense about halfway between black and white. See the main article for more in-depth information.

Middle gray as defined by CIEXYZ relative luminance sRGB brightness CIELAB lightness sRGB
coordinates
Appearance
Adams' Zone V[citation needed] ≈ 3–6% ≈ 23±4% ≈ 25±5% ≈ rgb(59,59,59) or #3B3B3B
Geomean of 60:1 12.91% 39.46% 42.63% rgb(101,101,101) or #656565
18% gray card 18% 46% 49% rgb(118,118,118) or #767676
L*a*b* 18.42% 46.63% 50.00% rgb(119,119,119) or #777777
sRGB 21.40% 50.00% 53.39% rgb(128,128,128) or #808080
Munsell's N5 25.00% 53.71% 57.08% rgb(137,137,137) or #898989
Mac, pre-OS X 10.6 ≈ 30% ≈ 58% ≈ 62% ≈ rgb(149,149,149) or #959595
CIECAM02 lightness Context-dependent; an estimate is displayed here taking the environment where it appears
in the article into account and assuming a neutrally lit surround of 200 cd/m2.
CIECAM97s lightness Context-dependent; an estimate is displayed here taking the environment where it appears
in the article into account and assuming a neutrally lit surround of 200 cd/m2.
Luminance 50.00% 73.54% 76.07% rgb(188,188,188) or #BCBCBC

Off-grays

Off-grays are colors that are very close to achromatic grays, but whose red, green, and blue color codes are not exactly equal.

Xanadu

Xanadu
 
About these coordinates     Color coordinates
Hex triplet#738678
HSV       (h, s, v)(136°, 14%, 53%)
sRGBB  (rgb)(115, 134, 120)
Source11 Colors You've Probably Never Heard Of
ISCC–NBS descriptorModerate green
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)
H: Normalized to [0–100] (hundred)

Displayed at right is the color xanadu

The color "xanadu" is a greenish-gray color whose name is derived from the Philodendron.[21]

Platinum

Platinum
 
About these coordinates     Color coordinates
Hex triplet#E5E4E2
HSV       (h, s, v)(40°, 1%, 90%)
sRGBB  (rgb)(229, 228, 226)
Source[1]/Maerz and Paul[22]
ISCC–NBS descriptorYellowish white
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)

Platinum is a color that is the metallic tint of pale grayish-white resembling the metal platinum.

This is supposed to be a metallic color; however, there is no mechanism for displaying metallic colors on a flat computer screen.

The first recorded use of platinum as a color name in English was in 1918.[23]

Platinum crystals
Platinum crystals

Ash gray

Ash gray
 
About these coordinates     Color coordinates
Hex triplet#B2BEB5
HSV       (h, s, v)(135°, 6%, 75[24]%)
sRGBB  (rgb)(178, 190, 181)
SourceISCC-NBS
ISCC–NBS descriptorPale green
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)
H: Normalized to [0–100] (hundred)

Displayed at right is the color ash gray

The color ash gray is a representation of the color of ash.

The first recorded use of ash gray as a color name in English was in 1374.[25]

Wood ash from a campfire
Wood ash from a campfire

Battleship gray

Battleship gray
 
About these coordinates     Color coordinates
Hex triplet#848482
HSV       (h, s, v)(60°, 2%, 52[26]%)
sRGBB  (rgb)(132, 132, 130)
SourceISCC-NBS
ISCC–NBS descriptorMedium gray
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)
H: Normalized to [0–100] (hundred)

The color battleship gray is displayed at right. It is so called because the color is the shade of gray from the specular micaceous hematite paint used for rustproofing iron and steel battleships.[27]

The battleship USS Alabama
The battleship USS Alabama

Gunmetal

Gunmetal
 
About these coordinates     Color coordinates
Hex triplet#2A3439
HSV       (h, s, v)(195°, 19%, 40%)
sRGBB  (rgb)(42, 52, 57)
SourceEncycolorpedia
ISCC–NBS descriptorBlackish green
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)
H: Normalized to [0–100] (hundred)

Gunmetal is a shade of gray that has a bluish purple tinge.[28] It describes the color of several metals used in industrial applications, such as tarnished gunmetal, or parkerized or blued steel.

