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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Lai Châu

Thành phố Lai Châu
Lai Châu City
Lai Châu City Lake
Lai Châu City Lake
Lai Châu is located in Vietnam
Lai Châu
Lai Châu
Location in Vietnam
Coordinates: 22°23′57″N 103°26′21″E / 22.39917°N 103.43917°E / 22.39917; 103.43917
Country Vietnam
ProvinceLai Châu
Established town10 October 2004
Established city27 December 2013
Area
 • Total92.37 km2 (35.66 sq mi)
Population
 (2020)[1]
 • Total42,973
 • Density470/km2 (1,200/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+7 (Indochina Time)
Websitethanhpho.laichau.gov.vn
Lai Châu Town Square Monument, as seen in April 2014.
Lai Châu Town Square Monument, as seen in April 2014.

Lai Châu (About this soundlisten) is a city in the Northwest region of Vietnam. It is the capital city of Lai Châu Province. The city borders Phong Thổ District, Sìn Hồ DistrictTam Đường District.

History

Lai Châu town square in 2006
Lai Châu town square in 2006

Lai Châu, or Muang Lay (Vietnamese: Mường Lay) was the seat of lords of the White Tai who were dominant over other Thai peoples of the area, though there was rivalry between the White Tai rulers of Muang Lay and Muang So.[2] During the 1870s Muang Lay was the base of lord Đèo Văn Trị of the White Tai who sought to unite and become chief of the 12 mường (Sino-Vietnamese: Châu / ) making up the Sip Song Chau Tai. This he partially achieved, with the help first of the Chinese Black Flags, then later the French. His authority, and the autonomy of the area, was recognised by the French in 1890.

Demographics

As of 2020 the city had a population of 42,973, covering an area of 92.37 km².[1]

Administrative divisions

Lai Châu City is officially divided into 7 commune-level sub-divisions, including 5 wards (Đoàn Kết, Đông Phong, Quyết Thắng, Quyết Tiến, Tân Phong) and 2 rural communes (San Thàng, Sùng Phài).[1]

Climate

Climate data for Lai Châu
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 34.3
(93.7)
38.0
(100.4)
39.0
(102.2)
41.0
(105.8)
42.5
(108.5)
39.1
(102.4)
37.5
(99.5)
38.9
(102.0)
38.0
(100.4)
37.0
(98.6)
37.0
(98.6)
34.0
(93.2)
42.5
(108.5)
Average high °C (°F) 23.4
(74.1)
25.9
(78.6)
29.9
(85.8)
32.4
(90.3)
32.7
(90.9)
31.7
(89.1)
31.3
(88.3)
32.0
(89.6)
31.9
(89.4)
29.9
(85.8)
26.5
(79.7)
23.5
(74.3)
29.3
(84.7)
Daily mean °C (°F) 17.0
(62.6)
18.7
(65.7)
21.9
(71.4)
24.8
(76.6)
26.4
(79.5)
26.6
(79.9)
26.5
(79.7)
26.6
(79.9)
25.9
(78.6)
23.9
(75.0)
20.4
(68.7)
17.2
(63.0)
23.0
(73.4)
Average low °C (°F) 13.6
(56.5)
14.5
(58.1)
16.7
(62.1)
20.0
(68.0)
22.5
(72.5)
23.9
(75.0)
23.8
(74.8)
23.7
(74.7)
22.6
(72.7)
20.5
(68.9)
17.1
(62.8)
13.9
(57.0)
19.4
(66.9)
Record low °C (°F) 3.4
(38.1)
7.1
(44.8)
8.1
(46.6)
12.9
(55.2)
14.1
(57.4)
18.2
(64.8)
20.7
(69.3)
19.1
(66.4)
16.4
(61.5)
10.0
(50.0)
7.5
(45.5)
3.6
(38.5)
3.4
(38.1)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 27
(1.1)
36
(1.4)
60
(2.4)
135
(5.3)
258
(10.2)
438
(17.2)
467
(18.4)
372
(14.6)
146
(5.7)
91
(3.6)
51
(2.0)
25
(1.0)
2,105
(82.9)
Average precipitation days 5.4 5.1 7.4 13.2 19.5 23.8 25.8 22.0 13.0 10.1 6.8 5.7 157.9
Average relative humidity (%) 81.1 76.6 74.7 76.6 80.4 86.2 87.9 86.7 84.5 84.2 84.1 84.0 82.3
Mean monthly sunshine hours 131 144 186 200 186 120 123 150 164 153 138 131 1,824
Source: Vietnam Institute for Building Science and Technology[3]

References

  1. ^ a b c d "Nghị quyết số 866/NQ-UBTVQH14 năm 2020 về việc sắp xếp các đơn vị hành chính cấp huyện, cấp xã thuộc tỉnh Lai Châu". 2020-01-10.
  2. ^ Michael C. Howard, Kim Be Howard Textiles of the Daic peoples of Vietnam Page 75, 2002 "In general the White Tai nobles in the north were dominant, but even among them there was intense rivalry between the rulers of Muang Lay and Muang So. In the 1870s and 1880s Chinese bandits known as Haw (or Ho) moved into northern ..."
  3. ^ "Vietnam Building Code Natural Physical & Climatic Data for Construction" (PDF). Vietnam Institute for Building Science and Technology. Archived from the original (PDF) on 22 July 2018. Retrieved 31 July 2018.
This page was last edited on 14 June 2021, at 20:01
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