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Lloyd (automobile)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Lloyd Motoren Werke G.m.b.H.
IndustryAutomotive
FateBankruptcy
Founded1908
Defunct1963
HeadquartersBremen, Germany
ProductsAutomobiles
ParentNorddeutscher Lloyd
Websitewww.lloyd-motoren.de Edit this on Wikidata

Lloyd Motoren Werke G.m.b.H. (Lloyd Engine Works) was a German automobile manufacturer, created in 1908 and owned by the Norddeutscher Lloyd shipping company. The factory was in Bremen. The company operated under a variety of different names throughout the decades, but their products were nearly always badged with the Lloyd marque. Originally a manufacturer of luxury cars, the company was folded into the Borgward Group in 1929, with the brand no longer used on passenger cars until 1950. Production ended for good in 1963, although a successor company continued trading until 1989, selling replacement parts and also manufacturing engines for snowmobiles and boats.

The German Lloyd marque had no connection with the British Lloyd Cars Ltd company active between 1936 and 1951.

1908–1937

The first cars were licence-built Kriéger electric vehicles. Petrol-engined models followed in 1908 with 3685 cc engines, but few were made. The Belgian electrical engineer, Paul Mossay, was employed for four years as chief engineer, designing both engines and electric vehicles.[1]:78 In 1914 the company merged with Hansa to become Hansa-Lloyd Werke AG. The company changed names and badging on a number of occasions and were never on a sound financial footing.[2] Most of the Hansa/Lloyd cars made during this period were sold as Hansa with the Hansa-Lloyd name mainly attached to commercial vehicles, with the exception of the Treff-Aß and the Trumpf-Aß. The company was integrated in the Borgward group after the purchase of Hansa by Carl F. W. Borgward in 1929, and car production ceased.

Until 1937, the Hansa-Lloyd brand was used on a number of commercial vehicles (trucks and buses), from the one-ton "Express" to the five-ton "Merkur". They were largely replaced by Borgward-branded vehicles, with a few models sold with just "Hansa" badging in 1938.[3]

1950–1963

Lloyd LP 300 (Leukoplastbomber)
Lloyd LP 300 (Leukoplastbomber)
Lloyd LP 400 S 1954
Lloyd LP 400 S 1954
Lloyd LP 400 S 1955
Lloyd LP 400 S 1955
Lloyd LP 600
Lloyd LP 600
1959 Lloyd Alexander Kastenwagen (panel van)
1959 Lloyd Alexander Kastenwagen (panel van)
Lloyd Alexander TS
Lloyd Alexander TS
Lloyd Arabella de Luxe
Lloyd Arabella de Luxe

Lloyd as a standalone name only entered mass-production of cars and light trucks in 1950 with the company becoming Lloyd Motoren Werke GmbH – still in Bremen. The very first cars (the Lloyd 300) were wood and fabric bodied. Thin, rolled steel gradually replaced the original fabric shell between 1953 and 1954 (Lloyd 400), however wood framing was still used within the doors and elsewhere.

The Lloyd 250 was called "Prüfungsangst-Lloyd" ("Lloyd for exam nerves") as they appealed to owners of older driving licenses who could drive it without having to pass a new driving test for cars with a cubic capacity of over 250 cc, a test which was introduced in a legal reform of the mid-1950s. With a power of only 11 PS (DIN), the Lloyd's designers saw a need for saving weight, and thus offered the LP 250 without a back seat, bumpers, hub caps or trims. However, most buyers ordered the LP 250 V with these features as optional extras.

Overall, the vehicles matched the need for small and cheap cars which were a characteristic of post-war Germany, and they provided a comparatively high standard in comfort and reliability. They rose to third place in the annual licensing statistics for several years in the 1950s, behind only Volkswagen and Opel. In spite of this success, there was little prestige to be gained by driving a Lloyd. In the vernacular, the Lloyd 300 was called "Leukoplastbomber" due to the owners' habit of repairing nicks in the fabric of the body with sticking plaster called Leukoplast. A contemporary derisive verse went "Wer den Tod nicht scheut, fährt Lloyd" ("He who is not afraid of death, drives a Lloyd").

Pietro Frua designed a coupé on the basis of the Lloyd Alexander; it was presented at the Turin Motor Show in November 1958.

The parent company failed in 1961 but cars were still made up to 1963. By this time, the LP 900 was named "Borgward Arabella" instead of "Lloyd Arabella".