Alpha Industries ® CWU-Bomberjacke CWU 45(N) in gunmetal grey
Alpha Industries ® CWU-Bomberjacke CWU 45(N) in gunmetal grey

Nickel

Nickel
 
About these coordinates     Color coordinates
Hex triplet#727472
HSV       (h, s, v)(120°, 2%, 46[29]%)
sRGBB  (rgb)(114, 116, 114)
Source[30][31]
ISCC–NBS descriptorDark greenish gray
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)
H: Normalized to [0–100] (hundred)

Nickel is a color that resembles the metal nickel. The coins commonly called "nickels" in the United States are a slightly lighter shade of this color.

This is supposed to be a metallic color; however, there is no mechanism for displaying metallic colors on a flat computer screen.

Charcoal

Charcoal
 
About these coordinates     Color coordinates
Hex triplet#36454F
HSV       (h, s, v)(204°, 31%, 31[32]%)
sRGBB  (rgb)(54, 69, 79)
SourceISCC-NBS
ISCC–NBS descriptorDark grayish blue
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)
H: Normalized to [0–100] (hundred)

Charcoal is a color that is a representation of the dark gray color of burned wood.

The first recorded use of charcoal as a color name in English was in 1606.[33]

Stone gray

Stone gray
 
About these coordinates     Color coordinates
Hex triplet#928E85
HSV       (h, s, v)(42°, 9%, 57%)
sRGBB  (rgb)(146, 142, 133)
SourceList of RAL colors
ISCC–NBS descriptorLight grayish olive
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)
H: Normalized to [0–100] (hundred)

Stone gray[34] is a color represented in the list of RAL classic colors from RAL colour standard. This is the main color on the Indian 500-rupee note.

Indian 500 rupee note, obverse
Indian 500 rupee note, obverse
Indian 500 rupee note, reverse
Indian 500 rupee note, reverse

Cool grays

Cool grays have noticeably bluish, greenish, or violetish hues.

Cool gray

Cool gray
 
About these coordinates     Color coordinates
Hex triplet#9090C0
HSV       (h, s, v)(240°, 25%, 75%)
sRGBB  (rgb)(144, 144, 192)
SourceISCC-NBS
ISCC–NBS descriptorLight purplish blue
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)
H: Normalized to [0–100] (hundred)

Cool gray, is a medium light color gray mixed with the color blue.

This color is a dull shade of blue-gray.

This color is identical with color sample No. 203 (identified as gray blue) at the following website: http://tx4.us/nbs/nbs-g.htm—The ISCC-NBS Dictionary of Colo(u)r Names (1955), a website for stamp collectors to evaluate the colors of their stamps.

Poet George Sterling once wrote a poem calling San Francisco the "cool grey city of love"[35] The phrase cool grey as applied to San Francisco refers to the frequent fogs from the Pacific Ocean that envelop the city.

Cadet gray

Cadet gray
 
About these coordinates     Color coordinates
Hex triplet#91A3B0
HSV       (h, s, v)(205°, 18%, 69[36]%)
sRGBB  (rgb)(145, 163, 176)
SourceISCC-NBS
ISCC–NBS descriptorGrayish blue
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)
H: Normalized to [0–100] (hundred)

Cadet gray is a slightly bluish shade of gray. The first recorded use of cadet grey as a color name in English was in 1912.[37]

Before 1912, the word cadet gray was used as a name for a type of military issue uniforms. Most famously, it was the color of the uniforms of the Confederate Army. In 1815, it had earlier become the color of the uniforms of the United States Military Academy (West Point).[38]

Blue-gray

Blue-gray
 
About these coordinates     Color coordinates
Hex triplet#6699CC
HSV       (h, s, v)(210°, 50%, 80[39]%)
sRGBB  (rgb)(102, 153, 204)
SourceCrayola
ISCC–NBS descriptorLight blue
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)
H: Normalized to [0–100] (hundred)

Blue-gray was a Crayola crayon color from 1958 to 1990.

