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Legislative Assembly of the Province of Canada

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Legislative Assembly of the Province of Canada

Assemblée législative de la province du Canada
Type
Type
History
FoundedFebruary 10, 1841 (1841-02-10)
DisbandedJuly 1, 1867 (1867-07-01)
Preceded byLegislative Assembly of Lower Canada
Legislative Assembly of Upper Canada
Succeeded byHouse of Commons of Canada
Legislative Assembly of Ontario
Legislative Assembly of Quebec

The Legislative Assembly of the Province of Canada was the lower house of the legislature for the Province of Canada, which consisted of the former provinces of Lower Canada, then known as Canada East and later the province of Quebec, and Upper Canada, then known as Canada West and later the province of Ontario. It was created by The Union Act of 1840. Canada East and Canada West each elected 42 members to the assembly. The upper house of the legislature was called the Legislative Council.

The first session of parliament began in Kingston in Canada West in 1841.

The second parliament and the first sessions of the third parliament were held in Montreal. On April 25, 1849, rioters protesting the Rebellion Losses Bill burned the parliament buildings. The remaining sessions of the third parliament were held in Toronto. Subsequent parliaments were held in Quebec City and Toronto, except for the last session in 1866 of the eight and final parliament, which was held in Ottawa, the capital chosen for the Dominion of Canada.

The British North America Act of 1867 divided the Province of Canada into the provinces of Ontario and Quebec, each province having its own Legislative Assembly, as well as representation in the Parliament of Canada.

Parliament Buildings

Bonsecours Market - Parliament of Province of Canada 1849
Bonsecours Market - Parliament of Province of Canada 1849
Parliament Buildings of Upper Canada and Ontario - Parliament of Province of Canada 1849-1850 and 1859
Parliament Buildings of Upper Canada and Ontario - Parliament of Province of Canada 1849-1850 and 1859
Parliament at St. Anne's Market
Parliament at St. Anne's Market
Parliament Buildings in Ottawa 1866-1867
Parliament Buildings in Ottawa 1866-1867

Parliament for the United Provinces of Canada drifted around the cities of Toronto, Kingston, Montreal, Quebec City and Ottawa:

  • 1841–1843 three sessions were held at the 3 storey Kingston General Hospital
  • 1843 Parliament moves to Montreal and sites at renovated St. Anne's Market; burned down in 1849; rebuilt as market only and burned down again in 1902; site later was a parking lot and now public square called Place d'Youville.
  • 1849 temporary sites for Parliament at Bonsecours Market and the Freemason's Hall, Montreal for single session.
  • 1849–1850 Parliament returns to Toronto to the site of the Third Parliament Buildings at Front and Simcoe Streets.
  • 1851 Parliament relocates to Quebec City in 1851 to the Quebec Parliament Building until fire destroys the building in 1854.
  • 1854–1859 Parliament remains in Quebec City and relocates to Quebec Music Hall and Quebec City Courthouse.
  • 1859 Parliament returns to Toronto to the site of the last parliament held there in 1849-1851 sessions.
  • 1860–1865 Parliament returns to Quebec to the newly re-built Parliament Buildings, Quebec at Parc Montmorency; re-used as Parliament of the Province of Quebec 1867-1883
  • 1866–1867 Parliament locates in Ottawa on Parliament Hill to the completed and original Centre Block for one sitting, as well as the East and West Block; Centre Block was later destroyed by fire

List of Parliaments

Speakers

The role of speaker began a tradition of alternating between English and French Canada. This tradition carried onto the role of the Speaker of the House of Commons of Canada.

Speaker Term Parliament Affiliation Residency
Austin Cuvillier 1841–1843 1st Parti canadien Canada East
Sir Allan Napier MacNab 1844–1847 2nd Reformer Canada West
Augustin-Norbert Morin 1848–1851 3rd Parti patriote Canada East
John Sandfield Macdonald 1852–1853 4th Liberal-Conservative Canada West
Louis-Victor Sicotte 1854–1857 5th N/A Canada East
Sir Henry Smith 1858–1861 6th Tory Canada West
Joseph-Édouard Turcotte 1862–1863 7th Reformer Canada East
Lewis Wallbridge 1863–1866 8th N/A Canada West

See also

References

  • Upper Canadian politics in the 1850s, Underhill (and others), University of Toronto Press (1967)

External links

This page was last edited on 15 June 2021, at 16:08
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