Models

Type Body style Period Engine cubic capacity hp (DIN) Gears Speed
Lloyd LP 300 saloon 1950–1952 2 cylinders
two-stroke
293 10 3 75 km/h (47 mph)
Lloyd LS 300 / LK 300 LS: estate car
LK: van
1951–1952 2 cylinders
two-stroke
293 10 3 75 km/h (47 mph)
Lloyd LC 300 coupé 1951–1952 2 cylinders
two-stroke
293 10 3 75 km/h (47 mph)
Lloyd LP 400 saloon 1953–1957 2 cylinders
two-stroke
386 13 3 75 km/h (47 mph)
Lloyd LS 400 / LK 400 LS: estate car
LK: van
1953–1957 2 cylinders
two-stroke
386 13 3 75 km/h (47 mph)
Lloyd LC 400 convertible 1953–1957 2 cylinders
two-stroke
386 13 3 75 km/h (47 mph)
Lloyd LT 500 van / 6-seater minivan[4] 1953–1957 2 cylinders
two-stroke
386 13 3 75 km/h (47 mph)
Lloyd LP 250 and 250 V saloon 1956–1957 2 cylinders
two-stroke
250 11 3 75 km/h (47 mph)
Lloyd LP 600 saloon 1955–1961 2 cylinders
four-stroke
596 19 3 100 km/h (62 mph)
Lloyd LS 600 / LK 600 LS: estate car
LK: van
1955–1961 2 cylinders
four-stroke
596 19 4 100 km/h (62 mph)
Lloyd LC 600 convertible
"Cabrio-Limousine"
1955–1961 2 cylinders
four-stroke
596 19 4 100 km/h (62 mph)
Lloyd Alexander saloon or
estate car
1957–1961 2 cylinders
four-stroke
596 19 4 100 km/h (62 mph)
Lloyd Alexander TS saloon or
estate car
1958–1961 2 cylinders
four-stroke
596 25 4 107 km/h (66 mph)
Lloyd LT 600 van/minivan
pickup truck
1955–1961 2 cylinders
four-stroke
596 19 4 85 km/h (53 mph)
Lloyd Theodor LT 600 RV 1955–1961 2 cylinders
four-stroke
596 19 4 85 km/h (53 mph)
Lloyd Arabella saloon 1959–1961 4 cylinders
four-stroke
897 38
1960–1963 also 34
4 120 km/h (75 mph)
Lloyd Arabella de Luxe saloon 1960–1961 4 cylinders
four-stroke
897 45 4 133 km/h (83 mph)
Lloyd EL 1500 electric van electric - -
Lloyd EL 2500 electric van electric - -
Type number of cars built
Lloyd 300 LP, LS and LC 18,087
Lloyd 400 LP, LS and LC 109,878
Lloyd 250 and 250 V 3,768
Lloyd 600 LP, LS and LC, Alexander and Alexander TS 176,524
Lloyd Arabella and Arabella de Luxe 47,549

Australian production – The Lloyd-Hartnett

The Lloyd 600 was assembled in Australia by a company formed as joint venture between Carl Borgward and Laurence Hartnett in the late 1950s.[5] The car was introduced in December 1957 as the Lloyd-Hartnett and a total of 3000 cars were built before production ceased in 1962.[5]

References

  1. ^ Desmond, Kevin (2019). Electric Trucks: A History of Delivery Vehicles, Semis, Forklifts and Others. Jefferson, North Carolina: McFarland. ISBN 978-1-4766-3618-4. Retrieved 28 January 2020.
  2. ^ von Fersen, Hans-Heinrich (1971), Klassische Wagen [Classic Cars] (in German), 1, Stuttgart and Berne: Hallwag, ISBN 9783444101168
  3. ^ Toxopeus, Evert. "Hansa-Lloyd Trucks". Nederlandse Borgward site. Archived from the original on 2016-12-28.
  4. ^ "Vor 20 Jahren: Test Lloyd LT500 (ie a page of extracts from the same magazine's edition of exactly twenty years earlier)". Auto Motor u. Sport. Heft 9 1974: Seite 20. 27 April 1974.
  5. ^ a b Davis, Pedr (1986), The Macquarie Dictionary of Australian Motoring, Sydney, NSW: Macquarie Library, p. 278, ISBN 0949757357

External links

This page was last edited on 26 July 2020, at 05:26
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