Glaucous

Glaucous
 
About these coordinates     Color coordinates
Hex triplet#6082B6
HSV       (h, s, v)(216°, 47%, 71%)
sRGBB  (rgb)(96, 130, 182)
SourceISCC-NBS
ISCC–NBS descriptorModerate blue
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)
H: Normalized to [0–100] (hundred)

Glaucous (from the Latin glaucus, meaning "bluish-gray", from the Greek glaukos) is used to describe the pale gray or blue appearance of the surfaces of some plants, as well as in the names of birds, such as the glaucous gull (Larus hyperboreus), glaucous-winged gull (Larus glaucescens), glaucous macaw (Anodorhynchus glaucus), and glaucous tanager (Thraupis glaucocolpa).

Glaucous gull with chick
Glaucous gull with chick

Slate gray

Slate gray
 
About these coordinates     Color coordinates
Hex triplet#708090
HSV       (h, s, v)(210°, 22%, 56%)
sRGBB  (rgb)(112, 128, 144)
SourceX11
ISCC–NBS descriptorGrayish blue
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)
H: Normalized to [0–100] (hundred)

Slate gray is a gray color with a slight azure tinge that is a representation of the average color of the material slate.

The first recorded use of slate gray as a color name in English was in 1705.[40]

A slab of slate
Samples of slate

Gray-green

Gray-green
 
About these coordinates     Color coordinates
Hex triplet#5E716A
HSV       (h, s, v)(158°, 17%, 44%)
sRGBB  (rgb)(94, 113, 106)
SourceISCC-NBS
ISCC–NBS descriptorGrayish green
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)

Gray-green (also known as grayish-green, greenish-gray, emerald-gray, or green-gray) is a greenish-gray color.

Marengo

Marengo
 
About these coordinates     Color coordinates
Hex triplet#4C5866
HSV       (h, s, v)(212°, 25%, 40%)
sRGBB  (rgb)(76, 88, 102)
Source[41][42]
ISCC–NBS descriptorGrayish blue
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)
H: Normalized to [0–100] (hundred)

Marengo is a shade of gray (black with gray tinge) or blue colors.[43][44] Sometimes the color is described as the color of a wet asphalt.

Warm grays

Warm grays are colors that are noticeably brownish, pinkish grays, or reddish purple grays. The color brown is itself a dark shade of orange. Brown colors also include dark shades of rose, red, and amber. Pink colors include light tones of rose, red, and orange. These tones of pink become warm grays when they are mixed with gray.

Puce

Puce
 
About these coordinates     Color coordinates
Hex triplet#CC8899
HSV       (h, s, v)(345°, 33%, 80%)
sRGBB  (rgb)(204, 136, 153)
Source99colors.net
ISCC–NBS descriptorDark pink
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)
H: Normalized to [0–100] (hundred)

Puce is the French word for flea.

Puce has been in use as a color name in French since the 14th century.

Rose quartz

Rose quartz
 
About these coordinates     Color coordinates
Hex triplet#AA98A9
HSV       (h, s, v)(330°, 12%, 50%)
sRGBB  (rgb)(170, 152, 169)
SourceISCC-NBS
ISCC–NBS descriptorPale purple
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)
H: Normalized to [0–100] (hundred)

There is a grayish tone of rose called rose quartz.

The first recorded use of rose quartz as a color name in English was in 1926.[45]

Cinereous

Cinereous
 
About these coordinates     Color coordinates
Hex triplet#98817B
HSV       (h, s, v)(12°, 19%, 60[46]%)
sRGBB  (rgb)(152, 129, 123)
SourceMaerz and Paul[47]
ISCC–NBS descriptorLight grayish brown
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)
H: Normalized to [0–100] (hundred)

Cinereous is a color, ashy gray in appearance, either consisting of or resembling ashes, or a gray color tinged with coppery brown. It is derived from the Latin cinereous, from cinis (ashes).

The first recorded use of cinereous as a color name in English was in 1661.[48]

Rocket metallic

Rocket metallic
 
About these coordinates     Color coordinates
Hex triplet#8A7F8D
HSV       (h, s, v)(287°, 10%, 55[49]%)
sRGBB  (rgb)(138, 129, 141)
SourceResene
ISCC–NBS descriptorPurplish gray
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)
H: Normalized to [0–100] (hundred)

Displayed at right is the color rocket metallic.

Rocket metallic is a purplish tone of gray.

