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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Sir John Hawles (1645–1716), of Lincoln's Inn, was an English lawyer and Whig politician who sat in the English and British House of Commons between 1689 and 1710.


John Hawles
Member of Parliament in Britain
In office
March 1689 – 1690
ConstituencyOld Sarum (1689-1690)

Wilton (1690 - March 4, 1701)

Truro (March 5, 1701 - December 1701)

Wilton (1702-1705)

Stockbridge (1706-1710)
Personal details
EducationWinchester College

Early life

Hawles was born in the Close at Salisbury, the second son of Thomas Hawles of Moanton in Wiltshire, and his wife Elizabeth Antrobus of Hampshire, daughter of Thomas Antrobus of Heath House, Petersfield, Hampshire.[1] His father, whose name is sometimes spelled Hollis, belonged to the family of Hawles of Upwimborne, Dorset. During the First English Civil War he was leader of the band known as the club men in Salisbury, who took the side of the parliament.

John Hawles was educated at Winchester College, and matriculated at Queen's College, Oxford in 1662.[2] He was admitted at Lincoln's Inn on 10 February 1664,[3] and was called to the bar in 1670.


At the 1689 English general election, the return for Old Sarum was declared void, and Hawles was returned as Member of Parliament for Old Sarum at the re-election there on 25 March 1689.[1] At the 1690 English general election, he stood for Parliament at St Ives and Banbury but was unsuccessful at both. In October 1691, he lost out for the recordership of London against with Sir Bartholomew Showers. On 1 July 1695 Hawles was appointed solicitor-general in succession to Sir Thomas Trevor. At the 1695 English general election, he was returned unopposed as MP for Wilton and was chairman of the committee of privileges and elections from 1695 to January 1696. He was knighted on 28 November 1695.[4]

At the 1698 English general election, Hawles was returned in a contest for Mitchell, and unopposed for Bere Alston but held both seats throughout the Parliament as there were petitions against both returns. He was returned as MP for Truro at a by-election on 4 March 1701, and at the second general election of 1701 was returned in a contest as MP for St Ives. At the 1702 English general election he was returned in a contest as MP for Wilton again, but lost his place as solicitor-general. He was returned in a contest as Whig MP for Stockbridge at the 1705 English general election and voted for the Court candidate as Speaker on 25 October 1705. At the 1708 British general election, he was returned unopposed as a Whig for Stockbridge. He was passed over for office and may have expressed his resentment by speaking against the Court on the treasons trial bill on 5 April 1709. Nevertheless, he was appointed as one of the managers of the impeachment of Henry Sacheverell in 1710 but offended his fellow Whigs by giving was on several points. He took no further part in the trial but voted for Sacheverell's impeachment. He was not returned to Parliament at the 1710 British general election, or subsequently.[4]

Later life and legacy

Hawles resided for some years on the family estate at Upwimborne, and died unmarried on 2 August 1716. He left all his property to John Johnson of Lincoln's Inn, who may have been an illegitimate son.[4]


  1. ^ a b "HAWLES, John (c.1645-1716), of Lincoln's Inn". History of Parliament Online (1660-1690). Retrieved 12 August 2019. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  2. ^ Foster, Joseph. "Harmar-Hawtayne in Alumni Oxonienses 1500-1714 pp.652-678". British History Online. Retrieved 4 September 2019. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  3. ^ Admissions Register VOL 1 1420-1799. The Honourable Society of Lincoln's Inn. 1896.
  4. ^ a b c "HAWLES, John (1645-1716), of Lincoln's Inn". History of Parliament Online (1690-1715). Retrieved 4 September 2019. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
Parliament of England
Preceded by
John Young
Thomas Pitt
Member of Parliament for Old Sarum
With: William Harvey
Succeeded by
William Harvey
Sir Thomas Mompesson
Preceded by
Sir Richard Grobham Howe
Thomas Wyndham
Member of Parliament for Wilton
With: John Gauntlett
Succeeded by
John Gauntlett
Sir Henry Ashurst
Preceded by
John Tregagle
John Povey
Member of Parliament for Mitchell
With: John Povey
Succeeded by
William Beaw
Anthony Rowe
Preceded by
John Elwill
Sir Rowland Gwynne
Member of Parliament for Bere Alston
With: Sir Rowland Gwynne 1698
James Montagu 1698–1701
Succeeded by
Sir Rowland Gwynne
Sir Peter King
Preceded by
Henry Vincent
Hugh Fortescue
Member of Parliament for Truro
With: Henry Vincent
Succeeded by
Henry Vincent
Sir William Scawen
Preceded by
James Praed
Benjamin Overton
Member of Parliament for St Ives
With: James Praed
Succeeded by
James Praed
Richard Chaundler
Preceded by
John Gauntlett
Sir Henry Ashurst
Member of Parliament for Wilton
With: George Boddington 1702
John Gauntlett 1702–1705
Succeeded by
John Gauntlett
William Nicholas
Preceded by
Anthony Burnaby
Henry Killigrew
Member of Parliament for Stockbridge
With: Sir Edward Lawrence
Succeeded by
Parliament of Great Britain
Parliament of Great Britain
Preceded by
Parliament of England
Member of Parliament for Stockbridge
With: Sir Edward Lawrence
Succeeded by
George Dashwood
The Earl of Barrymore
Legal offices
Preceded by
Sir Thomas Trevor
Solicitor General
Succeeded by
Sir Simon Harcourt
This page was last edited on 27 January 2021, at 20:28
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