This is supposed to be a metallic color; however, there is no mechanism for displaying metallic colors on a flat computer screen.

Rocket metallic is one of the colors on the Resene Color List, a color list widely popular in Australia and New Zealand. The color "rocket metallic" was formulated in 1999.

Taupe

Taupe
 
About these coordinates     Color coordinates
Hex triplet#483C32
HSV       (h, s, v)(30°, 17%, 34%)
sRGBB  (rgb)(72, 60, 50)
SourceISCC-NBS
ISCC–NBS descriptorDark grayish yellowish brown
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)
H: Normalized to [0–100] (hundred)

The color displayed at right matches the color sample called taupe referenced below in the 1930 book A Dictionary of Color, the world standard for color terms before the invention of computers. However, the word taupe may often be used to refer to lighter shades of taupe today, and therefore another name for this color is dark taupe.

The first use of taupe as a color name in English was in the early 19th century.[50]

See also

Note

References

  1. ^ a b c "W3C TR CSS3 Color Module, HTML4 color keywords". W3.org. Retrieved 15 April 2009.
  2. ^ Color Conversion Tool set to hex code of color #808080 (Gray/Grey):. Web.forret.com. Retrieved on 2013-03-21.
  3. ^ Maerz and Paul, p. 196
  4. ^ Color Conversion Tool set to hex code of color #DCDCDC (Gainsboro):. Web.forret.com. Retrieved on 2013-03-21.
  5. ^ "rgb.txt". X colorname to RGB mapping database. X.Org Foundation. Retrieved 18 September 2017.
  6. ^ "others/old-rgb.txt". X colorname to RGB mapping database. X.Org Foundation. Retrieved 18 September 2017.
  7. ^ "others/raveling.txt". X colorname to RGB mapping database. X.Org Foundation. Retrieved 18 September 2017.
  8. ^ "others/README". X colorname to RGB mapping database. X.Org Foundation. Retrieved 18 September 2017.
  9. ^ Color Conversion Tool set to hex code of color #D3D3D3 (Light Gray):. Web.forret.com. Retrieved on 2013-03-21.
  10. ^ Color Conversion Tool set to hex code of color #BEBEBE (Medium Gray (Gray (X11))):. Web.forret.com. Retrieved on 2013-03-21.
  11. ^ Gildea, Stephen (13 May 1991). "change grey from 192 to 190 so less likely to be mapped to white on a 2-bit StaticGray visual". X consortium. Retrieved 15 December 2014.
  12. ^ Gallego, Rosa; Sanz, Juan Carlos (2005). Guía de coloraciones (Gallego, Rosa; Sanz, Juan Carlos (2005). Guide to Colorations) Madrid: H. Blume. ISBN 84-89840-31-8
  13. ^ Color Conversion Tool set to hex code of color #696969 (Dim Gray):. Web.forret.com. Retrieved on 2013-03-21.
  14. ^ Color Conversion Tool set to h code 555555:. Web.forret.com. Retrieved on 2013-03-21.
  15. ^ Paterson, Ian (2003), A Dictionary of Colour (1st paperback ed.), London: Thorogood (published 2004), p. 134, ISBN 1-85418-375-3, OCLC 60411025
  16. ^ Eastaugh, Nicholas; Walsh, Valentine; Chaplin, Tracey; Siddall, Ruth (2004), Pigment Compendium: A Dictionary of Historical Pigments, Butterworth-Heinemann, p. 139, ISBN 978-0-7506-5749-5, OCLC 56444720
  17. ^ Maerz and Paul, p. 194; Color Sample of Davy’s Grey: p. 117 Plate 47 Color Sample A4
  18. ^ Davy's gray. Google Ngram Viewer
  19. ^ Color Conversion Tool set to hex code of color #343434 (Jet):. Web.forret.com. Retrieved on 2013-03-21.
  20. ^ Maerz and Paul, p. 197
  21. ^ "11 Colors You've Probably Never Heard Of". mentalfloss.com. 13 October 2015.
  22. ^ The color displayed in the color box above matches the color called platinum in the 1930 book by Maerz and Paul A Dictionary of Color New York:1930 McGraw-Hill; the color platinum is displayed on page 113, Plate 45, Color Sample A3.
  23. ^ Maerz and Paul A Dictionary of Color New York:1930 McGraw-Hill Page 202; Color Sample of Platinum: Page 113 Plate 45 Color Sample A3
  24. ^ Color Conversion Tool set to hex code of color #B2BEB5 (Ash grey):. Web.forret.com. Retrieved on 2013-03-21.
  25. ^ Maerz and Paul, p. 189; Color Sample of Ash grey: p. 77 Plate 27 Color Sample A2
  26. ^ Color Conversion Tool set to hex code of color #848482 (Battleship Grey):. Web.forret.com. Retrieved on 2013-03-21.
  27. ^ Thornton Kay SalvoNEWS: Shining ore, blotters, black lead and battleship grey Archived 25 June 2016 at the Wayback Machine
  28. ^ "Definition: Gunmetal". Dictionary.com. Retrieved 8 August 2017.
  29. ^ Color Conversion Tool set to hex code of color #727472 Web.forret.com
  30. ^ "Nickel Flashe Acrylic Paints - 264 - Nickel Paint, Nickel Color, Lefranc and Bourgeois Flashe Paint, 727472 - Art-Paints.com". art-paints.com.
  31. ^ "Nickel / #727472 Hex Color Code Schemes and Paints". encycolorpedia.com. Retrieved 16 August 2018.
  32. ^ Color Conversion Tool set to hex code #36454F:. Web.forret.com. Retrieved on 2013-03-21.
  33. ^ Maerz and Paul, p. 192; color sample: p. 117, plate 47 Color Sample A2 – Charcoal
  34. ^ Color Conversion Tool set to hex code #928E85:. encycolorpedia.com. Retrieved on 2018-12-27.
  35. ^ ''The Cool, Grey City of Love'' by George Sterling: Archived 3 September 2007 at the Wayback Machine. Alangullette.com (11 December 1920). Retrieved on 2013-03-21.
  36. ^ Color Conversion Tool set to hex code of color #91A3B0 (Cadet Grey):. Web.forret.com. Retrieved on 2013-03-21.
  37. ^ Maerz and Paul, p. 191; Color Sample of Cadet Grey: p. 95 Plate 36 Color Sample C4
  38. ^ "Cadets, U.S. Military Academy, 1816–1817," Military Uniforms in America, Vol II, Years of Growth 1796–1851, Company of Military Historians, 1977
  39. ^ www.forret.com Color Conversion Tool set to hex code #6699CC (Blue-Gray):. Web.forret.com. Retrieved on 2013-03-21.
  40. ^ Maerz and Paul, p. 204; Color Sample of Slate Gray: p. 51 Plate 14 Color Sample A2
  41. ^ "#4c5866 (Маренго)" (in Russian). colors.aeio.ru. Archived from the original on 4 August 2016. Retrieved 25 May 2016.
  42. ^ "Маренго" (in Russian). whoyougle.ru. Archived from the original on 30 June 2016. Retrieved 25 May 2016.
  43. ^ "Marengo". silestoneusa.com. Retrieved 25 May 2016.
  44. ^ "Marengo". www.colourlovers.com. Retrieved 25 May 2016.
  45. ^ Maerz and Paul, p. 203; Color Sample of Rose Quartz: p. 129 Plate 53 Color Sample B3
  46. ^ "Color Conversion Tool set to hex code of color #98817B (Cinereous)". Web.forret.com. Retrieved 12 June 2012.
  47. ^ Maerz and Paul A Dictionary of Color New York:1930 McGraw-Hill Color Sample of Cinereous: Page 93 Plate 35 Color Sample A3
  48. ^ Maerz and Paul, p. 193; Color Sample of Cinereous: p. 93 Plate 35 Color Sample A3
  49. ^ Color Conversion Tool set to color #8A7F8D (Rocket Metallic):. Web.forret.com. Retrieved on 2013-03-21.
  50. ^ Maerz and Paul, p. 205; Discussion of Color Taupe, p. 183; Color Sample of Taupe: p. 55 Plate 16 Color Sample A6

Bibliography

  • Maerz, Aloys John and Paul, M. Rea (1930) A Dictionary of Color, New York: McGraw-Hill
This page was last edited on 23 September 2021, at 09:22
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